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    Dameron, George 2017. Feeding the Medieval Italian City-State: Grain, War, and Political Legitimacy in Tuscany, c. 1150–c. 1350. Speculum, Vol. 92, Issue. 4, p. 976.

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  • Print publication year: 2000
  • Online publication date: March 2008

(c) - The Italian South

from 15 - Italy in the age of Dante and Petrarch
Summary
In the fourteenth century kingdoms of Sicily vied for influence in Italian affairs that based on the mainland, also sought again and again to reabsorb its island rival. During first decade of fourteenth century the residence of the popes became fixed not in Italy but at Avignon in the Angevin county of Provence. Robert of Anjou's initiation into Italian politics was marked by another papal conflict: the crusade launched against Venice in 1309. The arrival in Italy in 1330 of King John of Bohemia opened the way to unexpected co-operation between Guelfs and Ghibellines, and the Angevins too, against eccentric papal policies. Many of the great buildings of the Angevins in Naples are heavily influenced by French Gothic architecture: the church of Santa Chiara, for instance, where Robert and other Angevins are buried in lavish marble tombs which recall French and Provencal styles. Louis of Anjou did achieve some remarkable successes in his south Italian campaign.
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