Skip to main content
×
×
Home
The Economic History of China
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 5
  • Cited by
    This (lowercase (translateProductType product.productType)) has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Zurndorfer, Harriet 2018. Global History and New Polycentric Approaches. p. 37.

    Perez Garcia, Manuel 2018. Global History and New Polycentric Approaches. p. 53.

    Dudley, Leonard 2017. The Singularity of Western Innovation. p. 31.

    Zan, Luca and Deng, Kent G 2017. Micro foundations in the Great Divergence debate: Opening up the perspective. Accounting History, Vol. 22, Issue. 4, p. 530.


    von Glahn, Richard 2016. A Companion to Chinese History. p. 315.

    ×
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    The Economic History of China
    • Online ISBN: 9781139343848
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139343848
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to *
    ×
  • Buy the print book

Book description

China's extraordinary rise as an economic powerhouse in the past two decades poses a challenge to many long-held assumptions about the relationship between political institutions and economic development. Economic prosperity also was vitally important to the longevity of the Chinese Empire throughout the preindustrial era. Before the eighteenth century, China's economy shared some of the features, such as highly productive agriculture and sophisticated markets, found in the most advanced regions of Europe. But in many respects, from the central importance of irrigated rice farming to family structure, property rights, the status of merchants, the monetary system, and the imperial state's fiscal and economic policies, China's preindustrial economy diverged from the Western path of development. In this comprehensive but accessible study, Richard von Glahn examines the institutional foundations, continuities and discontinuities in China's economic development over three millennia, from the Bronze Age to the early twentieth century.

Reviews

‘Richard von Glahn, one of the leading historians of China’s middle period, has written the first truly comprehensive economic history of China in English. Giving due consideration to the role of geography, natural endowment, and a changing ideological, social and political landscape, von Glahn’s masterful synthesis is destined to become the go-to reference on the forces that shaped China’s political economy from the Bronze Age to the end of the last dynasty.’

Madeleine Zelin - Columbia University, New York

‘This book promises to be the most timely and ambitious scholarly attempt to construct a new historical narrative of the Chinese past that provides a reliable foundation to comprehend China today. What makes Professor von Glahn’s new story cogent and path-breaking is the solid scholarship in theory and historiography that is always a hallmark of his works.’

Billy Kee-long So - Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

‘In one volume, Richard von Glahn offers a coherent and erudite account of three millennia of Chinese economic history. Synthesizing a huge variety of source materials, the book contains both an impressive update and thought-provoking insights on the major debates and paradigms in Chinese economic history. A remarkable achievement and a must-read for scholars and students of the Chinese economy and economic history in general.’

Debin Ma - London School of Economics and Political Science

'This is the kind of book that will almost certainly enjoy a long shelf life, like some of the most recognizable titles on China’s long-term history … I strongly recommend this book to students of Chinese history, East Asian history and world/global history.'

Kent G. Deng Source: EH.Net

'This is the first book in English to offer a comprehensive account of economic history in China. It takes a step further towards freeing the field from the shackles of Western economic perspective by producing a refreshingly unapologetic narrative … This book avoids economic jargon and keeps the use of Chinese terms to a necessary minimum, thus also making it a suitable resource for historians of other disciplines and world regions … readers are left to make their own conclusions and will undoubtedly find this book a rich platform for future discussion and debate.'

Christopher Rea Source: Ming Studies

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×
Bibliography
BS: Bei shi 北史. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1974.
DXYYB: Daxue yanyi bu 大學衍義補. Qiu Jun 邱濬. Wenyuange siku quanshu edition. Taipei: Taiwan shangwu yinshuguan, 1983.
FXZ: Faxian zhuan jiaozhu 法顯傳校注. Ed. Xun, Zhang 章巽. Faxian, 法顯. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 2008.
GSZ: Gu Su zhi 姑蘇志. 1506.
GY: Guoyu jijie 國語集解. Ed. Yuangao, Xu 徐元誥. Rev. ed.; Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 2002.
GZ: Guan Zi jiaozhu 管子校注. Ed. Xiangfeng, Li 黎翔風. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 2004.
HFZ: Han Fei Zi jishi 韓非子集釋. Ed. Qiyou, Chen 陳奇猷. Taipei: Hanjing wenhua shiye gongsi, 1983.
HHS: Hou Han shu 後漢書. Fan Ye 范曄. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1965.
HS: Han shu 漢書. Ban Gu 班固. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1962.
LJ: Li ji 禮記. Shisanjing zhijie 十三經直解 edition. Nanchang: Jiangxi renmin chubanshe, 1993.
LSCQ: Lüshi chunqiu jiaoshi 呂氏春秋校釋. Ed. Qiyou, Chen 陳奇猷. Shanghai: Xuelin chubanshe, 1994.
MSC: Ming shan cang 名山藏. Qiaoyuan, He 何喬遠. Chongzhen, ed.; Rpt. Beijing: Ming Qing shiliao congbian weiyuanhui, 1993.
NS: Nong shu 農書. Fu, Chen 陳旉. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1956.
QL: Qianfu lun jian jiaozheng潛夫論箋校正. Ed. Jipei, Wang 王繼培. Fu, Wang 王符. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1985.
QMJ: Minggong shupan qingming ji 名公書判清明集. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1987.
QMYS: Qimin yaoshu jinshi 齊民要述今釋. Ed. Shenghan, Shi 石聲漢. Sixie, Jia 賈思勰. Beijing: Kexue chubanshe, 1957–58.
SDPQJ: Su Dongpo quanji 蘇東坡全集. Su Shi 蘇軾. Taipei: Shijie shuju, 1982.
ShJ: Shijing 詩經. Shisanjing zhijie 十三經直解 edition. Nanchang: Jiangxi renmin chubanshe, 1993.
SJ: Shi ji 史記. Sima Qian 司馬遷. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1959.
SJS: Shangjun shu zhuizhi 商君書錐指. Ed. Lihong, Jiang 蔣禮鴻. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1986.
SoS: Song shu 宋書. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1974.
SS: Sui shu 隋書. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1973.
SZ: She zhi 歙志. 1609.
TD: Tongdian 通典. Du You 杜佑. Shitong 十通 edition. Shanghai: Shangwu yinshuguan, 1935.
TLD: Tang liudian 唐六典. Ed. Linfu, Li 李林甫. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1982.
TPYL: Taiping yulan 太平御覽. Ed. Fang, Li 李昉. 1199 ed.; rpt. Taipei: Dahua shuju, 1980.
WDJ: Wudi ji 吳地記. Lu Guangwei 陸廣微. Nanjing: Jiangsu guji chubanshe, 1999.
WS: Wei shu 魏書. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1974.
WXZ: Jiatai Wuxing zhi 嘉泰吳興志. 1201.
WZZ: Wu za zu 五雜俎. Zhaozhe, Xie 謝肇淛. Taipei: Weiwen chubanshe, 1977.
XCB: Xu zizhi tongjian chang bian 續資治通鑑長編. Tao, Li 李燾. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1992.
XL: Huan Zi Xin lun 桓子新論. Tan, Huan 桓譚.
XYJ: Da Tang Xiyu ji 大唐西域記. Xuanzang, 玄奘. Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe, 1977.
XZ: Xun Zi jishi 荀子集釋. Ed. Disheng, Li 李滌生. Taipei: Xuesheng shuju, 1979.
YSJX: Yanshi jiaxun jijie 顏氏家訓集解. Ed. Liqi, Wang 王利器. Zhitui, Yan 顏之推. Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 1980.
YSSF: Yuanshi shifan 袁氏世範. Cai, Yuan 袁采. Wenyuange siku quanshu edition. Taipei: Taiwan shangwu yinshuguan, 1983.
YTL: Yantie lun jiaozhu 鹽鐵論校注. Ed. Liqi, Wang 王利器. Kuan, Huan 桓寬. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1992.
YZS: Yi Zhou shu huijiao jizhu 逸周書彙校集注. Ed. Huaixin, Huang 黃懷信 et al. Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 2007.
ZGZH: Zhanguo zongheng jiashu 戰國縱橫家書. Ed. Mawangdui Hanmu boshu zhengli xiaozu 马王堆汉墓帛书整理小组. Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe, 1976.
ZhL: Zheng lun zhushi 政論注釋. Ed. Shanghai diba gangtiechang gongren lilun xiaozu上海第 八钢铁厂工人理论小组. Shi, Cui 崔寔. Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe, 1976.
ZL: Zhou li zhijie 周禮直解. Shisanjing zhijie 十三經直解 edition. Nanchang: Jiangxi renmin chubanshe, 1993.
ZS: Zhou shu 周書. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju, 1971.
ZZ: Zuozhuan 左傳. Shisanjing zhijie 十三經直解 edition. Nanchang: Jiangxi renmin chubanshe, 1993.
Abe Takeo, 安部健夫. 1972. “Gen jidai no hōginsei no kōken” 元時代の包銀制の考研. In Abe, Gendaishi no kenkyū 元代史の研究, 75–232. Tokyo: Sōbunsha.
Acemoglu, Daron, and Robinson, James A.. 2012. Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty. London: Profile.
Adachi Keiji, 足立啓二. 1985. “Sōdai Ryōsetsu ni okeru suitōsaku no seisanryoku suijun” 宋代 両浙における水稲作の生産力水準. Kumamoto daigaku bungakubu ronsō 熊本大学 文學部論叢 17: 80–100.
Allen, Robert C. 2009. “Agricultural Productivity and Rural Incomes in England and the Yangtze Delta, c. 1620–c. 1820.” Economic History Review 62.3: 525–50.
Allen, Robert C., Bassino, Jean-Pascal, Ma, Debin, Moll-Murata, Christine, and Van Zanden, Jan Luiten. 2011. “Wages, Prices, and Living Standards in China, 1738–1925: In Comparison with Europe, Japan, and India.” Economic History Review 64, supplement 1: 8–38.
Allsen, Thomas T. 1987. Mongol Imperialism: The Policies of the Grand Qan Möngke in China, Russia, and the Islamic Lands, 1251–1259. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Allsen, Thomas T. 1989. “Mongol Princes and their Merchant Partners, 1200–1260.” Asia Major, 3rd series, 2.1: 83–126.
Amano Motonosuke, 天野元之助. 1967. “Kō Kan Sai Shi ‘Shimin getsuryō’ ni tsuite” 後漢蔡 寔 ‘四民月令’ について. Kansai daigaku keizai ronshū 関西大学経済論集 16.4–5: 361–86.
Amano Motonosuke, 1979. Chūgoku nōgyōshi kenkyū 中国農業史研究. Revised edn. Tokyo: Ochanomizu shobō.
Aoki Atsushi, 青木敦. 2006. “Kaihatsu, chika, minjiteki hōki: ‘Seimeishū’ ni mieru jakkan tochi tenbai kankeihō o megutte” 開発, 地価, 民事的法規:「清明集」に見える若干土地 典売関係法をめぐって. Machikaneyama ronshū (shigaku hen) 待兼山論集 (史学篇) 40: 1–47.
Aoki Atsushi, 2013. “Sōdai teitōhō no suii to ‘nōdenchoku’ – yōso shijō ni okeru shihō to shūkan” 宋代抵当法の推移 と「農田勅」–要素市場における司法と習慣. In Chūgoku no shijō chitsujo – jūshichi seiki kara nijū seiki zenhan o chūshin ni 中国の市場秩序:十七 世紀から二十世紀前半を中心に, pp. 19–47. Ed. Kazuko, Furuta 古田和子. Tokyo: Keio daigaku shuppankai.
Arrighi, Giovanni, Hamashita, Takeshi, and Selden, Mark, eds. 2003. The Resurgence of East Asia: 500, 150, and 50 Year Perspectives. London: Routledge.
Atwell, William S. 1982. “International Bullion Flows and the Chinese Economy circa 1530–1650.” Past and Present 95: 68–90.
Atwell, William S. 1986. “Some Observations on the ‘Seventeenth-Century Crisis’ in China and Japan.” Journal of Asian Studies 45.2: 223–44.
Atwell, William S. 1990. “A Seventeenth-century ‘General Crisis’ in East Asian History?Modern Asian Studies 24.4: 661–82.
Atwell, William S. 2006. “Another Look at Silver Imports into China, c. 1635–1644,” Journal of World History 16.4: 467–89.
Bagley, Robert. 1999. “Shang Archaeology.” In Loewe, M. and Shaughnessy, E. L., eds. The Cambridge History of Ancient China: From the Origins of Civilization to 211 BC, 124–231. Cambridge University Press.
Bai Yunxiang, 白云翔. 2010. “Qin Han shiqi juluode kaogu faxian ji chubu renshi” 秦汉时期聚 落的考古发现及初步认识. In Handai chengshi he juluo kaogu yu Han wenhua 汉代城 市和聚落考古与汉文化, pp. 44–55. Ed. Yunxiang, Bai and Xinmin, Sun 孙新民. Beijing: Kexue chubanshe.
Bairoch, Paul. 1976. Commerce éxterieur et développement économique de l'Europe au XIXe siècle. Paris: Mouton.
Balazs, Etienne. 1964a. “Evolution of Land Ownership in Fourth- and Fifth-century China.” In E. Balazs, Chinese Civilization and Bureaucracy, 101–12. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Balazs, Etienne 1964b. “Political Philosophy and Social Crisis at the End of the Han Dynasty.” In Balazs, E., Chinese Civilization and Bureaucracy, 187–225. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Bao Weimin, 包伟民. 2001. Songdai difang caizheng shi yanjiu 宋代地方财政史研究. Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe.
Barbieri-Low, Anthony. 2007. Artisans in Early Imperial China. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Barbieri-Low, Anthony, and Yates, Robin D. S.. Forthcoming. Law, State, and Society in Early Imperial China: Translation and Study of the Zhangjiashan Legal Texts. Leiden: Brill.
Barfield, Thomas. 1989. Perilous Frontiers: Nomadic Empires and China. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.
Bastid, Marianne. 1985. “The Structure of the Financial Institutions of the State in the Late Qing.” In Schram, S. R., ed. The Scope of State Power in China, 51–79. London: School of Oriental and African Studies.
Benedict, Carol. 2011. Golden-Silk Smoke: A History of Tobacco in China, 1550–2010. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Bernhardt, Kathryn. 1992. Rents, Taxes, and Peasant Resistance: The Lower Yangzi Region, 1840–1950. Stanford University Press.
Bielenstein, Hans. 1986. “Wang Mang, the Restoration of the Han Dynasty, and Later Han.” In Twitchett, D. and Loewe, M., eds. The Cambridge History of China, vol. 1: The Ch'in and Han Empires, 221 BC–220 AD, 223–90. Cambridge University Press.
Birge, Bettine. 2002. Women, Property and Confucian Reaction in Sung and Yüan China (960–1368). Cambridge University Press.
Blake, Robert P. 1937. “The Circulation of Silver in the Moslem East down to the Mongol Epoch.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 2.3–4: 291–328.
Blussé, Leonard. 1999. “Chinese Century: The Eighteenth Century in the China Sea Region.” Archipel 58.2: 107–29.
Bol, Peter. 2008. Neo-Confucianism in History. Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center.
Bonney, Richard J. 1999. “Introduction.” In Bonney, Richard J., ed. The Rise of the Fiscal State in Europe, c. 1200–1815, 1–17. New York: Oxford University Press.
Brandt, Loren, Ma, Debin, and Rawski, Thomas G.. 2014. “From Divergence to Convergence: Reevaluating the History Behind China's Economic Boom.” Journal of Economic Literature 52.1: 45–123.
Bray, Francesca. 1979–80. “Agricultural Technology and Agrarian Change in Han China.” Early China 5: 3–13.
Bray, Francesca 1984. Science and Civilisation in China, vol. 6: Biology and Biological Technology, part 2: Agriculture. Needham, Joseph, ed. Cambridge University Press.
Bray, Francesca 1997. Technology and Gender: Fabrics of Power in Late Imperial China. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Brenner, Robert, and Isett, Christopher. 2002. “England's Divergence from China's Yangzi Delta: Property Relations, Microeconomics, and Patterns of Development.” Journal of Asian Studies 61.3: 609–22.
Broadberry, Stephen N., and Gupta, Bishnupriya. 2006. “The Early Modern Great Divergence: Wages, Prices, and Economic Development in Europe and Asia, 1500–1800.” Economic History Review 59.1: 2–31.
Broadberry, Stephen, Guan, Hanhui, and Li, David Daokui. 2014. “China, Europe, and the Great Divergence: A Study in Historical National Accounting, 980–1850.” Paper presented at the Fourth Asian Historical Economics Conference, Istanbul. Available at www.lse.ac.uk/economicHistory/pdf/Broadberry/China8.pdf.
Brook, Timothy. 1998. The Confusions of Pleasure: Commerce and Culture in Ming China. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Brown, Rajeswary Ampalavanar. 1995. “Introduction: Chinese Business in an Institutional and Historical Perspective.” In Brown, R. A., ed. Chinese Business Enterprise in Asia, 1–26. London: Routledge.
Burger, Werner. 2015. “Silver is Expensive, Cash is Cheap: Official and Private Cash Forgeries as the Main Cause for the 19th Century Monetary Turmoil.” In Leonard, J. K., and Theobald, U., eds. Money in Asia (1200–1900): Small Currencies in Social and Political Contexts, 141–54. Leiden: Brill.
Cao Lüning, 曹旅宁. 2002. Qinlü xintan 秦律新探. Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe.
Cao Shuji, 曹树基. 2000a. Zhongguo renkou shi 中國人口史, vol. 4: Ming shiqi 明时期. Shanghai: Fudan daxue chubanshe.
Cao Shuji, 2000b. Zhongguo renkou shi: Qing shiqi 中国人口史, vol. 5: 清时期. Shanghai: Fudan daxue chubanshe.
Cao Shuji, 曹树基, Nan, Li 李楠, and Qisheng, Gong 龚启圣. 2010. “‘Canque chanquan’ zhi zhuanrang: Shicang ‘tuiqi’ yanjiu (1727–1949)”「残缺产权」之转让:石仓「退契」 研究. Lishi yanjiu 历史研究 3: 118–31.
Cao Wei, 曹瑋. 2002. “Wei ding” 衛鼎. In Jijin zhuguo shi: Zhouyuan chutu Xi Zhou qingtongqi jingcui 吉金鑄國史﹕周原出土西周青銅器精粹, pp. 237–241. Ed. Beijing daxue kaogu wenbo xueyuan. Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe.
Cartier, Michel. 1976. “Sapèques et tissus à l’époque des T'ang: remarques sur la circulation monétaire dans la Chine medievale.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 19.3: 323–44.
Chang, Kwang-chih. 1977. “Ancient China.” In Chang, K., ed. Food in Chinese History: Anthropological and Historical Perspectives, 23–52. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Chao, Kang. 1986. Man and Land in Chinese History: An Economic Analysis. Stanford University Press.
Che Qun, 车群 and Shuji, Cao 曹树基. 2011. “Qing zhongye yijiang Zhenan xiangcun jiazu renkou yu jiazu jingji: jian lun fei-Maersasi shide Zhonguo shengyu moshi” 清中叶以降 浙南乡村家族人口与家族经济:兼论非马尔萨斯式的中国生育模式. Zhongguo renkou kexue 中国人口科学 2011.3: 42–53.
Chen Chunsheng, 陳春聲. 2005. Shichang jizhi yu shehui bianqian: 18 shji Guangdong mijia fenxi 市場機制與社會變遷:18 世紀廣東米價分析. Taipei: Daoxiang chubanshe.
Chen Feng, 陈锋. 2008. Qingdai caizheng zhengce yu huobi zhengce yanjiu 清代财政政策与货 币政策研究. Wuhan: Wuhan daxue chubanshe.
Chen Jie, 陈絜. 2009. “Liye ‘hujijian’ yu Zhanguo moqide jiceng shehui” 里耶 “户籍简” 与战 国末期的基层社会. Lishi yanjiu 历史研究 5: 23–40.
Ch'en, Kenneth. 1956. “The Economic Background of the Hui-Ch'ang Suppression of Buddhism.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 19.1–2: 67–105.
Chen Mingguang, 陈明光. 1997. Liuchao caizheng shi 六朝财政史. Beijing: Zhongguo caijing jingji chubanshe.
Chen Qiaoyi, 陈桥驿. 1962. “Gudai Jianhu xingfei yu Shan Gui pingyuan nongtian shuili” 古代 鉴湖兴废与山会平原农田水力. Dili xuebao 地理学报 3: 187–201.
Chen, Shen. 2003. “Compromises and Conflicts: Production and Commerce in the Royal Cities of Eastern Zhou, China.” In Smith, M. L., ed. The Social Construction of Ancient Cities, pp. 290–310. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.
Chen Shuang, 陈爽. 1998. Shijia dazu yu beichao zhengzhi 世家大族与北朝政治. Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe.
Chen Zhengxiang, 陳正祥. 1982. Zhongguo wenhua dili 中國文化地理. Taibei: Muduo chubanshe.
Chen Zhiping, 陈支平. 1993. “Song Yuan Ming Qing shiqi Jiangnan shizhen shehui” 宋元明清 时期江南市镇社会. Zhongguo shehui jingji shi yanjiu 中国社会经济史研究 1: 33–8.
Chen Zhiping, 2009. Minjian wenshu yu Ming Qing dongnan zushang yanjiu 民间文书与明清 东南族商研究. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.
Chen, Zhongping. 2011. Modern China's Network Revolution: Chambers of Commerce and Sociopolitical Change in the Early Twentieth Century. Stanford University Press.
Cheng, Linsun. 2003. Banking in Modern China: Entrepreneurs, Professional Managers, and the Development of Chinese Banks, 1897–1937. Cambridge University Press.
Cheng Minsheng, 程民生. 1984. “Lun Bei Song caizhengde tedian yu jipin de jiaxiang” 论北宋 财政的特点与积贫的假象. Zhongguo shi yanjiu 中国史研究 3: 27–40.
Cheung, Sui-Wai. 2008. The Price of Rice: Market Integration in Eighteenth-century China. Bellingham, WA: Western Washington State University Press.
Cheung, Sui-Wai 2013. “Copper, Silver, and Tea: The Question of Eighteenth-Century Inflation in the Lower Yangzi Delta.” In So, B. K. L., ed. The Economic History of Lower Yangzi Delta in Late Imperial China: Connecting Money, Markets, and Institutions, 118–32. London: Routledge.
Chia, Lucille. 2003. “Commercial Publishing in Jianyang from the Song to the Ming.” In Smith, P. J. and Glahn, R. von, eds. The Song-Yuan-Ming Transition in Chinese History, 284–328. Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center.
Chien, Cecilia Lee-fang. 2004. Salt and State: An Annotated Translation of the Songshi Salt Monopoly Treatise. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Center for Chinese Studies.
Chin, Tamara T. 2014. Savage Exchange: Han Imperialism, Chinese Literary Style, and the Economic Imagination. Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center.
Ch'iu, Peng-sheng (Qiu Pengsheng 邱澎生). 1990. Shiba shijiu shiji Suzhouchengde xinxing gongshangye tuanti 十八,十九世紀蘇州城的新興工商業團體. Taipei: Guoli Taiwan daxue chubanshe.
Ch'iu, Peng-sheng 2004. “You fangliao dao gongchang: Qingdai qianqi Suzhou mianbu zihaode jingji yu falü fenxi” 由放料到工厂: 清代前期苏州棉布字号的经济与法律分析. In Bozhong, Li 李伯重 and Shengchun, Zhou 周生春, eds. Jiangnande chengshi gongye yu difang wenhua, 960–1850 江南的城市工业与地方文化, 960–1850, 66–94. Beijing: Tianjin daxue chubanshe.
Ch'iu, Peng-sheng 2008. Dang falü yushang jingji: Ming Qing Zhongguode shangye falü 當法律遇上 經濟:明清中國的商業法律. Taipei: Wunan tushu gongsi.
Ch'iu, Peng-sheng 2012. “Shiba shiji Su-Song mianbuyede guanli jiagou yu falü wenhua” 十八世纪苏 松棉布业的管理架构与法律文化. Jianghai xuekan 江海学刊 2: 143–57.
Chittick, Andrew. 2009. Patronage and Community in Medieval China: The Xiangyang Garrison, 400–600 CE. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Ch’üan, Han-sheng, and Kraus, Richard A.. 1975. Mid-Ch'ing Rice Markets and Trade: An Essay in Price History. Cambridge, MA: Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University.
Clark, Hugh D. 2009. “The Southern Kingdoms between the T'ang and the Sung, 907–979.” In Twitchett, D. and Smith, P. J., eds. The Cambridge History of China, vol. 5: The Sung Dynasty and its Precursors, 907–1279, 133–205. Cambridge University Press.
Clunas, Craig. 1991. Superfluous Things: Material Culture and Social Status in Early Modern China. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Cochran, Sherman. 2000. Encountering Chinese Networks: Western, Japanese, and Chinese Corporations in China, 1880–1937. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Cook, Constance A. 1997. “Wealth and the Western Zhou.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 60.2: 253–94.
Cox, Cheryl Anne. 1998. Household Interests: Property, Marriage Strategies, and Family Dynamics in Ancient Athens. Princeton University Press.
Crowell, William G. 1990. “Northern Émigrés and the Problems of Census Registration under the Eastern Jin and Southern Dynasties.” In Dien, A. E., ed. State and Society in Early Medieval China, 171–209. Stanford University Press.
Curtin, Philip D. 1984. Cross-Cultural Trade in World History. Cambridge University Press.
Dai Jianguo, 戴建国. 2001. “Songdaide tianzhai jiaoyi toushui pingyou he guanyin tianzhai qishu” 宋代的田宅交易投税凭由和官印田宅契书. Zhongguo shi yanjiu 中国史研究 3: 97–111.
Dai Jianguo, 2011. “Songdaide mintian dianmai yu ‘yitian liangzhu zhi’ 宋代的民田典卖与「一 田两主制」. Lishi yanjiu 历史研究 6: 99–117.
Daniels, Christian. 1996. “Agro-Industries: Sugarcane Technology.” In Needham, J., ed. Science and Civilisation in China, vol. 6: Biology and Biological Technology, part 3: Agro-Industries and Forestry, 1–539. Cambridge University Press.
Danjō Hiroshi, 壇上寛. 1995. Minchō sensei shihai no shiteki kōzō 明朝専制支配の史 的構造. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Danjō Hiroshi, 1997. “Minsho no kaikin to chōkō: Minchō sensei shihai no rikai ni yosete” 明初の海禁と朝貢: 明朝専制支配の理解に寄せて. In Masao, Mori 森正夫 et al. eds. Min Shin jidaishi no kihonteki mondai 明清時代史の基本 的問題, 203–34. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Dardess, John W. 1996. A Ming Society: T'ai-ho County, Kiangsi, in the Fourteenth to Seventeenth Centuries. Berkeley: University of California Press.
De la Vaissière, Étienne. 2005. Sogdian Traders: A History. Leiden: Brill.
Deng, Gang. 1999. The Premodern Chinese Economy: Structural Equilibrium and Capitalist Sterility. London: Routledge.
Deng, Kent G. 2012. “The Continuation and Efficiency of the Chinese Fiscal State, 700 BC–AD 1911.” In Yun-Casalilla, B. and O'Brien, P. K., eds. The Rise of Fiscal States: A Global History, 1500–1914, 335–52. Cambridge University Press.
Dermigny, Louis. 1964. La Chine et l'occident: le commerce à Canton au XVIIIe siècle. Paris: S.E.V.P.E.N.
De Vries, Jan. 1976. The Economy of Europe in an Age of Crisis. Cambridge University Press.
De Vries, Jan 1984. European Urbanization, 1500–1800. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
De Vries, Jan 2008. The Industrious Revolution: Consumer Behavior and the Household Economy, 1650 to the Present Day. Cambridge University Press.
Di Cosmo, Nicola. 2002. Ancient China and its Enemies: The Rise of Nomadic Power in East Asian History. Cambridge University Press.
Ding Bangyou, 丁邦友. 2009. Handai wujia xintan 汉代物价新探. Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe.
Dong Guodong, 冻国栋. 2002. Zhongguo renkou shi 中国人口史, vol. 2: Sui Tang Wudai shiqi 隋唐五代时期. Shanghai: Fudan daxue chubanshe.
Dreyer, Edward L. 2007. Zheng He: China and the Oceans in the Early Ming Dynasty, 1405–1433. New York: Pearson/Longman.
Du Xuncheng, 杜恂诚 and Jin, Li 李晋. 2011. “Zhongguo jingji shi ‘GDP’ yanjiu zhi wuqu” 中 国经济史 “GDP” 研究之误区. Xueshu yuekan 学术月刊 43.10: 74–81.
Du Zhengsheng, 杜正勝. 1990. Bianhu qimin: chuantong zhengzhi shehui jiegou zhi xingcheng 編戶齊民: 傳統政治社會結構之形成. Taipei: Lianjing chuban gongsi.
Dunstan, Helen. 1996. Conflicting Counsels to Confuse the Age: A Documentary Study of Political Economy in Qing China, 1644–1840. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Center for Chinese Studies.
Dunstan, Helen 2006. State or Merchant? Political Economy and Political Process in 1740s China. Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center.
Dykstra, Maura. 2013. “Beyond the Shadow of the Law: Firm Insolvency, State-Building, and the New Policy Bankruptcy Reform in Late Qing Chongqing.” Frontiers in Chinese History 8.3: 406–33.
Eastman, Lloyd. 1988. Family, Fields, and Ancestors: Constancy and Change in China's Social and Economic History, 1550–1949. New York: Oxford University Press.
Ebrey, Patricia Buckley. 1974. “Estate and Family Management in the Later Han as Seen in The Monthly Instructions for the Four Classes of People.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 17.2: 173–205.
Ebrey, Patricia Buckley 1978. The Aristocratic Families of Early Imperial China: A Case Study of the Po-ling Ts'ui Family. Cambridge University Press.
Ebrey, Patricia Buckley 1984a. “Conceptions of the Family in the Sung Dynasty.” Journal of Asian Studies 43.2: 219–45.
Ebrey, Patricia Buckley 1984b. Family and Property in Sung China: Yüan Ts'ai's Precepts for Social Life. Princeton University Press.
Ebrey, Patricia Buckley 1986a. “The Economic and Social History of Later Han.” In Twitchett, D. and Loewe, M., eds. The Cambridge History of China, vol. 1: The Ch'in and Han Empires, 221 BC–220 AD., 608–48. Cambridge University Press.
Ebrey, Patricia Buckley 1986b. “Early Stages in the Development of Descent Group Organization.” In Ebrey, P. and Watson, J. L., eds. Kinship Organization in Late Imperial China, 1000–1940, 16–61. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Ebrey, Patricia Buckley 1993. The Inner Quarters: Marriage and the Lives of Chinese Women in the Sung Period. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Edgerton-Tarpley, Kathryn. 2008. Tears from Iron: Cultural Responses to Famine in Nineteenth-Century China. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Elvin, Mark. 1973. The Pattern of the Chinese Past. Stanford University Press.
Elvin, Mark 1977. “Market Towns and Waterways: The County of Shang-hai from 1480 to 1910.” In Skinner, G. W., ed. The City in Late Imperial China, 441–73. Stanford University Press.
Emura Haruki, 江村治樹. 2005. Sengoku Shin Kan jidai no toshi to kokka: kōkogaku to bunken shigaku kara no appuroochi 戦国秦漢時代の都市と国家:考古学と文献史学からの アップローチ. Tokyo: Hakuteisha.
Emura Haruki, 2011. Shunshū Sengoku jidai seidō kahei no seisei to tenkai 春秋戦国時代青銅貨 幣の生成と展開. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Endicott-West, Elizabeth. 1989a. “Merchant Associations in Yüan China: The Ortoγ.” Asia Major, 3rd series, 2.1: 127–54.
Endicott-West, Elizabeth 1989b. Mongolian Rule in China: Local Administration in the Yuan Dynasty. Cambridge: Harvard Council on East Asian Studies.
Epstein, S. R. 2000. Freedom and Growth: The Rise of States and Markets in Europe, 1300–1750. London: Routledge.
Fan Jinmin, 范金民. 1998. Ming Qing Jiangnan shangyede fazhan 明清江南商业的发展. Nanjing: Nanjing daxue chubanshe.
Fan Jinmin, 2001. “Mingdai Huishang randiande yige shili” 明代徽商染店的一个实例. Anhui shixue 安徽史学 2001.3: 2–4.
Fan Jinmin, 范金民 and Wen, Jin 金文. 1993. Jiangnan sichou shi yanjiu 江南丝绸史研究. Beijing: Nongye chubanshe.
Fan Shuzhi, 樊树志. 1990. Ming Qing Jiangnan shizhen tanwei 明清江南市镇探微. Shanghai: Fudan daxue chubanshe.
Fan Zhaofei, 范兆飞 and Mingming, Zhang 张明明. 2011. “Shiliuguo Bei Wei shiqide wubao jingji” 十六国北魏时期的坞堡经济. Zhongguo shehui jingjishi yanjiu 中国社会经济史 研究 2: 14–21.
Fang Gaofeng, 方高峰. 2009. Liuchao zhengquan yu changjiang zhongyou nongye jingji fazhan 六朝政权与长江中游农业经济发展. Tianjin: Tianjin guji chubanshe.
Fang Xing, 方行. 1996. “Qingdai Jiangnan nongminde xiaofei” 清代江南农民的消费. Zhongguo jingji shi yanjiu 中国经济史研究 3: 91–8.
Fang Xing, 方行, Junjian, Jing 经君健, and Wei Jinyu 魏金玉, eds. 2007. Zhongguo jingji tongshi: Qing 中国经济通史:清. Beijing: Jingji ribao chubanshe.
Farmer, Edward L. 1995. Zhu Yuanzhang and Early Ming Legislation: The Reordering of Chinese Society Following the Era of Mongol Rule. Leiden: Brill.
Farris, William Wayne. 1998. Buried Texts and Sacred Treasures: Issues in the Historical Archaeology of Ancient Japan. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
Faure, David. 2006. China and Capitalism: A History of Business Enterprise in Modern China. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
Faure, David 2007. Emperor and Ancestor: State and Lineage in South China. Stanford University Press.
Feuerwerker, Albert. 1958. China's Early Industrialization: Sheng Hsuan-huai (1844–1916) and Mandarin Enterprise. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Feuerwerker, Albert 1980. “Economic Trends in the Late Ch'ing Empire, c. 1870–1911.” In Fairbank, J. K., ed. The Cambridge History of China, vol. 10: Late Ch'ing, 1800–1911, 2: 1–69. Cambridge University Press.
Feuerwerker, Albert 1984. “The State and the Economy in Late Imperial China.” Theory and Society 13.3: 297–326.
Findlay, Ronald, and O'Rourke, Kevin H.. 2007. Power and Plenty: Trade, War, and the World Economy in the Second Millennium. Princeton University Press.
Finlay, Robert. 2010. The Pilgrim Art: Cultures of Porcelain in World History. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Finley, M. I. 1973. The Ancient Economy. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Finnane, Antonia. 2004. Speaking of Yangzhou: A Chinese City, 1550–1850. Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center.
Flynn, Dennis O., and Giráldez, Arturo. 1995. “Born with a ‘Silver Spoon’: World Trade's Origins in 1571.” Journal of World History 6.2: 201–22.
Fogel, Joshua. 1984. Politics and Sinology: The Case of Naitō Kōnan (1866–1934). Cambridge: Harvard University Council on East Asian Studies.
Frank, Andre Gunder. 1998. ReOrient: Global Economy in the Asian Age. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Fu Yiling, 傅依凌. 1982. “Mingmo Qingchu Jiangnan ji dongnan yanhai diqu ‘funong jingying’ de chubu kaocha” 明末清初江南及东南沿海地区 ‘富农经营’ 的初步考察. In Fu, Ming Qing shehui jingji shi lunwenji 明清社会经济史论文集, 121–44. Beijing: Renmin chubanshe.
Fujiie Reinosuke, 藤家礼之助. 1989. Kan Sangoku Ryō Shin Nanbokuchō no densei to zeisei 漢 三国両晋南北朝の田制と税制. Tokyo: Tōkai daigaku shuppankai.
Fuma Susumu, 夫馬進. 1997. Chūgoku zenkai zendō shi kenkyū 中国善会善堂史研究. Kyoto: Dōhōsha.
Furuta Kazuko, 古田和子. 2000. Shanhai nettowaaku to kindai Higashi Ajia 上海ネットワークと近代東アジア. Tokyo: Tokyo daigaku shuppankai.
Furuta Kazuko, 2005. “Kobe Seen as Part of the Shanghai Trading Network: The Role of Chinese Merchants in the Re-Export of Cotton Manufactures to Japan.” In Sugihara, K., ed. Japan, China, and the Growth of the Asian International Economy, 1850–1949, 23–48. Oxford University Press.
Gale, Esson M. 1931. Discourses on Salt and Iron: A Debate on State Control of Commerce and Industry in Ancient China, Chapters I-XIX. Leiden: E. J. Brill.
Gansusheng wenwu kaogu yanjiusuo 甘肃省文物考古研究所, ed. 1989. Qin Han jiandu lunwenji 秦汉简牍论文集. Lanzhou: Gansu renmin chubanshe.
Gao Congming, 高聪明. 1999. Songdai huobi yu huobi liutong yanjiu 宋代货币与货币流通研究. Baoding: Hebei daxue chubanshe.
Gao Dalun, 高大伦. 1998. “Yinwan Hanmu mujian ‘Jibu’ zhong hukou tongji ziliao yanjiu” 尹湾汉墓木简《集簿》中户口统计资料研究. Lishi yanjiu 历史研究 5: 110–23.
Gao Min, 高敏. 1986. Qin Han Wei Jin Nanbeichao tudi zhidu yanjiu 秦汉魏晋南北朝土地制度研究. Zhengzhou: Zhongzhou guji chubanshe.
Gao Min, 1987. “Bei Wei juntian faling jiaoshi” 北魏均田法令校释. In Min, Gao, Wei Jin Nanbeichao shehui jingji shi tantao 魏晋南北朝社会经济史探讨, 186–219. Beijing: Renmin chubanshe.
Gao Min, 1989. “Shin Kan jidai no kanshi shukōgyō” 秦漢時代の官私手工業. Chūgoku: shakai to bunka 中国:社会と文化 4: 103–22.
Gao Min, 2004. “Yinwan Hanjian ‘Jibu’ de shidu, zhiyi yu yiyi tantao: du Yinwan Hanjian zhaji zhi er” 尹湾汉简《集簿》的释读, 质疑与意义探讨: 读尹湾汉简札记之二. In Min, Gao, Qin Han Wei Jin Nanbeichao shi lunkao 秦汉魏晋南北朝史论考, 94–104. Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe.
Gao Min, 2006. “Cong ‘Changsha Zoumalou Sanguo Wujian zhujian (yi)’ kan Sun Quan shiqide kouqian suanfu zhidu” 从《长沙走马楼三国吴简。竹简 (壹)》看孙权时期 的口钱算赋制度. Shixue yuekan 史学月刊 4: 24–27.
Gardella, Robert. 1994. Harvesting Mountains: Fujian and the China Tea Trade, 1757–1937. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Gardella, Robert 2004. “Contracting Business Partnerships in Late Qing and Republican China: Paradigms and Patterns.” In Zelin, M., Ocko, J. K., and Gardella, R., eds. Contract and Property in Early Modern China, 327–47. Stanford University Press.
Gatrell, Peter. 2012. “The Russian Fiscal State, 1600–1914.” In Yun-Casalilla, B. and O'Brien, P. K., eds. The Rise of Fiscal States: A Global History, 1500–1914, 191–212. Cambridge University Press.
Ge Jianxiong, 葛剑雄. 2000. “Guanyu Qindai renkou shuliangde xin guji” 关于秦代人口数量 的新估计. In Jianxiong, Ge, Ge Xianzhong zixuanji 葛剑雄自选集, 16–25. Guilin: Guangxi shifan daxue chubanshe.
Ge Jianxiong, 2002. Zhongguo renkou shi 中国人口史, vol. 1: Daolun, Xian Qin zhi Nanbeichao shiqi 导论、先秦至南北朝时期. Shanghai: Fudan daxue chubanshe.
Ge Jinfang, 葛金芳 and Rong, Gu 顾蓉. 2000. “Songdai Jiangnan diqude liangshi muchan jiqi gusuan fangfa bianxi” 宋代江南地区的粮食亩产及其估算方法辨析. Hubei daxue xuebao (zhexue shehui kexue ban) 湖北大学学报(哲学社会科学版) 27.3: 78–83.
Geng Yuanli, 耿元骊. 2007. “Bei Song zhongqi Suzhou nongminde tianzu fudan he shenghuo shuiping” 北宋中期苏州农民的田租负担和生活水平. Zhongguo jingji shi yanjiu 中国经济史研究 1: 150–58.
Gernet, Jacques. 1995. Buddhism in Chinese Society: An Economic History from the Fifth to the Tenth Centuries. New York: Columbia University Press.
Giele, Enno. 2010. “Excavated Manuscripts: Context and Methodology.” In Nylan, M. and Loewe, M., eds. China's Early Empires: A Re-appraisal, 114–34. Cambridge University Press.
Godinho, Vitorino Magalhães. 1969. L’Économie de l'empire portugais au XVe et XVIe siècles. Paris: S.E.V.P.E.N.
Goetzmann, William, and Köll, Elisabeth. 2005. “The History of Corporate Ownership in China: State Patronage, Company Legislation, and the Issue of Control.” In Morck, R. K., ed. A History of Corporate Governance around the World: Family Business Groups to Professional Managers, 149–81. University of Chicago Press.
Golas, Peter J. 1977. “Early Ch'ing Guilds.” In Skinner, G. W., ed. The City in Late Imperial China, 555–80. Stanford University Press.
Golas, Peter J. 1980. “Rural China in the Song.” Journal of Asian Studies 39.2: 291–325.
Golas, Peter J. 1988. “The Sung Economy: How Big?Bulletin of Sung-Yuan Studies 20: 89–94.
Goldstone, Jack A. 1998. “The Problem of the ‘Early Modern’ World.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 41.3: 249–84.
Goldstone, Jack A. 2002. “Efflorescences and Economic Growth in World History: Rethinking the ‘Rise of the West’ and the Industrial Revolution.” Journal of World History 13.3: 323–89.
Graff, David A. 2002. Medieval Chinese Warfare, 300–900. London: Routledge.
Grove, Jean M. 1990. The Little Ice Age. London: Routledge.
Guan Hanhui, 管汉晖 and Daokui, Li 李稻葵. 2010. “Mingdai GDP ji jiegou shitan” 明代 GDP 及结构试探. Jingjixue jikan 经济学季刊 9.3: 787–828.
Guo Zhengzhong, 郭正忠. 1985. “Nan Song zhongyang caizheng huobi suishou kaobian” 南宋 中央财政货币岁收考辨. In Zhongguo shehui kexueyuan lishi yanjiusuo Song Liao Jin Yuan shi yanjiushi, 宋辽金史论丛1: 168–91.
Guo Zhengzhong, 1990. Songdai yanye jingji shi 宋代盐业经济史. Beijing: Renmin chubanshe.
Guo Zhengzhong, 1997. Liang Song chengxiang shangpin huobi jingji kaolüe 两宋城乡商品货币经济考略. Beijing: Jingji guanli chubanshe.
Guy, John. 2010. “Rare and Strange Goods: International Trade in Ninth Century Asia.” In Krahl, R. et al., ed. Shipwrecked: Tang Treasures and Monsoon Winds, 19–27. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.
Hall, Kenneth R. 2011. A History of Early Southeast Asia: Maritime Trade and Societal Development, 100–1500. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
Hamashima Atsutoshi, 濱島敦俊. 1982. Mindai Kōnan nōson shakai no kenkyū 明代江南農村 社会の研究. Tokyo: Tokyo daigaku shuppankai.
Hamashita, Takeshi. 2008a. “China and Hong Kong in the British Empire in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries.” In T. Hamashita, China, East Asia, and the Global Economy: Regional and Historical Perspectives, 146–66. London: Routledge.
Hamashita, Takeshi 2008b. “Maritime Asia and Treaty Port Networks in the Era of Negotiation: Tribute and Treaties, 1800–1900.” In Hamashita, T., China, East Asia, and the Global Economy, 85–112. London: Routledge.
Hamashita, Takeshi 2008c. “Overseas Chinese Financial Networks: Korea, China, and Japan in the Late Nineteenth Century.” In Hamashita, T., China, East Asia, and the Global Economy, 167–78. London: Routledge.
Hamilton, Gary, and Chang, Wei-an. 2003. “The Importance of Commerce in the Organization of China's Late Imperial Economy.” In Arrighi, G., Hamashita, T., and Selden, M., eds. The Resurgence of East Asia: 500, 150, and 50 Year Perspectives, 173–213. London: Routledge.
Handlin Smith, Joanna. 2009. The Art of Doing Good: Charity in Late Ming China. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Hansen, Valerie. 1995. Negotiating Daily Life in Traditional China: How Ordinary People Used Contracts, 600–1400. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Hansen, Valerie 2012. The Silk Road: A New History. New York: Oxford University Press.
Hao, Yen-p'ing. 1986. The Commercial Revolution in Nineteenth-Century China. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Hartwell, Robert M. 1962. “A Revolution in the Chinese Iron and Coal Industries during the Northern Sung, 960–1126 AD.” Journal of Asian Studies 21.1: 153–62.
Hartwell, Robert M. 1966. “Markets, Technology, and the Structure of Enterprise in the Development of the Eleventh-century Chinese Iron and Steel Industry.” Journal of Economic History 26.1: 29–58.
Hartwell, Robert M. 1967. “A Cycle of Economic Change in Imperial China: Coal and Iron in Northeast China, 750–1350,” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 10: 102–159.
Hartwell, Robert M. 1971. “Financial Expertise, Examinations, and the Formulation of Economic Policy in Northern Sung China.” Journal of Asian Studies 30.2: 281–314.
Hartwell, Robert M. 1982. “Demographic, Political, and Social Transformation of China, 750–1550,” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 42.2: 365–442.
Hartwell, Robert M. 1988. “The Imperial Treasuries: Finance and Power in Song China.” Bulletin of Sung-Yuan Studies 20: 18–89.
Hartwell, Robert M. 1989. “Foreign Trade, Monetary Policy, and Chinese ‘Mercantilism.’” In Ryū Shiken hakase shōju kinen Sōshi kenkyū ronshū 劉子健博士頌寿記念宋史研究論集, pp. 454–88. Tsuyoshi, Kinugawa 衣川強, ed. Kyoto: Dōbunsha.
Hashimoto Takashi, 橋本健史. 2007. “Tōichi Shin ni okeru gō no kinō: kokka to zaichi shakai no setten” 統一秦における郷の機能:国家と在地社会の接点. In Yukio, Ōta 太田幸男 and Kensuke, Tada 多田狷介, eds. Chūgoku zenkindai shi ronshū 中国前近代史論集, 111–45. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Hayami Akira, 速水融. 1979. “Kinsei Nihon no keizai hatten to ‘Industrious Revolution.’” 近世 日本の経済発展と ‘Industrious Revolution.’ In Hiroshi, Shinbō 新保博and Yasukichi, Yasuba 安場保吉, eds. Kindai ikōki no Nihon keizai 近代移 行期の日本経済, 3–14. Tokyo: Nihon keizai shimbunsha.
He Bingdi, 何炳棣. 1988. Zhongguo gujin tudi shuzide kaoshi he pingjia 中國古今土地數字的 考釋和評價. Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe.
He Qinggu, 何清谷. 2003a. “Qin Shihuang shidaide siying gongshangye” 秦始皇時代的私 營工商業. In Qinggu, He, Qinshi tansuo 秦史探索, 326–35. Taipei: Liantai chubanshe.
He Qinggu, 2003b. “Qinbi chunqiu” 秦幣春秋. In Qinggu, He, Qinshi tansuo 秦史探索, 300–25. Taipei: Liantai chubanshe.
He Shuangquan, 何双全. 1989. “‘Hanjian xiangli zhi’ jiqi yanjiu”《汉简。乡里志》及其研究. In kaogu yanjiusuo, Gansusheng wenwu 甘肃省文物考古研究所, ed. Qin Han jiandu lunwenji 秦汉简牍论文集, 145–235. Lanzhou: Gansu renmin chubanshe.
He, Wenkai. 2013. Paths toward the Modern Fiscal State: England, Japan, and China. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Heckscher, Eli F. 1955. Mercantilism. Rev. edn, London: George Allen and Unwin.
Heijdra, Martin. 1998. “The Socio-Economic Development of Rural China during the Ming.” In Twitchett, D. C. and Mote, F. W., eds. The Cambridge History of China, vol. 8: The Ming Dynasty, 1368–1644, part 2, 417–578. Cambridge University Press.
Heng, Derek. 2009. Sino-Malay Trade and Diplomacy from the Tenth through the Fourteenth Century. Athens, OH: Ohio University Press.
Higashi Ichio, 東一夫. 1970. Ō Anseki shimpō no kenkyū 王安石新法の研究. Tokyo: Kazama shobō.
Higo Masaki, 肥後政紀. 1990. “Zen Kanchō no jinkōsū ni tsuite: ōkoku-kōkoku no kosū tōkei shori o chūshin to shite” 前漢朝の人口数について:王国・侯国の戸数統計処理を中 心として. Shūkan tōyōgaku 集刊東洋学 64: 115–31.
Hino Kaisaburō, 日野開三郎. 1980. Hino Kaisaburō Tōyō shigaku ronshū日野開三郎東洋史 学論集, vol. 2: Godai shi no kichō 五代史の基調. Tokyo: Sanichi shobō.
Hino Kaisaburō, 1982. Hino Kaisaburō Tōyō shigaku ronshū, vol. 5: Tō Godai no kahei to kinyū 唐 五代の貨幣と金融. Tokyo: Sanichi shobō.
Hino Kaisaburō, 1984. Hino Kaisaburō Tōyō shigaku ronshū, vol. 10: Hokutō Ajia kokusai kōryū shi no kenkyū 北東アジア国際交流史の研究. Tokyo: Sanichi shobō.
Hino Kaisaburō, 1988. Hino Kaisaburō Tōyō shigaku ronshū, vol. 11: Kokō mondai to tekibaihō 戸口 問題と糴買法. Tokyo: Sanichi shobō.
Hiyama Miko, 日山美子. 1996. “Shindai tentōgyō no rishiritsu ni kan suru ichi kōsatsu: Kōki-Kenryū ki no Kōnan o chūshin toshite 清代典当業の利子率に関する一考察:康煕—亁隆期の江南を中心として. Tōhōgaku 東方学 91: 76–89.
Ho, Chuimei. 2001. “The Ceramic Boom in Minnan during Song and Yuan Times.” In Schottenhammer, A., ed. The Emporium of the World: Maritime Quanzhou, 1000–1400, 237–81. Leiden: Brill.
Ho, Ping-ti. 1959. Studies on the Population of China, 1368–1953. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Holcombe, Charles. 2001. The Genesis of East Asia, 221 BC–AD 907. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
Holmgren, Jennifer. 1983. “The Harem in Northern Wei Politics, 398–498 AD: A Study of T'o-pa Attitudes towards the Institutions of Empress, Empress-Dowager, and Regency Governments in the Chinese Dynastic System during Early Northern Wei.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 26.1: 71–96.
Honda Osamu, 本多治. 2000a. “Chūgoku nōgyō shi no sōron” 中国農業史の総論. In Kōichi, Matsuda 松田孝一, ed. Higashi Ajia keizaishi no shomondai 東アジア経済史の 諸問題, 3–16. Kyoto: A'unsha.
Honda Osamu, 2000b. “Chūgoku suiri kaihatsu shi: Kōnan” 中国水利開発史—江南. In Kōichi, Matsuda 松田孝一, ed. Higashi Ajia keizaishi no shomondai 東アジア経済史の 諸問題, 38–55. Kyoto: A'unsha.
Hong Yi, 弘一. 1974. “Jiangling Fenghuangshan shihao Hanmu chutu jiandu kaoshi” 江陵凤凰 山十号汉墓出土简牍考释. Wenwu 文物 6: 78–84.
Horesh, Niv. 2009. Bund and Beyond: British Banks, Banknote Issuance, and Monetary Policy in China, 1842–1937. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Hori Toshikazu, 堀敏一. 1975. Kindensei no kenkyū: Chūgoku kodai kokka no tochi seisaku to tochi shoyūsei 均田制の研究:中国古代国家の土地政策と土地所有制. Tokyo: Iwanami shoten.
Hori Toshikazu, 1994. “Chūgoku kodai no henkosei: tokuni shūryaku no hensen” 中国古代の編戸制:特に集落の変遷. In Hori, , Chūgoku kodaishi no shiten 中国古代史の視点, 271–303. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Hori Toshikazu, 1996. Chūgoku kodai no ie to shūryaku 中国古代の家と集落. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Hou Xudong, 侯旭东. 2005. Beichao cunminde shenghuo shijie: chaoting, zhouxian, yu cunli 北朝村民的生活世界:朝廷,州县,与村里. Beijing: Shangwu yinshuguan.
Hsiao, Kung-ch’üan. 1960. Rural China: Imperial Control in the Nineteenth Century. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Hsieh, Ming-liang. 2010. “The Navigational Route of the Belitung Shipwreck and the Late Tang Ceramic Trade.” In Krahl, R. et al., ed. Shipwrecked: Tang Treasures and Monsoon Winds, 137–43. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.
Hsu, Cho-yun. 1980. Han Agriculture: The Formation of Early Chinese Agrarian Economy (206 BC–AD 220). Seattle: University of Washington Press.
Hsu, Cho-yun and Linduff, Kathryn M.. 1988. Western Chou Civilization. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Hu Jichuang, 胡寄窗. 1962. Zhongguo jingji sixiang shi 中國經濟思想史. Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe.
Huang Chunyan, 黄纯艳. 2003. Songdai haiwai maoyi 宋代海外贸易. Beijing: Shehui kexue wenxian chubanshe.
Huang Jianhui, 黄鉴晖. 1987. “Qingdai zhangju chutan” 清代帐局初探. Lishi yanjiu 历史研究 1: 111–24.
Huang Jingbin, 黄敬斌. 2009. Minsheng yu jiaji: Qingchu zhi Minguo shiqi Jiangnan juminde xiaofei 民生与家计:清初至民国时期江南居民的消费. Shanghai: Fudan daxue chubanshe.
Huang Jinyan, 黄今言. 2005. Qin Han shangpin jingji yanjiu 秦汉商品经济研究. Beijing: Renmin chubanshe.
Huang, Philip C. C. 1985. The Peasant Economy and Social Change in North China. Stanford University Press.
Huang, Philip C. C. 1990. The Peasant Family and Rural Development in the Yangzi Delta, 1350–1988. Stanford University Press.
Huang, Ray. 1974. Taxation and Governmental Finance in Sixteenth-century Ming China. New York: Cambridge University Press
Huang Shengzhang, 黄盛璋. 1974a. “Jiangling Fenghuangshan Hanmu jiandu jiqi zai lishi dili yanjiu shangde jiazhi” 江陵凤凰山汉墓简牍及其在历史地理上的价值. Wenwu 文物 6: 66–77.
Huang Shengzhang, 1974b. “Shilun San Jin bingqide guobie he niandai jiqi xiangguan wenti” 试论三晋 兵器的国别和年代及其相关问题. Kaogu xuebao 考古学报 1: 13–43.
Huang Shengzhang, 1977. “Guanyu Fenghuangshan yiliuba hao Hanmude jige wenti” 关于凤凰山一六 八号汉墓的几个问题. Kaogu 考古 1: 43–50.
Huang Shengzhang, 1982. “Qingchuan xinchu Qin tianlü mudu jiqi xiangguan wenti” 青川新出秦田律 木牍及其相关问题. Wenwu 文物 9: 71–75.
Huang Shengzhang, 2001. “Qin bingqi fenguo duandai yu youguan zhidu yanjiu” 秦兵器分国断代与有 关制度研究. Gu wenzi yanjiu 古文字研究 21: 227–85.
Hulsewé, Anthony. 1981. “The Legalists and the Laws of Ch'in.” In Idema, W. L., ed. Leyden Studies in Sinology, 1–22. Leiden: Brill.
Hulsewé, Anthony 1985a. “The Influence of the ‘Legalist’ Government of Qin on the Economy as Reflected in the Texts Discovered in Yunmeng County.” In Schram, S., ed. The Scope of State Power in China, 211–35. London: School of Oriental and African Studies.
Hulsewé, Anthony 1985b. Remnants of Ch'in Law: An Annotated Translation of the Ch'in Legal and Administrative Rules of the 3rd Century BC Discovered in Yun-meng Prefecture, Hu-pei Province, in 1975. Leiden: Brill.
Hymes, Robert P. 1993. “Moral Duty and Self-Regulating Process in Southern Sung Views of Famine Relief.” In Hymes, R. P. and Schirokauer, C., eds. Ordering the World: Approaches to State and Society in Sung Dynasty China, 280–309. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Ibn Battuta, . 1929. Travels in Asia and Africa, 1325–1354. Trans. Gibbs, H. A. R.. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Iida Sachiko, 飯田祥子. 2004. “Zen Kan kōhanki ni okeru gunken min shihai no henka: naigun to hengun no bunka kara” 前漢後半期における郡県民支配の変化:内群と辺群の分 化から. Tōyō gakuhō 東洋学報 86.3: 1–36.
Iio Hideyuki, 飯尾秀幸. 2007. “Shin-Zen Kan shoki ni okeru ri no uchi to soto: rōgoku seiritsu zenshi” 秦・前漢初期における里の内と外:牢獄成立前史. In Yukio, Ōta 太田幸男 and Kensuke, Tada 多田狷介, eds. Chūgoku zenkindai shi ronshū 中国前近代史論集, 147–72. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Ikeda On, 池田温. 1973. “T'ang Household Registers and Related Documents.” In Wright, A. F. and Twitchett, D., eds. Perspectives on the T'ang, 121–50. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Ikeda On, 1979. Chūgoku kodai sekichō kenkyū: gaikan, rokubun 中国古代籍帳研究:概観, 録文. Tokyo: Tokyo daigaku shuppankai.
Ikeda On, 1988. “Shinryū sannen Kōshōken Sūkagō tensekiyō ni tsuite” 神竜三年高昌県崇化 郷点籍様につして. In Kurihara Masuo sensei koki kinen ronshū Chūgoku kodai no hō to shakai 栗原益男先生古希記念論集中国古代の法と社会, 245–70. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Ikeda Yūichi, 池田雄一. 2008a. “Ri Kai no ‘Hōkyō’” 李悝の「法経」. In Ikeda, Chūgoku kodai no ritsuryō to shakai 中国古代の律令と社会, 76–146. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Ikeda Yūichi, 2008b. “Ryogō ‘Ninen ritsuryō’ o meguru shomondai” 呂后「二年律令」をめぐ る諸問題. In Ikeda, , Chūgoku kodai no ritsuryō to shakai 中国古代の律令と社会, 446–511. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Inaba Ichirō, 稲葉一郎. 1978. “Shin Shikō no kahei tōichi ni tsuite” 秦始皇の貨幣統一につい て. Tōyōshi kenkyū 東洋史研究 37.1: 59–85.
Inaba Ichirō, 1984. “Kandai no kazoku keitai to keizai hendō” 漢代の家族形態と経済変動. Tōyōshi kenkyū東洋史研究 43.1: 88–117.
Inaba Ichirō, 2007. “Nan-gun no kensetsu to Sengoku Shin no kahei seido” 南郡の建設と戦国秦 の貨幣制度. Shirin 史林 90.2: 239–67.
Irigoin, Alejandra. 2009. “The End of a Silver Era: The Consequences of the Breakdown of the Spanish Peso Standard in China and the United States, 1780s–1850s.” Journal of World History 20.2: 207–43.
Ishihara Jun, 石原潤. 1973. “Kahokushō ni okeru Min Shin Minkoku jidai no teikiichi bunpu kaisō oyobi chūshin shūraku no kankei ni tsuite” 河北省における明清民国時代の定期市分 布階層および中心聚落の関係について. Chirigaku hyōron 地理学評論 46.4: 245–63.
Itō Michiharu, 伊藤道治. 1975. Chūgoku kodai ōchō no keisei: shutsudo shiryō o chūshin to suru In Shū shi no kenkyū 中国王朝の形成: 出土史料を中心とする殷周史の研究. Tokyo: Sōbunsha.
Itō Michiharu, 1978. “Kyūei shoki kō: Sei Shū-ki tochi shoyū keitai ni kansuru shiken” 裘衛諸器 考: 西周期土地所有形態に関する私見. Tōyōshi kenkyū 東洋史研究 37.1: 35–58.
Itō Michiharu, 1987. Chūgoku kodai kokka no shihai kōzō: Sei Shū hōken seido to kinbun 中国古代 国家の支配構造: 西周封建制度と金文. Tokyo: Chūō kōronsha.
Jia Daquan, 贾大泉. 1981. “Songdai fushui jiegou chutan” 宋代赋税结构初探. Shehui kexue yanjiu 社会科学研究 3: 51–8.
Jiang Fuya, 蔣福亞. 2005. Wei Jin Nanbeichao shehui jingji shi 魏晋南北朝社会经济史. Tianjin: Tianjin guji chubanshe.
Jiang Fuya, 2008. “Wujian suojian Wuguo qianqi mintian tuntian – jianlun Wei Wu mintunde qubie” 吳簡所見吳國前期民田屯田 – 兼論魏吳民屯的區別. Zhonghua wenshi luncong 中華文史論叢 89: 13–57.
Jiang Tao, 姜涛. 1993. Zhongguo jindai renkou shi 中国近代人口史. Hangzhou: Zhejiang renmin chubanshe.
Jiang Xidong, 姜锡东. 2002. Songdai shangren yu shangye ziben 宋代商人与商业资本. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.
Kagotani, Naoto. 2005. “The Chinese Merchant Community in Kobe and the Development of the Japanese Cotton Industry, 1890–1941.” In Kaoru, Sugihara, ed. Japan, China, and the Growth of the Asian International Economy, 1850–1949, 49–72. Oxford University Press.
Kakinuma Yōhei, 柿沼陽平. 2010. “Shindai kahei keizai no kōzō to sono tokushitsu” 晋代貨 幣経済の構造とその特質. Tōhōgaku 東方学 120: 18–33.
Kakinuma Yōhei, 2011. Chūgoku kodai kahei keizai shi kenkyū 中国古代貨幣経済史研究. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Kamei Meitoku, 亀井明徳. 1992. “Tōdai tōji bōeki no tenkai to shōnin” 唐代陶磁貿易の展開 と商人. In Yasunori, Arano 荒野泰典 et al., ed. Ajia no naka no Nihonshiアジアのなかの日本史, vol. 3: Kaijō no michi 海 上の道, 115–45. Tokyo: Tokyo daigaku shuppankai.
Kamiya Masakazu, 紙屋正和. 1994. “Ryō Kan jidai no shōgyō to ichi” 両漢時代の商業と市. Tōyōshi kenkyū 東洋史研究 52.4: 655–82.
Kanaya Osamu, 金谷治. 1987. Kanshi no kenkyū 管子の研究. Tokyo: Iwanami shoten.
Kaske, Elisabeth. 2011. “Fund-Raising Wars: Office-Selling and Interprovincial Finance in Nineteenth Century China.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 71.1: 69–141.
Kaske, Elisabeth 2015. “Silver, Copper, Rice, and Debt: Monetary Policy and Office Selling in China during the Taiping Rebellion.” In Leonard, J. K. and Theobald, U., eds. Money in Asia (1200–1900): Small Currencies in Social and Political Contexts, 343–97. Leiden: Brill.
Katō Shigeshi, 加藤繁. 1937. “On the Hang or the Association of Merchants in China, with Special Reference to the Institution in the T'ang and Sung Periods.” Memoirs of the Research Department of the Tōyō Bunko 8: 45–83.
Katō Shigeshi, 1952a. “Shindai ni okeru sonchin no teikiichi” 清代に於ける村鎮の定期市. In Katō Shigeshi, 加藤繁. Shina keizai shi kōshō支那経済史考証, vol. 2: 505–56. Tokyo: Tōyō bunko.
Katō Shigeshi, 1952b. “Sōdai ni okeru toshi no hattatsu ni tsuite” 宋代に於ける都市の発達に 就いて. In Shigeshi, Katō 加藤繁. Shina keizai shi kōshō支那経済史考証, vol 1: 299–346. Tokyo: Tōyō bunko.
Katō Shigeshi, 1952c. “Sōdai no shōshūkan ‘sha’ ni tsuite” 宋代の商習慣「賖」に就いて. In Shigeshi, Katō 加藤繁. Shina keizai shi kōshō支那経済史考証, vol. 1: 222–34. Tokyo: Tōyō bunko.
Katō Shigeshi, 1952d. “Tō Sō jidai no ichi” 唐宋時代の市. In Shigeshi, Katō 加藤繁. Shina keizai shi kōshō支那経済史考証, vol. 1: 347–79. Tokyo: Tōyō bunko.
Katō Shigeshi, 1952e. “Tō Sō jidai no shōen no soshiki narabini sono shūraku to shite hattatsu ni tsuite” 唐宋時代の庄園の組織並に其の聚落として発達に就いて. In Shigeshi, Katō 加藤繁. Shina keizai shi kōshō支那経済史考証, vol. 1: 231–60. Tokyo: Tōyō bunko.
Katsari, Constantina. 2011. The Roman Monetary System: The Eastern Provinces from the First to the Third Century AD. Cambridge University Press.
Kawakatsu Heita, 川勝平太. 1991. Nihon bunmei to kindai seiyō: “sakoku” saikō 日本文明 と近代西洋:《鎖国》 再考. Tokyo: NHK bukkusu.
Kawakatsu Yoshio, 川勝義雄. 1982. Rikuchō kizokusei shakai no kenkyū 六朝貴族制社 会の研究. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten.
Kawazoe Shōji, 川添昭二. 1993. “Kamakura makki no taigai kankei to Hakata: Shin'an chinbotsusen mokkan · Tōfukuji · Jōtenji” 鎌倉末期の対外関係と博多:新安沈没船 木簡 · 東福寺 · 承天寺. In Kazuo, Ōsumi 大隅和雄, ed. Kamakura jidai bunka denpan no kenkyū 鎌倉時代文化伝 播の研究, 301–30. Yoshikawa kōbunkan.
Kegasawa Yasunori, 気賀澤保規. 1999. Fuheisei no kenkyū: fuhei heishi to sono shakai 府兵 制の研究:府兵兵士とその社会. Tokyo: Dōhōsha.
Keller, Wolfgang, Li, Ben, and Shiue, Carole H.. 2012. “The Evolution of Domestic Trade Flows When Foreign Trade is Liberalized: Evidence from the Chinese Maritime Customs Services.” In Aoki, Masahiko, Kuran, Timur, and Roland, Gérard, eds. Institutions and Comparative Economic Development, 152–72. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.
Keller, Wolfgang, Li, Ben, and Shiue, Carole H. 2013. “Shanghai's Trade, China's Growth: Continuity, Recovery, and Change since the Opium War.” IMF Economic Review 61.2: 336–78.
Khazanov, Anatoly. 1989. Nomads and the Outside World. Cambridge University Press.
Kidder, J. Edward Jr. 2007. Himiko and Japan's Elusive Chiefdom of Yamatai: Archaeology, History, and Mythology. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
Kidder, Tristram R., Liu, Haiwang, and Li, Minglin. 2012. “Sanyangzhuang: Early Farming and a Han Settlement Preserved Beneath Yellow River Flood Deposits.” Antiquity 86.331: 30–47.
Kieschnik, John. 2003. The Impact of Buddhism on Chinese Material Culture. Princeton University Press.
King, Frank H. H. 1965. Money and Monetary Policy in China, 1845–1895. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Kirby, William C. 1995. “China Unincorporated: Company Law and Business Enterprise in Twentieth-Century China.” Journal of Asian Studies 54.1: 43–63.
Kishimoto Mio, 岸本美緒. 1997. Shindai Chūgoku no bukka to keizai hendō 清代中国の物価 と経済変動. Tokyo: Kembun shuppan.
Kishimoto Mio, 2007. “Tochi shijō to ‘sōka kaishoku’ mondai: Sōdai kara Shindai no chōkiteki dōkō” 土地市場と「找価回赎」問題: 宋代から清代の長期的動向. In Ritsuko, Ōshima 大島 立子, ed. Sō – Shindai no hō to chiiki shakai 宋 – 清代の法と地域社会, pp. 213–62. Tokyo: Tōyō bunko.
Kishimoto Mio, 2009. “New Studies on Statecraft in Mid- and Late-Qing: Qing Intellectuals and their Debates on Economic Policies.” International Journal of Asian Studies 6.1: 87–102.
Kishimoto, Mio 2011. “Property Rights, Land, and Law in Imperial China.” In Ma, D. and Zanden, J. L. van, eds. Law and Long-Term Economic Change: A Eurasian Perspective, 68–90. Stanford University Press.
Kishimoto-Nakayama, Mio. 1984. “The Kangxi Depression and Early Qing Local Markets.” Modern China 10.2: 226–56.
Knoblock, John. 1988. Xunzi: A Translation and Study of the Complete Works. Stanford University Press.
Knoblock, John, and Riegel, Jeffrey, trans. 2000. The Annals of Lü Buwei. Stanford University Press.
Kong Xiangjun, 孔祥军. 2012. “Juyan xinjian ‘Jianwu sannian shieryue hou Su jun suo ze Kou En shi’ ceshu fuyuan yu yanjiu” 居延新简《建武三年十二月候粟君所责寇恩事》册 书复原与研究. Xiyu yanjiu 西域研究 4: 76–86.
Kroll, J. L. 1978–79. “Toward a Study of the Economic Views of Sang Hung-yang.” Early China 4: 11–18.
Kuhn, Dieter. 2009. The Age of Confucian Rule: The Song Transformation of China. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Kuhn, Philip A. 2008. Chinese Among Others: Emigration in Modern Times. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
Kumamoto Takashi, 熊本崇. 1983. “Ō Anseki no shiekihō to shōnin” 王安石の市易法と商人. Bunka 文化 46.3–4: 168–88.
Kuribayashi Norio, 栗林宣夫. 1971. Rikasei no kenkyū 里甲制の研究. Tokyo: Bunri shoin.
Kurihara Masuo, 栗原益男. 1964. “Fuheisei no hōkai to shin heishu: zenhanki Tōchō shihai no hōkai ni kansuru jakkan no kōsatsu o fukumete” 府兵制の崩壊と新兵種:前半期唐朝 支配の崩壊に関する若干の考察をふくめて. Shigaku zasshi 史学雑誌 73.2: 121–46, 73.3: 269–95.
Kuroda Akinobu, 黒田明伸. 1987. “Kenryū no senki” 乾隆の銭貴. Tōyōshi kenkyū 東洋史研 究 45.5: 692–723.
Kuroda Akinobu, 2000. “Another Monetary Economy: The Case of Traditional China.” In Lathan, A. J. H. and Kawakatsu, H., eds. Asia-Pacific Dynamism, 1500–2000, 187–98. London: Routledge.
Kuroda Akinobu, 2008. “Concurrent but Non-Integrable Currency Circuits: Complementary Relationships among Monies in Modern China and Other Regions.” Financial History Review 15.1: 17–36.
Kuroda Akinobu, 2009. “The Eurasian Silver Century (1276–1359): Commensurability and Multiplicity.” Journal of Global History 4: 245–69.
Kusano Yasushi, 草野靖. 1996. “Nōgyō tochi mondai” 農業土地問題. In Yasuhiko, Satake 佐竹靖彦 et al., eds. Sō Gen jidaishi no kihon mondai 宋元時代史の基 本問題, 303–31. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Kwan, Man Bun. 2001. The Salt Merchants of Tianjin: State Making and Civil Society in Late Imperial China. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
Kwan, Man Bun. 2004. “Custom, the Code, and Legal Practice: The Contracts of Changlu Salt Merchants in Late Imperial China.” In Zelin, M., Ocko, J. K., and Gardella, R., eds. Contract and Property in Early Modern China, 269–97. Stanford University Press.
Kwee, Hui Kian. 2007. “Pockets of Empire: Integrating the Studies on Social Organizations in Southeast China and Southeast Asia.” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa, and the Middle East 27.3: 616–32.
Kwee, Hui Kian 2013. “Chinese Economic Dominance in Southeast Asia: A Longue Durée Perspective.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 55.1: 5–34.
Lai, Chi-kong. 1992. “The Qing State and Merchant Enterprise: The China Merchants’ Company, 1872–1902.” In Leonard, J. K. and Watt, J. R., eds. To Achieve Security and Wealth: The Qing Imperial State and the Economy, 1644–1911, 139–55. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University East Asia Program.
Lai Ming-chiu, (Li Mingzhao) 黎明钊. 2009. “Liye Qinjian: huji dangande tantao” 里耶秦简: 户籍档案的探讨. Zhongguoshi yanjiu 中国史研究 2: 5–23.
Lamouroux, Christian. 1991. “Organisation territorial et monopole du thé dans la Chine des Song (960–1059).” Annales: Économies, Sociétés, Civilisations 46.5: 977–1008.
Lamouroux, Christian 2002. “Commerce et bureaucratie dans la Chine des Song.” Études rurales 161–62: 183–213.
Lamouroux, Christian 2003. Fiscalité, comptes publics et politiques financières dans la Chine des Song: Le Chapitre 179 du Songshi. Paris: Institut des hautes études chinoises.
Lamouroux, Christian 2007. “Bureaucratie et monnaie dans la Chine du xie siècle: les désordes monétaires au Shaanxi.” In Théret, B., ed. La Monnaie dévoilée par ses crises, vol. 1, Crises monétaires d'hier et d'aujourd'hui, 171–204. Paris: École des hautes études en sciences sociales.
Landes, David S. 1998. The Wealth and Poverty of Nations: Why Some are so Rich and Some so Poor. New York: Norton.
Lee, James Z., and Campbell, Cameron. 1997. Fate and Fortune in Rural China: Social Organization and Population Behavior in Liaoning, 1774–1873. Cambridge University Press.
Lee, James Z., and Feng, Wang. 1999. One Quarter of Humanity: Malthusian Mythology and Chinese Realities, 1700–2000. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Leonard, Jane Kate. 1996. Controlling from Afar: The Daoguang Emperor's Management of the Grand Canal Crisis, 1824–1826. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Center for Chinese Studies.
Lewis, Mark Edward. 1990. Sanctioned Violence in Early China. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Lewis, Mark Edward 1999. “Warring States Political History.” In Loewe, M. and Shaughnessy, E. L., eds. The Cambridge History of Ancient China: From the Origins of Civilization to 211 BC, 587–650. Cambridge University Press.
Lewis, Mark Edward 2000a. “The City-State in Spring-and-Autumn China.” In Hansen, Mogens Herman, ed. A Comparative Study of Thirty City-State Cultures, 359–73. Copenhagen: Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab.
Lewis, Mark Edward 2000b. “The Han Abolition of Universal Military Service.” In van de Ven, Hans, ed. Warfare in Chinese History, 33–75. Leiden: Brill.
Lewis, Mark Edward 2006. The Construction of Space in Early China. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Lewis, Mark Edward 2009. China between Empires: The Northern and Southern Dynasties. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Li Bozhong, 李伯重. 1990. Tangdai Jiangnan nongyede fazhan 唐代江南农业的发展. Beijing: Nongye chubanshe.
Li Bozhong, 1998. Agricultural Development in Jiangnan, 1620–1850. London: Macmillan.
Li Bozhong, 2000. Jiangnande zaoqi gongyehua 江南的早期工业化. Beijing: Shehui kexue wenxian chubanshe.
Li Bozhong, 2002. Fazhan yu zhiyue: Ming Qing Jiangnan shengchanli yanjiu 發展與制約: 明 清江南生產力研究. Taipei: Lianjing chubanshe.
Li, Bozhong 2003. “Was There a ‘Fourteenth-Century Turning Point? Population, Land, Technology, and Farm Management.” In Smith, P. J. and Glahn, R. von, eds. The Song-Yuan-Ming Transition in Chinese History, 135–75. Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center.
Li Bozhong, 2007. “Daoguang xiaotiao yu guiwei dashui” 道光萧条与癸未大水. Shehui kexue 社会科学 6: 173–78.
Li Bozhong, 2010. Zhongguode zaoqi jindai jingji: 1820 niandai Huating-Louxian diqu GDP yanjiu 中国的早期近代经济: 1820年代华亭—娄县地区 GDP 研究. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.
Li Bozhong, 2013. “An Early Modern Economy in China: A Study of the GDP of the Huating-Lou Area, 1823–1829.” In So, B. K. L., ed. The Economic History of Lower Yangzi Delta in Late Imperial China: Connecting Money, Markets, and Institutions, 133–45. London: Routledge.
Li, Bozhong 李伯重 and van Zanden, Jan Luiten. 2012. “Before the Great Divergence? Comparing the Yangzi Delta and the Netherlands in the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century.” Journal of Economic History 72.4: 956–89.
Li, Feng. 2006. Landscape and Power in Early China: The Crisis and Fall of the Western Zhou, 1045–771 BC. Cambridge University Press.
Li, Feng 2008. Bureaucracy and the State in Early China: Governing the Western Zhou, 1045–771 BC. Cambridge University Press.
Li Huarui, 李华瑞. 1995. Songdai jiude shengchan he zhengque 宋代酒的生产和征榷. Baoding: Hebei daxue chubanshe.
Li Li, 李力. 2007. “Lichenqie” shenfen zaiyanjiu「隶臣妾」身份再研究. Beijing: Zhongguo fazhi chubanshe.
Li, Lillian M. 1981. China's Silk Trade: Traditional Industry in the Modern World, 1842–1937. Cambridge: Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University.
Li, Lillian M. 1992. “Grain Prices in Zhili Province, 1736–1911: A Preliminary Study.” In Rawski, T. G. and Li, L. M., eds. Chinese History in Economic Perspective, 69–99. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Li, Lillian M. 2007. Fighting Famine in North China: State, Market, and Environmental Decline, 1690s–1990s. Stanford University Press.
Li Ling, 李零. 1998. “Xi Zhou jinwen zhongde tudi zhidu” 西周金文中的土地制度. In Li Ling zixuan ji 李零自选集, 85–111. Guilin: Guangxi shifan daxue chubanshe.
Li Longsheng, 李隆生. 2005. Wan Ming haiwai maoyi shuliangde yanjiu: jian lun Jiangnan sichou chanye yu baiyin liurude yingxiang 晚明海外貿易數量的研究﹕兼論江南絲綢 產業與白銀流入的影響. Taibei: Xiuwei zixun keji.
Li Longsheng, 2010. Qingdaide guoji maoyi: baiyin liuru, huobi weiji he Wan Qing gongyehua 清 代的國際貿易﹕白銀流入,貨幣危機和晚清工業化. Taipei: Xiuwei zixun keji.
Li, Min. 2003. “Ji'nan in the First Millennium BC: Archaeology and History.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 46.1: 88–126.
Li Ping, 李凭. 2000. Bei Wei Pingcheng shidai 北魏平城时代. Beijing: Shehui kexue wenxian chubanshe.
Li, Tana. 2004. “The Water Frontier: An Introduction.” In Cooke, N. and Li, T., eds. Water Frontier: Commerce and the Chinese in the Lower Mekong Region, 1750–1880, 1–17. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
Li Weiguo, 李伟国. 2007. “Songdai jingji shenghuo zhongde shikuai” 宋代经济生活中的市侩. In Li, Songdai caizheng he wenxian kaolun 宋代财政和文献考论, 123–47. Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe.
Li, Wenying. 2012. “Silk Artistry of the Northern and Southern Dynasties.” In Kuhn, Dieter, ed. Chinese Silks, 167–201. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Li Wenzhi, 李文治 and Taixin, Jiang 江太新. 2005. Zhongguo dizhuzhi jingji lun: fengjian tudi guanxi fazhan yu bianhua 中国地主制经济论: 封建土地关系发展与变化. Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe.
Li Xueqin, 李学勤. 1982. “Qingchuan Hejiaping mudu yanjiu” 青川郝家坪木牍研究. Wenwu 文物 10: 68–72.
Li Xueqin, 1999. “Qinjian yu Zhouli” 秦简与周礼. In Xueqin, Li, Jianbo dieji yu xueshu shi 简 帛迭籍与学术史, 110–18. Nanchang: Jiangxi jiaoyu chubanshe.
Li, Xueqin and Wen, Xing. 2001. “New Light on the Early-Han Code: A Reappraisal of the Zhangjiashan Bamboo-Slip Legal Texts.” Asia Major, 3rd series, 14.1: 125–46.
Li, Yung-ti. 2006. “On the Function of Cowries in Shang and Western Zhou China.” Journal of East Asian Archaeology 5.1–4: 1–26.
Li Zhi'an, 李治安. 1992. Yuandai fenfeng zhidu yanjiu 元代分封制度研究. Tianjin: Tianjin guji chubanshe.
Liang Fangzhong, 梁方仲. 1939. “Mingdai guoji maoyi yu yinde shuchuru” 明代國際貿易與銀 的輸出入. Rpt. in Liang, 1990. Liang Fangzhong jingji shi lunwen ji 梁方仲經濟史論文集, 132–179. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju,
Liang Fangzhong, ed. 1980. Zhongguo lidai hukou tiandi tianfu tongji 中国历代户口 田地田赋统计. Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe.
Liang Gengyao, 梁庚堯. 1984. Nan Songde nongcun jingji 南宋的農村經濟. Taipei: Lianjing chuban shiye gongsi.
Liang Gengyao, 1997. “Nan Song chengshide fazhan” 南宋城市的發展. In Liang, Songdai shehui jingji shi lunji 宋代社會經濟史論集, 2: 481–590. Taipei: Yunchen wenhua.
Liang Qizi, 梁其姿. 1993. “Pinqiong yu qiongren guannian zai Zhongguo sushi shehui zhongde lishi yanbian” 貧窮與窮人觀念在中國俗世社會中的歷史演變. In Yinggui, Huang 黃應貴, ed. Renguan, yiyi, yu shehui 人觀, 意義, 與社會, 129–62. Taipei: Zhongyang yanjiuyuan minzuxue yanjiusuo.
Liang Qizi, 1997. Shishan yu jiaohua: Ming Qingde cishan zuzhi 施善與教化:明清的慈善組織. Taipei: Lianjing chuban shiye gongsi.
Lianyungang shi bowuguan 连云港市博物馆. 1996. “Yinwan Hanmu jiandu shiwen xuan” 尹湾汉墓简牍释文选. Wenwu 文物 8: 26–31.
Lin Man-houng, (Lin Manhong) 林滿紅. 1991. “Zhongguode baiyin wailiu yu shijie jinyin jianchan, 1814–50” 中國的白銀外流與世界金銀減產1814–50. In Jianxiong, Wu 吳劍雄, ed. Zhongguode haiyang fazhan shi lunwenji 中國的海洋發展史論文集, 6: 1–44. Taipei: Academia Sinica.
Lin Man-houng, 2006. China Upside Down: Currency, Society, and Ideologies, 1808–1856. Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center.
Lin Wenxun, 林文勋. 2011. Tang Song shehui biange lungang 唐宋社会变革论纲. Beijing: Renmin chubanshe.
Liu Guangjing, 刘广京. 1983. “Yibabasan nian Shanghai jinrong fengchao: yangwu yundong zhuanti zhi er” 一八八三年上海金融风潮: 洋务运动专题之二. Fudan daxue xuebao (shehui kexue ban) 复旦大学学报 (社会科学版) 3: 94–102.
Liu Guanglin, 劉光臨. 2008. “Shichang, zhanzheng, he caizheng guojia: dui Nan Song fushui wentide zai sikao” 市場,戰爭,和財政國家: 對南宋賦税問題的再思考. Taida lishi xuebao 臺大歷史學報 42: 221–85.
Liu Guanglin, 2012. “Lingnan zhoufu Song Yuan Ming zhi ji liangshui zhengshoude bijiao yanjiu” 岭南州府宋元明之际两税征收的比较研究. Beida shixue 北大史学 17: 68–105.
Liu, Guanglin William. 2005. “Wrestling for Power: The State and Economy in Later Imperial China, 1000–1700.” PhD dissertation, Harvard University.
Liu, Guanglin William 2013. “Agricultural Productivity in Early Modern Jiangnan.” In So, B. K. L., ed. The Economic History of Lower Yangzi Delta in Late Imperial China: Connecting Money, Markets, and Institutions, 99–117. London: Routledge.
Liu Jiansheng, 刘建生. 2007. “Shanxi piaohao yewu zongliang zhi guji” 山西票号业务总量之估计. Shanxi daxue xuebao (zhexue shehui kexue ban) 山西大学学报 (哲学社会科学版) 6: 233–39.
Liu, Paul K. C., and Hwang, Kuo-shu. 1979. “Population Change and Economic Development in Mainland China since 1400.” In Hou, Chi-ming and Yu, Tzong-shian, ed. Modern Chinese Economic History, 61–90. Taipei: Academia Sinica.
Liu Qiugen, 刘秋根. 2000. Ming Qing gaolidai ziben 明清高利贷资本. Beijing: Shehui kexue wenxian chubanshe.
Liu Qiugen, 2007. Zhongguo gudai hehuozhi chutan 中国古代合伙制初探. Beijing: Renmin chubanshe.
Liu Qiugen, 刘秋根 and Xiuli, Xie 谢秀丽. 2005. “Ming Qing Huishang gongshangye pudian hehuozhi xingtai: sanzhong Huishang zhangpude biaomian fenxi” 明清徽商 工商业铺店合伙制形态: 三种徽商帐簿的表面分析. Zhongguo jingji shi yanjiu 中国经济史研究 3: 79–87.
Liu Shiji, 刘石吉. 1987. Ming Qing shidai Jiangnan shizhen yanjiu 明清时代江南市镇研究. Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe.
Liu Shufen, 劉淑芬. 1992. Liuchaode chengshi yu shehui 六朝的城市與社會. Taipei: Xuesheng shuju.
Liu Shufen, 2001. “Jiankang and the Commercial Empire of the Southern Dynasties: Change and Continuity in Medieval Chinese Economic History.” In Pearce, S., Spiro, A., and Ebrey, P., eds. Culture and Power in the Reconstitution of the Chinese Realm, 200–600, 35–52. Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center.
Liu Ti, 刘逖. 2009. “1600–1840 nian Zhongguo guonei shengchan zongzhi gusuan” 1600–1840 年中国国内生产总值估算. Jingji yanjiu 经济研究. 10: 144–55.
Liu, William Guanglin. 2015. “The Making of a Fiscal State in Song China, 960–1279.” Economic History Review 68.1: 48–78.
Liu, Xinru. 1988. Ancient India and Ancient China: Trade and Religious Exchanges, 1–600 AD. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Liu, Xinru 1996. Silk and Religion: An Exploration of Material Life and the Thought of People, AD 600–1200. Delhi: Oxford University Press.
Liu Yang, 刘杨 and Ronghua, Zhao 赵荣华. 2001. Jizhou yaoci 吉州窑瓷. Nanchang: Jiangxi meishu chubanshe.
Liu Yongcheng, 刘永成 and Zhiqing, He 赫治清. 1983. “Wanquantang de youlai yu fazhan” 万全堂的由来与发展. Zhongguo shehui jingji shi yanjiu 中国社会经济史研究 1: 1–16.
Liu Zhaomin, 劉昭民. 1992. Zhongguo lishishang qihou zhi bianqian 中國歷史上氣候之變遷. Taipei: Taiwan shangwu yinshuguan.
Loewe, Michael. 1967. Records of Han Administration. Cambridge University Press.
Loewe, Michael 1974. Crisis and Conflict in Han China, 104 BC to AD 9. London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd.
Loewe, Michael 2006. The Government of the Qin and Han Empires, 221 BCE–220 CE. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing.
Loewe, Michael 2010a. “The Laws of 186 BCE.” In Nylan, M. and Loewe, M., eds. China's Early Empires: A Re-appraisal, 253–65. Cambridge University Press.
Loewe, Michael 2010b. “Social Distinctions, Groups, and Privileges.” In Nylan, M. and Loewe, M., eds. China's Early Empires: A Re-appraisal, 296–307. Cambridge University Press.
Lombard, Denys. 1990. Le Carrefour javanais: essai d'histoire globale. Paris: École des hautes études en sciences sociales.
Long Denggao, 龙登高. 2009. “The Diversification of Land Transactions in Late Imperial China.” Frontiers of History in China 4.2: 183–220.
Lu, Weijing. 2004. “Beyond the Paradigm: Tea-Picking Women in Imperial China.” Journal of Women's History 15.4: 19–46.
Luan Chengxian, 栾成显. 1990. “Mingchu dizhu jilei jianbing tudi tujing chutan: yi Xie Nengjing hu wei li” 明初地主积累兼并土地途经初探: 以谢能静户为例. Zhongguo shi yanjiu 中国史研究 3: 101–11.
Luan Chengxian, 2007. Mingdai huangce yanjiu 明代黄册研究. Rev. edn. Beijing: Shehui kexue chubanshe.
Luo Xizhang, 罗西章. 1998. “Zai Shou gui ming lüekao” 宰兽簋铭略考. Wenwu 文物 8: 83–87.
Luo, Yinan. 2005. “A Study of the Changes in the Tang-Song Transition Model.” Journal of Song-Yuan Studies 35: 99–127
Ma Chengyuan, 馬承源, ed. 1988. Shang Zhou qingtongqi mingwen xuan 商周青銅器銘文選. Vol. 3. Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe.
Ma Chengyuan, 1990. “Xi Zhou jinwenzhong youguan ‘zhu’ zi ciyude ruogan jieshi” 西周金文中有關 《貯》 字辭語的若干解釋. Shanghai bowuguan jikan 上海博物館集刊 5: 82–91
Ma Chengyuan, 2000. “Kang ding mingwen: Xi Zhou zaoqi yong beibi jiaoyi yuqi de jilu” 亢 鼎銘文﹕西周早期用貝幣交易玉器的記錄. Shanghai bowuguan jikan 上海博 物館集刊 8: 120–23.
Ma Daying, 马大英. 1983. Handai caizheng shi 汉代财政史. Beijing: Zhongguo caizheng jingji chubanshe.
Ma, Debin. 2008. “Economic Growth in the Lower Yangzi Region of China in 1911–1937: A Quantitative and Historical Analysis.” Journal of Economic History 68.2: 355–92.
Ma, Debin 2011. “Law and Economy in Traditional China: A ‘Legal Origin’ Perspective on the Great Divergence.” In Ma, D. and Zanden, J. L. van, eds. Law and Long-Term Economic Change: A Eurasian Perspective. 46–67. Stanford University Press.
Ma Feibai, 馬非百. 1979. Guan Zi qingzhongpian xinquan 管子輕重篇新詮. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.
Macfarlane, Alan. 2000. The Riddle of the Modern World: Of Liberty, Wealth, and Equality.Basingstoke: Macmillan.
Maddison, Angus. 2001. The World Economy: A Millennial Perspective. Paris: OECD Publications.
Maddison, Angus 2007. Chinese Economic Performance in the Long Run, 960–2030 AD. Rev. edn. Paris: OECD Publications.
Magnusson, Lars. 1994. Mercantilism: The Shaping of an Economic Language. London: Routledge.
Mann, Michael. 1986. The Sources of Social Power, vol. 1: A History of Power from the Beginning to AD 1760. Cambridge University Press.
Mann, Susan. 1987. Local Merchants and the Chinese Bureaucracy, 1750–1950. Stanford University Press.
Mann Jones, Susan. 1972. “Finance in Ningbo: the ‘Ch'ien Chuang,’ 1750–1880.” In Willmott, W. E., ed. Economic Organization in Chinese Society, 47–77. Stanford University Press.
Mann Jones, Susan 1974. “The Ningbo Pang and Financial Power in Shanghai.” In Elvin, Mark, ed. The Chinese City Between Two Worlds, 73–96. Stanford University Press.
Mann Jones, Susan, and Kuhn, Philip. 1978. “Dynastic Decline and the Roots of Rebellion.” In Fairbank, John K., ed. The Cambridge History of China, vol. 10: Late Ch'ing, 1800–1911, 1: 107–62. Cambridge University Press.
Mao Hanguang, 毛漢光. 1990a. “Jin Sui zhiji Hedong diqu yu Hedong dazu” 晉隋之際河東地 區與河東大族. In Mao, Zhongguo zhonggu zhengzhi shilun 中國中古政治史論, 99–130. Taipei: Liangjing chuban shiye gongsi.
Mao Hanguang, 1990b. “Xi Wei fubing shilun” 西魏府兵史論. In Mao, Zhongguo zhonggu zhengzhi shilun, 167–280. Taipei: Liangjing chuban shiye gongsi.
Marks, Robert B. 1999. Tigers, Rice, Silk, and Silt: Environment and Economy in Late Imperial South China. Cambridge University Press.
Marks, Robert B. 2012. China: Its Environment and History. New York: Rowman and Littlefield.
Marks, Robert B. and Chen, Chunsheng. 1995. “Price Inflation and its Social, Economic, and Climatic Context in Guangdong Province, 1707–1800.” T'oung Pao 81.1–3: 109–52.
Maruhashi Mitsuhiro, 丸橋充拓. 2001. “Tō Sō henkakushi kenkyū kinkyō” 唐宋変革史研究近 況. Chūgoku shigaku 中國史学 11: 149–68.
Matsuda Kōichi, 松田孝一. 2000. “Chūgoku kōtsū shi: Gen jidai no kōtsū to nanboku butsuryū” 中國交通史: 元時代の交通と南北物流. In Kōichi, Matsuda 松田孝一, ed. Higashi Ajia keizaishi no shomondai 東アジア経済史の 諸問題. 135–57. Kyoto: A'unsha.
Matsui Yoshinori, 松井嘉徳. 2002. Shūdai kokusei no kenkyū 周代国制の研究. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Matsumaru Michio, 松丸道雄. 1984. “Sei-Shū kōki shakai ni mieru henkaku no hōga: Koteimei kaishaku mondai no shohoteki kaiketsu” 西周後期社会にみえる変革の萌芽:曶銘解 釈問題の初歩的解決. In Higashi, Ajia shi ni okeru kokka to nōmin 東アジア史におけ る国家と農民, 29–74. Tokyo: Yamakawa shuppankai.
Matsumaru Michio, 松丸道雄 and Yasuhiro, Takeuchi 竹内康浩. 1993. “Sei-Shū kinbunchū no hōsei shiryō” 西周金文中の法制史料. In Shūzō, Shiga 滋賀秀三, ed. Chūgoku hōseishi: kihon shiryō no kenkyū 中国法制史: 基本史料の研究, 3–55. Tokyo: Tokyo daigaku shuppankai.
Mazumdar, Sucheta. 1998. Sugar and Society in China: Peasants, Technology, and the World Market. Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center.
McDermott, Joseph P. 1981. “Bondservants in the T'ai-hu Basin during the Late Ming: A Case of Mistaken Identities.” Journal of Asian Studies 40.4: 675–701.
McDermott, Joseph P. 1984. “Charting Blank Spaces and Disputed Regions: The Problem of Sung Land Tenure.” Journal of Asian Studies 44.1: 13–41.
McDermott, Joseph P. 1991. “Family Financial Plans of the Southern Sung.” Asia Major 3rd series 4.2: 15–52.
McDermott, Joseph P. 2013a. The Making of a New Rural Order in South China, vol. 1: Village, Land, and Lineage in Huizhou, 900–1600. Cambridge University Press.
McDermott, Joseph P. 2013b. “The Rise of Huizhou Merchants: Kinship and Commerce in Ming China.” In So, B. K. L., ed. The Economic History of Lower Yangzi Delta in Late Imperial China: Connecting Money, Markets, and Institutions, 233–66. London: Routledge.
McElderry, Andrea Lee. 1976. Shanghai Old-Style Banks (Ch'ien-chuang), 1800–1935. Ann Arbor: Michigan Papers in Chinese Studies.
McElderry, Andrea Lee 1995. “Securing Trust and Stability: Chinese Finance in the Late Nineteenth Century.” In Brown, R. A., ed. Chinese Business Enterprise in Asia, 27–44. London: Routledge.
McKnight, Brian E. 1971. Village and Bureaucracy in Southern Sung China. University of Chicago Press.
McKnight, Brian E. and Liu, James T. C., eds. 1998. The Enlightened Judgments, Ch'ing-ming Chi: The Sung Dynasty Collection. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
McNeill, William H. 1976. Plagues and Peoples. New York: Anchor Press.
Mehendale, Sanjyot. 1996. “Begram: Along Ancient Central Asian and Indian Trade Routes.” Cahiers d'Asie centrale 1/2: 47–64.
Mihelich, Mira Ann. 1979. “Polders and the Politics of Land Reclamation in Southeast China during the Northern Sung Dynasty (960–1126).” PhD dissertation, Cornell University.
Miu Kunhe, 繆坤和. 2002. Songdai xinyong piaoju yanjiu 宋代信用票據研究. Kunming: Yunnan daxue chubanshe.
Miyakawa, Hisayuki. 1955. “The Naitō Hypothesis and its Effects on Japanese Studies of China.” Far Eastern Quarterly 14.3: 533–52.
Miyakawa, Hisayuki 1956. “Rikuchō jidai no mura” 六朝時代の村. In Miyakawa, Rikuchō shi kenkyū: seiji shakai hen 六朝史研究:政治社会篇, 437–71. Tokyo: Nihon gakujutsu shinkōkai.
Miyazaki Ichisada, 宮崎市定. 1943. Godai Sōsho no tsūka mondai 五代宋初の通貨問題. Kyoto: Hoshino shoten.
Miyazaki Ichisada, 1950. Tōyōteki kinsei東洋的近世. Osaka: Kyōiku taimusu sha.
Miyazawa Tomoyuki, 宮澤知之. 1998. Sōdai Chūgoku no kokka to keizai 宋代中國の国家と 経済. Tokyo: Sōbunsha.
Miyazawa Tomoyuki, 2000. “Gi Shin Nanbokuchō no kahei keizai 魏晋南北朝の貨幣経済. Ōryū shigaku 鷹陵史学 26: 41–82.
Miyazawa Tomoyuki, 2007. Chūgoku dōsen no sekai: senka kara keizaishi e 中国銅銭の世界: 銭貨から経済史へ. Kyoto: Shibunkaku shuppan.
Miyazawa Tomoyuki, 2008. “Godai Jūkoku jidai no tsūka jōkyō” 五代十国時代の通貨状況. Ōryō shigaku 鷹陵史学 34: 1–35.
Mizuno Masaaki, 水野正明. 2000. “Tō Sō jidai no sangyō to chagyō no hattatsu” 唐宋時代の 産業と茶業の発達. In Kōichi, Matsuda 松田孝一, ed. Higashi Ajia keizaishi no shomondai 東アジア経済史の 諸問題. 82–100. Kyoto: A'unsha.
Moll-Murata, Christine. 2008. “Chinese Guilds from the Seventeenth to the Twentieth Centuries: An Overview.” International Review of Social History 53, supplement 16: 213–47.
Morelli, Giovanni, et al. 2010. “Yersinia pestis Genome Sequencing Identifies Patterns of Global Phylogenetic Diversity.” Nature Genetics 42.12: 1140–43.
Mori Masao, 森正夫. 1967. “Jūyon-seki kōhanki Sessai chihō jinushisei ni kansuru oboegaki” 十四世紀後半期浙西地方地主制に関する覚書. Nagoya daigaku bungakubu kenkyū ronshū 名古屋大学文学部研究論集 44: 67–88.
Mori Masao, 1988. Mindai Kōnan tochi seido no kenkyū 明代江南土地制度の研究. Kyoto: Dōhōsha.
Mori Masao, 森正夫, Noguchi Tetsurō 野口鐵郎, Hamashima Atsutoshi 濱島敦俊, Kishimoto Mio 岸本美緒, and Satake Yasuhiko 佐竹靖彦, eds. 1997. Min Shin jidaishi no kihonteki mondai 明清時代史の基本 的問題. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Mostern, Ruth. 2011. “Dividing the Realm in Order to Govern”: The Spatial Organization of the Song State (960–1276 CE). Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center.
Motono, Eiichi. 2000. Conflict and Cooperation in Sino-British Business, 1860–1911: The Impact of the Pro-British Commercial Network in Shanghai. Houndmills, UK: Macmillan.
Musgrave, R. A. 1992. “Schumpeter's Crisis of the Tax State: An Essay in Fiscal Sociology.” Journal of Evolutionary Economics 2.2: 89–113.
Muthesius, Anna. 2002. “Essential Processes, Looms, and Technical Aspects of the Production of Silk Textiles.” In Laiou, Angeliki E., ed. The Economic History of Byzantium, from the Seventh through the Fifteenth Century, 1:147–68. Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection.
Myers, Ramon. 1991. “How did the Chinese Economy Develop? A Review Article.” Journal of Asian Studies 50.3: 604–28.
Nagai Chiaki, 長井千秋. 1992. “Waitō Sōryōjo no zaisei unei” 淮東総領所の財政運営. Shigaku zasshi 史学雑誌 101.7: 1235–66.
Nagai Chiaki, 2000. “Chūka teikoku no zaisei” 中華帝国の財政. In Kōichi, Matsuda 松田孝一, ed. Higashi Ajia keizaishi no shomondai 東アジア経済史の 諸問題, 101–34. Kyoto: A'unsha.
Nakagawa Manabu, 中川学. 1962. “Tōdai no tōko, fukyaku, kyakko ni kansuru oboegaki” 唐代 の逃戸, 浮客, 客戸に関する覚書. Hitotsubashi ronsō 一橋論叢 50.3: 339–45.
Nakajima Gakushō, 中島楽章. 2001. “Gendai shasei no seiritsu to tenkai” 元代社制の成立と 展開. Kyūshū daigaku tōyōshi ronshū 九州大学東洋史論集 29: 116–46.
Nakajima Gakushō, 2002. Mindai gōson no funsō to chitsujo 明代郷村の紛争と秩序. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Naquin, Susan, and Rawski, Evelyn S.. 1987. Chinese Society in the Eighteenth Century. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Ning Ke, 宁可. 1982. “Guanyu ‘Han Shiyanli fulao dan maitian yueshu shiquan’” 关于《汉侍 延里父老僤买田约束石券》. Wenwu 文物 12: 21–7.
Needham, Joseph. 1971. Science and Civilisation in China, vol. 4: Physical Technology, part 3: Civil Engineering and Nautics. Cambridge University Press.
Neimenggu zizhiqu bowuguan gongzuodui 内蒙古自治区博物馆文物工作队. 1978. Helinge'er Hanmu bihua 和林格尔汉墓壁画. Beijing: Wenwu chubanshe.
Ng, Chin-keong. 1983. Trade and Society: The Amoy Network on the China Coast, 1683–1735. Singapore University Press.
Ni Yuping, 倪玉平. 2010. Qingchao Jia Dao guanshui yanjiu 清朝嘉道关税研究. Beijing: Beijing shifan daxue chubanshe.
Niida Noboru, 仁井田昇. 1937. Tō Sō hōritsu monjo no kenkyū 唐宋法律文書の研究. Tokyo: Tōhō bunka gakuin Tōkyō kenkyūjo.
Nishijima Sadao, 西嶋定産. 1966. Chūgoku keizai shi kenkyū 中国経済史研究. Tokyo: Tokyo daigaku shuppankai.
Nishijima Sadao, 1984. “The Formation of the Early Chinese Cotton Industry.” In Grove, L. and Daniels, C., eds. State and Society in China: Japanese Perspectives on Ming-Qing Social and Economic History, 17–77. University of Tokyo Press.
Nishioku Kenji, 西奥健志. 2004. “Sōdai shiteki seido no zaiseiteki haikei: chobi no kakutoku o chūshin to shite” 宋代市糴制度の財政的背景: 儲備の獲得を中心として. Shakai keizai shigaku 社会経済史学 70.3: 331–45.
Ōba, Osamu. 2001. “The Ordinance on Fords and Passes Excavated from Han Tomb Number 247, Zhangjiashan.” Asia Major, 3rd series, 14.2: 119–42.
O'Brien, Patrick. 1982. “European Economic Development: The Contribution of the Periphery.” Economic History Review 35.1: 1–18.
O'Brien, Patrick 2012. “Fiscal and Financial Preconditions for the Formation of Developmental States in the West and the East from the Conquest of Ceuta (1415) to the Opium War (1839).” Journal of World History 23.3: 513–53.
Ogilvie, Sheilagh C. and Cerman, Markus, ed. 1996. European Proto-Industrialization. Cambridge University Press.
Okada Isao, 岡田功. 1990. “Shunshū sengoku Shin Kan jidai no taishaku kankei o meguru ichikōsatsu” 春秋戦国秦漢時代の貸借関係をめぐる一考察. Sundai shigaku 駿台史 学 78: 69–91.
Okamoto Takashi, 岡本隆司, ed. 2013. Chūgoku keizai shi 中国経済史. Nagoya daigaku shuppankai.
Ōkushi Atsuhiro, 大櫛敦弘. 1985. “Kandai no ‘chūka no san’ ni kan suru ichi kōsatsu: Kyoen Kankan shoken no ‘ko’ ‘choku’ o megutte’ 漢代の『中家の産』に関する一考察:居 延漢簡所見の『賈・直』をめぐって, Shigaku zasshi 史学雑誌 94.7: 1172–94.
Onodera Ikuo, 小野寺郁夫. 1966. “Sōdai ni okeru toshi no shōnin soshiki ‘kō’ ni tsuite” 宋代 における都市の商人組織「行」について. Kanazawa daigaku hōbun gakubu ronshū shigakuhen 金沢大学法文学部論集史学篇 13: 42–74.
Ōsawa Masaaki, 大澤正昭. 1996. Tō Sō henkakuki nōgyō shakai shi kenkyū 唐宋変革期農業 社会史研究. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Osborne, Anne. 1994. “The Local Politics of Land Reclamation in the Lower Yangzi Highlands.” Late Imperial China 15.1: 1–46.
Osborne, Anne 1998. “Highlands and Lowlands: Economic and Ecological Interactions in the Lower Yangzi Region under the Qing.” In Elvin, M. and Liu, Ts'ui-jung, eds. Sediments of Time: Environment and Society in Chinese History203–34, Cambridge University Press.
Ōshima Ritsuko, 大島立子. 1980. “Gendai no kokei no yōeki” 元代の戸計と徭役. Rekishigaku kenkyū 歴史学研究 484: 23–32.
Ōshima Ritsuko, 1983. “The Chiang-hu in the Yüan.” Acta Asiatica 45: 69–95.
Ōsumi Akiko, 大隅晶子. 1990. “Mindai Kōbutei no kaikin seisaku to kaigai bōeki” 明代洪武帝 の海禁政策と海外貿易. In Yamane Yukio kyōju taikyū kinen Mindai shi ronsō 山根幸 夫教授退休記念明代史論集, vol. 1, 497–519. Tokyo: Kyūko shoten.
Otagi Matsuo, 愛宕松男. 1973. “Addatsusen to sono haikei: Jūsan-seiki Mongoru Genchō ni okeru gin no dōkō” 斡脱銭とその背景: 十三世紀モンゴル元朝における銀の動向. Tōyōshi kenkyū 東洋史研究 32.1: 1–27, 32.2: 163–201.
Otagi Matsuo, 1987. Otagi Matsuo Tōyō shigaku ronshū 愛宕松男東洋史学論集, vol. 1: Chūgoku tōshi sangyō shi 中國陶瓷産業史. Tokyo: San'ichi shobō.
Ōtsu Tōru, 大津透. 1986. “Tō ritsuryō kokka no yosan ni tsuite: Gihō sannendo sōshō yonnen kinbu shifu shishaku” 唐律令国家の予算について: 儀鳳三年度奏抄 四年金部旨符 試釈. Shigaku zasshi 史学雑誌 95.12: 1831–79.
Ōyama Masaaki, 大山正明. 1974. “Mindai no daitochi shoyū to doboku” 明代の大土地所 有と奴僕. Tōyō bunka kenkyūjo kiyō 東洋文化研究所紀要 62: 77–131.
Ōyama Masaaki, 1984. “Large Landownership in the Jiangnan Delta Region during the Late Ming-Early Qing Period.” In Grove, L. and Daniels, C., eds. State and Society in China: Japanese Perspectives on Ming-Qing Social and Economic History, 101–63. University of Tokyo Press.
Pamuk, Şevket. 2012. “The Evolution of Fiscal Institutions in the Ottoman Empire, 1500–1914.” In Yun-Casalilla, B. and O'Brien, P. K., eds. The Rise of Fiscal States: A Global History, 1500–1914, 304–31. Cambridge University Press.
Pan, Ming-te. 1996. “Rural Credit in Ming-Qing Jiangnan and the Concept of Peasant Petty Commodity Production.” Journal of Asian Studies 55.1: 94–117.
Parthasarathi, Prasannan. 2011. Why Europe Grew Rich and Asia Did Not: Global Economic Divergence, 1600–1850. Cambridge University Press.
Pearce, Scott. 1991. “Status, Labor, and Law: Special Service Households under the Northern Dynasties.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 51.1: 89–138.
Peerenboom, R. P. 1993. Law and Morality in Ancient China: The Silk Manuscripts of Huang-Lao. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Pegolotti, Francesco. 1914. Notices of the Land Route to Cathay and Asiatic Trade in the First Half of the Fourteenth Century. In Yule, Henry and Cordier, Henri, eds. Cathay and the Way Thither: Being a Collection of Medieval Notices of China, vol. 3. London: Hakluyt Society.
Peng Kaixiang, 彭凯翔. 2006. Qingdai yilaide liangjia: lishixuede jieshi yu zaijieshi 清代以来 的粮价:历史学的解释与再解释. Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe.
Peng Kaixiang, 2011. “Lishi GDP gusuan zhongde jijia wenti chuyi” 历史 GDP 估算中的计价 问题刍议. Zhongguo jingji shi yanjiu 中国经济史研究 4: 53–60.
Peng Kaixiang, 彭凯翔, Zhiwu, Chen 陈志武, and Weipeng, Yuan 袁为鹏. 2008. “Jindai Zhongguo nongcun jiedai shichangde jizhi – jiyu minjian wenshude yanjiu” 近代中 国农村借贷市场的机制—基于民间文书的研究. Jingji yanjiu 经济研究 5: 147–59.
Peng Wei, 彭卫. 2010. “Guanyu xiaomai zai Handai tuiguangde zaitantao” 关于小麦在汉代推 广的再探讨Zhongguo jingji shi yanjiu 中国经济史研究 4: 63–71.
Peng Xinwei, 彭信威. 1965. Zhongguo huobi shi 中國貨幣史. Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe
Peng Zeyi, 彭泽益. 1983. Shijiu shiji houbanqide Zhongguo caizheng yu jingji 十九世纪后 半期的中国财政与经济. Beijing: Renmin chubanshe.
Perdue, Peter C. 1987. Exhausting the Earth: State and Peasant in Hunan, 1500–1850. Cambridge, MA: Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University.
Perkins, Dwight H. 1969. Agricultural Development in China, 1368–1968. Chicago: Aldine.
Petech, L. 1980. “Sang-ko, a Tibetan Statesman in Yuan China.” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaria 34.1–3: 193–208.
Pierson, Stacey. 2013. From Object to Concept: Global Consumption and the Transformation of Ming Porcelain. Hong Kong University Press.
Pirazzoli-t'serstevens, Michèle. 2010. “Urbanism.” In Nylan, M. and Loewe, M., eds. China's Early Empires: A Re-appraisal, 168–85, Cambridge University Press.
Polo, Marco. 1929. The Book of Ser Marco Polo the Venetian concerning the Kingdoms and Marvels of the East. Yule, Henry and Cordier, Henri, eds. London: John Murray.
Pomeranz, Kenneth. 1993. The Making of a Hinterland: State, Society, and Economy in Inland North China, 1853–1937. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Pomeranz, Kenneth 1997. “‘Traditional’ Chinese Business Forms Revisited: Family, Firm, and Financing in the History of the Yutang Company of Jining, 1779–1956.” Late Imperial China 18.1: 1–38.
Pomeranz, Kenneth 2000. The Great Divergence: China, Europe, and the Making of the Modern World Economy. Princeton University Press.
Pomeranz, Kenneth 2008a. “Chinese Development in Long-Run Perspective.” Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 152.1: 83–100.
Pomeranz, Kenneth 2008b. “Land Markets in Late Imperial and Republican China.” Continuity and Change 23.1: 101–50.
Pong, David. 1985. “The Vocabulary of Change: Reformist Ideas of the 1860s and 1870s.” In Pong, David and Fong, Edmund S. K., eds. Ideal and Reality: Social and Political Change in Modern China, 1860–1949, 25–61. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.
Pong, David 1994. Shen Pao-chen and China's Modernization in the Nineteenth Century. Cambridge University Press.
Puk, Wing Kin. 2006. “Salt Trade in Sixteenth-Seventeenth Century China.” PhD dissertation, Oxford University.
Qi Xia, 漆侠. 1979. Wang Anshi bianfa 王安石变法. Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe.
Qi Xia, 1999. Zhongguo jingji tongshi: Songdai jingji juan 中国经济通史: 宋代经济卷. Beijing: Jingji ribao chubanshe.
Qiu Xigui, 裘锡圭. 1974. “Hubei Jiangling Fenghuangshan shihao Hanmu chutu jiandu kaoshi” 湖北江陵凤凰山十号汉墓出土简牍考释. Wenwu 文物 1974.7: 49–62.
Qiu Xigui, 1979. “Xin faxiande Juyan Han jiande jige wenti” 新发现的居延汉简的几个问题. Zhongguo shi yanjiu 中国史研究 4: 103–10.
Quan Hansheng, 全漢昇. 1935. Zhongguo hanghui zhidu shi 中國行會制度史. Shanghai: Shanghai xinshengming shuju.
Quan Hansheng, 1972. “Tang Song shidai Yangzhou jingji jingkuang de fanrong yu shuailuo” 唐宋 時代揚州經濟境況的繁榮與衰落. In Quan, , Zhongguo jingji shi luncong 中國經濟史 論叢, 1: 1–28. Hong Kong: Xianggang zhongwen daxue Xinya shuyuan Xinya yanjiusuo.
Rankin, Mary Backus. 1990. “The Origins of a Chinese Public Sphere: Local Elites and Community Affairs in the Late Imperial Period.” Études chinoises 9.2: 13–60.
Rankin, Mary Backus 1994. “Managed by the People: Officials, Gentry, and the Foshan Charitable Granary, 1795–1845.” Late Imperial China 15.2: 1–52.
Raschke, Manfred G. 1978. “New Studies in Roman Commerce with the East.” In Temporini, Hildegard and Haase, Wolfgang, eds. Ufstieg und Niedergang der Römischen Welt: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der Neueren Forschung, 2: 604–1363. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
Rawski, Evelyn Sakakida. 1972. Agricultural Change and the Peasant Economy of South China. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Rawski, Thomas. 1989. Economic Growth in Prewar China. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Rawson, Jessica. 1999. “Western Zhou Archaeology.” In Loewe, M. and Shaughnessy, E. L., eds. The Cambridge History of Ancient China: From the Origins of Civilization to 211 BC, 352–449. Cambridge University Press.
Reid, Anthony. 1990. “The Seventeenth-century Crisis in Southeast Asia.” Modern Asian Studies 24.4: 639–59.
Reid, Anthony 1997a. “A New Phase of Commercial Expansion in Southeast Asia, 1760–1850.” In Reid, Anthony, ed. The Last Stand of Asian Autonomies, pp. 57–81. Houndmills, UK: Macmillan.
Reid, Anthony 1997b. “Introduction.” In Reid, Anthony, ed. The Last Stand of Asian Autonomies, pp. 1–25. Houndmills, UK: Macmillan.
Reid, Anthony 2004. “Chinese Trade and Economic Expansion in Southeast Asia in the Later Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries: An Overview.” In Cooke, N. and Tana, Li, eds. Water Frontier: Commerce and the Chinese in the Lower Mekong Region, 1750–1880, 21–34. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
Reinert, Eric S. 1999. “The Role of the State in Economic Growth.” Journal of Economic Studies 26.4/5: 268–326.
Reinert, Eric S. and Reinert, Sophus A.. 2005. “Mercantilism and Economic Development: Schumpeterian Dynamics, Institution-Building, and International Benchmarking.” In Jomo, K. S. and Reinert, Eric S., eds. The Origins of Development Economics: How Schools of Thought Have Addressed Development, 1–23. London: Zed Books.
Richards, John F. 1990. “The Seventeenth-century Crisis in South Asia.” Modern Asian Studies 24.4: 624–38.
Richardson, Philip. 1999. Economic Change in China, c. 1800–1950. Cambridge University Press.
Rickett, W. Allyn. 1985. Guan Zi: Political, Economic, and Philosophical Essays from Early China, vol. 1. Princeton University Press.
Rickett, W. Allyn 1998. Guan Zi: Political, Economic, and Philosophical Essays from Early China, vol. 2. Princeton University Press.
Rosenthal, Jean-Laurent, and Bin Wong, R.. 2011. Before and Beyond Divergence: The Politics of Economic Change in China and Europe. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Rossabi, Morris. 1988. Khubilai Khan: His Life and Times. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Rowe, William T. 1984. Hankow: Commerce and Society in a Chinese City, 1796–1889. Stanford University Press.
Rowe, William T. 1985. “Approaches to Modern Chinese Social History.” In Kunz, Olivier, ed. Reliving the Past: The Worlds of Social History, 236–96. Hill, Chapel: University of North Carolina Press.
Rowe, William T. 1990. “The Public Sphere in Modern China.” Modern China 16.3: 309–29.
Rowe, William T. 2001. Saving the World: Cheng Hongmou and Elite Consciousness in Eighteenth-Century China. Stanford University Press.
Rowe, William T. 2010. “Money, Economy, and Polity in the Daoguang-Era Paper Currency Debates.” Late Imperial China 31.2: 69–96.
Rowe, William T. 2011. “Introduction: The Significance of the Qianlong-Jiaqing Transition in Chinese History.” Late Imperial China 32.2: 74–88.
Sagawa Eiji, 佐川英治. 1999. “Hoku-Gi no henkosei to chōhei seido” 北魏の編戸制と徴兵制 度. Tōyō gakuhō 東洋学報 81.1: 1–35.
Sagawa Eiji, 2001a. “Hoku-Gi kindensei kenkyū no dōkō 北魏均田制研究の動向.”Chūgoku shigaku 中国史学 11: 131–47.
Sagawa Eiji, 2001b. “Hoku-Gi kindensei no mokuteki to tenkai: dohi kyūden o chūshin to shite” 北魏均田制の目的と展開: 奴婢給田を中心として. Shigaku zasshi 史学雑誌 110.1: 1–38.
Sahara Yasuo, 佐原康夫. 2002a. Kandai toshi kikō no kenkyū 漢代都市機構の研究. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Sahara Yasuo, 2002b. “Kōryō Hōōzan Kankan saikō” 江陵鳳凰山漢簡再考. Tōyōshi kenkyū 東洋 史研究 61.3: 405–33.
Saitō, Osamu. 1983. “Population and the Peasant Family Economy in Proto-Industrial Japan.” Journal of Family History 8: 30–54.
Satake Yasuhiko, 佐竹靖彦. 1996. “Zōsetsu” 総説. In Yasuhiko, Satake 佐竹靖彦,Shiba Yoshinobu 斯波義信, Umehara Kaoru梅原郁, Uematsu Tadashi 植松正 and Kondō Issei 近藤一成, eds. Sō Gen jidaishi no kihon mondai 宋元時代史の基 本問題, 3–42. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Satō Taketoshi, 佐藤武敏. 1962. Chūgoku kodai kōgyō shi no kenkyū 中国古代工業史の研究. Tokyo: Yoshikawa Kōbunkan.
Satō Taketoshi, 1967. “Kandai no jinkō chōsa” 漢代の人口調査. Shūkan tōyōgaku集刊東洋学 18: 1–27.
Schaberg, David. 2010. “The Zhouli as Constitutional Text.” In Elman, Benjamin and Kern, Martin, eds. Statecraft and Classical Learning: The Rituals of Zhou in East Asian History, 33–66. Leiden: Brill.
Scheidel, Walter. 2009. “The Monetary Systems of the Han and Roman Empires.” In Scheidel, Walter, ed. Rome and China: Comparative Perspectives on Ancient Empires, 137–207. New York: Oxford University Press.
Schifferli, Christoph. 1986. “Le système monétaire au Sichuan vers la fin du xe siècle.” T'oung Pao 72.2: 269–90.
Schirokauer, Conrad, and Hymes, Robert P.. 1993. “Introduction.” In Hymes, R. P. and Schirokauer, C., eds. Ordering the World: Approaches to State and Society in Sung Dynasty China, 1–58. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Schmoller, Gustav. 1967. The Mercantile System and Its Historical Significance. Rpt. New York: A.M. Kelley.
Schoppa, Keith. 1989. Xiang Lake – Nine Centuries of Chinese Life. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Schottenhammer, Angela. 2001. “The Role of Metals and the Impact of the Introduction of Huizi Paper Notes in Quanzhou on the Development of Maritime Trade in the Song Period.” In Schottenhammer, Angela, ed. The Emporium of the World: Maritime Quanzhou, 1000–1400, 95–176. Leiden: Brill.
Schumpeter, Joseph A. 1954. History of Economic Analysis. New York: Oxford University Press.
Schumpeter, Joseph A. 1991. “The Crisis of the Tax State.” In Swedborg, Richard, ed. The Economics and Sociology of Capitalism, 99–140. Princeton University Press.
Schurmann, Herbert Franz. 1956a. Economic Structure of the Yüan Dynasty: Translation of Chapters 93 and 94 of the Yüan shih. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Schurmann, Herbert Franz 1956b. “Mongolian Tributary Practices of the Thirteenth Century.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 19.3–4: 304–89.
Scogin, Hugh. 1990. “Between Heaven and Man: Contract and the State in Han Dynasty China.” Southern California Law Review 63: 1325–1404.
Sen, Tansen. 2003. Buddhism, Diplomacy, and Trade: The Realignment of Sino-Indian Relations, 600–1400. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
Shaughnessy, Edward L. 1991. Sources of Western Zhou History: Inscribed Bronze Vessels. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Shaughnessy, Edward L. 1999. “Western Zhou History.” In Loewe, M. and Shaughnessy, E. L., eds. The Cambridge History of Ancient China: From the Origins of Civilization to 211 BC, 292–351. Cambridge University Press.
Shi Junzhi, 石俊志. 2009. Banliangqian zhidu yanjiu 半两钱制度研究. Beijing: Zhongguo jinrong chubanshe.
Shi Yang, 石洋. 2012. “Ryō Kan yōka hensen kōshō” 両漢傭価変遷考証. Tōyōshi kenkyū 東 洋史研究 71.2: 191–218.
Shi Zhihong, 史志宏. 1994. Qingdai qianqide xiaonong jingji 清代前期的小农经济. Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe.
Shi Zhihong, 2008. Qingdai hubu yinku shouzhi he kucun tongji 清代户部银库收支和库存统计. Fuzhou: Fujian renmin chubanshe.
Shi, Zhihong, Xuyi, Ni Yuping, and van Leeuwen, Bas. 2014. “Chinese National Income, c. 1661–1933.” Centre for Global Economic History (Utrecht University) Working Paper Series, no. 62. Available at: www.cgeh.nl/sites/default/files/WorkingPapers/CGEHWP62_ShiXuyiNiVanLeeuwen.pdf.
Shiba Yoshinobu, 斯波義信. 1968. Sōdai shōgyō shi kenkyū 宋代商業史研究. Tokyo: Kazama shobō.
Shiba Yoshinobu, 1970. Commerce and Society in Sung China. Trans. Elvin, Mark. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Center for Chinese Studies.
Shiba Yoshinobu, 1975. “Urbanization and the Development of Markets in the Lower Yangtze Valley.” In Haeger, John Winthrop, ed. Crisis and Prosperity in Sung China, 13–48. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.
Shiba Yoshinobu, 1977. “Ningbo and its Hinterland.” In Skinner, G. W., ed. The City in Late Imperial China, 391–439. Stanford University Press.
Shiba Yoshinobu, 1983. “Sung Foreign Trade: Its Scope and Organization.” In Rossabi, Morris, ed. China Among Equals: The Middle Kingdom and its Neighbors, 10th–14th Centuries, 80–115. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Shiba Yoshinobu, 1988. Sōdai Kōnan keizai shi no kenkyū 宋代江南経済史の研究. Tokyo: Tokyo daigaku shuppankai.
Shiba Yoshinobu, 1998. “Environment versus Water Control: The Case of the Southern Hangzhou Bay Area from the Mid-Tang through the Qing Period.” In Elvin, Mark, ed. Sediments of Time: Environment and Society in Chinese History, 135–64. Cambridge University Press.
Shigechika Keiju, 重近啓樹. 1990. “Shin Kan no shōnin to sono futan” 秦漢の商人とその負 担. Sundai shigaku 駿台史学 78: 27–59.
Shigeta, Atsushi. 1984. “The Origins and Structure of Gentry Rule.” In Grove, L. and Daniels, C., eds. State and Society in China: Japanese Perspectives on Ming-Qing Social and Economic History, 335–85. University of Tokyo Press.
Shimasue Kazuyasu, 島居一康. 1990. “Ryōzei setsunō ni okeru nōzei kagaku to shijō kagaku” 両税折納における納税価額と市場価額. In kenkyūkai, Chūgokushi, ed. Chūgoku sensei kokka to shakai tōgō 中国 専制国家と社会統合, 333–86. Tokyo: Bunrikaku.
Shiue, Carol H., and Keller, Wolfgang. 2007. “Markets in China and Europe on the Eve of the Industrial Revolution.” American Economic Review 97.4: 1189–1216.
Si Weizhi, 斯维至. 1978. “Lun shuren” 论庶人. Shehui kexue zhanxian 社会科学战线 2: 103–10.
Sima Qian, . 1993. Records of the Grand Historian: Han Dynasty II. Trans. Watson, Burton. New York: Columbia University Press.
Skaff, Jonathan Karam. 1998. “Sasanian and Arab-Sasanian Silver Coins from Turfan: Their Relationship to International Trade and the Local Economy.” Asia Major, 3rd series, 11.2: 67–115.
Skaff, Jonathan Karam 2003. “The Sogdian Trade Diaspora in East Turkestan during the Seventh and Eighth Centuries.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 46.4: 475–524.
Skinner, G. William, 1977a. “Cities and the Hierarchy of Local Systems.” In Skinner, G. W., ed. The City in Late Imperial China, 276–351. Stanford University Press.
Skinner, G. William 1977b. “Regional Urbanization in Nineteenth-Century China.” In Skinner, G. W., ed. The City in Late Imperial China, 212–49. Stanford University Press.
Skinner, G. William 1986. “Sichuan's Population in the Nineteenth Century: Lessons from Disaggregated Data.” Late Imperial China 7.2: 1–76.
Smith, Paul J. 1988. “Commerce, Agriculture, and Core Formation in the Upper Yangzi, 2 AD to 1948.” Late Imperial China 9.1: 1–78.
Smith, Paul J. 1992. Taxing Heaven's Storehouse: Horses, Bureaucrats, and the Destruction of the Sichuan Tea Industry, 1074–1224. Cambridge: Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University.
Smith, Paul J. 1993. “State Power and Economic Activism during the New Policies, 1068–1085: The Tea and Horse Trade and the ‘Green Sprouts’ Loan Policy.” In Hymes, Robert P. and Schirokauer, Conrad, eds. Ordering the World: Approaches to State and Society in Sung Dynasty China, 76–127. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Smith, Paul J. 2009. “Shen-tsung's Reign and the New Policies of Wang An-shih, 1067–1085.” In Twitchett, D. and Smith, P. J., eds. The Cambridge History of China, vol. 5: The Sung Dynasty and its Precursors, 907–1279, 347–483. Cambridge University Press.
So, Billy K. L. 2000. Prosperity, Region, and Institutions in Maritime China: The South Fukien Pattern, 946–1368. Cambridge: Harvard University Area Center.
So, Billy K. L. 2013. “Institutions in Market Economies of Premodern Maritime China.” In So, B. K. L., ed. The Economic History of Lower Yangzi Delta in Late Imperial China: Connecting Money, Markets, and Institutions, 208–32. London: Routledge.
So, Jenny F. and Bunker, Emma C.. 1995. Traders and Raiders on China's Northern Frontier. Seattle: Smithsonian Institution and University of Washington Press.
Sogabe Shizuo, 曽我部静雄. 1941a. “Nan Sō no wabaiken oyobi setsuhakusen no kenkyū” 南宋の和買絹及び折帛銭の研究. In Sogabe, Sōdai zaisei shi 宋代財政史, 333–92. Tokyo: Seikatsusha.
Sogabe Shizuo, 1941b. “Sōdai no zaisei ippan” 宋代の財政一般. In Sogabe, , Sōdai zaisei shi 宋代財政史, 3–85. Tokyo: Seikatsusha.
Somers Heidhues, , Mary. 1993. “Chinese Organizations in West Borneo and Bangka: Kongsis and Hui.” In Ownby, David and Heidhues, Mary Somers, eds. “Secret Societies” Reconsidered: Perspectives on the Social History of Modern South China and Southeast Asia, 68–88. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.
Steensgaard, Niels. 1990. “The Seventeenth-Century Crisis and the Unity of Asian History.” Modern Asian Studies 24.4: 683–97.
Su Jilang, 苏基朗. 2004. “Liang Song Minnan Guangdong Zhedong waimao ciye kongjian moshide yige bijiao fenxi” 两宋闽南广东浙东外贸瓷业空间模式的一个比较分析. In Bozhong, Li 李伯重 and Shengchun, Zhou 周生春, eds. Jiangnande chengshi gongye yu difang wenhua, 960–1850 江南的城市工业与地方文化, 960–1850, 141–92. Beijing: Tianjin daxue chubanshe.
Sudō Yoshiyuki, 周藤吉之. 1954a. “Godai ni okeru kinzeihō” 五代に於ける均税法. In Sudō, Tō Sō tochi seido shi kenkyū 唐宋土地制度史研究, 405–27. Tokyo: Tokyo daigaku shuppankai.
Sudō Yoshiyuki, 1954b. “Nan Sō matsu no kōdenhō” 南宋末の公田法. In Sudō, Tō Sō tochi seido shi kenkyū 唐宋土地制度史研究, 537–92. Tokyo: Tokyo daigaku shuppankai.
Sudō Yoshiyuki, 1954c. “Sōdai shōensei no hattatsu” 宋代庄園制の発達. In Sudō, Tō Sō tochi seido shi kenkyū 唐宋土地制度史研究, 195–288. Tokyo: Tokyo daigaku shuppankai.
Sugihara, Kaoru 杉原薫. 1996. “Agriculture and Industrialization: The Japanese Experience.” In Mathias, Peter and Davis, John A., eds. Agriculture and Industrialization from the Eighteenth Century to the Present Day, 148–66. Oxford: Blackwell.
Sugihara, Kaoru 2003. “The East Asian Path of Economic Development: A Long-Term Perspective.” In Arrighi, G., Hamashita, T., and Selden, M., eds. The Resurgence of East Asia: 500, 150, and 50 Year Perspectives, 78–123. London: Routledge.
Sugihara, Kaoru 2005. “An Introduction.” In Sugihara, K., ed. Japan, China, and the Growth of the Asian International Economy, 1850–1949, 1–19. Oxford University Press.
Sugihara, Kaoru 2009. “19 seiki zenhan no Ajia kōekiken: tōkeiteki kōsa” 19世紀前半のアジア交 易圏: 統計的考察. In Naoto, Kagotani 篭谷直人 and Kōhei, Wakimura 脇村孝平, eds. Teikoku to Ajia nettowaaku: chōki no 19 seiki 帝国とアジアネ ットワーク:長期の19世紀, 250–81. Kyoto: Seikai shisōsha.
Sugiyama Masaaki, 杉山正明. 2004. Mongoru teikoku to Dai Gen urusuモンゴル帝国と大元 ウルス. Kyoto: Kyoto daigaku gakujutsu shuppankai.
Sumiya Tsuneko, 角谷常子. 1994. “Kyoen Kan kan ni mieru baibai kankei kan ni tsuite ichi kōsatsu” 居延漢簡にみえる売買関係簡についえ一考察. Tōyōshi kenkyū 東洋史研究 52.4: 545–65.
Sun, Zhouyong. 2008. Craft Production in the Western Zhou Dynasty (1046–771 BC): A Case Study of a Jue-Earrings Workshop at the Predynastic Capital Site, Zhouyuan, China. Oxford, UK: Archaeopress.
Sussman, George D. 2011. “Was the Black Death in India and China?Bulletin of the History of Medicine 85.3: 319–55.
Suzuki Naomi, 鈴木直美. 1990. “Hōōzan jūgō Kanbotsu shutsudo shiryō kara mita Kōryō shakai” 鳳凰山一○号漢墓出土史料から見た江陵社会. Sundai shigaku 駿台史学 80: 39–76.
Swann, Nancy Lee. 1950. Food and Money in Ancient China: The Earliest Economic History of China to AD 25. Princeton University Press.
Szonyi, Michael. 2002. Practicing Kinship: Lineage and Descent in Late Imperial China. Stanford University Press.
Tada Kensuke, 多田狷介. 1964. “Go-Kan gōzoku no nōgyō keiei: kasaku, yōsaku, dorei rōdō” 後漢豪族 の農業経営: 仮作, 傭作, 奴隷労働. Rekishigaku kenkyū 歴史学研究 286: 13–21.
Tada Kensuke, 1965. “Kandai no chihō shōgyō ni tsuite: gōzoku to shonōmin no kankei o chūshin toshite” 漢代の地方商業について:豪族と小農民の関係を中心として. Shichō 史 潮 92: 36–49.
Tajiri Tōru, 田尻利. 1999. “Shindai tabako kenkyūshi oboegaki” 清代タバコ研究史覚書. In Tajiri, , Shindai nōgyō shōgyōka no kenkyū 清代農業商業化の研究, 284–312. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Takahashi Yoshirō, 高橋芳郎. 2001. “Sō Gen dai no dohi, kōyōjin, demboku no mibun” 宋元 代の奴婢, 雇傭人, 佃僕の身分. In Takahashi, , Sō-Shin mibunhō no kenkyū 宋—清身 分法の研究, 1–84. Sapporo: Hokkaidō daigaku toshokan kōkai.
Takenami Takayoshi, 竹浪隆良. 1984. “Hoku-Gi ni okeru jinshin baibai to mibunsei shihai: enshō sannen (514) jinshin baibai rongi o chūshin to shite” 北魏における人身売買と身 分制支配: 延昌三年 (五一四) 人身売買論議を中心として. Shigaku zasshi 史学雑 誌 93.3: 279–312.
Tanaka Katsuko, 田中克子and Ichirō, Satō 佐藤一郎. 2008. “Bōeki tōjiki no sui'i” 貿易陶磁 器の推移. In Kōji, Ōba 大庭康時, ed. Chūsei toshi Hakata o horu 中世都市博多を掘る, 112–28. Fukuoka: Kaichōsha.
Tanaka, Masatoshi. 1984. “Rural Handicraft in Jiangnan in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century.” In Grove, L. and Daniels, C., eds. State and Society in China: Japanese Perspectives on Ming-Qing Social and Economic History, 79–100. University of Tokyo Press.
Tang Changru, 唐長孺. 1954. “Nanchaode tun, di, bieshu ji shanze zhanling” 南朝的屯, 邸, 別墅及山澤占領. Lishi yanjiu 歷史研究 1954.3: 95–113.
Tang Changru, 1955. “Wei Jin hudiaozhi jiqi yanbian” 魏晉戶調制及其演變. In Tang, , Wei Jin Nanbeichao shi luncong 魏晉南北朝史論叢, 59–84. Beijing: Sanlian shudian.
Tang Changru, 1961. “Guanyu Wu Zetian moniande futaohu” 关于武则天末年的浮逃户. Lishi yanjiu 歷史研究 6: 90–95.
Tang Changru, 1990. “Clients and Bound Retainers in the Six Dynasties Period.” In Dien, A. E., ed. State and Society in Early Medieval China, 111–38. Stanford University Press.
Tang Wenji, 唐文基. 1990. “Sanxiang jiapai: Mingmo fandongde caizheng” 三餉加派:明末 反動的財政. In Yamane Yukio kyōju taikyū kinen Mindai shi ronsō 山根幸夫教授退休 記念明代史論叢, 2: 979–1001. Tokyo: Kyūko shoten.
Tang Yongtong, 汤用彤. 2006. Han Wei Liang Jin Nanbeichao fojiao shi 汉魏两晋南北朝佛教 史. Rev. edn. Beijing: Kunlun chubanshe.
Tanigawa, Michio. 1985. Medieval Chinese Society and the Local “Community.” Berkeley: University of California Press.
Terada Takanobu, 寺田隆信. 1972. Sansei shōnin no kenkyū; Mindai ni okeru shōnin oyobi shōgyō shihon 山西商人の研究:明代における商人および商業資本. Kyoto: Tōyōshi kenkyūkai.
Terada Takanobu, 1972a. “Soshū senfugyō no keiei keitai” 蘇州踹布業の経営形態. Rpt. in Sansei shōnin no kenkyū; Mindai ni okeru shōnin oyobi shōgyō shihon 山西商人の研究:明代における商人および商業資本, 337–410. Kyoto: Tōyōshi kenkyūkai.
Thierry, François. 1993. “Sur les monnaies sassanides trouvées en Chine.” In Groupe pour l’Étude de la Civilisation du Moyen-Orient, ed. Circulation des monnaies, des marchandises et des biens, 89–139. Leuven: Peeters Press.
Tianchangshi wenwu guanlisuo天长市文物管理所. 2006. “Anhui Tianchang Xi Hanmu fajue jianbao” 安徽天长西汉墓发掘简报. Wenwu 文物 11: 4–21.
Torbert, Preston M. 1977. The Ch'ing Imperial Household Department: A Study of its Organization and Principal Functions, 1662–1796. Cambridge, MA: Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University.
Trocki, Carl A. 1990. Opium and Empire: Chinese Society in Colonial Singapore, 1800–1910. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Trombert, Éric. 1995. Le Crédit à Dunhuang: vie matérielle et société en Chine medievale. Paris: Collège de France/Institut des Hautes Études Chinoises.
Trombert, Éric 2000. “Textiles et tissus sur la route de la soie.” In Drège, Jean-Pierre, ed. La Sérinde, terre d’échanges, 107–20. Paris: La Documentation française.
Tsien, Tsuen-hsiun. 1985. Science and Civilisation in China, vol. 5: Chemistry and Chemical Technology, part 1: Paper and Printing. Cambridge University Press.
Tsurumi, Naohiro. 1984. “Rural Control in the Ming Dynasty.” In Grove, L. and Daniels, C., eds. State and Society in China: Japanese Perspectives on Ming-Qing Social and Economic History, 245–77. University of Tokyo Press.
Twitchett, Denis. 1954. “The Salt Commissioners after An Lu-shan's Rebellion.” Asia Major, new series, 4.1: 60–89.
Twitchett, Denis 1963. Financial Administration under the T'ang Dynasty. Cambridge University Press.
Twitchett, Denis 1966. “The T'ang Market System.” Asia Major, new series, 12.2: 202–48.
Twitchett, Denis 1969–70. “Local Financial Administration in Early T'ang Times.” Asia Major, new series, 15: 82–114.
Twitchett, Denis 1973. “The Composition of the T'ang Ruling Class: New Evidence from Tun-huang.” In Wright, A. F. and Twitchett, D., eds. Perspectives on the T'ang, 47–85. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Twitchett, Denis 1979. “Hsuan-tsung (reign 712–56).” In Twitchett, Denis, ed. The Cambridge History of China, vol. 3: Sui and T'ang China, 618–907, part 1, 333–463. Cambridge University Press.
Twitchett, Denis and Stargardt, Janice. 2002. “Chinese Silver Bullion in a Tenth-Century Indonesian Wreck.” Asia Major, third series, 15.1: 23–72.
Uematsu Tadashi, 植松正. 1983. “The Control of Chiang-nan in the Early Yüan.” Acta Asiatica 45: 49–68.
Uematsu Tadashi, 1996. “Genchō shihai shita no Kōnan chiiki shakai” 元朝支配下の江南地域社会. In Yasuhiko, Satake 佐竹靖彦 et al., eds. Sō Gen jidaishi no kihon mondai 宋元時代史の基 本問題, 333–58. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Underhill, Anne P., et al. 2008. “Changes in Regional Settlement Patterns and the Development of Complex Societies in Southeastern Shandong, China.” Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 27: 1–29.
Uno Nobuhiro, 宇野伸浩. 1989. “Ogodei han to Musurimu shōnin: Orudo ni okeru kōeki to Nishi Ajiasan no shōhin” オゴデイ・ハンとムスリム商人:オルドにおける交易と 西アジア産の商品. Tōyō gakuhō 東洋学報 70.3–4: 71–104.
Utsunomiya Kiyoyoshi, 宇都宮清吉. 1955. Kandai shakai keizai shi kenkyū 漢代社会経済史 研究. Tokyo: Kōbundō shōbō.
Vaggi, Gianni, and Groenewegen, Peter. 2003. A Concise History of Economic Thought: From Mercantilism to Monetarism. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
Van de Mieroop, Marc. 2004. A History of the Ancient Near East c. 3000–323 BC. Oxford: Blackwell.
Van Dyke, Paul A. 2005. The Canton Trade: Life and Enterprise on the China Coast, 1700–1845. Hong Kong University Press.
van Zanden, Jan Luiten. 2009. The Long Road to the Industrial Revolution: The European Economy in a Global Perspective, 1000–1800. Leiden: Brill.
Vermeer, Eduard B. 1991. “The Mountain Frontier in Late Imperial China: Economic and Social Developments in the Bashan.” T'oung Pao 77.4–5: 300–29.
Vogel, Hans Ulrich. 1987. “Chinese Central Monetary Policy, 1644–1800.” Late Imperial China 8.2: 1–52.
Vogel, Hans Ulrich n.d. “Chinese Central Monetary Policy and Yunnan Copper Mining, 1644–1800.” Unpub. ms.
von Falkenhausen, Lothar. 1999a. “Late Western Zhou Taste.” Études Chinoises 18: 143–78.
von Falkenhausen, Lothar 1999b. “The Waning of the Bronze Age.” In Loewe, M. and Shaughnessy, E. L., eds. The Cambridge History of Ancient China: From the Origins of Civilization to 211 BC, 450–544. Cambridge University Press.
von Falkenhausen, Lothar 2005. “The E Jun Qi Metal Tallies: Inscribed Texts and Ritual Contexts.” In Kern, Martin, ed. Text and Ritual in Early China, 79–123. Seattle: University of Washington Press.
von Falkenhausen, Lothar 2006. Chinese Society in the Age of Confucius (1000–250 BC): The Archaeological Evidence. Los Angeles, CA: Cotsen Institute of Archaeology, University of California.
von Glahn, Richard. 1987. The Country of Streams and Grottoes: Expansion, Settlement, and the Civilizing of the Sichuan Frontier in Song Times. Cambridge: Harvard University Council on East Asian Studies.
von Glahn, Richard 1991. “Municipal Reform and Urban Social Conflict in Late Ming China.” Journal of Asian Studies 50.2: 280–307.
von Glahn, Richard 1993. “Community and Welfare: Chu Hsi's Community Granary in Theory and Practice.” In Hymes, R. P. and Schirokauer, C., eds. Ordering the World: Approaches to State and Society in Sung Dynasty China, 221–54. Berkeley: University of California Press.
von Glahn, Richard 1996a. Fountain of Fortune: Money and Monetary Policy in China, 1000–1700. Berkeley: University of California Press.
von Glahn, Richard 1996b. “Myth and Reality of China's Seventeenth-Century Monetary Crisis.” Journal of Economic History 56.2: 429–54.
von Glahn, Richard 2003a. “Imagining Pre-modern China.” In Smith, P. J. and Glahn, R. von, eds. The Song-Yuan-Ming Transition in Chinese History, 35–70. Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center.
von Glahn, Richard 2003b. “Towns and Temples: Urban Growth and Decline in the Yangzi Delta, 1200–1500.” In Smith, P. J. and Glahn, R. von, eds. The Song-Yuan-Ming Transition in Chinese History, 176–211. Cambridge: Harvard University Asia Center.
von Glahn, Richard 2004. “Revisiting the Song Monetary Revolution: A Review Essay.” International Journal of Asian Studies 1.1: 159–178.
von Glahn, Richard 2005. “Origins of Paper Money in China.” In Geert Rouwenhorst, K. and Goetzmann, William N., eds. Origins of Value: The Financial Innovations that Created Modern Capital Markets, 65–89. New York: Oxford University Press.
von Glahn, Richard 2007a. “Foreign Silver Coin in the Market Culture of Nineteenth Century China.” International Journal of Asian Studies 4.1: 51–78.
von Glahn, Richard 2007b. “Zhu Yuanzhang ex nihilo?Ming Studies 55: 113–141.
von Glahn, Richard 2010. “Monies of Account and Monetary Transition in China, Twelfth to Fourteenth Centuries.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 53.3: 463–505.
von Glahn, Richard 2013. “Cycles of Silver in Chinese Monetary History.” In So, B. K. L., ed. The Economic History of Lower Yangzi Delta in Late Imperial China: Connecting Money, Markets, and Institutions, 17–71. London: Routledge.
von Glahn, Richard 2014. “The Ningbo-Hakata Merchant Network and the Reorientation of East Asian Maritime Trade, 1150–1300.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 74.2: 251–81.
von Redden, Sitta. 2010. Money in Classical Antiquity. Cambridge University Press.
von Verschuer, Charlotte. 2006. Across the Perilous Sea: Japanese Trade with China and Korea from the Seventh to the Sixteenth Centuries. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University East Asia Program.
Vries, Peer H.H. 2002. “Are Coal and Colonies Really Crucial? Kenneth Pomeranz and the Great Divergence.” Journal of World History 12.2: 407–46.
Vries, Peer H.H. 2015. State, Economy, and the Great Divergence: Great Britain and China, 1680s–1850s. London: Bloomsbury Academic.
Wade, Geoff. 2009. “An Early Age of Commerce in Southeast Asia, 900–1300 CE.” Journal of South East Asian Studies 40.2: 221–65.
Wagner, Donald B. 2001a. “The Administration of the Iron Industry in Eleventh-century China.” Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 44.2: 175–97.
Wagner, Donald B. 2001b. The State and the Iron Industry in Han China. Copenhagen: Nordic Institute of Asian Studies.
Wagner, Donald B. 2008. Science and Civilisation in China, vol. 5: Chemistry and Chemical Technology, part 11: Ferrous Metallurgy. Cambridge University Press.
Waltner, Ann. 1990. Getting an Heir: Adoption and the Construction of Kinship in Late Imperial China. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
Wang, Helen. 2004. Money on the Silk Road: The Evidence from Eastern Central Asia to AD 800. London: British Museum Press.
Wang Shengduo, 汪圣铎. 1995. Liang Song caizheng shi 两宋财政史. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.
Wang Su, 王素. 2011. “Changsha Wujian zhongde dianke yu yishike – jianlun Xi Jin hudiao shizhongde ‘Nanchaohua’ wenti” 長沙吳簡中的佃客與衣食客 – 兼論西晉戶調式中的 ‘南朝化’ 問題. Zhonghua wenshi luncong 中華文史論叢 101: 1–34.
Wang Wencheng, 王文成. 2001. Songdai baiyin huobihua yanjiu 宋代白银货币化研究. Kunming: Yunnan daxue chubanshe.
Wang, Wensheng. 2014. White Lotus Rebels and South China Pirates: Crisis and Reform in the Qing Empire. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Wang Yanhui, 王彦辉. 2006. “Lun Handaide fenhu xichan” 论汉代的分户析产. Zhongguoshi yanjiu 中国史研究 4: 19–38.
Wang, Yeh-chien. 1973. Land Taxation in Imperial China, 1750–1911. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Wang, Yeh-chien 1985. “Food Supply in Eighteenth-Century Fukien.” Late Imperial China 7.2: 80–117.
Wang, Yeh-chien 1992. “Secular Trends of Rice Prices in the Yangzi Delta, 1638–1935.” In Rawski, T. G. and Li, L. M., eds. Chinese History in Economic Perspective, 35–68. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Wang Yejian, 王業鍵. 2003. “Zhongguo jindai huobi yu yinhangde yanjin (1644–1937)” 中國 近代貨幣與銀行的演進. In Wang, , Qingdai jingji shi lunwenji 清代經濟史論文集, 161–274. Taipei: Daoxiang chubanshe.
Wang Yichen, 王怡辰. 2007. Wei Jin Nanbeichao huobi jiaoyi he faxing 魏晉南北朝貨幣交易 和發行. Taipei: Wenjin chubanshe.
Wang, Yi-t'ung. 1953. “Slaves and Other Comparable Social Groups during the Northern Dynasties (386–618).” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 16.3/4: 293–364.
Wang Zengyu, 王曾瑜. 1985. “Songchaode fangguohu” 宋朝的坊郭户. In Zhongguo shehui kexueyuan lishi yanjiusuo Song Liao Jin Yuan shi yanjiushi, Song Liao Jin shi Luncong 宋辽金史论丛 1: 64–82.
Wang, Zhenping. 2006. Ambassadors from the Islands of the Immortals: China-Japan Relations in the Han-Tang Period. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
Wang Zhenzhong, 王振忠. 2014. Ming Qing Huishang yu Huai-Yang shehui bianqian 明清徽 商与淮扬社会变迁. Rev. edn. Beijing: Sanlian shudian.
Wang, Zhongshu. 1982. Han Civilization. Yale University Press.
Wang Zijin, 王子今. 2005. “Xi Han ‘Qi san fuguan’ bianzheng” 西汉‘齐三服官’辨证. Zhongguo shi yanjiu 中国史研究, 35–40.
Washio Yūko, 鷲尾祐子. 2009. Chūgoku kodai no sensei kokka to minkan shakai: kazoku, fūzoku, kōshi 中国古代の専制国家と民間社会: 家族, 風俗, 公私. Kyoto: Ritsumeikan tōyōshi gakkai.
Watanabe Shinichirō, 渡辺信一郎. 1986. Chūgoku kodai shakai ron 中国古代社会論. Tokyo: Aoki shoten.
Watanabe Shinichirō, 1989. “Kandai no zaisei un'ei to kokkateki butsuryū” 漢代の財政運営と国家的物 流. Kyōto furitsu daigaku gakujutsu hōkoku (jinbun) 京都府立大学学術報告 (人文) 41: 1–20.
Watanabe Shinichirō, 2010. Chūgoku kodai no zaisei to kokka中国古代の財政と国家. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Watson, Burton. 1967. Basic Writings of Mo Tzu, Hsün Tzu, and Han Fei Tzu. New York: Columbia University Press.
Weber, Max. 1978. Economy and Society. Roth, Guenther and Wittick, Claus, eds. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Wicks, Robert S. 1998. Money, Markets, and Trade in Early Southeast Asia: The Development of Indigenous Monetary Systems to AD 1400. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Southeast Asia Programs Publications.
Wilbur, C. Martin. 1943. Slavery in the Former Han Dynasty, 206 BC–AD 25. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History.
Will, Pierre-Étienne. 1985. “State Intervention in the Administration of a Hydraulic Infrastructure.” In Schram, S. R., ed. The Scope of State Power in China, 295–347. London: School of Oriental and African Studies.
Will, Pierre-Étienne 1990. Bureaucracy and Famine in Eighteenth-Century China. Stanford University Press.
Will, Pierre-Étienne 1994. “Développement quantitatif et développement qualitatif en Chine à la fin de l’époque impériale.” Annales: Histoire, Sciences Sociales 49.4: 863–902.
Will, Pierre-Étienne and Bin Wong, R.. 1991. Nourish the People: The State Civilian Granary System in China, 1650–1850. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Center for Chinese Studies.
Wolf, Arthur P. 2001. “Is There Evidence of Birth Control in Late Imperial China?Population and Development Review 27.1: 133–54.
Wong, J. Y. 1998. Deadly Dreams: Opium and the Arrow War (1856–1860) in China. Cambridge University Press.
Wong, R. Bin. 1997. China Transformed: Historical Change and the Limits of European Experience. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Wong, R. Bin 2012. “Taxation and Good Governance in China, 1500–1914.” In Yun-Casalilla, B. and O'Brien, P. K., eds. The Rise of Fiscal States: A Global History, 1500–1914, 353–77. Cambridge University Press.
Wong, R. Bin, and Perdue, Peter. 1992. “Grain Markets and Food Supplies in Eighteenth-Century Hunan.” In Rawski, T. G. and Li, L. M., eds. Chinese History in Economic Perspective, 126–44. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Wright, Arthur F. 1978. The Sui Dynasty: The Unification of China, AD 581–617. New York: Knopf.
Wu Chengming, 吴承明. 1985. “Lun Qingdai qianqi woguo guonei shichang” 论清代前期我国 国内市场. In Wu, , Zhongguo ziben zhuyi yu guonei shichang 中国资本主义与国内市 场, 247–65. Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe.
Wu Chengming, 2001a. “Lun Mingdai guonei shichang he shangren ziben” 论明代国内市场和商人 资本. In Wu, , Zhongguode xiandaihua: shichang yu shehui 中国的现代化: 市场与社 会, 111–43. Beijing: Sanlian shudian.
Wu Chengming, 2001b. “Shiba yu shijiu shiji shangyede Zhongguo shichang” 18 与19 世纪上叶的 中国市场. In Wu, Zhongguode xiandaihua: shichang yu shehui 中国的现代化:市场与社 会, 238–88. Beijing: Sanlian shudian.
Wu Hui, 吴慧. 1990. “Ming Qing (qianqi) caizheng jiegouxing bianhuade jiliang fenxi” 明清 (前期) 财政结构性变化的计量分析. Zhongguo shehui jingji shi yanjiu 中国社会经济 史研究 3: 39–45.
Wu Renshu, 巫仁恕. 2007. Pinwei shehua: Wan Mingde xiaofei shehui yu shidafu 品味奢華: 晚明的消費社會與士大夫. Taipei: Zhongyang yanjiuyuan/Lianjing chubanshe.
Wu Songdi, 吴松弟. 2000. Zhongguo renkou shi 中国人口史, vol. 3: Liao Song Jin Yuan shiqi 辽宋金元时期. Shanghai: Fudan daxue chubanshe.
Wu Songdi, 2007. Nan Song renkou shi 南宋人口史. Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe.
Xie Guihua, 谢桂华. 1989. “Hanjian he Handaide quyong daixu zhidu” 汉简和汉代的取庸代 戌制度. In kaogu yanjiusuo, Gansusheng wenwu 甘肃省文物考古研究所, ed. Qin Han jiandu lunwenji 秦汉简牍论文集, 77–112. Lanzhou: Gansu renmin chubanshe.
Xie Yanxiang, 谢雁翔. 1974. “Sichuan Pixian Xipu chutude Dong Han canbei’ 四川郫县犀浦 出土的东汉残碑. Wenwu 文物 4: 67–71.
Xiong, Victor Cunrui. 1993. “Sui Yangdi and the Building of Sui-Tang Luoyang.” Journal of Asian Studies 52.1: 66–89.
Xiong, Victor Cunrui 1999. “The Land Tenure System of Tang China: A Study of the Equal Field System and the Turfan Documents.” T'oung Pao 85.4–5: 328–90.
Xiong, Victor Cunrui 2000. Sui-Tang Chang'an: A Study in the Urban History of Medieval China. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Center for Chinese Studies.
Xu Daling, 許大齡. 1974. Qingdai juanna zhidu 清代捐納制度. Taipei: Wenhai chubanshe.
Xu, Dixin and Chengming, Wu. 2000. Chinese Capitalism, 1522–1840. London: Macmillan.
Xu Hong, 许宏. 2000. Xian Qin chengshi kaoguxue 先秦城市考古学. Beijing: Beijing yanshan chubanshe.
Xu Tan, 许檀. 2000. “Ming Qing shiqi chengxiang wangluo tixide xingcheng ji yiyi” 明清时期 城乡网络体系的形成及意义. Zhongguo shehui kexue 中国社会科学 3: 191–202.
Xu Yihua, 徐义华. 2007. “Xin chutu ‘Wunian Zhousheng zun’ yu Zhousheng qiming shixi” 新 出土《五年琱生尊》与琱生器铭试析. Zhongguo shi yanjiu 中国史研究 2: 17–27.
Xu Yueyao, 徐乐尧. 1989. “Juyan Hanjian suojiande shi” 居延汉简所见的市. In kaogu yanjiusuo, Gansusheng wenwu 甘肃省文物考古研究所, ed. Qin Han jiandu lunwenji 秦汉简牍论文集, 49–69. Lanzhou: Gansu renmin chubanshe.
Yamada Katsuyoshi, 山田勝芳. 1975. “Ō Mō dai no zaisei” 王莽代の財政. Tōyōshi kenkyū 東洋史研究 33.1: 63–85.
Yamada Katsuyoshi, 1979. “Chūgoku kodai no shōnin to shiseki” 中国古代の商人と市籍. In Kaga hakase taikan kinen Chūgoku bun shi tetsugaku ronshū 加賀博士退官記念中国文史哲 学論集, 175–96. Tokyo: Kodansha.
Yamada Katsuyoshi, 1981. “Hōōzan jūgōbotsu monjo to Kansho no shōgyō” 鳳凰山一○号墓文書と 漢初の商業. Tōhoku daigaku kyōyōbu kiyō 東北大学教養部紀要 33: 172–92.
Yamada Katsuyoshi, 1987. “Shin Kan jidai no dainai to shōnai” 秦漢時代の大内と少内. Shūkan tōyōgaku 集刊東洋学 57: 19–39.
Yamada Katsuyoshi, 1988. “Chūgoku kodai no shō to ko: sono imi to shisōshiteki haikei” 中国古代の 商と賈: その意味と思想史的背景. Tōyōshi kenkyū 東洋史研究 47.1: 1–29.
Yamada Katsuyoshi, 1990. “Offices and Officials of Works, Markets, and Lands in the Ch'in Dynasty.” Acta Asiatica 58: 1–23.
Yamada Katsuyoshi, 1993. Shin Kan zaisei shūnyū no kenkyū 秦漢財政収入の研究. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Yamada Katsuyoshi, 1998. “Shin Kan dai shukōgyō no tenkai: Shin Kan dai kōkan no hensen kara kangaeru” 秦漢代手工業の展開: 秦漢代工官の変遷から考える. Tōyōshi kenkyū 東洋史研究 56.4: 701–32.
Yamada Katsuyoshi, 2000. Kahei no Chūgoku kodaishi 貨幣の中国古代史. Tokyo: Asahi shinbunsha.
Yamada Katsuyoshi, 2007. “Zen Kan Buteidai no chiiki shakai to josei yōeki: Ankishō Tenchōshi Anrakuchin jūkyūgō mokutoku kara kangaeru” 前漢武帝代の地域社会と女性徭役: 安徽省天長市安楽鎮十九号木牘から考える. Shūkan tōyōgaku 集刊東洋学 97: 1–19.
Yamamoto Susumu, 山本進. 1991. “Shindai Shisen no chiiki keizai: inyū daitai mengyō no keisei to Ha-ken gagyō” 清代四川の地域経済: 移入代替棉業の形成と巴県牙行. Shigaku zasshi 史学雑誌 100.12: 2005–35.
Yamamoto Susumu, 1997. “Shōhin seisan kenkyū no kiseki” 商品生産研究の軌跡. In Masao, Mori 森正夫, Noguchi Tetsurō 野口鐵郎, Hamashima Atsutoshi 濱島敦俊, Kishimoto Mio 岸本美緒, and Satake Yasuhiko 佐竹靖彦, eds. Min Shin jidaishi no kihonteki mondai 明清時代史の基本 的問題, 79–101. Tokyo: Kyūko shoin.
Yamamoto Susumu, 2002. Shindai no shijō kōzō to keizai seisaku 清代の市場構造と経済政策. Nagoya: Nagoya daigaku shuppankai.
Yamamura, Kōzō and Tetsuo, Kamiki. 1983. “Silver Mines and Sung Coins.” In Richards, John F., ed. Precious Metals in the Late Medieval and Early Modern Worlds, 329–62. Durham, NC: Carolina Academic Press.
Yamane, Yukio. 1984. “Reforms in the Service Levy System in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries.” In Grove, L. and Daniels, C., eds. State and Society in China: Japanese Perspectives on Ming-Qing Social and Economic History, 279–310. University of Tokyo Press.
Yamazaki Riichi, 山崎利一. 1978. Shisan no shōgai to shisō 子産の生涯と思想. Osaka: Maeda shoten.
Yamazaki Satoshi, 山崎覚士. 2010a. “Mikan no kaijō kokka: Go-Etsu koku no kokoromi” 未完 の海上国家: 呉越国の試み. In Yamazaki, , Chūgoku Godai kokka ron中國五代国家 論, 230–267. Kyoto: Bukkyo daigaku.
Yamazaki Satoshi, 2010b. “Kyūseiki ni okeru Higashi Ajia kaiiki to kaishō – Jo Kōchoku to Jo Kōyū” 九世紀におけ東アジア海域と海商—徐公直と徐公裕. In Yamazaki, Chūgoku Godai kokka ron中國五代国家 論, 171–204. Kyoto: Bukkyo daigaku.
Yan Hongzhong, 燕红忠. 2007. “Shanxi piaohao ziben yu lirun zongliang zhi guji” 山西票号资 本与利润总量之估计. Shanxi daxue xuebao (zhexue shehui kexue ban) 山西大学学报 (哲学社会科学版) 30.6: 128–31.
Yanagida Setsuko, 柳田節子. 1963. “Sōdai tochi shoyūsei ni mirareru futatsu no kata: senshin to henkyō” 宋代土地所有制に見られる二つの型: 先進と辺境. Tōyō bunka kenkyūjo kiyō 東洋文化研究所紀要 29: 95–130.
Yanagida Setsuko, 1973. “Sōdai tenkosei no saikentō: saikin no Kusano Yasushi shi no kenkai o megutte” 宋代佃戸制の再検討:最近の草野靖氏の見解をめぐって. Rekishigaku kenkyū 歴史学研究 395: 24–33.
Yanagida Setsuko, 1986. Sō Gen gōsonsei no kenkyū 宋元郷村制の研究. Tokyo: Sōbunsha.
Yanagida Setsuko, 1995. “Sōdai nōka keiei to eiun” 宋代農家経営と営運. In Yanagida, , Sō Gen shakai keizai shi kenkyū 宋元社会経済史の研究, 85–105. Tokyo: Sōbunsha.
Yang Dequan, 杨德泉. 1982. “Tang Song hanghui zhidu zhi yanjiu” 唐宋行会制度之研究. In Guangming, Deng 邓广铭 and Yingliu, Cheng 程应镠, eds. Songshi yanjiu lunwenji 宋史研究论文集, 204–40. Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe.
Yang Jiping, 杨际平. 2003. Beichao Sui Tang juntianzhi xintan 北朝隋唐均田制新探. Changsha: Yuelu shushe.
Yang Jiping, 2006. “Xi Changsha Zoumalou Sanguo Wujian zhongde ‘diao’: jian tan hudiaozhide qiyuan” 析长沙走马楼三国吴简中的《调》: 兼谈户调制的起源. Lishi yanjiu 历史研究 3: 39–58.
Yang Jiping, 杨际平 and Qing, Li 李卿. 2003. “Li Xianfu ji zhu Li kai Liyuchuan shishi kaobian – jian lun Wei Shou suoweide Taihe shinianqian ‘wei li zongzhu duhu’ 李显甫 集诸李开李鱼川史事考辨 – 兼论魏收所谓的太和十年前 ‘唯立宗主督护’”. Xiamen daxue xuebao (zhexue shehui kexue) 厦门大学学报 (哲学社会科学) 3: 93–102.
Yang Kuan, 杨宽. 1998. Zhanguo shi 战国史. Rev. edn. Shanghai: Shanghai renmin chubanshe.
Yang Liansheng, 楊聯陞. 1934. “Cong Simin Yueling suo jiandaode Handai jiazu shengchan” 從四民月令所見到的漢代家族生產. Shihuo banyuekan 食貨半月刊 1.6: 8–11.
Yang, Lien-sheng. 1956. “Great Families of Eastern Han.” In Zen Sun, E-tu and DeFrancis, John, eds. Chinese Social History: Translations of Selected Studies, 103–34. New York: American Council of Learned Societies.
Yang, Lien-sheng 1961. “Notes on the Economic History of the Chin Dynasty.” In Yang, Studies in Chinese Institutional History, pp. 119–97. Cambridge: Harvard-Yenching Institute.
Yang Ying, 杨英. 1996. “Shilun Zhoudai shurende shehui shenfen he shehui diwei” 试论周代 庶人的社会身份和社会地位. Zhongguo lishi bowuguan guankan 中国历史博物馆馆 刊 2: 10–21.
Yang Zhenhong, 杨振红. 2003. “Qin Han ‘mingtianzhai zhi’ shuo: cong Zhangjiashan Hanjian kan Zhanguo Qin Han de tudi zhidu” 秦汉「名田宅制」说: 从张家山汉简看战国秦 汉的土地制度. Zhongguoshi yanjiu 中国史研究 3: 49–72.
Yang Zhenhong, 2009. Chutu jiandu yu Qin Han shehui 出土简牍与秦汉社会. Guilin: Guangxi shifan daxue chubanshe.
Yang Zhenhong, 2010. “Songbo Xi Han mu buji du kaoshi” 松柏西汉墓簿籍牍考释. Nandu xuebao (renwen shehui kexue xuebao) 南都学报 (人文社会科学学报) 30.5: 1–8.
Yates, Robin D. S. 1987. “Social Status in the Ch'in: Evidence from the Yün-meng Legal Documents. Part One: Commoners.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 47.1: 197–237.
Yates, Robin D. S. 2002. “Slavery in Early China: A Socio-Cultural Approach.” Journal of East Asian Archaeology 3.1–2: 283–331.
Yates, Robin D. S. 2013. “The Qin Slips and Boards from Well No. 1, Liye, Hunan: A Brief Introduction to the Qin Qianling County Archives.” Early China 35: 291–329.
Yazawa Tadayuki, 矢沢忠之. 2008. “Sengokuki San Shin chiiki ni okeru kahei to toshi: hōsokufu・sensokufu o chūshin ni” 戦国期三晋地域における貨幣と都市: 方足布・尖足布を中心に. Kodai bunka 古代文化 60.3: 37–54.
Ye Xian'en, 叶显恩 and Dihua, Tan 谭棣华. 1985a. “Fengjian zongfa shili dui Foshan jingjide kongzhi jiqi chanshengde yingxiang” 封建宗法势力对佛山经济的控制及其产生的影 响. In xuehui, Guangdong lishi 广东历史学会., ed. Ming Qing Guangdong shehui jingji xingtai yanjiu 明清广东社会经济形态研究, 144–64. Guangzhou: Guangdong renmin chubanshe.
Ye Xian'en, 叶显恩 and Dihua, Tan 谭棣华. 1985b. “Lun Zhujiang sanjiaozhoude zutian” 论珠江三角洲的族田.” In xuehui, Guangdong lishi 广东历史学会., ed. Ming Qing Guangdong shehui jingji xingtai yanjiu 明清广东社会经济形态研究, 22–64. Guangzhou: Guangdong renmin chubanshe.
Ye Yuying, 叶玉英. 2005. “Lun Zhangjiashan Hanjian ‘Suanshushu’ de jingji shiliao jiazhi 论张家山汉简《算数书》的经济史料价值, Zhongguo shehui jingjishi yanjiu 中国社会经济史研究 1: 38–45.
Yinqueshan hanmu zhujian zhengli xiaozu 银雀山汉墓竹简整理小组. 1985. “Yinqueshan zhushu ‘Shoufa,’ ‘Shouling’ deng shisan pian” 银雀山竹书《守法》《守令》等十三 篇. Wenwu 文物 4: 27–38.
Yōgi Yoshimi, 要木佳美. 1997. “Minmatsu Shōkō ni okeru jōzōgyō no tenkai to beikoku ryūtsū” 明末紹興における醸造業の展開と米穀流通. In Kazuko, Ono 小野和子, ed. Minmatsu Shinsho no shakai to bunka 明末清初の社会と文化, 277–313. Kyoto: Kyoto daigaku jimbun kagaku kenkyūjo.
Yokkaichi Yasuhiro, 四日市康博. 2006. “Genchō nankai kōeki keiei kō: monjo to senka no nagare kara” 元朝南海交易経営考: 文書と銭貨の流れから. Kyūshū daigaku tōyōshi ronshū 九州大学東洋史論集 34: 133–56.
Yokoyama Suguru, 横山英. 1962. “Shindai ni okeru hōtōsei no tenkai” 清代における包頭制 の展開. Shigaku zasshi 史学雑誌 71.1: 45–71, 71.2: 185–98.
Yoneda Kenjirō, 米田賢次郎. 1989. Chūgoku kodai nōgyō gijutsu shi kenkyū 中國古代農業技 術史研究. Tokyo: Dōhōsha.
Yoshimoto Michimasa, 吉本道雅. 1986. “Shunshū kokujin kō” 春秋国人考. Shirin 史林 69.5: 631–72.
You Biao, 游彪. 2003. Songdai siyuan jingji shigao 宋代寺院经济史稿. Baoding: Hebei daxue chubanshe.
Yu Yaohua, 余耀华. 2000. Zhongguo jiage shi: Xian Qin-Qing chao 中国价格史: 先秦—清 朝. Beijing: Zhongguo wujia chubanshe.
, Ying-shih. 1967. Trade and Expansion in Han China: A Study in the Structure of Sino-Barbarian Economic Relations. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Yu Yingshi, 余英時. 1987. Zhongguo jinshi zongjiao lunli yu shangren jingshen 中國近世宗教倫理與商人精神. Taipei: Lianjing chubanshe.
Yu Zhenbo, 于振波. 2004a. “Zhangjiashan Hanjian zhongde mingtianzhi jiqi zai Handaide shishi qingkuang” 张家山汉简中的名田制及其在汉代的实施情况. Zhongguo shi yanjiu 中国史研究 1: 29–40.
Yu Zhenbo, 于振波. 2004b. Zoumalou Wujian chutan 走馬樓吳簡初探. Taipei: Wenjin chubanshe.
Yuan, Tsing. 1979. “Urban Riots and Disturbances during the Late Ming and Early Ch'ing Period.” In Spence, Jonathan D. and Wills, John E. Jr, eds. From Ming to Ch'ing: Conquest, Region, and Continuity in Seventeenth-Century China, 277–320. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Yuan Weipeng, 袁为鹏 and Debin, Ma 马德斌. 2010. “Shangye zhangbu yu jingjishi yanjiu: yi Tongtaisheng hao shangye zhangbu wei zhongxin (1798–1850)” 商业账簿与经济 史研究: 以统泰升号商业账簿为中心. Zhongguo jingji shi yanjiu 中国经济史研 究 2: 50–60.
Yun-Casalilla, Bartolomé. 2012. “Introduction: The Rise of the Fiscal State in Eurasia from a Global, Comparative, and Transnational Perspective.” In Yun-Casalilla, B. and O'Brien, P. K., eds. The Rise of Fiscal States: A Global History, 1500–1914, 1–35. Cambridge University Press.
Zelin, Madeleine. 1984. The Magistrate's Tael: Rationalizing Fiscal Reform in Eighteenth-Century Ch'ing China. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Zelin, Madeleine 2004. “A Critique of Property Rights in Prewar China.” In Zelin, M., Ocko, J. K., and Gardella, R., eds. Contract and Property in Early Modern China, 17–36. Stanford University Press.
Zelin, Madeleine 2005. The Merchants of Zigong: Industrial Entrepreneurship in Early Modern China. New York: Columbia University Press.
Zelin, Madeleine 2009. “The Firm in Early Modern China.” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 71.4: 623–37.
Zelin, Madeleine, Ocko, Jonathan K., and Gardella, Robert, eds. 2004. Contract and Property in Early Modern China. Stanford University Press.
Zhang Guogang, 张国刚. 2006. “Tangdai bingzhide yanbian yu zhonggu shehui bianqian” 唐代 兵制的演变与中古社会变迁. Zhongguo shehui kexue 中国社会科学 4: 178–89.
Zhang Guogang, 张国刚. 2012. “Tangdai nongye jiating shengji tanlüe” 唐代農業家庭生計探略. Zhongguo wenshi luncong 中國文史論叢 98: 1–51.
Zhang Haipeng, 张海鹏 and Tingyuan, Wang 王廷元. 1995. Hui shang yanjiu 徽商研究. Hefei: Anhui renmin chubanshe.
Zhang Jinguang, 张金光. 2007. “Pubian shoutianzhide zhongjie yu siyou diquande xingcheng – Zhangjiashan Hanjian yu Qinjian bijiao yanjiu zhi yi” 普遍授田制的终结与私有地权的 形成 – 张家山汉简与秦简比较研究之一. Lishi yanjiu 历史研究 5: 49–65.
Zhang Jinling, 张金岭. 2001. Wan Song shiqi caizheng weiji yanjiu 晚宋时期财政危机研究. Chengdu: Sichuan daxue chubanshe.
Zhang Jinpeng, 张锦鹏. 2003. Songdai shangpin gongji yanjiu 宋代商品供给研究. Kunming: Yunnan daxue chubanshe.
Zhang Li, 张丽. 2010. Feipinghenghua yu bupingheng: cong Wuxi jindai nongcun jingji fazhan kan Zhongguo jindai nongcun jingjide zhuanxing (1840–1949) 非平衡化与不平衡: 从 无锡近代农村经济发展看中国近代农村经济的转型. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.
Zhang Rongqiang, 张荣强. 2005. “‘Ernian lüling’ yu Handai keyi shenfen” 《二年律令》与汉 代课役身分. Zhongguo shi yanjiu 中国史研究 2: 25–41.
Zhang, Taisu. 2011. “Property Rights in Land, Agricultural Capitalism, and the Relative Decline of Pre-Industrial China.” San Diego International Law Journal 13: 129–200.
Zhang Xunliao, 张勋燎 and Panshi, Liu 刘磐石. 1980. “Sichuan Pixian Dong Han canbei de xingzhi he niandai” 四川郫县东汉残碑的性质和年代. Wenwu 文物 4: 72–3.
Zhang Youyi, 章有义. 1984. Ming Qing Huizhou tudi guanxi yanjiu 明清徽州土地关系研究. Beijing: Zhongguo shehui kexue chubanshe.
Zhang Zhongmin, 张忠民. 2002. Jiannande bianqian: jindai Zhongguo gongsi zhidu yanjiu 艰难的变迁:近代中国公司制度研究. Shanghai: Shanghai shehui kexueyuan chubanshe.
Zhao, Gang. 2013. The Qing Opening to the Ocean: Chinese Maritime Policies, 1684–1757. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
Zhao Guangxian, 赵光贤. 1979. “Cong Qiu Wei zhu qiming kan Xi Zhoude tudi jiaoyi” 从裘卫 诸器铭看西周的土地交易. Beijing shifan daxue xuebao (shehui kexue ban) 北京师范 大学学报 (社会科学版) 6: 16–23.
Zhao Ming, 昭明 and Liqing, Ma 马利清. 2007. Zhongguo gudai huobi 中国古代货币. Tianjin: Baihua wenyi chubanshe.
Zhao Ping'an, 赵平安. 2004. “Zhanguo wenzi zhongde yan zi jiqi xiangguan wenti yanjiu” 战 国文字中的盐字及其相关问题研究. Kaogu 考古 8: 728–33.
Zheng Binglin, 郑炳林. 2004. “Wan Tang Wudai Dunhuang shangye maoyi shichang yanjiu” 晚唐五代敦煌商业贸易市场研究. Dunhuangxue jikan 敦煌学楫刊 1: 103–18.
Zheng Yibing, 郑亦兵. 1994. “Qingdai qianqi neilu liangshi yunshuliang ji bianhua qushi” 清代 前期内陆粮食运输量 及变化趋势. Zhongguo jingji shi yanjiu 中国经济史研究 3: 80–92.
Zheng Zhenman, . 2001. Family Lineage Organization and Social Change in Ming and Qing Fujian. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press.
Zhongguo shehui kexueyuan lishi yanjiusuo Song Liao Jin Yuan shi yanjiushi 中国社会科学院历史研 究所宋辽金元史研究室, ed. 1985. Song Liao Jin shi lunji 宋辽金史论集. Beijing: Zhonghua shuju.
Zhou Junmin, 周俊敏. 2003. Guanzi jingji lunli sixiang yanjiu 管子经济伦理思想研究. Changsha: Yuelu shushe.
Zhou Lin, 周琳. 2011. “Chengshi shangren tuanti yu shangye zhixu: Qingdai Chongqing basheng kezhang tiaochu shangye jiufen huodong wei zhongxin” 城市商人团体与商业秩 序: 清代重庆八省客长调处商业纠纷活动为中心. Nanjing daxue xuebao (zhexue renwen kexue shehui kexue ban) 南京大学学报 (哲学人文科学社会科学版) 2:80–99.
Zhou Xiaolu, 周晓陆 and Dongzhi, Lu 路东之. 2005. “Xincai gucheng Zhanguo fengnide chubu kaocha” 新蔡古城战国封泥的初步考察. Wenwu 文物 1: 51–61.
Zhou Ziqiang, 周自强. 1987. “Chonglun Xi Zhou shiqide ‘gongtian’ he ‘sitian” 重论西周时期 的『公田』和『私田』. Shilin 史林 1: 1–10.
Zhou Ziqiang, 周自强. ed. 2007. Zhongguo jingji tongshi: Xian Qin 中国经济通史:先秦. Beijing: Jingji ribao chubanshe.
Zhu Fenghan, 朱风瀚. 2004. Shang Zhou jiazu xingtai yanjiu 商周家族形态研究. Rev. edn. Tianjin: Tianjin guji chubanshe.
Zhu Honglin, 朱紅林. 2008. Zhangjiashan Hanjian “Ernian lüling” yanjiu 张家山汉简《二年 律令》研究. Haerbin: Heilongjiang renmin chubanshe.
Zhu Ruixi, 朱瑞熙. 2006. “Songdai tudi jiage yanjiu” 宋代土地價格研究. Zhonghua wenshi luncong 中華文史論叢 82: 97–157.
Zhu Shaohou, 朱绍侯. 1985. Qin Han tudi zhidu yu jieji guanxi 秦汉土地制度与阶级关系. Zhengzhou: Zhongzhou guji chubanshe.
Zhuang Guotu, 庄国土. 1995. “16–18 shiji baiyin liuru Zhongguo shuliang gusuan” 16–18世纪 白银流入中国数量估算. Zhongguo qianbi 中国钱币 5: 3–10.
Zurndorfer, Harriet. 2011. “Contracts, Property, and Litigation: Intermediation and Adjudication in the Huizhou Region (Anhui) in Sixteenth-Century China.” In Ma, D. and Zanden, J. L. van, eds. Law and Long-Term Economic Change: A Eurasian Perspective, 91–114. Stanford University Press.
Zurndorfer, Harriet 2013. “Cotton Textile Production in Jiangnan during the Ming-Qing Era and the Matter of Market-Driven Growth.” In So, B. K. L., ed. The Economic History of Lower Yangzi Delta in Late Imperial China: Connecting Money, Markets, and Institutions, 72–98. London: Routledge.