Abu-HakimaAhmad Musatafa. History of Eastern Arabia, 1750–1800: The Rise and Development of Bahrain, Kuwait, and Wahhabi Saudi Arabia. Beirut: Khayats, 1965.
AcemoğluDaron and Robinson James. Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty. New York: Profile Books, 2012.
AdelmanJeremy. Republic of Capital: Buenos Aires and the Legal Transformation of the Atlantic World. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1999.
AkgündüzAhmed. “Shariʿah Courts and Shariʿah Records: The Application of Islamic Law in the Ottoman State,” Islamic Law and Society, No. 16, 2009: 202–230.
AkinolaOlefumi A. “Reorganising the Farmers, c. 1930–1992: Structural Adjustment and Agricultural Politics in Ondo State, Southwestern Nigeria,” The Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 36, No. 2, 1998: 239–240.
AlenceRod. “Colonial Government, Social Conflict and State Involvement in Africa’s Open Economies: The Origins of the Ghana Cocoa Marketing Board, 1939–46,” The Journal of African History, Vol. 42, No. 3, 2001: 397–416.
AllenCalvin H. “The Indian Merchant Community of Masqaṭ” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, Vol. 44, No. 1, 1981: 39–53.
AlstonLee. “Farm Foreclosures in the United States During the Interwar Period,” Journal of Economic History, Vol. 43, No. 4, 1983: 885–903.
AlpersEdward A, The Indian Ocean in World History. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.
AltorkiSoraya and Cole Donald P.. Arabian Oasis City: The Transformation of ‘Unayzah. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1989.
AmrithSunil. Crossing the Bay of Bengal: The Furies of Nature and the Fortunes of Migrants. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2014.
AndersonJ.N.D. Islamic Law in Africa. London: Frank Cass, 1970.
ArmitageDavid C. “The Elephant and the Whale: Empires of Land and Sea,” Journal for Maritime Research, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2007: 23–36.
ArrighiGiovanni. The Long Twentieth Century: Money, Power and the Origin of Our Times, 2nd ed. London: Verso, 2010.
AslanianSebouh David. From the Indian Ocean to the Mediterranean: The Global Trade Networks of Armenian Merchants from New Julfa. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2011.
AslanianSebouh David. “The Circulation of Men and Credit: The Role of the Commenda and the Family Firm in Julfan Society,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, Vol. 50, No. 2, 2007: 124–170.
BangAnne. Sufis and Scholars of the Sea: Family Networks in East Africa, 1860–1920. London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003.
BeckertSvenn. Empire of Cotton: A Global History. New York: Knopf, 2014.
BeckertSvenn. “Emancipation and Empire: Reconstructing the Worldwide Web of Cotton Production in the Age of the American Civil War.” The American Historical Review, Vol. 109, No. 5, 2004: 1405–1438.
BennettNorman R., Arab Versus European: Diplomacy and War in Nineteenth-Century East Central Africa. New York: Africana Publishing Company, 1986.
BennettNorman R., and Brooks George R., Jr., eds. New England Merchants in Africa: A History Through Documents, 1802–1865. Boston: Boston University Press, 1965.
BentonLauren. A Search for Sovereignty: Law and Geography in European Empires, 1400–1900. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
BentonLauren. Law and Colonial Cultures: Legal Regimes in World History, 1400–1900. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
BhackerM. Reda. Trade and Empire in Muscat and Zanzibar: Roots of British Domination. London: Routledge, 1994.
BilderMary Sarah. The Transatlantic Constitution: Colonial Legal Culture and the Empire. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2004.
BirlaRitu. Stages of Capital: Law, Culture and Market Governance in Late Colonial India. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2009.
BissellWilliam. Urban Design, Chaos, and Colonial Power in Zanzibar. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2011.
BlytheRobert. The Empire of the Raj: India, Eastern Africa, and the Middle East, 1858–1947. London: Palgrave, 2003.
BoothAlan. “A Survey of Progressive Economic Thought in Interwar Britain: Strengths and Gaps,” The History of Economic Thought, Vol. 50, No. 2, 2009: 74–88.
BoseSugata. A Hundred Horizons: The Indian Ocean in the Age of Global Empire. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2011.
BoseSugata. Peasant Labour and Colonial Capital: Rural Bengal since 1770. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
BraudelFernand. Civilization and Capitalism, Vol. 2: The Wheels of Commerce. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1992.
BraudelFernand. Civilization and Capitalism, Vol. 3: The Perspective of the World. London: William Collins Sons & Co, 1984.
BullietRichard. Conversion to Islam in the Early Period: An Essay in Quantitative History. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1979.
BurnsKathryn. Into the Archive: Writing and Power in Colonial Peru. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2010.
CainP.J. and Hopkins A.J.. “Gentlemanly Capitalism and British Expansion Overseas II: New Imperialism, 1850–1945,” The Economic History Review, Vol. 40, No. 1, 1987: 1–26.
CainP.J. and Hopkins A.J.. “Gentlemanly Capitalism and British Expansion Overseas I: The Old Colonial System,” The Economic History Review, Vol. 39, No. 4, 1986: 501–525.
CampbellGwyn, ed. An Economic History of Imperial Madagascar, 1750–1895: The Rise and Fall of an Island Empire. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
“Introduction: Slavery and Other Forms of Unfree Labour in the Indian Ocean World,” Slavery and Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Societies, Vol. 24, No. 2, 2003: ix–xxxii.
CatanachI.J. Rural Credit in Western India: Rural Credit and the Cooperative Movement in the Bombay Presidency, 1875–1930. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1970.
ChaudhuriK.N. Trade and Civilization in the Indian Ocean: An Economic History from the Rise of Islam to 1750. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1985.
CohenAbner. “Cultural Strategies in the Organization of Trading Diasporas,” in Messiloux Claude, ed., The Development of Indigenous Trade and Markets in West Africa. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1971: 266–281.
CohnBernard S. “Some Notes on Law and Change in North India,” Economic Development and Cultural Change, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1959: 79–93.
CooperFrederick. From Slaves to Squatters: Plantation Labor and Agriculture in Zanzibar and Coastal Kenya, 1890–1925. Portsmouth. NH: Heinemann, 1997.
CooperFrederick. Plantation Slavery on the East Coast of Africa. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1977.
CohnBernard S. Colonialism and Its Forms of Knowledge: The British in India. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996.
CoulsonN.J. Succession in the Muslim Family. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1971.
CurtinPhilip D. Cross-Cultural Trade in World History. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1984.
Das GuptaUma, ed. The World of the Indian Ocean Merchant, 1500–1800: Collected Essays of Ashin Das Gupta. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2001.
DaleStephen Frederic. Indian Merchants and Eurasian Trade, 1600–1750. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
DaviesCharles E. The Blood Red Arab Flag: An Investigation into Qasimi Piracy, 1797–1820. Exeter, UK: University of Exeter Press, 1997.
DeRohit. “The Two Husbands of Vera Tiscenko: Apostasy, Conversion, and Divorce in Late Colonial India,” Law and History Review, Vol. 28, No. 4, 2011: 1011–1041.
DesaiGaurav. Commerce with the Universe: Africa, India, and the Afrasian Imagination. New York: Columbia University Press, 2013.
DesanChristine S. “Coin Reconsidered: The Political Alchemy of Commodity Money,” Theoretical Inquiries in Law, Vol. 11, No. 1, 2010: 361–409.
DodgeToby. Inventing Iraq: The Failure of Nation-Building and a History Denied. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.
EdwardsLaura F. The People and Their Peace: Legal Culture and the Transformation of Inequality in the Post-Revolutionary South. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.
El-ShakryOmnia. The Great Social Laboratory: Subjects of Knowledge in Colonial and Postcolonial Egypt. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2007.
EllicksonRobert C. Order Without Law: How Neighbors Settle Disputes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996.
FarrantLeda. Tippu Tip and the East African Slave Trade. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1975.
FattahHala. The Politics of Regional Trade in Iraq, Arabia and the Gulf, 1745–1900. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1997.
FensterThelma and Smail Daniel Lord, eds. Fama: The Politics of Talk and Reputation in Medieval Europe. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2003.
FieldsMichael. The Merchants: The Big Business Families of Saudi Arabia and the Gulf States. Woodstock, NY: Overlook Press, 1985.
FitzmauriceAndrew. Sovereignty, Property, and Empire, 1500–1900. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
FontanaBiancamaria. Rethinking the Politics of Commercial Society: The Edinburgh Review, 1802–1832. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985.
FordLisa. Settler Sovereignty: Jurisdiction and Indigenous People in America and Australia, 1788–1836. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2010.
FreyerTony. “Negotiable Instruments and the Federal Courts in Antebellum American Business,” Business History Review, Vol. 50, No. 4, 1976: 435–455.
FuccaroNelida. Histories of City and State in the Persian Gulf: Manama since 1800. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
FullerLon. Legal Fictions. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1967.
FurberHolden. Rival Empires of Trade in the Orient 1600–1800. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1978.
GelvinJames and Green Nile, eds. Global Muslims in the Age of Steam and Print. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2013.
GhazalAmal D. Islamic Reform and Arab Nationalism: Expanding the Crescent from the Mediterranean to the Indian Ocean (1880s–1930s). New York: Routledge, 2010.
GinsburgCarlo. The Cheese and the Worms: The Cosmos of a Sixteenth-Century Miller. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1980.
GissibelBernhard. “German Colonialism and the Beginnings of International Wildlife Preservation in East Africa,” German Historical Institute Bulletin, Supplement 3, 2006: 121–142.
GlasnerDavid and Cooley Thomas F., eds. Business Cycles and Depressions: An Encyclopedia. New York: Garland Publishing, 1997.
GlassmanJonathon. War of Words, War of Stones: Racial Thought and Violence in Colonial Zanzibar. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2011.
GlassmanJonathon. Feasts and Riot: Revelry, Rebellion and Popular Consciousness on the Swahili Coast, 1856–1888. London: James Currey, 1995.
GlassmanJonathon. “The Bondsman’s New Clothes: The Contradictory Consciousness of Slave Rebellions on the Swahili Coast,” Journal of African History, Vol. 32, 1991: 277–312.
GoiteinS.D. A Mediterranean Society: The Jewish Communities of the World as Portrayed in the Documents of the Cairo Geniza, 6 vols. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1967.
GoldbergJessica. Trade and Institutions in the Medieval Mediterranean: The Geniza Merchants and their Business World. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
GoswamiChhaya. The Call of the Sea: Kachchhi Traders in Muscat and Zanzibar, c. 1800–1880. New Delhi: Orient Blackswan, 2011.
GranPeter. Islamic Roots of Capitalism: Egypt, 1760–1840. Austin, Texas: University of Texas Press, 1979.
GranovetterMark. “Economic Action and Social Structure: The Problem of Embeddedness,” American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 91, 1985: 481–510.
GrayJohn. The British in Mombasa, 1824–1826: Being a History of Captain Owen’s Protectorate. London: Macmillan, 1957.
GreenNile. Bombay Islam: The Religious Economy of the Western Indian Ocean, 1840–1915. New York: Cambridge University Press: 2011.
GregoryRobert C. South Asians in East Africa: An Economic and Social History, 1890–1980. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1993.
GreifAvner. Institutions and the Path to the Modern Economy: Lessons from Medieval Trade. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
HallRichard. Empires of the Monsoon: A History of the Indian Ocean and its Invaders. London: HarperCollins, 1998.
Hall-MatthewsDavid. Peasants, Famine and the State in Colonial Western India. London: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2005.
HanawayJoseph and Cruess Richard. McGill Medicine: The First Half-Century, 1829–1885, 2 vols. Quebec: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 1996.
HardimanDavid. Feeding the Baniya: Peasants and Usurers in Western India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1996.
HarmsRobert D. and Freamon Bernard K. and Morony Michael, eds. Indian Ocean Slavery in the Age of Abolition. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2014.
HartogHendrik. “Pigs and Positivism,” Wisconsin Law Review, 1985: 899–935.
Heard-BeyFrauke. From Trucial States to United Arab Emirates. London: Longman, 1996.
Al-Hijji Yacoub H. Kuwait and the Sea: A Brief Economic and Social History. London: Arabian Publishing, 2010.
HillM.F. The Permanent Way: The Story of the Kenya and Uganda Railway, 2 vols. East Africa Literature Bureau, 1976.
HoEngseng. “Afterword: Mobile Law and Thick Transregionalism,” Law and History Review, Vol. 32, No. 4, 2014: 883–889.
HoEngseng. The Graves of Tarim: Genealogy and Mobility Across the Indian Ocean. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2006.
HoEngseng. “Empire Through Diasporic Eyes: A View from the Other Boat,” Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 46, No. 2, 2004: 210–246.
HodgeJoseph Morgan. Triumph of the Expert: Agrarian Doctrines of Development and the Legacies of British Colonialism. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press, 2007.
HodgsonMarshall. The Venture of Islam: Conscience and History in a World Civilization, 3 vols. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974.
HofferPeter. “Very Flawed Founders,” Review of Law’s Imagined Republic: Popular Politics and Criminal Justice in Revolutionary America, by Wilf. Steven Robert. H-Law, H-Net Reviews, June, 2010. <www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev. php?id=30481> Accessed February 21, 2015.
HopperMatthew S. Slaves of One Master: Globalization and Slavery in Arabia in the Age of Empire. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2015.
HopperMatthew S. “The Globalization of Dried Fruit: Transformations in the Eastern Arabian Economy, 1860s–1920s,” in Gelvin James and Green Nile, eds. Global Muslims in the Age of Steam and Print. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2013.
HullMatthew. Government of Paper: The Materiality of Bureaucracy in Urban Pakistan. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2012.
HullMatthew. “The File: Agency, Authority, and Autography in a Pakistan Bureaucracy,” Language and Communication, Vol. 23, No. 3–4, 2003: 287–314.
HulseboschDaniel. Constituting Empire: New York and the Transformation of Constitutionalism in the Atlantic World, 1664–1830. University of North Carolina Press, 2005.
HunwickJohn and Trout-Powell Eve. The African Diaspora in the Mediterranean Lands of Islam. Princeton, NJ: Marcus Wiener, 2002.
HurstJames Willard. Law and Economic Growth: A Legal History of the Lumber Industry in Wisconsin, 1836–1915. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1964.
HurstJames Willard. Law and the Conditions of Freedom in the Nineteenth-Century United States. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press, 1956.
HussinIza. “Circulations of Law: Cosmopolitan Elites, Global Repertoires, Local Vernaculars,” Law and History Review, Vol. 32, No. 4, 2014: 773–795.
IliffeJohn. A Modern History of Tanganyika. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1979.
IsraelJonathan. “Diasporas Jewish and non-Jewish and the World Maritime Empires,” in Baghdiantz-McCabe Ina, Harlaftis Gelina, and Minoglu Ioanna Pepelasis, eds. Diaspora Entrepreneurial Networks: Four Centuries of History. New York: Berg, 2005: 3–26.
JohansenBaber. Contingency in a Sacred Law: Legal and Ethical Norms in the Muslim Fiqh. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1999.
JohnsonWalter. River of Dark Dreams: Slavery and Empire in the Cotton Kingdom. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2013.
KayaogluTuran. Legal Imperialism: Sovereignty and Extraterritoriality in Japan, the Ottoman Empire and China. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
KehoeDennis P. Law and the Rural Economy of the Roman Empire. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 2007.
KellyJ.B. Britain and the Persian Gulf, 1795–1880. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press, 1968.
KerrIan. Building the Railways of the Raj, 1850–1900. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 1995.
KesslerAmalia D. A Revolution in Commerce: The Parisian Merchant Court and the Rise of Commercial Society in Eighteenth-Century France. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2011.
KolskyElizabeth. Colonial Justice in British India: White Violence and the Rule of Law. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
KostalR.W. Law and English Railway Capitalism, 1825–1875. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
KozlowskiGregory C. Muslim Endowments and Society in Colonial India. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985.
KugleScott Alan. “Framed, Blamed and Renamed: The Recasting of Islamic Jurisprudence in Colonial South Asia,” Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 35, No. 2, 2001: 257–313.
KuranTimur. The Long Divergence: How Islamic Law Held Back the Middle East. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2011.
KuranTimur. Islam and Mammon: The Economic Predicaments of Islamism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004.
KuranTimur. “The Absence of the Corporation in Islamic Law: Origins and Persistence,” American Journal of Comparative Law, Vol. 53, 2005: 785–834.
LandenRobert G. Oman Since 1856: Disruptive Modernization in a Traditional Arab Society. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1967.
LatourBruno. Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2005.
LeviScott. The Indian Diaspora in Central Asia and its Trade, 1550–1900. Leiden: E.J. Brill, 2002.
LowD.A. and Smith A., eds. History of East Africa, 3 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976.
LowMichal Christopher. “Introduction: The Indian Ocean and Other Middle Easts,” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa, and the Middle East, Vol. 34, No. 3, 2014: 549–555.
LydonGhislaine. “A Paper Economy of Faith Without Faith in Paper: A Reflection on Islamic Institutional History,” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Vol. 71, 2009: 647–659.
LydonGhislaine. On Trans-Saharan Trails: Islamic Law, Trade Networks and Cross-Cultural Exchange in Nineteenth-Century Western Africa. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
MachadoPedro. Ocean of Trade: South Asian Merchants, Africa, and the Indian Ocean, c. 1750–1850. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
MangatJ.S. A History of the Asians in East Africa. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press, 1969.
MargaritiRoxani. “Mercantile Networks, Port Cities, and “Pirate” States: Conflict and Competition in the Indian Ocean World of Trade before the Sixteenth Century,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, Vol. 58, 2008: 543–577.
MarkovitsClaude. The Global World of Indian Merchants, 1750–1947: Traders of Sind from Bukhara to Panama. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
MassudMuhammad Khalid, Messick Brinkley and Powers David S., eds. Islamic Legal Interpretation: Jurists and their Fatwas. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1996.
MathewJohan. Margins of the Market: Trafficking and Capitalism Across the Arabian Sea. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2016.
MawaniRenisa and Hussin Iza, “The Travels of Law: Indian Ocean Itineraries,” Law and History Review, Vol. 32, No. 4, 2014: 733–747.
MaussMarcel. The Gift: The Form and Reason for Exchange in Archaic Societies. New York: W.W. Norton, 1990.
McDowThomas F. “Deeds of Freed Slaves: Manumission and Economic and Social Mobility in Pre-Abolition Zanzibar,” in Harms Robert, Freamon Bernard K., and Blight David W., Indian Ocean Slavery in the Age of Abolition. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2014: 60–79.
McMahonElizabeth. Slavery and Emancipation in Islamic East Africa: From Honor to Respectability. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
MeredithDavid. “State Controlled Marketing and Economic “Development”: The Case of West African Produce during the Second World War,” The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 39, No. 1, 1986: 77–91.
MerrySally Engle. Getting Justice and Getting Even: Legal Consciousness Among Working-Class Americans. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.
MessickBrinkley. “Property and the Private in a Sharia System,” Social Research, Vol. 70, No. 3, 2003: 711–734.
MessickBrinkley. “Textual Properties: Writing and Wealth in a Yemeni Sharia Case,” Anthropology Quarterly, Vol. 68, No. 3, 1995: 157–170.
MessickBrinkley. The Calligraphic State: Textual Domination in a Muslim Society. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1993.
MessickBrinkley. “Just Writing: Paradox and Political Economy in Yemeni Legal Documents,” Cultural Anthropology, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1989: 26–50.
MetcalfThomas. Imperial Connections: India in the Indian Ocean Arena, 1860–1920. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2008.
MitchellTimothy. The Rule of Experts: Egypt, Technopolitics, Modernity. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2002.
NadriGhulam Ahmed. Eighteenth-Century Gujarat: The Dynamics of Its Political Economy. Leiden: Brill, 2009.
Ng’ong’olaClement. “Malawi’s Agricultural Economy and the Evolution of Legislation on the Production and Marketing of Peasant Economic Crops,” Journal of Southern African Studies, Vol. 12, No. 2, 1986: 240–262.
NorthDouglass C. Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
NorthDouglass C. Structure and Change in Economic History. New York: W.W. Norton, 1982.
NugentJeffrey and Thomas Theodore H., eds. Bahrain and the Gulf: Past Perspectives and Alternative Futures. London: Croom Helm, 1985.
NussdorferLaurie. Brokers of Public Trust: Notaries in Early Modern Rome. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.
OgbornMiles. “Writing Travels: Power, Knowledge and Ritual on the English East India Company’s Early Voyages,” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, Vol. 27, No. 2, 2002: 155–171.
OnleyJames. “Britain and the Gulf Shaikhdoms, 1820–1971: The Politics of Protection,” Georgetown Center for International and Regional Studies, Occasional Paper No. 4 (2009).
OnleyJames. The Arabian Frontier of the British Raj: Merchants, Rulers and the British in the Nineteenth-Century Gulf. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2007.
OnleyJames. “The Politics of Protection in the Gulf: The Arab Rulers and the British Resident in the Nineteenth Century,” New Arabian Studies, Vol. 6, 2004: 30–92.
PanandikarS.G. “Banking,” in Singh V.B., ed. Economic History of India, 1857–1956. Mumbai: Allied Publishers, 1975.
PearsonM.N. The Indian Ocean. London: Routledge, 2003.
PearsonM.N. Port Cities and Intruders: The Swahili Coast, India and Portugal in the Early Modern Era. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.
PeirceLeslie. Morality Tales: Law and Gender in the Ottoman Court of Aintab. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2003.
PolanyiKarl. The Great Transformation. New York: Reinhardt Press, 1944.
PooveyMary. Genres of the Credit Economy: Mediating Value in Eighteenth and Nineteenth-Century England. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.
PouwelsRandall L. Horn and Crescent: Cultural Change and Traditional Islam on the East African Coast, 800–1900. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
PowersDavid S. Law, Society, and Culture in the Maghrib, 1300–1500. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
PrangeSebastian. “A Trade of No Dishonor: Piracy, Commerce, and Community in the Western Indian Ocean, Twelfth to Sixteenth Century,” The American Historical Review, Vol. 116, No. 5, 2011: 1269–1293.
PrasadRitika. Tracks of Change: Railways and Everyday Life in Colonial India. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015.
PrestholdtJeremy. Domesticating the World: East African Consumerism and the Genealogies of Globalization. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2008.
PrestholdtJeremy. “On the Global Repercussions of East African Consumerism,” The American Historical Review, Vol. 109, No. 3, 2004: 755–781.
Al-QasimiSultan bin Mohammed. The Myth of Arab Piracy in the Gulf. London: Routledge, 1986.
RabiUzi. The Emergence of States in a Tribal Society: Oman Under Sa‘id bin Taymur, 1932–1970. Portland, OR: Sussex Academic Press, 2007.
RamanBhavani. Document Raj: Writing and Scribes in Early Colonial South India. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012.
RasmussenDennis C. The Problems and Promise of Commercial Society: Adam Smith’s Response to Rousseau. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2008.
RayRajat Kanta. “Asian Capital in the Age of European Domination: The Rise of the Bazaar, 1800–1914,” Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 29, No. 3, 1995: 449–554.
ReevesPeter, ed. The Encyclopedia of the Sri Lankan Diaspora. Singapore: Editors Didier Millet, 2013.
ReidJohn Philip. Law for the Elephant: Property and Social Behavior on the Overland Trail. San Marino, CA: The Huntington Library, 1980.
RissoPatricia. Merchants and Faith: Muslim Commerce and Culture in the Indian Ocean. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1995.
RockelStephen J. “Slavery and Freedom in Nineteenth Century East Africa: The Case of Waungwana Caravan Porters,” African Studies, Vol. 68, No. 1, 2009: 87–109.
RockelStephen J. Carriers of Culture: Labor on the Road in Nineteenth-Century East Africa. London: James Currey, 2006.
RodinsonMaxime. Islam and Capitalism. London: Al-Saqi, 2007.
RudnerDavid West. Caste and Capitalism in Colonial India: The Nattukottai Chettiars. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1994.
SadgrovePhilipo, ed. Printing and Publishing in the Middle East. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
SchachtJoseph. An Introduction to Islamic Law. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1964.
SchaeferCharles. “‘Selling at a Wash:’ Competition and the Indian Merchant Community in Aden Crown Colony,” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East, Vol. 19, No. 2, 1999: 16–23.
SchmitthenerSamuel. “A Sketch of the Development of the Legal Profession in India,” Law & Society Review, Vol. 3, No. 2/3, 1968–1969: 337–382.
SeedPatricia. American Pentimento: The Invention of Indians and the Pursuit of Riches. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2003.
SewellWilliam H. , Jr. “A Strange Career: The Historical Study of Economic Life,” History and Theory, Theme Issue 49, 2010: 146–166.
SharafiMitra. Law and Identity in Colonial India: Parsi Legal Culture, 1772–1947. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
SheriffAbdul. “Social Mobility in Indian Ocean Slavery: The Strange Career of Sultan b. Aman,” in Harms Robert, Freamon Bernard K., and Blight David W., Indian Ocean Slavery in the Age of Abolition. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2014: 143–159.
SheriffAbdul. Dhow Cultures of the Indian Ocean: Cosmopolitanism, Commerce, Islam. New York: Columbia University Press, 2010.
SheriffAbdul. Slaves, Spices and Ivory in Zanzibar. Oxford: James Currey, 1987.
SmailDaniel Lord. The Consumption of Justice: Emotions, Publicity, and Legal Culture in Marseille, 1264–1423. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2003.
SmithBarbara J. The Roots of Separatism in Palestine: British Economic Policy, 1920–1929. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1983.
SolbergCarl E. The Prairies and the Pampas: Agrarian Policy in Canada and Argentina, 1880–1930. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1987.
SoodGagan. “Sovereign Justice in Precolonial Maritime Asia: The Case of the Mayor’s Court of Bombay, 1726–1798,” Itinerario, Vol. 37, No. 2, 2013: 46–72.
SoodGagan. “‘Correspondence is Equal to Half a Meeting’: The Composition and Comprehension of Letters in Eighteenth-Century Islamic Eurasia,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, Vol. 50, No. 2–3, 2007: 172–214.
SpiegelHenry W. The Growth of Economic Thought, 3rd ed. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1991.
SteensgaardNiels. Carracks, Caravans and Companies: The Structural Crisis in the European-Asian Trade in the Early Seventeenth Century. Lund: Studentlitteratur, 1973.
StephensJulie. “The Phantom Wahhabi: Liberalism and the Muslim Fanatic in Mid-Victorian India,” Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 47, No. 1, 2013: 22–52.
StilesErin. An Islamic Court in Context: An Ethnographic Study of Judicial Reasoning. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.
StockreiterElke. “‘British kadhis’ and ‘Muslim Judges’: Modernisation, Inconsistencies and Accommodation in Zanzibar’s Colonial Judiciary,” Journal of Eastern African Studies, Vol. 4, No. 3, 2010: 560–576.
SubramanianLakshmi. Indigenous Capital and Imperial Expansion: Bombay, Surat and the West Coast. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
SubrahmanyamSanjay. “Introduction: The Indian Ocean Between Empire and Nation,” in Maritime India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2004.
SubrahmanyamSanjay. The Career and Legend of Vasco da Gama. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997.
SubrahmanyamSanjay. “Of Imarat and Tijarat: Asian Merchants and State Power in the Western Indian Ocean, 1400 to 1750,” Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 37, No. 4, 1995: 750–780.
SzombathyZoltán. “Genealogy in Medieval Muslim Societies,” Studia Islamica, No. 95, 2002: 5–35.
TalbotIan. “Punjab Under Colonialism: Order and Transformation in British India,” Journal of Punjab Studies, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2007: 3–10.
TomlinsonB.R. The Economy of Modern India: From 1860 to the Twenty-First Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013.
TrivellatoFrancesca. The Familiarity of Strangers: The Sephardic Diaspora, Livorno, and Cross-Cultural Trade in the Early Modern Period. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009.
UdovitchAbraham. “Islamic Law and the Social Context of Exchange in the Medieval Middle East,” History and Anthropology, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1985, pp. 445–465.
UdovitchAbraham. Partnership and Profit in Medieval Islam. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1970.
UdovitchAbraham. “At the Origins of the Western Commenda: Islam, Israel, Byzantium?” Speculum, Vol. 37, No. 2, 1962: 198–207.
ValeriMarc. “High Visibility, Low Profile: The Shi‘a in Oman Under Sultan Qaboos,” International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 42, No. 2, 2010, pp. 251–268.
VardiLiana. The Physiocrats and the World of the Enlightenment. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012.
VickeryKenneth P. “Saving Settlers: Maize Control in Northern Rhodesia,” Journal of Southern African Studies, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1985: 212–234.
YahayaNurfadzilah. “Legal Pluralism and the English East India Company in the Straits of Malacca during the Early Nineteenth Century,” Law and History Review, Vol. 33, No. 4, 2015: 945–964.
WakinJeannette, ed. The Function of Documents in Islamic Law: The Chapter of Sales in Al-Tahawi’s Kitab al-Shurūt al-Kabīr. Albany, NY: SUNY Albany, 1972.
WardKerry. Networks of Empire: Forced Migration in the Dutch East India Company. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
WashbrookDavid C. “Law, State and Agrarian Society in Colonial India,” Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 15, No. 3, 1981: 649–721.
WatsonAlan. Slave Law in the Americas. University of Georgia Press, 1989.
Weiss Bernard G. The Spirit of Islamic Law. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1998.
WestlakeJ. “The Muscat Dhows,” The Law Review Quarterly, Vol. 23, 1907: 83–87.
WilfSteven. Law’s Imagined Republic: Popular Politics and Criminal Justice in Revolutionary America. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
WilkinsonJohn C. The Arabs and the Scramble for Africa. Sheffield, UL: Equinox Publishing, 2015.
WilkinsonJohn C. The Imamate Tradition of Oman. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987.