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  • Print publication year: 1991
  • Online publication date: March 2008

8 - In the struggle for freedom (1920–1947)

Summary
The phase of about three decades from the end of the First World War to the Act of Independence in 1947 was marked by political activity appearing first in the form of the Act of 1935 and then in the form of independence and partition. The Sikhs participated in the struggle for freedom in all its forms. The Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee and the Shiromani Akali Dal started what a contemporary called "the third Sikh war", a non-violent struggle against the government for the control of gurdwāras. All the Akalis did not appreciate passive resistance or non-violence as the political weapon to fight against the colonial rulers. Sikh participation in the Legislative Council of the Punjab was only a little more satisfactory. After the formation of the ministry in 1937 the first important political development was Sikandar Hayat Khan's agreement with Jinnah at Lucknow in 1937. The Sikandar-Jinnah agreement brought the Akalis and the Congress leaders closer to one another.
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The Sikhs of the Punjab
  • Online ISBN: 9781139053365
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521268844
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