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  • Print publication year: 2000
  • Online publication date: March 2008

10 - Court Patronage and International Gothic

from Part I - General Themes
Avignon symbolises the emergence of unexpected centres of patronage which benefited from the movement of artists and ideas. Naples was the true heir to Roman clerical and Tuscan commercial patronage. Fourteenth-century Italian secular civic patronage refreshed the theme of allegorical depiction; and the persuasive techniques, the rhetoric, of monumental religious painting were now turned to more frankly political ends. If the thirteenth century had seen the emergence of Court Styles in France and England, the fourteenth century saw those styles diversify yet further under the mounting influence of Italian art, which might be described as the one great common factor of the time. The thirteenth century, with the birth of the Gothic Style in the figurative arts, had seen the emergence of a new 'naturalistic' pictorial rhetoric, the product of the universalising of earlier devotional practices and a renewed but essentially metaphysical attention to the surface appearance of the represented world.
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The New Cambridge Medieval History
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