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  • Cited by 13
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    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Moskal, Beata 2018. Labial harmony in Turkic, Tungusic and Mongolic languages: an element approach. Phonology, Vol. 35, Issue. 4, p. 689.

    Ryan, Kevin 2017. Attenuated Spreading in Sanskrit Retroflex Harmony. Linguistic Inquiry, Vol. 48, Issue. 2, p. 299.

    Baer-Henney, Dinah Kügler, Frank and van de Vijver, Ruben 2015. The Interaction of Language-Specific and Universal Factors During the Acquisition of Morphophonemic Alternations With Exceptions. Cognitive Science, Vol. 39, Issue. 7, p. 1537.

    Morley, Rebecca L 2014. Implications of an Exemplar-Theoretic Model of Phoneme Genesis: A Velar Palatalization Case Study. Language and Speech, Vol. 57, Issue. 1, p. 3.

    Ko, Seongyeon Joseph, Andrew and Whitman, John 2014. Paradigm Change. Vol. 161, Issue. , p. 141.

    Walker, Rachel 2014. Nonlocal Trigger-Target Relations. Linguistic Inquiry, Vol. 45, Issue. 3, p. 501.

    Finley, Sara 2012. Typological asymmetries in round vowel harmony: Support from artificial grammar learning. Language and Cognitive Processes, Vol. 27, Issue. 10, p. 1550.

    Moreton, Elliott and Pater, Joe 2012. Structure and Substance in Artificial-Phonology Learning, Part II: Substance. Language and Linguistics Compass, Vol. 6, Issue. 11, p. 702.

    ASAHI, YUKI 2012. Locality in Vowel Harmony. ENGLISH LINGUISTICS, Vol. 29, Issue. 1, p. 112.

    Kabak, Bariş 2011. The Blackwell Companion to Phonology. p. 1.

    2011. The Handbook of Phonological Theory. p. 779.

    Mascaró, Joan 2011. An analysis of stress-dependent harmony in Servigliano. Probus, Vol. 23, Issue. 1,

    Törkenczy, Miklós 2011. The Blackwell Companion to Phonology. p. 1.

  • Print publication year: 2004
  • Online publication date: October 2009

4 - The typology of rounding harmony


Rounding harmony typology

Rounding harmony is a phonological process whereby certain vowels surface as rounded under the influence of a neighbouring rounded vowel. What is striking about rounding harmony is the fact that the simplest possible statement – ‘a vowel must be rounded when preceded by/followed by a rounded vowel’ – fails to characterise the great majority of rounding harmony systems. In most cases, conditions referring to tongue body position (height and/or backness) are imposed on either the triggering element, the target, or both. I argue that this interaction among vowel features renders traditional rule-based accounts of the typological patterns nonexplanatory. Within a constraint-based framework such as Optimality Theory (Prince and Smolensky 1993), however, the interaction of rounding with these other phonological dimensions can be modelled in a straightforward manner that allows for the characterisation of all attested rounding harmony patterns, while making falsifiable predictions regarding the logically possible but cross-linguistically unattested patterns. Central to my analysis is the claim that phonological systems are organised around principles of articulation and perception. These principles are encoded in the formal grammar as Optimality-Theoretic constraints.

The goals of the chapter are as follows: (1) to exemplify the range of attested rounding harmony patterns, (2) to identify the perceptual and articulatory principles that give rise to these patterns, and (3) to propose a formal model to characterise the role of these principles in grammar. In the final section, I outline the results of a recent experiment involving loanwords in Turkish. The experimental results indicate that the model of rounding harmony developed here, while motivated by evidence from typology, is also an appropriate model of individual grammars.

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Phonetically Based Phonology
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