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    The Cambridge History of Medieval Philosophy
    • Online ISBN: 9781107446953
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHO9781107446953
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Book description

The Cambridge History of Medieval Philosophy comprises over fifty specially commissioned essays by experts on the philosophy of this period. Starting in the late eighth century, with the renewal of learning some centuries after the fall of the Roman Empire, a sequence of chapters takes the reader through developments in many and varied fields, including logic and language, natural philosophy, ethics, metaphysics, and theology. Close attention is paid to the context of medieval philosophy, with discussions of the rise of the universities and developments in the cultural and linguistic spheres. A striking feature is the continuous coverage of Islamic, Jewish, and Christian material. There are useful biographies of the philosophers, and a comprehensive bibliography. The volumes illuminate a rich and remarkable period in the history of philosophy and will be the authoritative source on medieval philosophy for the next generation of scholars and students alike.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.


Adam Becker , Fear of God and the Beginning of Wisdom: The School of Nisibis and Christian Scholastic Culture in Late Antique Mesopotamia (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006)

Peter Adamson , Al-Kindī (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006) p. 41

Gérard Troupeau , “La logique d’Ibn al-Muqaffaʿ et les origins de la grammaire arabe,” Arabica 28 (1981) 242–50

Roshdi Rashed , “Al-Kindī’s Commentary on Archimedes’ ‘The Measurement of the Circle’,” Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 3 (1993) 7–12

John Marenbon , From the Circle of Alcuin to the School of Auxerre (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981)

Logic,” in J. Brower and K. Guilfoy (eds.) The Cambridge Companion to Abelard (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004) 158–99

Philipp Rosemann , Peter Lombard (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004)

John Marenbon , “Anselm Rewrites his Argument: Proslogion 2 and the Response to Gaunilo,” in J. Hamesse and O. Weijers (eds.) Écriture et réécriture des textes philosophiques médiévaux (Turnhout: Brepols, 2006) 347–65

Michele Trizio , “Byzantine Philosophy as a Contemporary Historiographical Project,” Recherches de théologie et philosophie médiévales 74 (2007) 247–94

Georgi Kapriev , “The Modern Study of Byzantine Philosophy,” Bulletin de philosophie médiévale 48 (2006) 3–13

Katerina Ierodiakonou , “Metaphysics in the Byzantine Tradition: Eustratios of Nicaea on Universals,” Quaestio 5 (2005) 67–82

Commentary on the pseudo-Aristotelian De plantis: A Critical Edition,” ed. R. J. Long , Mediaeval Studies 47 (1985) 125–67.

Solutions Addressed to George Lapithes, ed. R. E. Sinkewicz , Mediaeval Studies 43 (1981) 151–217.

Boethius De consolatione philosophiae; Opuscula theologica, ed. C. Moreschini (Munich: K. G. Saur, 2000).

. Dialogus Ratii et Everardi, ed. N. M. Häring , Mediaeval Studies 15 (1953) 243–89.

. “The Letter of Fredegisus of Tours on Nothingness and Shadow: A New Translation and Commentary,” tr. N. Jun , Comitatus 34 (2003) 150–69.

Gabriel Biel Defensiorum obedientiae apostolicae et alia documenta, ed. H. A. Oberman et al. (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1968).

. “Lettre inédite de Godescalc d’Orbais,” ed. C. Lambot , Revue Bénédictine 68 (1958) 41–51.

De visione divinae essentiae, ed. M. Woodward , Franciscan Studies 63 (2005) 325–407.

. Obligationes, in H. A. G. Braakhuis (ed.) “Obligations in Early Thirteenth Century Paris: The Obligationes of Nicholas of Paris(?),” Vivarium 36 (1998) 152–233.

Commentary on Aristotle’s On Length and Shortness of Life, ed. M. Dunne , Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du moyen âge 69 (2002) 153–200.

Questions on Books I and II of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, ed. A. Celano , Mediaeval Studies 48 (1986) 1–110.

Tractatus de verbo, ed. R. Pasnau , Franciscan Studies 53 (1993) 121–53.

Proclus Tria opuscula (De providentia, libertate, malo), latine Guilelmo de Moerbeka vertente et graece ex Isaacii Sebastocratoris aliorumque scriptis collecta, ed. H. Boese (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1960).

Henri Rochais , “Ipsa philosophia Christus,” Mediaeval Studies 13 (1951) 244–7

Simplicius In Aristotelis physicorum libros octo commentaria, ed. H. Diels (Commentaria in Aristotelem Graeca IX–X) (Berlin: Reimer, 1882, 1895).

Dukas Laskaris Theodore II Opuscula rhetorica, ed. A. Tartaglia (Leipzig: Teubner, 2000).

De bono et malo, ed. J. R. O’Donnell , Mediaeval Studies 8 (1946) 245–99; 16 (1954) 219–71.

Marilyn McCord Adams . “Ockham on Final Causality: Muddying the Waters,” Franciscan Studies 56 (1998) 1–46.

William J. Courtenay , “The Academic and Intellectual Worlds of Ockham,” in P. V. Spade (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Ockham (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999) p. 23

Peter Adamson . “Abū Maʿshar, al-Kindī and the Philosophical Defense of Astrology,” Recherches de théologie et philosophie médiévales 69 (2002) 245–70.

Peter Adamson The Arabic Sea Battle: al-Fārābī on the Problem of Future Contingents,” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 88 (2006) 163–88.

Peter Adamson Before Essence and Existence: Al-Kindi’s Conception of Being,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (2002) 297–312.

Jan A Aertsen . and Andreas Speer (eds.). Was ist Philosophie im Mittelalter? Qu’est-ce que la philosophie au moyen âge? What is Philosophy in the Middle Ages? (Berlin: De Gruyter, 1998).

Robert Andrews Denomination in Peter of Auvergne,” in N. Kretzmann (ed.) Meaning and Inference in Medieval Philosophy: Studies in Memory of Jan Pinborg (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1988) 91–106.

Robert Andrews Thomas Maulevelt’s Denial of Substance,” in L. Newton (ed.) Medieval Commentaries on Aristotle’s Categories (Leiden: Brill, 2008) 347–68.

Robert Andrews and Timothy B. Noone . “A Newly Identified Redaction of Richard Clive’s ‘Quaestiones metaphysicae’: With Edition of Three Questions on Relation,” Manuscripta 38 (1994) 23–41.

Said Amir Arjomand . The Shadow of God and the Hidden Imam: Religion, Political Order, and Societal Change in Shiʿite Iran from the Beginning to 1890 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984).

E. Jennifer Ashworth . “Analogy and Equivocation in Thirteenth-Century Logic: Aquinas in Context,” Mediaeval Studies 54 (1992) 94–135.

E. Jennifer Ashworth An Early Fifteenth Century Discussion of Infinite Sets,” Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 18 (1977) 232–4.

E. Jennifer Ashworth Language and Logic in the Post-Medieval Period (Dordrecht: Reidel, 1974).

E. Jennifer Ashworth Theories of Propositions: Some Early Sixteenth-Century Discussions,” Franciscan Studies 38 (1978) 81–121.

Paul J. J. M Bakker Guiral Ot et le mouvement autour de la question De motu conservée dans le manuscrit Madrid, Biblioteca nacional, 4229,” Early Science and Medicine 8 (2003) 298–319.

Matthias Baltes . Die Weltentstehung des platonischen Timaios nach den Antiken interpreten (Leiden: Brill, 1976–8).

Jonathan Barnes . “The Just War,” in N. Kretzmann et al. (eds.) Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982) 771–84.

J. L. Barton The Mystery of Bracton,” Journal of Legal History 14 (1993) 1–42.

Bernardo C Bazán . “13th-Century Commentaries on De anima: From Peter of Spain to Thomas Aquinas,” in G. Fioravanti et al. (eds.) Il commento filosofico nell’Occidente latino, secoli XIII–XV (Turnhout: Brepols, 2002) 119–84.

H. M Beha . “Matthew of Aquasparta’s Theory of Cognition,” Franciscan Studies 20 (1960) 161–204; 21 (1961) 383–465.

Catarina Belo . Chance and Determinism in Avicenna and Averroes (Leiden: Brill, 2007).

Linos Benakis Michael Psellos’ Kritik an Aristoteles und seine eigene Lehre zur Physis- und Materie- Form-Problematik,” Byzantinische Zeitschrift 56 (1963) 213–27.

Linos Benakis Studien zu den Aristoteles-Kommentaren des Michael Psellos,” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 43 (1961) 215–38; 44 (1962) 33–61.

Harald Berger . “Albert von Sachsen (1316?–1390). Bibliographie der Sekundärlitteratur,” Bulletin de philosophie médiévale 36 (1994) 148–85; 37 (1995) 175–86; 38 (1996) 143–52; 40 (1998) 103–16.

Mario Bertagna . “Richard Ferrybridge’s Logica: A Handbook for Solving Sophismata,” in S. Read (ed.) Sophisms in Medieval Logic and Grammar: Acts of the Ninth European Symposium for Medieval Logic and Semantics (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1993) 31–44.

Amos Bertolacci . “A Community of Translators: The Latin Medieval Versions of Avicenna’s Book of the Cure,” in C. Mews and J. Crossley (eds.) Communities of Learning: Networks and the Shaping of Intellectual Identity in Europe, 1100–1500 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2011).

Joël Biard Présence et représentation chez Pierre d’Ailly: quelques problèmes de théorie de la connaissance au XIVe siècle,” Dialogue 31 (1992) 459–74.

Antony Black Political Thought in Europe, 1250–1450 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

Deborah L. Black Estimation (Wahm) in Avicenna: The Logical and Psychological Dimensions,” Dialogue 32 (1993) 219–58.

Deborah L. Black Knowledge (ʿilm) and Certitude (yaqīn) in al-Fārābī’s Epistemology,” Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 16 (2006) 11–45.

James Blythe . “Aristotle’s Politics and Ptolemy of Lucca,” Vivarium 40 (2002) 103–36.

E. P. Bos Richard Billingham’s Speculum puerorum, Some Medieval Commentaries and Aristotle,” Vivarium 45 (2007) 360–73.

Patrick Boyde . Dante Philomythes and Philosopher: Man in the Cosmos (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981).

Patrick Boyde Perception and Passion in Dante’s Comedy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).

H. A. G. Braakhuis The Views of William of Sherwood on some Semantical Topics and their Relation to those of Roger Bacon,” Vivarium 15 (1977) 111–42.

Jean-Baptiste Brenet . “Perfection de la philosophie ou philosophe parfait? Jean de Jandun lecteur d’Averroès,” Recherches de théologie et philosophie médiévales 68 (2001) 310–48.

Sebastian Brock A Syriac Intermediary for the Arabic Theology of Aristotle? In Search of a Chimera,” in C. D’Ancona (ed.) The Libraries of the Neoplatonists (Leiden: Brill, 2007) 293–306.

D. Catherine Brown . Pastor and Laity in the Theology of Jean Gerson (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987).

Mary Anthony Brown . “The Role of the Tractatus de obligationibus in Mediaeval Logic,” Franciscan Studies 26 (1966) 26–35.

Stephen F Brown . “Gerard of Bologna on the Nature of the Good (Text and Commentary),” in M. Pickavé (ed.) Der Logik des Transzendentalen: Festschrift für Jan A. Aertsen zum 65. Geburtstag (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2003) 285–303.

Stephen F Brown Peter of Candia on Believing and Knowing,” Franciscan Studies 54 (1994–7) 251–76.

Stephen F Brown Sources for Ockham’s Prologue to the Sentences (pt 1),” Franciscan Studies 26 (1966) 36–65.

Alexander Brungs . “Roland von Cremona O.P., die Geschichte des geistigen Lebens im frühen 13. Jahrhundert und die Definition der Tugend,” in J. Hamesse (ed.) Roma, magistra mundi: itineraria culturae medievalis: mélanges offerts au Père L. E. Boyle à l’occasion de son 75e anniversaire (Louvain-la-Neuve: Fédération des instituts d’études médiévales, 1998) 27–51.

Charles Burnett The Coherence of the Arabic–Latin Translation Program in Toledo in the Twelfth Century,” Science in Context 14 (2001) 249–88.

Charles Burnett Hermann of Carinthia,” in P. Dronke (ed.) A History of Twelfth-Century Western Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988) 386–404.

David Burrell . Faith and Freedom: An Interfaith Perspective (Oxford: Blackwell, 2004).

H. L. L. Busard Unendliche Reihen in A est unum calidum,” Archive for History of Exact Sciences 2 (1965) 387–97.

Alessandro Palazzo , “Ulrich of Strasbourg and Denys the Carthusian,” Bulletin de philosophie médiévale 46 (2004) 61–113

D. A. Callus Two Early Oxford Masters on the Plurality of Forms: Adam of Buckfield – Richard Rufus of Cornwall,” Revue neo-scholastique de philosophie 42 (1939) 411–45.

Monica Calma . “Pierre d’Ailly: le commentaire sur les Sentences de Pierre Lombard,” Bulletin de philosophie médiévale 49 (2007) 139–94.

Margaret Cameron . “Boethius on Utterances, Understanding, and Reality,” in J. Marenbon (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Boethius (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009) 85–104.

Joseph Canning The Political Thought of Baldus de Ubaldis (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987).

Stefano Caroti Mirabilia, scetticismo, e filosofia della natura nei Quodlibeta di Nicole Oresme,” Annali dell’Istituto e museo di storia della scienza di Firenze 9 (1984) 3–20.

Stefano Caroti Oresme on Motion (Questiones super Physicam, III, 2–7),” Vivarium 31 (1993) 8–36.

Giovanni Ceccarelli . “Risky Business: Theological and Canonical Thought on Insurance from the Thirteenth to the Seventeenth Centuries,” Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 31 (2001) 607–58.

Jean Celeyrette and Mazet Edmond . “La hiérarchie des degrés d’être chez Nicole Oresme,” Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 8 (1998) 45–65.

Laurent Cesalli . “Le ‘pan-propositionnalisme’ de Jean Wyclif,” Vivarium 43 (2005) 124–55.

Henry Chadwick . “Ego Berengarius,” Journal of Theological Studies 40 (1989) 414–45.

Hugh Chandler . “Plantinga and the Contingently Possible,” Analysis 36 (1976) 106–9.

Anwar Chejne Ibn Hazm of Cordova on Logic,” Journal of the American Oriental Society 104 (1984) 57–72.

Marshall Clagett . “The Medieval Latin Translations from the Arabic of the Elements of Euclid, with Special Emphasis on the Versions of Adelard of Bath,” Isis 44 (1953) 16–42.

Marshall Clagett Richard Swineshead and Late Medieval Physics,” Osiris 9 (1950) 131–61.

J. A. Clarence Smith Bartolo on the Conflict of Laws,” American Journal of Legal History 14 (1970) 157–74, 247–75.

Gerson D Cohen . “The Soteriology of Abraham Maimuni,” Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research 35 (1967) 75–98; 36 (1968) 33–56.

Janet Coleman . “Dominium in Thirteenth- and Fourteenth-Century Political Thought and its Seventeenth-Century Heirs: John of Paris and Locke,” Political Studies 33 (1985) 73–100.

Janet Coleman FitzRalph’s Antimendicant ‘proposicio’ (1350) and the Politics of the Papal Court at Avignon,” Journal of Ecclesiastical History 35 (1984) 376–90.

Janet Coleman “Jean de Ripa and the Oxford Calculators,” Mediaeval Studies 37 (1975) 130–89.

Janet Coleman Property and Poverty,” in J. Burns (ed.) The Cambridge History of Medieval Political Thought (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988) 607–48.

Marcia Colish . “Rethinking Lying in the Twelfth Century,” in I. Bejczy and R. Newhauser (eds.) Virtue and Ethics in the Twelfth Century (Leiden: Brill 2005).

Ann Ryan Collins . Teacher in Faith and Virtue: Lanfranc of Bec’s Commentary on Saint Paul (Leiden: Brill, 2007).

Alessandro D Conti A Realist Interpretation of the Categories in the Fourteenth Century: The Litteralis sententia super Praedicamenta Aristotelis of Robert Alyngton,” in L. Newton (ed.) Medieval Commentaries on Aristotle’s Categories (Leiden: Brill, 2008) 317–46.

William J Courtenay Covenant and Causality in Pierre d’Ailly,” Speculum 46 (1971) 94–119.

William J Courtenay The Dialectic of Omnipotence in the High and Late Middle Ages,” in T. Rudavsky (ed.) Divine Omniscience and Omnipotence in Medieval Philosophy (Dordrecht: Reidel, 1985) 243–69.

William J Courtenay The Early Career of Nicole Oresme,” Isis 91 (2000) 542–8.

William J Courtenay Reflections on Vat. Lat. 1086 and Prosper of Reggio Emilia O.E.S.A.,” in C. Schabel (ed.) Theological Quodlibeta in the Middle Ages: The Fourteenth Century (Leiden: Brill, 2007) 345–57.

William J Courtenay The Registers of the University of Paris and the Statutes Against the ‘Scientia Occamica’,” Vivarium 29 (1991) 13–49.

William J Courtenay A Revised Text of Robert Holcot’s Quodlibetal Dispute on Whether God is Able to Know More Than He Knows,” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 53 (1971) 1–21.

H. E. J. Cowdrey Lanfranc: Scholar, Monk, and Archbishop (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003).

William Lane Craig . The Problem of Divine Foreknowledge and Future Contingents from Aristotle to Suarez (Leiden: Brill, 1988).

Richard Cross Infinity, Continuity, and Composition: The Contribution of Gregory of Rimini,” Medieval Philosophy and Theology 7 (1998) 89–110.

Richard Cross The Physics of Duns Scotus: The Scientific Context of a Theological Vision (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998).

Christopher Cullen . Bonaventure (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006).

F. A. Cunningham Richard of Middleton, O.F.M. on esse and essence,” Franciscan Studies 30 (1970) 49–76.

Richard C Dales Henry of Harclay on the Infinite,” Journal of the History of Ideas 45 (1984) 295–302.

Richard C Dales The Problem of the Rational Soul in the Thirteenth Century (Leiden: Brill, 1995).

Richard C Dales Robert Grosseteste’s Scientific Works,” Isis 52 (1961) 381–402.

Saralyn R Daly . “Peter Comestor: Master of Histories,” Speculum 32 (1957) 62–73.

Herbert Davidson Moses Maimonides (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005).

Brian Davies and Leftow Brian (eds.). The Cambridge Companion to Anselm (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004).

Charles Davis Roman Patriotism and Republican Propaganda: Ptolemy of Lucca and Pope Nicholas III,” Speculum 50 (1975) 411–33.

James Doyne Dawson . “William of Saint-Amour and the Apostolic Tradition,” Mediaeval Studies 40 (1978) 223–38.

James Doyne Dawson “Richard FitzRalph and the Fourteenth-Century Poverty Controversies,” Journal of Ecclesiastical History 34 (1983) 315–44.

Pieter de Leemans . “Peter of Auvergne on Aristotle’s De motu animalium and the MS Oxford, Merton College 275,” Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du moyen âge 71 (2004) 129–202.

Alain de Libera The Oxford and Cambridge Traditions in Logic,” in N. Kretzmann et al. (eds.) The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982) 174–87.

L. M. de Rijk On the Genuine Text of Peter of Spain’s ‘Summule Logicales’, Part II: Simon Faversham (d. 1306) as a Commentator of the Tract I–V of the Summule,” Vivarium 6 (1968) 69–101.

L. M. de Rijk On the Genuine Text of Peter of Spain’s ‘Summule Logicales’, Part IV: The Lectura Tractatum by Guillelmus Arnaldi, Master of Arts at Toulouse (1235–1244). With a Note on the Date of Lambert of Auxerre’s Summule,” Vivarium 7 (1969) 120–62.

L. M. de Rijk The Origins of the Theory of the Properties of Terms,” in N. Kretzmann et al. (eds.) The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982) 161–73.

L. M. de Rijk Peter Abailard’s Semantics and his Doctrine of Being,” Vivarium 24 (1986) 85–127.

L. M. de Rijk Richard Billingham’s Works on Logic,” Vivarium 14 (1976) 121–38.

L. M. de Rijk Semantics and Metaphysics in Gilbert of Poitiers: A Chapter of Twelfth-Century Platonism,” Vivarium 26 (1988) 73–112; 27 (1989) 11–35.

L. M. de Rijk Some New Evidence on Twelfth-Century Logic: Alberic and the School of Mont Ste. Geneviève (Montani),” Vivarium 4 (1966) 1–57.

David Delaney . Law and Nature (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).

Philippe Delhaye . “Le dossier anti-matrimonial de l’Adversus Jovinianum et son influence sur quelques écrits latins du XIIe siècle,” Mediaeval Studies 13 (1951) 65–86.

John A Demetracopoulos Demetrius Cydones’ Translation of Bernardus Guidonis’ List of Thomas Aquinas’ Writings and the Historical Roots of Byzantine Thomism,” in A. Speer and D. Wirmer (eds.) 1308: eine Topographie historischer Gleichzeitigkeit (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2010) 827–81.

John A Demetracopoulos Further Evidence on the Ancient, Patristic, and Byzantine Sources of Barlaam the Calabrian’s Contra Latinos: À propos de A. Fyrigos (ed.), Barlaam Calabro, Opere contro i Latini,” Byzantinische Zeitschrift 96 (2003) 83–122.

Dallas Denery . Seeing and Being Seen in the Later Medieval World: Optics, Theology and Religious Life (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Judith Dijs . “Two Anonymous 12th-Century Tracts on Universals,” Vivarium 28 (1990) 85–117.

Francis P Dinneen . “‘Suppositio’ in Petrus Hispanus: Linguistic Theories and Models,” in G. L. Bursill-Hall (ed.) De ortu grammaticae: Studies in Memory of Jan Pinborg (Amsterdam: Benjamins, 1990) 69–85.

Thomas Dixon . From Passions to Emotions: The Creation of a Secular Psychological Category (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).

E. R. Dodds Pagan and Christian in an Age of Anxiety (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1965).

Silvia Donati . “The Anonymous Commentary on the Physics in Erfurt,” Recherches de théologie et philosophie médiévales 72 (2005) 232–362.

Michael Dougherty . Moral Dilemmas in Medieval Thought (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011).

Isabelle Draelants Une mise au point sur les œuvres d’Arnoldus Saxo,” Bulletin de philosophie médiévale 34 (1992) 163–80; 35 (1993) 130–49.

Peter Dronke Thierry of Chartres,” in P. Dronke (ed.) A History of Twelfth Century Western Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988) 358–85.

William Duba The Authenticity of Francis of Marchia’s Quodlibet: The Testimony of Paris, BNF, Ms. lat. 16110,” Bulletin de philosophie médiévale 49 (2007) 91–102.

William Duba Continental Franciscan Quodlibeta after Scotus,” in C. Schabel (ed.) Theological Quodlibeta in the Middle Ages: The Fourteenth Century (Leiden: Brill, 2007) 569–649.

Stephen D Dumont Univocity of the Concept of Being in the Fourteenth Century: John Duns Scotus and William of Alnwick,” Mediaeval Studies 49 (1987) 1–75.

Stephen D Dumont “The Univocity of the Concept of Being in the Fourteenth Century: II. The De Ente of Peter Thomae,” Mediaeval Studies 50 (1988) 186–256.

Jean Dunbabin A Hound of God: Pierre de la Palud and the Fourteenth-Century Church (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991).

William Dunphy . “Peter of Auvergne and the Twofold Efficient Cause,” Mediaeval Studies 28 (1966) 1–21.

William Dunphy The Similarities between Certain Questions of Peter of Auvergne’s Commentary on the Metaphysics and the Anonymous Commentary on the Physics Attributed to Siger of Brabant,” Mediaeval Studies 15 (1953) 159–68.

Blake D Dutton . “Al-Ghazālī on Possibility and the Critique of Causality,” Medieval Philosophy and Theology 10 (2001) 23–46.

Paul E Dutton . and Luhtala Anneli . “Eriugena in Priscianum,” Mediaeval Studies 56 (1994) 153–63.

Peter S Eardley . “The Foundations of Freedom in Later Medieval Philosophy: Giles of Rome and his Contemporaries,” Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (2006) 353–76.

Bruce S Eastwood . “Invention and Reform in Latin Planetary Astronomy,” in M. W. Herren et al. (eds.) Latin Culture in the Eleventh Century. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Medieval Latin Studies (Turnhout: Brepols, 2002) I: 264–97.

Sten Ebbesen “Boethius of Dacia: Science is a Serious Game,” Theoria 66 (2000) 145–58.

Sten Ebbesen “The Dead Man is Alive,” Synthese 40 (1979) 43–70.

Sten Ebbesen Radulphus Brito: The Last of the Great Arts Masters or: Philosophy and Freedom,” in J. A. Aertsen und A. Speer (eds.) Geistesleben im 13. Jahrhundert (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2000) 231–51.

Sten Ebbesen What Must One Have an Opinion About,” Vivarium 30 (1992) 62–79.

Dorothy Elford . “William of Conches,” in P. Dronke (ed.) A History of Twelfth-Century Western Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988) 308–27.

Gerhard Endress Building the Library of Arabic Philosophy: Platonism and Aristotelianism in the Sources of al-Kindī,” in C. D’Ancona (ed.) The Libraries of the Neoplatonists (Leiden: Brill, 2007) 319–50.

Gerhard Endress Grammatik und Logik: arabische Philologie und griechische Philosophie im Widerstreit,” in B. Mojsisch (ed.) Sprachphilosophie in Antike und Mittelalter (Amsterdam: Grüner, 1986) 163–299.

Joseph Engels . “Thomas Cantimpratensis redivivus,” Vivarium 12 (1974) 124–32.

Amira Eran . “Abraham Ibn Daud’s Definition of Substance and Accident,” Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 7 (1997) 228–65.

Charles Ermatinger . “Averroism in Early Fourteenth Century Bologna,” Mediaeval Studies 16 (1954) 35–56.

Girard Etzkorn . “Franciscus de Mayronis: A Newly Discovered Treatise on Intuitive and Abstractive Cognition,” Franciscan Studies 54 (1994–97) 15–50.

Girard Etzkorn John of Reading on the Existence and Unicity of God, Efficient and Final Causality,” Franciscan Studies 41 (1981) 125–221.

James P Etzwiler “John Baconthorpe, ‘Prince of the Averroists’,” Franciscan Studies 36 (1976) 148–76.

G. R. Evans Alan of Lille: The Frontiers of Theology in the Later Twelfth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983).

G. R. Evans Fifty Key Medieval Thinkers (New York: Routledge, 2002).

G. R. Evans A Work of ‘Terminist Theology’? Peter the Chanter’s De tropis loquendi and Some Fallacies,” Vivarium 20 (1982) 40–58.

Majid Fakhry The Classical Islamic Arguments for the Existence of God,” Muslim World 47 (1957) 133–45.

Seymour Feldman “A Debate Concerning Determinism in Late Medieval Jewish Philosophy,” Proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research 51 (1984) 15–54.

Seymour Feldman “The Theory of Eternal Creation in Hasdai Crescas and Some of his Predecessors,” Viator 11 (1980) 289–320.

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