Skip to main content
The Cambridge Companion to Philosophical Methodology
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Target online publication date: March 2017
  • Print publication year: 2017
  • Online ISBN: 9781316344118
  • Book DOI:
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    The Cambridge Companion to Philosophical Methodology
    • Online ISBN: 9781316344118
    • Book DOI:
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to? *
  • Buy the print book

Book description

The Cambridge Companion to Philosophical Methodology offers clear and comprehensive coverage of the main methodological debates and approaches within philosophy. The chapters in this volume approach the question of how to do philosophy from a wide range of perspectives, including conceptual analysis, critical theory, deconstruction, experimental philosophy, hermeneutics, Kantianism, methodological naturalism, phenomenology, and pragmatism. They explore general conceptions of philosophy, centred on the question of what the point of philosophising might be; the method of conceptual analysis and its recent naturalistic critics and competitors; perspectives from continental philosophy; and also a variety of methodological views that belong neither to the mainstream of analytic philosophy, nor to continental philosophy as commonly conceived. Together they will enable readers to grasp an unusually wide range of approaches to methodological debates in philosophy.

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

T. Aflalo et al. 2015. ‘Decoding Motor Imagery from the Posterior Parietal Cortex of a Tetraplegic Human’, Science 348 (6237), 906–10.

J. Alexander 2012. Experimental Philosophy: An Introduction. Cambridge: Polity Press.

J. Alexander , and J. Weinberg 2007. ‘Analytic Epistemology and Experimental Philosophy’, Philosophy Compass 2, 5680.

A. Allen 2016. The End of Progress: Decolonizing the Normative Foundations of Critical Theory. New York: Columbia University Press.

419 J. Anderson 2011. ‘Situating Axel Honneth in the Frankfurt School Tradition’, in Axel Honneth: Critical Essays, ed. D. Petherbridge . Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, 3158.

A. Baddeley , M. W. Eysenck , and M. C. Anderson 2009. Memory. Hove and New York: Psychology Press.

L. R. Baker 2000. Persons and Bodies: A Constitution View. Cambridge University Press.

J. Beebe , and J. Shea 2013. ‘Gettierized Knobe Effects’, Episteme 10, 219–40.

F. C. Beiser 1992. Enlightenment, Revolution, and Romanticism: The Genesis of Modern German Political Thought, 1790–1800. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

John Bengson . 2013. ‘Experimental Attacks on Intuitions and Answers’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 86 (3), 495532.

A. Berthoz , and J.-L. Petit (eds) 2014. Complexité-Simplexité. Paris: Collège de France.

A. Bird 2010. ‘Social Knowing: The Social Sense of “Scientific Knowledge”’, Philosophical Perspectives 24 (1), 2356.

S. Blackburn 1993. ‘Review of Paul Johnston’s Wittgenstein and Moral Philosophy’, Ethics 103, 588–90.

W. D. Blattner 2000. ‘Life Is Not Literature’, in The Many Faces of Time, eds J. B. Brough and L. E. Embree . Dordrecht: Kluwer, 187201.

J. Bogen , and J. Woodward 1988. ‘Saving the Phenomena’, Philosophical Review, 97, 303–52.

P. Boghossian 1996. ‘Analyticity Reconsidered’, Nous 30 (3), 360–91.

D. Bourget , and D. J. Chalmers 2014. ‘What do Philosophers Believe?’, Philosophical Studies 170 (3), 465500.

P. Brown 2007. ‘Abnormal Oscillatory Synchronization in the Motor System Leads to Impaired Movement’, Current Opinion in Neurobiology 17, 656–64.

A. Burgess , and D. Plunkett 2013a. ‘Conceptual Ethics I’, Philosophy Compass 8 (12), 1091–101.

A. Burgess , and D. Plunkett 2013b. ‘Conceptual Ethics II’, Philosophy Compass 8 (12), 1102–10.

H. Cappelen 2011. ‘Against Assertion’, in Assertion: New Philosophical Essays, eds J. Brown and H. Cappelen . Oxford University Press, 2148.

422 H. Cappelen , and J. Dever 2013. The Inessential Indexical: On the Philosophical Insignificance of Perspective and the First Person. Oxford University Press.

A. W. Carus 2007. ‘Carnap’s Intellectual Development’, in The Cambridge Companion to Carnap, eds M. Friedman and R. Creath . Cambridge University Press, 1942.

S. Cavell 2002. Must We Mean What We Say? A Book of Essays, updated edn. Cambridge University Press.

J. N. Caviness 2014. ‘Pathophysiology of Parkinson’s Disease Behaviour – a View from the Network’, Parkinsonism and Related Disorders 20 (Suppl. 1), S39S43.

D. J. Chalmers 2011. ‘Verbal Disputes’, Philosophical Review 120 (4), 515–66.

D. J. Chalmers 2015. ‘Why Isn’t there More Progress in Philosophy?’, Philosophy 90 (1), 331.

D. J. Chalmers , and F. Jackson 2001. ‘Conceptual Analysis and Reductive Explanation’, Philosophical Review 110 (3), 315–60.

D. L. Cheney , and R. M. Seyfarth 2007. Baboon Metaphysics. University of Chicago Press.

S. G. Crowell 1999. ‘Spectral History: Narrative, Nostalgia, and the Time of the I’, Research in Phenomenology 29, 83104.

S. Crowell (ed.) 2012. The Cambridge Companion to Existentialism. Cambridge University Press.

W. Dauer , and S. Przedborski 2003. ‘Parkinson’s Disease: Mechanisms and Models’, Neuron 39, 889909.

424 D. Davies 2004. Art as Performance. Oxford: Blackwell.

T. M. Dawson et al. 2010. ‘Genetic Animal Models of Parkinson’s Disease’, Neuron 66, 646–61.

M. R. Delong 1990. ‘Primate Models of Movement Disorders of Basal Ganglia Origin’, Trends in Neurosciences 13 (7), 281–5.

D. C. Dennett 1971. ‘Intentional Systems’, Journal of Philosophy 68 (4), 87106.

J. Derrida 2000. ‘Et Cetera’, in Deconstructions: a User’s Guide, ed. Nicholas Royle . New York: Palgrave, 282303.

N. DeSouza 2012. ‘Leibniz in the Eighteenth Century: Herder’s Critical Reflections on the Principles of Nature and Grace’, The British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (4), 773–95.

J Doris ., and the Moral Psychology Research Group (eds) 2010. The Moral Psychology Handbook. Oxford University Press.

G. D’Oro 2002. Collingwood and the Metaphysics of Experience. London and New York: Routledge.

G. D’Oro 2011. ‘Davidson and the Autonomy of the Human Sciences’, in Dialogues with Davidson: New Perspectives on his Philosophy, ed. J. Malpas . MIT Press, 283–96.

J. Drummond 2007. ‘Personal Perspectives’, The Southern Journal of Philosophy 45 (1), 2844.

H. Eichenbaum 2008. Learning and Memory. New York: Norton.

A. Einstein 1950. ‘On the Generalized Theory of Relativity’, Scientific American 182 (4), 1317.

M. Eklund 2015. ‘Intuitions, Conceptual Engineering, and Conceptual Fixed Points’, in Palgrave Handbook of Philosophical Methods, ed. C. Daly . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 363–85.

J. G. Finlayson 2002. ‘Adorno on the Ethical and the Ineffable’, European Journal of Philosophy 10 (1), 125.

P. Forster 2011. Peirce and the Threat of Nominalism. New York: Oxford University Press.

M. L. Frazer 2010. The Enlightenment of Sympathy: Justice and the Moral Sentiments in the Eighteenth Century and Today. Oxford University Press.

F. Freyenhagen 2013. Adorno’s Practical Philosophy: Living Less Wrongly. Cambridge University Press.

F. Freyenhagen 2014. ‘Adorno’s Politics: Theory and Praxis in Germany’s 1960s’, Philosophy & Social Criticism 40 (9), 867–93.

T. Gasser , et al. 2011. ‘Milestones in PD Genetics’, Movement Disorders 26 (6), 1042–8.

S. Gaukroger 2010. The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680–1760. Oxford University Press.

E. Gettier 1963. ‘Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?Analysis 23, 121–3.

K. Gjesdal 2006. ‘Hermeneutics and Philology: A Reconsideration of Gadamer’s Critique of Schleiermacher’, British Journal for the History of Philosophy 14 (1), 133–56.

K. Gjesdal 2008. ‘Between Enlightenment and Romanticism: Some Problems and Challenges in Gadamer’s Hermeneutics’, Journal of the History of Philosophy 46 (2), 285306.

K. Gjesdal 2009. Gadamer and the Legacy of German Idealism. Cambridge University Press.

K. Gjesdal 2014. ‘Hermeneutics, Individuality, and Tradition: Schleiermacher’s Idea of Bildung in the Landscape of Hegelian Thought’, in The Relevance of Romanticism, ed. Dalia Nassar . Oxford University Press, 92109.

H.-J. Glock 1996. A Wittgenstein Dictionary. Oxford: Blackwell.

H.-J. Glock 2003. Quine and Davidson on Language, Thought and Reality. Cambridge University Press.

H.-J. Glock 2008. What is Analytic Philosophy? Cambridge University Press.

A. Gopnik 1993. ‘How We Know Our Minds: The Illusion of First-Person Knowledge of Intentionality’, Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16, 115.

R. Hanna 2015a. Cognition, Content, and the A Priori: A Study in the Philosophy of Mind and Knowledge. Oxford University Press.

R. Hanna 2016b. ‘Directions in Space, Non-Conceptual Form, and the Foundations of Transcendental Idealism’, in Kantian Nonconceptualism, ed. D. Schulting . London: Palgrave Macmillan.

M. Hashimoto , et al. 2003. ‘Role of Protein Aggregation in Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Neurodegeneration in Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s Diseases’, NeuroMolecular Medicine 4, 2135.

S. Haslanger 2012. Resisting Reality. Oxford University Press.

M. Heidegger 1998. ‘Letter on Humanism’, trans. F. A. Capuzzi , in Pathmarks, ed. W. McNeill . Cambridge University Press, 239–77.

J. Heil 2003. From an Ontological Point of View. Oxford University Press.

C. Hempel 1942. ‘The Function of General Laws in History’, Journal of Philosophy 39, 3548.

J. G. Herder 2002b. Sculpture: Some Observations on Shape and Form from Pygmalion’s Creative Dream, ed. and trans. J. Gaiger . The University of Chicago Press.

S. Hetherington 2012. ‘The Gettier-illusion: Gettier-partialism and Infallibilism’, Synthese 188, 217–30.

432 E. Hirsch 2011a. Quantifier Variance and Realism. Oxford University Press.

E. Hirsch 2011b. ‘Quantifier Variance and Realism’, in his Quantifier Variance and Realism. Oxford University Press, 6895.

E. Hirsch 2011c. ‘Physical Object Ontology, Verbal Disputes and Common Sense’, in his Quantifier Variance and Realism. Oxford University Press, 144–77.

E. C. Hirsch , et al. 2013. ‘Pathogenesis of PD’, Movement Disorders 28 (1), 2430.

C. Hookway 2012. The Pragmatic Maxim. New York: Oxford University Press.

E. Husserl 1964. The Paris Lectures, trans. P. Koestenbaum . Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff.

E. Husserl 1973a. Cartesian Meditations, trans. D. Cairns . The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.

433 E. Husserl 1976. Die Krisis der Europäischen Wissenschaften und die Transzendentale Phänomenologie, Husserliana VI. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.

E. Husserl 1977. Cartesian Meditations, trans. D. Cairns . The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.

E. Husserl 1982. Ideas Pertaining to a Pure Phenomenology and to a Phenomenological Philosophy, trans. F. Kersten . Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

E. Husserl 1988. Cartesian Meditations: An Introduction to Phenomenology, trans. D. Cairns . Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff.

D. Hutto 2003. Wittgenstein and the End of Philosophy: Neither Theory nor Therapy. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

D. Hutto 2009. ‘Philosophical Clarification, its Possibility and Point’, Philosophia 37 (4), 629–52.

J. Ichikawa 2010. ‘Explaining away Intuitions’, Studia Philosophica Estonica 2, 94116.

J. P. A. Ioannidis 2005. ‘Why Most Published Research Findings are False’, PLoS Medicine 2 (8 (e124)), 696701.

F. Jackson 2002. ‘Critical Notice of Knowledge and Its Limits by T. Williamson’, Australasian Journal of Philosophy 80, 516–21.

F. Jackson 2010. Language, Names, and Information. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.

F. Jackson 2011. ‘On Gettier Holdouts’, Mind and Language 26, 468–81.

A. Jenkins , D. Dodell-Feder , R. Saxe , and J. Knobe 2014. ‘The Neural Bases of Directed and Spontaneous Mental State Attributions to Group Agents’, PLoS ONE 9 (8), e105341.

V. E. Johnson 2013. ‘Revised Standards for Statistical Evidence’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110 (48), 19313–17.

K. Jones 2012The Politics of Intellectual Self-Trust’, Social Epistemology 26 (2), 237–52.

D. Kahneman , P. Slovic , and A. Tversky 1982. Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. New York: Cambridge University Press.

I. Kant 1998. Critique of Pure Reason, trans. and eds P. Guyer and A. Wood . Cambridge University Press.

435 I. Kant 2000. Critique of the Power of Judgment, trans. P. Guyer and E. Matthews . Cambridge University Press.

I. Kant 2004. Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics, trans. G. Hatfield . Cambridge University Press.

M. Kim , and Y. Yuan 2015. ‘No Cross-cultural Differences in the Gettier Car Case Intuition: A Replication Study of Weinberg et al. 2001’, Episteme 12 (3), 355–61.

P. Kitcher 1978. ‘Theories, Theorists and Theoretical Change’, Philosophical Review 87, 519–47.

J. Knobe 2010. ‘Person as Scientist, Person as Moralist’, Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33, 315–29.

H. Kornblith 2002. Knowledge and its Place in Nature. Oxford University Press.

H. Kornblith 2009. ‘Review of The Philosophy of Philosophy by T. Williamson’, Analysis 69, 109–16.

C. M. C. Korsgaard 1983. ‘Two Distinctions in Goodness’, The Philosophical Review 92 (2), 169–95.

A. C. Kreitzer , and R. C. Malenka . 2008. ‘Striatal Plasticity and Basal Ganglia Circuit Function’, Neuron 60, 543–54.

F. Kroon 1987. ‘Causal Descriptivism’, Australasian Journal of Philosophy 65, 117.

R. Kukla 2002. ‘The Ontology and Temporality of Conscience’, Continental Philosophy Review 35, 134.

M. Kusch 2002. Knowledge by Agreement: The Programme of Communitarian Epistemology. Oxford University Press.

437 J. Lackey 2014. ‘Socially Extended Knowledge’, Philosophical Issues 24 (1), 282–98.

J. W. Langston , et al. 1983. ‘Chronic Parkinsonism in Humans Due to a Product of Meperidine-analog Synthesis’, Science 219, 979–80.

M. Lazerowitz 1970. ‘A Note on “Metaphilosophy”’, Metaphilosophy 1, 91.

I. Levi 1991. The Fixation of Belief and its Undoing. Cambridge University Press.

C. I. Lewis 1923. ‘A Pragmatic Conception of the A Priori’, The Journal of Philosophy 20, 169–77.

S. M. Liao , A. Wiegmann , J. Alexander , and G. Vong 2012. ‘Putting the Trolley in Order: Experimental Philosophy and the Loop Case’, Philosophical Psychology 25 (5), 661–71.

D. Lieberman 2011. Human Learning and Memory. Cambridge University Press.

E. Machery 2011. ‘Thought Experiments and Philosophical Knowledge’, Metaphilosophy 42 (3), 191214.

E. Machery , R. Mallon , S. Nicols , and S. P. Stich 2004. ‘Semantics, Cross-Cultural Style’, Cognition 92, B1B12.

E. Machery , J. Sytsma , and M. Deutsch 2015. ‘Speaker’s Reference and Cross-Cultural Semantics’ in On Reference, ed. A. Bianchi . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 6276.

J. L. Mackie 1977. Ethics: Inventing Right and Wrong. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

P. Maddy 2007. Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method. Oxford University Press.

M. P. Mattson , and D. Liu 2002. ‘Energetics and Oxidative Stress in Synaptic Plasticity and Neurodegenerative Disorders’, NeuroMolecular Medicine 2, 215–31.

P. Mazzoni , et al. 2007. ‘Why Don’t We Move Faster? Parkinson’s Disease, Movement Vigor, and Implicit Motivation’, The Journal of Neuroscience 27 (27), 7105–16.

T. McCarthy 1990. ‘The Critique of Impure Reason: Foucault and the Frankfurt School’, Political Theory 18 (3), 437–69.

J. McDowell 2009. ‘Wittgensteinian Quietism’, Common Knowledge 15 (3), 365–72.

C. McGinn 1993. Problems in Philosophy: The Limits of Inquiry. Oxford: Blackwell.

S. Menn 1998. Descartes and Augustine. Cambridge University Press.

T. Merricks 2000. ‘No Statues’, Australasian Journal of Philosophy 78 (1), 4752.

C. L. Morgan 1894. An Introduction to Comparative Psychology. London: Walter Scott.

J. Nado 2014. ‘Philosophical Expertise’, Philosophy Compass 9, 631–41.

J. Nagel 2012. ‘Intuitions and Experiments: A Defense of the Case Method in Epistemology’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 85, 495527.

440 S. Nichols , N. Pinillos , and R. Mallon 2016. ‘Ambiguous Reference’, Mind 125 (497), 145–75.

R.E. Nisbett , and T.D. Wilson 1977. ‘Telling More than We Can Know: Verbal Reports on Mental Processes’, Psychological Review 84 (3), 231–59.

D. Nolan 2015. ‘The A Posteriori Armchair’, Australasian Journal of Philosophy 93, 211–31.

S. Overgaard , P. Gilbert , and S. Burwood 2013. An Introduction to Metaphilosophy. Cambridge University Press.

D. Papineau 2009. ‘The Poverty of Analysis’, Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 83, 130.

L. A. Paul 2014. Transformative Experiences. Oxford University Press.

R. Piercey 2009b. The Uses of the Past From Heidegger to Rorty: Doing Philosophy Historically. Cambridge University Press.

R. Piercey 2010. ‘Metaphilosophy as First Philosophy’, International Philosophical Quarterly 50 (3) (September), 335–50.

B. Plant 2012. ‘Philosophical Diversity and Disagreement’, Metaphilosophy 43 (5), 567–91.

D. Plunkett 2015. ‘Which Concepts Should We Use?: Metalinguistic Negotiations and the Methodology of Philosophy’, Inquiry 58 (7–8), 828–74.

M. H. Polymeropoulos , et al. 1997. ‘Mutation in the α-Synuclein Gene Identified in Families with Parkinson’s Disease’, Science 276, 2045–47.

H. Price 2003. ‘Truth as Convenient Friction’, Journal of Philosophy 100, 167–90.

H. Putnam 1975a. ‘The Meaning of ‘Meaning’, in his Mind, Language and Reality: Philosophical Papers, vol. 2. Cambridge University Press, 215–71.

H. Putnam 1975c. Mind, Language and Reality. Cambridge University Press.

H. Putnam 1995. ‘Pragmatism’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 95, 291306.

W. V. Quine 1970. ‘Philosophical Progress in Language Theory’, Metaphilosophy 1, 219.

A. Reeves , et al. 2014. ‘Ageing and Parkinson’s Disease: Why is Advancing Age the Biggest Risk Factor?Ageing Research Reviews 14, 1930.

P.-J. Renaudie 2013. ‘Me, Myself and I: Sartre and Husserl on Elusiveness of the Self’, Continental Philosophy Review 46 (1), 99113.

443 N. Rescher 1992. A System of Pragmatic Idealism, 3 vols. Princeton University Press.

N. Rescher 2006a. Studies in Metaphilosophy. Frankfurt: Ontos.

K. Romdenh-Romluc 2011. ‘Time for Consciousness: Intention and Introspection’, Phenomenology and Cognitive Sciences 10, 369–76.

R. Rorty 1984. ‘The Historiography of Philosophy: Four Genres’, in Philosophy in History, eds R. Rorty , J. B. Schneewind , and Q. Skinner . Cambridge University Press, 4975.

R. Rorty 1989. Contingency, Irony, Solidarity. Cambridge University Press.

R. Rorty 2007. Philosophy as Cultural Politics: Philosophical Papers Volume 4. Cambridge University Press.

G. Ryle 1970. ‘Autobiographical’, in Ryle, eds O. P. Wood and G. Pitcher . New York: Doubleday and Co, 115.

M. Sacks 2005. ‘The Nature of Transcendental Arguments’, International Journal of Philosophical Studies 13 (4), 439–60.

J. D. Salamone , et al. 2007. ‘Effort-related Functions of Nucleus Accumbens Dopamine and Associated Forebrain Circuits’, Psychopharmacology 191, 461–82.

F. C. S. Schiller , C. A. Mace , and J. L. Stocks 1933. ‘Symposium: Must Philosophers Disagree?Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 12, 118–49.

E. Schulz , E. Cokely , and A. Feltz 2011. ‘Persistent Bias in Expert Judgments about Free Will and Moral Responsibility: A Test of the Expertise Defense’, Consciousness and Cognition 20, 1722–31.

E. Schwitzgebel , and F. Cushman 2015. ‘Philosophers’ Biased Judgments Persist Despite Training, Expertise and Reflection’, Cognition 141, 127–37.

E. Schwitzgebel , and J. Rust 2014. ‘The Moral Behavior of Ethics Professors: Relationships among Self-reported Behavior, Expressed Normative Attitude, and Directly Observed Behavior’, Philosophical Psychology 27 (3), 293327.

J. Shieber 2012. ‘A Partial Defense of Intuition on Naturalist Grounds’, Synthese 187, 321–41.

T. Sider 2011. Writing the Book of the World. Oxford University Press.

C. Skirke 2012. ‘Metaphysical Experience and Constitutive Error in Adorno’s “Meditations on Metaphysics”’, Inquiry 55 (3), 307–28.

J. J. C. Smart 1993. ‘Why Philosophers Disagree’, Canadian Journal of Philosophy 23 (supp 1), 6782.

445 E. Sosa 2007. ‘Experimental Philosophy and Philosophical Intuition’, Philosophical Studies 132 (1), 99107.

K. Stanovich , and R. West 2007. ‘Natural Myside Bias is Independent of Cognitive Bbility’, Thinking & Reasoning 13 (3), 225–47.

J. Stewart 2003. Kierkegaard’s Relation to Hegel Reconsidered. Cambridge University Press.

S. Stich 2013. ‘Do Different Groups Have Different Epistemic Intuitions? A Reply to Jennifer Nagel’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 87, 151–78.

P. Stokes 2010. Kierkegaard’s Mirrors: Narrative, Self, and Moral Vision. Houndmills: Palgrave.

P. F. Strawson 1959. Individuals: An Essay in Descriptive Metaphysics. London: Methuen.

P. Strawson 1992. Analysis and Metaphysics: An Introduction to Philosophy. Oxford University Press.

G. Strawson 2009. Selves: An Essay in Revisionary Metaphysics. Oxford University Press.

P. F. Strawson 2011. Philosophical Writings, eds G. Strawson and M. Montague . Oxford University Press.

N. Strohminger , and S. Nichols 2014. ‘The Essential Moral Self’, Cognition 131, 159–71.

C. R. Sunstein 2005. ‘Moral Heuristics’, Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4), 531–41.

S. Swain , J. Alexander , and J. Weinberg 2008. ‘The Instability of Philosophical Intuitions: Running Hot and Cold on Truetemp’, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76 (1), 138–55.

446 B. Talbot 2013. ‘Reforming Intuition Pumps: When are the Old Ways the Best?Philosophical Studies 165 (2), 315–34.

R. B. Talisse 2001. ‘A Pragmatist Critique of Rorty’s Hopeless Politics’, Southern Journal of Philosophy 39 (4), 611–26.

A. Tanesini 2015. ‘Nietzsche on the Diachronic Will and the Problem of Morality’, European Journal of Philosophy 23 (3), 652–75.

A. Tanesini 2016. ‘“Calm Down Dear”: Intellectual Arrogance, Silencing and Ignorance’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volume 90, 7191.

C. Taylor 1984. ‘Philosophy and its History’, in Philosophy in History, eds R. Rorty , J. B. Schneewind , and Q. Skinner . Cambridge University Press, 1730.

A. Thomasson 2001. ‘Geographic Objects and the Science of Geography’. Topoi 20, 149–59.

A. L. Thomasson 2007a. Ordinary Objects. New York: Oxford University Press.

A. L. Thomasson 2007b. ‘Modal Normativism and the Methods of Metaphysics’, Philosophical Topics 35 (1&2), 135–60.

A. L. Thomasson 2012. ‘Experimental Philosophy and the Methods of Ontology’, The Monist 95 (2), 175200.

K. Tobia , W. Buckwalter , and S. Stich 2013. ‘Moral Intuitions: Are Philosophers Experts?Philosophical Psychology 26 (5), 629–38.

447 C. Travis 2013. Perception: Essays After Frege. Oxford University Press.

P. Unger 1979a. ‘There Are No Ordinary Things’, Synthese 41 (2), 117–54.

P. Unger 1979b. ‘Why There Are No People’, Midwest Studies in Philosophy 4 (1), 177222.

P. Unger 2014. Empty Ideas: A Critique of Analytic Philosophy. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

P. Van Inwagen 2004. ‘Freedom to Break the Laws’, Midwest Studies in Philosophy 28 (1), 334–50.

C. Weigel 2011. ‘Distance, Anger, Freedom: An Account of the Role of Abstraction in Compatibilist and Incompatibilist Intuitions’, Philosophical Psychology 24 (6), 803–23.

J. Weinberg 2007. ‘How to Challenge Intuitions Empirically without Risking Skepticism’, Midwest Studies in Philosophy 31, 318–43.

J. Weinberg , S. Nichols , and S. Stich 2001. ‘Normativity and Epistemic Intuitions’, Philosophical Topics 29, 429–60.

J. Weinberg , J. Alexander , C. Gonnerman , and S. Reuter 2012. ‘Restrictionism and Reflection: Challenge Deflected, or Simply Redirected?The Monist 95, 200–22.

T. Wichmann , et al. 2011. ‘Milestones in Research on the Pathophysiology of Parkinson’s Disease’, Movement Disorders 26 (6), 1032–41.

T. Williamson 2007. The Philosophy of Philosophy. Oxford: Blackwell.

T. Williamson 2013. Modal Logic as Metaphysics. Oxford University Press.

R. A. Wise 1985. ‘The Anhedonia Hypothesis: Mark III’, Behavioral Brain Science 8, 178–86.

K. Withy 2013. ‘The Strategic Unity of Heidegger’s The Fundamental Concepts of Metaphysics’, The Southern Journal of Philosophy 51, 161–78.

J. C. Wright 2010. ‘On Intuitional Stability: The Clear, the Strong, and the Paradigmatic’, Cognition 115 (3), 491503.

H. H. Yin , and B. J. Knowlton 2006. ‘The Role of the Basal Ganglia in Habit Formation’, Nature Reviews Neuroscience 7, 464–76.

D. Zahavi 2016. ‘The End of What? Phenomenology and Speculative Realism’, forthcoming in International Journal of Philosophical Studies.