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    Denk, Thomas and Lehtinen, Sarah 2019. State-Formation and Democratization. p. 17.

    Knotter, Lucas 2019. The de facto Sovereignty of Unrecognised States: Towards a Classical Realist Perspective?. Ethnopolitics, Vol. 18, Issue. 2, p. 119.

    Denk, Thomas and Lehtinen, Sarah 2019. State-Formation and Democratization. p. 139.

    Denk, Thomas and Lehtinen, Sarah 2019. State-Formation and Democratization. p. 1.

    Calu, Marius-Ionut 2018. Unintended consequences of state-building and the management of diversity in post-conflict Kosovo. Nationalities Papers, Vol. 46, Issue. 1, p. 86.

    Griffiths, Ryan D. 2018. The Waltzian ordering principle and international change: A two-dimensional model. European Journal of International Relations, Vol. 24, Issue. 1, p. 130.

    Ker-Lindsay, James 2018. The Stigmatisation of de facto States: Disapproval and ‘Engagement without Recognition’. Ethnopolitics, Vol. 17, Issue. 4, p. 362.

    Ahram, Ariel I. 2018. Separatism, the Arab uprisings and the legacies of lost territorial autonomy. Territory, Politics, Governance, p. 1.

    Flynn, D.J. and Stewart, Megan A. 2018. Secessionist social services reduce the public costs of civilian killings: Experimental evidence from the United States and the United Kingdom. Research & Politics, Vol. 5, Issue. 4, p. 205316801881007.

    RIEGL, MARTIN and DOBOŠ, BOHUMIL 2018. Power and Recognition: How (Super)Powers Decide the International Recognition Process. Politics & Policy, Vol. 46, Issue. 3, p. 442.

    Ker-Lindsay, James and Berg, Eiki 2018. Introduction: A Conceptual Framework for Engagement with de facto States. Ethnopolitics, Vol. 17, Issue. 4, p. 335.

    Griffiths, Ryan D. and Wasser, Louis M. 2018. Does Violent Secessionism Work?. Journal of Conflict Resolution, p. 002200271878303.

    Visoka, Gëzim 2018. Metis diplomacy: The everyday politics of becoming a sovereign state. Cooperation and Conflict, p. 001083671880750.

    Sari, Angguntari C 2018. A neoclassical realist explanation of Indonesia’s involvement in Muslim-related secessions in non-Muslim countries. Asian Journal of Comparative Politics, p. 205789111878793.

    Seymour, Lee J. M. 2017. Legitimacy and the Politics of Recognition in Kosovo. Small Wars & Insurgencies, Vol. 28, Issue. 4-5, p. 817.

    Griffiths, Ryan D. 2017. Admission to the sovereignty club: the past, present, and future of the international recognition regime. Territory, Politics, Governance, Vol. 5, Issue. 2, p. 177.

    Rivas, José Manuel and Tarín, Adrián 2017. Leadership Style and War and Peace Policies in the Context of Armed Conflict. Problems of Post-Communism, Vol. 64, Issue. 1, p. 1.

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Book description

From Kurdistan to Somaliland, Xinjiang to South Yemen, all secessionist movements hope to secure newly independent states of their own. Most will not prevail. The existing scholarly wisdom provides one explanation for success, based on authority and control within the nascent states. With the aid of an expansive new dataset and detailed case studies, this book provides an alternative account. It argues that the strongest members of the international community have a decisive influence over whether today's secessionists become countries tomorrow and that, most often, their support is conditioned on parochial political considerations.


'Bridget Coggins explores the conditions under which new states are recognized by the rest of the international system, particularly by the Great Powers. She examines the conditions under which some secessionist movements are accepted as states by the rest of the world, while others are not. This is an intensely political question, fundamental to international relations. Coggins’ impressive quantitative analyses employ an entirely new dataset of all secessionist movements over the bulk of the twentieth century. It is also the first dataset to code which secessions are recognized as sovereign by which Great Powers. The case studies are expertly chosen to provide both within-case and cross-case variation, executed specifically to complement the quantitative general findings with plausibility probes of the causal logic central to the theory. This is a terrific book sure to be used by many subsequent scholars.'

Douglas Lemke - Pennsylvania State University

'Bridget Coggins has written an admirably clear and rigorously designed and executed study of the birth of states from an international relations perspective. Coggins’ argument stresses the decisive role of the international environment, especially the choices made by the Great Powers, in determining the outcome of a movement’s struggle for recognition. She details that Great Powers’ recognition decisions are based on their own security concerns, on how recognition plays in their own domestic politics, and on their collective view of how recognition would affect the overall stability of international politics, especially Great Power relations. This is a very well-written book on an important, indeed foundational, yet underexplored topic in international relations.'

Jack L. Snyder - Columbia University, New York

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