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  • Cited by 75
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    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Therborn, Göran 1991. Cultural Belonging, Structural Location and Human Action. Acta Sociologica, Vol. 34, Issue. 3, p. 177.

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    Clegg, Stewart 1992. Review Article: How to become an Internationally Famous British Social Theorist. The Sociological Review, Vol. 40, Issue. 3, p. 576.

    BAER, DOUGLAS GRABB, EDWARD and JOHNSTON, WILLIAM 1993. National character, regional culture, and the values of Canadians and Americans. Canadian Review of Sociology/Revue canadienne de sociologie, Vol. 30, Issue. 1, p. 13.

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    Banks, Stephen P. and Riley, Patricia 1993. Structuration Theory as an Ontology for Communication Research. Annals of the International Communication Association, Vol. 16, Issue. 1, p. 167.

    Kling, Rob and Zmuidzinas, Mary 1994. Technology, ideology and social transformation: The case of computerization and work organization. International Review of Sociology, Vol. 5, Issue. 2-3, p. 28.

    NEW, CAROLINE 1994. Structure, Agency and Social Transformation. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, Vol. 24, Issue. 3, p. 187.


    Goodwin, N and Pinch, S 1995. Explaining Geographical Variations in the Contracting out of NHS Hospital Ancillary Services: A Contextual Approach. Environment and Planning A, Vol. 27, Issue. 9, p. 1397.

    De Cock, Christian 1995. A Rejoinder to and Reply from Weaver and Gioia. Organization Studies, Vol. 16, Issue. 4, p. 699.

    Hartland, N.G. 1995. Structure and system in Garfinkel and Giddens. The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Sociology, Vol. 31, Issue. 3, p. 23.

    Yule, Jean 1997. Engendered ideologies and leisure policy in the UK. Part 1: gender ideologies. Leisure Studies, Vol. 16, Issue. 2, p. 61.

    Powell-Cope, Gail M. 1998. Heterosexism and Gay Couples with HIV Infection. Western Journal of Nursing Research, Vol. 20, Issue. 4, p. 478.

    SHIPLEY, PATRICIA 1998. The Ergonomics Society The Society's Lecture 1997: The ethical turn and the workplace. Ergonomics, Vol. 41, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Edwards, Tony Rees, Chris and Coller, Xavier 1999. Structure, Politics and the Diffusion of Employment Practices in Multinationals. European Journal of Industrial Relations, Vol. 5, Issue. 3, p. 286.

    Willmott, Robert 1999. Structure, Agency and the Sociology of Education: Rescuing analytical dualism. British Journal of Sociology of Education, Vol. 20, Issue. 1, p. 5.

    Green, Stephen 2000. Negotiating with the Future: The Culture of Modern Risk in Global Financial Markets. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, Vol. 18, Issue. 1, p. 77.

  • Print publication year: 1989
  • Online publication date: November 2009

12 - A reply to my critics


Reasoned criticism is the life-blood of any scholarly discipline. Most people, whatever their level of commitment to their intellectual endeavours, probably find it easier to provide criticism rather than to receive it. But everyone working in an academic milieu must be prepared to be the subject of critique as well as offering critical appraisals of the writings of others. Of course, criticism can be shrill and dismissive, in which case it may very easily block rather than further the debates upon which the evaluation of ideas depend. I am fortunate indeed that all the contributors to this volume have produced critical assessments of my writings which, hard-hitting though some of them are, form positive contributions to discussion of the position and prospects of the social sciences. Few authors are privileged enough to be the subject of such sympathetic, yet exhaustive, examination from their critics, and I am grateful to all of the contributors for the diligence with which they have pursued their inquiries. I hope I can respond with the same degree of competence and seriousness of intent which they have displayed.

The chapters of this book range over many issues, and raise a diversity of objections to my views. If I were to reply to every point made, the result would inevitably be a quite superficial survey – or would result in a work as long as all the chapters put together. Instead of adopting such a tactic, I shall concentrate upon themes which one or more contributors have made central to their papers, and try to deal in at least some depth with the major questions posed.

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Social Theory of Modern Societies
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