Skip to main content
The Viennese Students of Civilization
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 7
  • Cited by
    This (lowercase (translateProductType product.productType)) has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Kolev, Stefan 2018. Wilhelm Röpke (1899–1966). Vol. 20, Issue. , p. 65.

    Leeson, Robert 2018. Hayek: A Collaborative Biography. p. 45.

    Potts, Jason Hartley, John Montgomery, Lucy Neylon, Cameron and Rennie, Ellie 2017. A journal is a club: a new economic model for scholarly publishing. Prometheus, Vol. 35, Issue. 1, p. 75.

    Lewis, Paul and Wagner, Richard E. 2017. New Austrian macro theory: A call for inquiry. The Review of Austrian Economics, Vol. 30, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Linsbichler, Alexander 2017. Was Ludwig von Mises a Conventionalist?. p. 1.

    Dekker, Erwin 2017. Schumpeter: Theorist of the avant-garde. The Review of Austrian Economics,

    Dekker, Erwin 2016. Research in the History of Economic Thought and Methodology. Vol. 34, Issue. , p. 45.

  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    The Viennese Students of Civilization
    • Online ISBN: 9781316411162
    • Book DOI:
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to *
  • Buy the print book

Book description

This book argues that the work of the Austrian economists, including Carl Menger, Joseph Schumpeter, Ludwig von Mises and Friedrich Hayek, has been too narrowly interpreted. Through a study of Viennese politics and culture, it demonstrates that the project they were engaged in was much broader: the study and defense of a liberal civilization. Erwin Dekker shows the importance of the civilization in their work and how they conceptualized their own responsibilities toward that civilization, which was attacked left and right during the interwar period. Dekker argues that what differentiates their position is that they thought of themselves primarily as students of that civilization rather than as social scientists, or engineers. This unique focus and approach is related to the Viennese setting of the circles, which constitute the heart of Viennese intellectual life in the interwar period.


'… a brilliant exploration of the historical, scientific, philosophical and cultural context of the Austrian School of economics … Any reader fascinated by intellectual history and the play between idealizations and circumstances will find Dekker’s approach very illuminating.'

Peter Boettke - George Mason University, Virginia

'Erwin Dekker’s thoughtful book firmly situates the so-called ‘Austrian School’ of economics within its Viennese background, showing its members can be better thought of as students of civilization than as disciplinary economists … The Viennese Students of Civilization is to be welcomed as an important contribution to twentieth-century intellectual economic history and current political thought.'

Haaro Mass - University of Lausanne

'In this thoughtful account of interwar Vienna and the Austrian tradition, Erwin Dekker reveals a humanistic scholarly sensibility quite rare amongst historians of economics. He adroitly interweaves the exploration of economics, sensibility and culture, yielding a book that will appeal to a correspondingly broad readership.'

Robert Leonard - Université du Québec à Montréal

'Dekker’s volume opens up many interesting historiographic questions and suggests many compelling research paths. By arguing that even the logical-deductive theorists of the Austrian school shared many insights in the development of society and the political role of economists, the book proves to be an effective manifesto in favour of studying economics and economic thought from a cultural point of view. It thus constitutes a useful reading for students in economics and history.'

Monika Poettinger Source: History of Economic Ideas

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
Adorno, Theodor W. 1969. “Scientific Experiences of a European Scholar in America.” In The Intellectual Migration: Europe and America, 1930–1960, ed. Fleming, Donald. and Bailyn, Bernard, pp. 338370. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Akerlof, George A. and Kranton, Rachel E.. 2010. Identity Economics: How Our Identities Shape Our Work, Wages and Well-Being. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Allen, Robert L. 1994. Opening Doors the Life and Work of Joseph Schumpeter, Volume 1: Europe. New Jersey: Transaction Publishers.
Amadae, S. M. 2003. Rationalizing Capitalist Democracy: The Cold War Origins of Rational Choice Liberalism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Arendt, Hannah. 1968. Men in Dark Times. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Janovich.
Aristotle, . 2009. Nichomachean Ethics, ed. Ross, David and Brown, Lesley. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bailes, Christopher. 2012. “Ludwig Wittgenstein and Hermann Broch: The Need for Fiction and Logic in Moral Philosophy”. Washington University Open Scholarship.
Berger, Peter L. 1963. Invitation to Sociology: A Humanistic Perspective. New York: Anchor Books.
Berger, Peter L. and Kellner, Hansfried. 1982. Sociology Reinterpreted. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
Berman, Sheri. 1997. “Civil Society and the Collapse of the Weimar Republic.” World Politics 49 (3): 401429.
Bernal, J. D. 1939. The Social Function of Science. London: Routledge & Sons.
Bernstein, Michael A. 2001. A Perilous Progress: Economists and Public Purpose in Twentieth-Century America. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Birner, Jack. 1999. “The Surprising Place of Cognitive Psychology in the Work of F.A. Hayek.” History of Economic Ideas 7 (1–2): 4384.
Blaug, Mark. 1962. Economic Theory in Retrospect. London: Heinemann.
Blaug, Mark. 1992. The Methodology of Economics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Boettke, Peter J. 1994. The Elgar Companion to Austrian Economics. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Boettke, Peter J. 2010. Handbook on Contemporary Austrian Economics. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Boettke, Peter J. 2012. Living Economics: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow. Oakland: The Independent Institute.
Bohm, Franz, Eucken, Walter, and Grossmann-Doerth, Hans. 1936/1989. “The Ordo Manifesto of 1936.” In Germany’s Social Market Economy, ed. Peacock, Alan and Wilgerodt, Hans, 1526. London: Trade Policy Research Centre.
Boltanski, Lu and Thévenot, Laurent. 2006. On Justification: Economies of Worth. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Boulding, Kenneth E. 1963. “Towards a Pure Theory of Threat Systems.” The American Economic Review 53 (2): 424434.
Boulding, Kenneth E. 1969. “Economics as a Moral Science.” The American Economic Review 59 (1): 112.
Broch, Hermann. 1946a. “Geschichtsgesetz Und Willensfreiheit.” In Massenpsychologie: Schriften Aus Dem Nachlass, 237312. Zürich: Rhein-Verlag.
Broch, Hermann. 1946b. The Death of Virgil. London: George Routledge & Sons.
Broch, Hermann. 2002. “Hugo von Hofmannstahl and His Time: Art and Its Non-Style at the End of the Nineteenth Century.” In Geist and Zeitgeist: The Spiritual in an Unspiritual Age, ed. Hargraves, John, 141210. New York: Counterpoint.
Buck, Peter. 1985. “Adjusting to Military Life: The Social Sciences Go to War, 1941–1950.” In Military Enterprise and Technological Change: Perspectives on the American Experience, ed. Smith, Merritt Roe, 203–52. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Burgin, Angus. 2012. The Great Persuasion: Reinventing Free Markets Since the Depression. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Böhm-Bawerk, Eugen von. 1891. The Positive Theory of Capital. London: Macmillan and Company.
Böhm-Bawerk, Eugen von. 1914/1924. “Macht Oder Ökonomisch Gesetz.” In Gesammelte Schriften von Eugen von Böhm Bawerk, ed. Weiss, Franz X., 230300. Wien: Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky.
Caldwell, Bruce. 1988. “Hayek’s Transformation.” History of Political Economy 20 (4): 513541.
Caldwell, Bruce. 1997. “Introduction.” In The Collected Works of F.A. Hayek: Volume X. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Caldwell, Bruce. 2004. Hayek’s Challenge. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Cassidy, John. 2000. “The Hayek Century.” Hoover’s Digest (3).
Cassidy, John. 2010. “Interview with John Cochrane (After the Blow-up Series).” The New Yorker (January 13).
Clarke, Maurice D. 1888. “Therapeutic Nihilism.” Boston Medical and Surgical Journal 119 (9): 199201.
Coase, Ronald H. 1934. “The Nature of the Firm.” Economica 4 (16): 386405.
Coen, Deborah R. 2007. Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty: Science, Liberalism, and Private Life. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Collins, Randall. 1998. The Sociology of Philosophies: A Global Theory of Intellectual Change. Harvard: Harvard University Press.
Collins, Randall. 2004. Interaction Ritual Chains. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Congdon, Lee. 1991. Exile and Social Thought: Hungarian Intellectuals in Germany and Austria 1919–1934. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Cowen, Tyler. 2007. Discover Your Inner Economist. New York: Dutton.
Cowen, Tyler. 2013. “One Further Thought on the Reinhart and Rogoff Fracas.” Marginal Revolution.
Crankshaw, Edward. 1938. Vienna: The Image of a Culture in Decline. London: Macmillan.
Cravens, Hamilton. 2012. “Column Right, March! Nationalism, Scientific Positivism, and the Conservative Turn of the American Social Sciences in the Cold War Era.” In Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and Human Nature, ed. Solovey, Mark and Cravens, Hamilton, 117–35. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Craver, Earlene. 1986. “The Emigration of the Austrian Economists.” History of Political Economy 18 (1): 132.
Craver, Eearlen and Leijonhufvud, Axel. 1987. “Economics in America: the Continental Influence.” History of Political Economy, 19 (2): 173182.
Cushing, James T. 1994. Quantum Mechanics: Historical Contingency and the Copenhagen Hegemony. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Dahms, Hans-Joachim. 1995. The Migration of the Vienna Circle. In Vertreibung der Vernunft: The Cultural Exodus from Austria, ed. Stadler, Friedrich and Weibel, Peter, 5779. Wien: Springer-Verlag.
Davis, John B. 2011. Individuals and Identity in Economics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Dekker, Erwin (2014). “The Intellectual Networks of Otto Neurath: Between the Coffeehouse and Academia.” In European Encounters: Intellectual Exchange and the Rethinking of Europe 1914–1945.
Dietl, Joseph. 1845. “Praktische Wahrnehmungen Nach Den Ergebnissen Im Wiedner-Bezirkskrankenhause.” Zeitschrift Der K.u.k. Gesellschaft Der Aerzte Zu Wien 1 (2): 926.
Dietl, Joseph. 1849. Der Aderlass in Der Lungentzündung. Klinisch Und Physiologisch Erötert. Wien: Kaulfuss Witwe, Prandel & Comp.
Drucker, Peter F. 1939. The End of Economic Man: A Study of the New Totalitarianism. London: William Heinemann.
Dunning, Eric and Mennell, Stephen. 1996. “Preface.” In The Germans: Power Struggles and the Development of Habitus in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, viixvi. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Ebenstein, Alan. 2003. Hayek’s Journey: The Mind of Friedrich Hayek. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Ebner, Alexander. 2005. “Hayek on Entrepreneurship: Competition, Market Process and Cultural Evolution.” In Entrepreneurship, Money and Coordination, ed. Backhaus, Jürgen G., 131149. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Ekelund, Robert B. and Hébert, Robert F.. 1983. A History of Economic Theory and Method. Auckland: McGraw-Hill.
Elias, Norbert. 1939/2000. The Civilizing Process: Sociogenetic and Psychogenetic Investigations. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.
Elias, Norbert. 1996. The Germans: Power Struggles and the Development of Habitus in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Oxford: Polity Press.
Engel-Janosi, Friedrich. 1974. … Aber ein Stolzer Bettler: Erinnerungen aus einer Verlorenen Generation. Graz: Styria.
Fleck, Christian. 1996. Emigration of Social Scientists’ Schools from Austria. In Forced Migration and Scientific Change, eds. Ash, Mitchell G. & Söllner, Alfons, 198223. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.
Foss, Nicolai Juul. 1995. “More on ‘Hayek’s Transformation’.” History of Political Economy 27 (2): 345364.
Francis, Mark and Stacy, Barrie. 1985. “Freud and the Enlightenment.” In The Viennese Enlightenment, ed. Francis, Mark, pp. 88128. Kent: Croom Helm.
Frank, Robert H. 2008. The Economic Naturalist. London: Virgin Books.
Franz, Georg. 1955. Liberalismus: Die Deutschliberale Bewegung in der Habsburgischen Monarchie. München: G.D.W. Callwey.
Freud, Sigmund. 1930. Civilization and Its Discontents. London: Hogarth Press.
Fuchs, Albert. 1949. Geistige Strömungen in Österreich 1867–1918. Wien: Globus Verlag.
Fukuyama, Francis. 1989. “The End of History?” National Interest (16): 3–18.
Gadamer, Hans-Georg. 1975. “Philosophy & Social Criticism.” Philosophy & Social Criticism 2: 307.
Gadamer, Hans-Georg. 2004. Truth and Method. London: Continuum.
Gray, John. 1984. Hayek on Liberty. New York: Basil Blackwell.
Gray, John. 2000. Two Faces of Liberalism. New York: Polity Press.
Grillparzer, Franz. 1962. King Ottocar: His Rise and Fall. Ed. Burkhard, Arthur. Yarmouth Port: The Register Press.
Groenewegen, Peter D. 2001. Physicians and Political Economy: Six Studies of the Work of Doctor-Economists. London: Routledge.
Gruen, William. 1939. “What Is Logical Empiricism.” Partisan Review 6 (5): 6477.
Haag, John. 1976. “Othmar Spann and the Quest for a ‘True State’.” Austrian History Yearbook 12: 227250.
Haberler, Gottfried von. 1983. “Fritz Machlup: In Memoriam.” Cato Journal 3: 1114.
Hacohen, Malachi H. 2000. Karl Popper, the Formative Years, 1902–1945: Politics and Philosophy in Interwar Vienna. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hahn, Hans, Neurath, Otto, and Carnap, Rudolf. 1929/1979. “Wissenschaftliche Weltauffassung: Der Wiener Kreis.” In Otto Neurath: Wissenschaftliche Weltauffassung, Sozialismus Und Logischer Empirismus, ed. Hegelsmann, Rainer, 79101. Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp Verlag.
Hahn, Robert W. 1989. “Economic Prescriptions for Environmental Problems: How the Patient Followed the Doctor’s Orders.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 3 (2): 95114.
Hamann, Brigitte (ed ). 1979. Majestät, Ich Warne Sie …: Geheime Und Private Schriften. Wien: Amalthea.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1926/1992. “Friedrich von Wieser (1851–1926).” In The Collected Works of F.A. Hayek: Volume IV, The Fortunes of Liberalism, 108125. London: Routledge.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1933. “The Trend of Economic Thinking.” Economica (40): 121–137.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1937. “Economics and Knowledge.” Economica 4 (13): 3354.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1939. Freedom and the Economic System. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1944/1992. “Historians and the Future of Europe.” In The Collected Works of F.A. Hayek: Volume IV, The Fortunes of Liberalism, ed. Klein, Peter G., 201215. London: Routledge.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1944. The Road to Serfdom. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1945. “The Use of Knowledge in Society.” The American Economic Review 35 (4): 519530.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1947/1967. “Opening Address to a Conference at Mont Pèlerin.” In Studies in Philosophy, Politics and Economics, 148159. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1948. “Individualism: True and False.” In Individualism & Economic Order. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1949. “The Intellectuals and Socialism.” The University of Chicago Law Review 16 (3): 417433.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1952. The Counter-Revolution of Science: Studies on the Abuse of Reason. Glencoe: Free Press.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1956/2007. “Foreword to the 1956 American Paperback Edition.” In The Road to Serfdom: The Definitive Edition, ed. Caldwell, Bruce, 3952. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1960. The Constitution of Liberty. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1962. “The Moral Element in Enterprise.” The Freeman 8 (July): 4451.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1962. “The Pretence of Knowledge.” The Swedish Journal of Economics 77 (4): 433442.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1979. “Interviews with Hayek.”
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1981. “Foreword.” In Socialism, ed. von Mises, Ludwig, xixxxiv. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1982. Law, Legislation and Liberty, Volume 3: The Political Order of a Free People. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1988. The Collected Works of Friedrich August Hayek Vol I, The Fatal Conceit: The Errors of Socialism, ed. Bartley, W.W. III. Vol. I. London: Routledge.
Hayek, Friedrich A. von. 1994. Hayek on Hayek. London: Routledge.
Heilbroner, Robert L. 1953. The Worldly Philosophers: The Lives, Times, and Ideas of the Great Economic Thinkers. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Heims, S. J. 1991. “Fritz London and the Community of Quantum Physicists.” In World Views and Scientific Discipline Formation, ed. Woordward, William R.. Vol. 134. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
Heizmann, Jürgen. 2003. “A Farewell to Art: Poetic Reflection in Broch’s Der Tod Des Vergil.” In Hermann Broch, Visionary in Exile: The 2001 Yale Symposium, ed. Lützeler, Paul Michael, 187200. Rochester: Camden House.
Helling, Ingeborg Katharina. 1984. “A. Schutz and F. Kaufmann: Sociology Between Science and Interpretation.” Human Studies 7: 141161.
Hennecke, Hans Jörg. 2000. Friedrich August von Hayek: Die Tradition Der Freiheit. Düsseldorf: Verlag Wirtschaft und Finanzen.
Hermann, Friedrich Wilhelm. 1832. Staatswirtschaftliche Untersuchungen. München: Anton Weberschen Buchhandlung.
Heyne, Paul T. 1973. The Economic Way of Thinking. Chicago: Science Research Associates.
Heyt, Friso D. 1999. “Popper’s Vienna. A Contribution to the History of the Ideas of Critical Rationalism.” Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research 12 (4): 525541.
Hicks, John. 1939. Value and Capital: An Inquiry into Some Fundamental Principles of Economic Theory. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press.
Hicks, John. 1984. “The Formation of an Economist.” In The Economics of John Hicks, ed. Helm, Dieter, 281290. New York: Basil Blackwell.
Hirschman, Albert O. 1977. The Passions and the Interests: Political Arguments for Capitalism Before Its Triumph. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Hirschman, Albert O. 1982. “Rival Interpretations of Market Society: Civilizing, Destructive, or Feeble?Journal of Economic Literature 20 (4): 14631484.
Homans, Jennifer. 2012. “Tony Judt: A Final Victory.” New York Review of Books (March).
Horwitz, Steven. 2005. “Review Essay Friedrich Hayek, Austrian Economist.” Journal of the History of Economic Thought 27 (1): 7185.
Howson, Susan. 2006. “Hayek’s Journey: The Mind of Friedrich Hayek Review.” History of Political Economy 38 (3): 555556.
Hughes, Stuart H. 1956. “Is the Intellectual Obsolete?Commentary 22 (4): 313.
Hughes, Stuart H. 1958. Consciousness and Society: the Reorientation of European Social Thought, 1890–1930. New York: Knopf.
Huizinga, Johan. 1938. Homo Ludens: Proeve Eener Bepaling Van Het Spel-element Der Cultuur. Haarlem: H.D. Tjeenk Willink & Zoon.
Huizinga, Johan. 1949. Homo Ludens-A Study of the Play - Element in Culture. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Hülsmann, Jörg Guido. 2007. Mises: The Last Knight of Liberalism. Auburn: Mises Institute.
Huntington, Samuel P. 1998. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. London: Simon & Schuster.
Hutchison, Terence W. 1964. Positive Economics and Policy Objectives. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Ingrao, Bruno and Israel, Giorgio. 1990. The Invisible Hand. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Jabloner, Clemens. 1998. “Kelsen and His Circle: The Viennese Years.” European Journal of International Law 9 (2): 368385.
Janik, Allan. 1981. “Therapeutic Nihilism: How Not to Write About Otto Weininger.” In Structure and Gestalt, ed. Smith, Barry, 263292. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
Janik, Allan. 1985. Essays on Wittgenstein and Weininger. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Janik, Allan and Toulmin, Stephen. 1973. Wittgenstein’s Vienna. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Johnston, William M. 1972. The Austrian Mind: An Intellectual and Social History, 1848–1938. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Judson, Pieter M. 1996. Exclusive Revolutionaries: Liberal Politics, Social Experience, and National Identity in the Austrian Empire 1848–1914. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Judt, Tony. 2010. Ill Fares the Land. New York: Penguin Press.
Kaufmann, Felix. 1992. Wiener Lieder zu Philosophie und Ökonomie. Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer Verlag.
Keynes, John Maynard. 1924. “Alfred Marshall 1842–1924.” The Economic Journal 34 (135): 311372.
Keynes, John Maynard. 1930/1963. Essays in Persuasion. London: W.W. Norton & Company.
Keynes, John Maynard. 1936. The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money. London: Macmillan and Co.
Kirzner, Israel M. 1987. “The Austrian School of Economics.” In The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, ed. Eatwell, J., Milgate, M. and Newman, Peter. London: Macmillan.
Klamer, Arjo. 2007. Speaking of Economics: How to Get in the Conversation. London: Routledge.
Klausinger, Hansjörg. 2005. Die Austroliberalen und die Kampagne in “Neuen Wiener Tagblatt”, 1931–1934. In Wirtschaftspolitische Beiträge in kritischer Zeit (1931–1934), 1136. Marburg: Metropolis Verlag.
Klausinger, Hansjörg. 2006. “In the Wilderness”: Emigration and the Decline of the Austrian School. History of Political Economy, 38(4), 617664.
Klausinger, Hansjörg. 2013. Academic Anti-Semitism and the Austrian School: Vienna, 1918–1945 (No. 155) (pp. 1–25).
Klausinger, Hansjörg. 2014. Hans Mayer, Last Knight of the Austrian School, Vienna Branch. Paper presented at HOPE, Duke University.
Knight, Frank H. 1923. “The Ethics of Competition.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 37 (4): 579624.
Konrád, György. 1984. Antipolitics. New York: Harcourt Brace Janovich.
Koppl, Roger, Horwitz, Steve, and Desrochers, Pierre. 2010. What Is so Austrian About Austrian Economics. Bingley: Emerald Group.
Kurrild-Klitgaard, Peter. 2003. “The Viennese Connection: Alfred Schutz and the Austrian School.” The Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics 6 (2): 3567.
Lavoie, Don. 1985. Rivalry and Central Planning: The Socialist Calculation Debate Reconsidered. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lavoie, Don. 2011. “The Interpretive Dimension of Economics.” The Review of Austrian Economics 24 (2): 91128.
Lachmann, Ludwig M. 1982. “The Salvage of Ideas: Problems of the Revival of Austrian Economic Thought.” Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics 138: 629–45.
Lederer, Emil. 1940. State of the Masses: The Threat of the Classless Society. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
Leonard, Robert J. 1998. “The History of Science Society, Ethics and the Excluded Middle: Karl Menger and Social Science in Interwar Vienna.” Isis 89 (1): 126.
Leonard, Robert J. 2010. Von Neumann, Morgenstern, and the Creation of Game Theory: From Chess to Social Science, 1900–1960. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Leonard, Robert J. 2011. “The Collapse of Interwar Vienna: Oskar Morgenstern’s Community, 1925–50.” History of Political Economy 43 (1) (February 28): 83130.
Leser, Norbert. 1981. Das Geistige Leben Wiens in Der Zwischenkriegszeit. Wien: Österreichischer Bundesverlag.
Lesky, Erna. 1976. The Vienna Medical School of the 19th Century. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Liebersohn, Harry. 1990. Fate and Utopia in German Sociology, 1870–1923. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Lipking, Lawrence. 1981. The Life of the Poet: Beginning and Ending of Poetic Careers. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Littlechild, Stephen. 1990. Austrian Economics: Volume 1–3. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
MacIntyre, Alasdair C. 1984. After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press.
Machlup, Fritz. 1932/2005a. “Kontingentverträge?”. In Wirtschaftpublizistische Beiträge in kritischer Zeit (1931–1934) ed. Klausinger, H., 6972. Marburg: Metropolis Verlag.
Machlup, Fritz. 1932/2005b. “Währungspolitische Quacksalbereien”. In Wirtschaftpublizistische Beiträge in kritischer Zeit (1931–1934) ed. Klausinger, H., 7274. Marburg: Metropolis Verlag.
Machlup, Fritz. 1932/2005c. “Industrieförderung?”. In Wirtschaftpublizistische Beiträge in kritischer Zeit (1931–1934) ed. Klausinger, H., 116117. Marburg: Metropolis Verlag.
Machlup, Fritz. 1933/2005b. “Ärzte der Wirtschaft”. In Wirtschaftpublizistische Beiträge in kritischer Zeit (1931–1934) ed. Klausinger, H., 202206. Marburg: Metropolis Verlag.
Machlup, Fritz. 1959. “Statics and Dynamics: Kaleidoscopic Words.” Southern Economic Journal 26 (2): 91110.
Machlup, Fritz. 1962. The Production and Distribution of Knowledge in the United States. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Madison, G Brent. 1990. “How Individualistic Is Methodological Individualism.” Critical Review 4 (1–2): 4160.
Magris, Claudio. 1989. Danube. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
Malinowski, Bronislaw. 1941. “Man’s Culture and Man’s Behaviour.” Sigma Xi Quarterly 29 (3–4): 182196.
Malinowski, Bronislaw. 1947. Freedom and Civilization. London: George Allen & Unwin.
McCloskey, Deirdre N. 1994. Knowledge and Persuasion in Economics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
McCloskey, Deirdre N. 2006. The Bourgeois Virtues: Ethics for an Age of Commerce. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
McCraw, Thomas K. 2007. Prophet of Innovation: Joseph Schumpeter and Creative Destruction. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
McGill, V. J. 1936. “An Evaluation of Logical Positivism.” Science & Society 1 (1): 4580.
McGucken, William. 1978. “On Freedom and Planning in Science: The Society for Freedom in Science, 1940-46.” Minerva 16 (1): 4272.
Medema, Steven G. 2009. The Hesitant Hand: Taming Self-Interest in the History of Economic Ideas. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Menger, Anton. 1886. Das Recht Auf Den Vollen Arbeitsertrag in Geschichtlicher Darstellung. Stuttgart: J.G. Cotta.
Menger, Carl. 1871/1950. Principles of Economics. Glencoe: The Free Press.
Menger, Carl. 1883/2009. Investigations into the Method of the Social Sciences. Auburn: Mises Institute.
Menger, Carl. 1891/1935. The Collected Works of Carl Menger Vol. 3: Kleinere Schriften zur Methode und Geschichte der Volkswirtschaftslehre. London: The London School of Economics and Political Science.
Menger, Karl. 1994. Reminiscences of the Vienna Circle and the Mathematical Colloquium, eds. Golland, Louise, McGuiness, Brian, and Sklar, Abe. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.
Menger, Max. 1866. Die Auf Selbsthilfe Gestützten Genossenschaften Im Handwerker-Und Arbeiterstande: Vorträge Gehalten Im Fortbildungs-Verein Für Buchdrucker in Wien. Wien: Fortbildungs-Verein für Buchdrucker in Wien.
Menger, Max. 1873. Die Wahlreform in Österreich. Vienna: Verlag von K. Rosner.
Mennell, Stephen and Goudsblom, Johan. 1997. “Civilizing Processes-Myth or Reality? A Comment on Duerr’s Critique of Elias.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 39 (4): 729733.
Mirowski, Philip. 2002. Machine Dreams: Economics Becomes a Cyborg Science. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Mirowski, Philip. 2009. “Postface: Defining Neoliberalism.” In The Road from Mont-Pèlerin: The Making of the Neoliberal Thought Collective, ed. Mirowski, Philip and Plehwe, Dieter, pp. 417455. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Mirowski, Philip. 2012. A History Best Served Cold. In Uncertain Empire: American History and the Idea of the Cold War, ed. Isaac, Joel and Bell, Duncan, pp. 6174. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Mirowski, Philip, and Plehwe, Dieter. 2009. The Road from Mont Pèlerin: The Making of the Neoliberal Thought Collective. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Mises, Ludwig von. 1919/1983. Nation, State and Economy: Contributions to the Politics and History of Our Time. New York: New York University Press.
Mises, Ludwig von. 1922/1951. Socialism: An Economic and Sociological Analysis. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Mises, Ludwig von. 1926/1977. A Critique of Interventionism. New York: Arlington House.
Mises, Ludwig von. 1931. “Die Psychologischen Wurzeln des Widerstandes gegen die Nationaloekonomische Theorie.” Eds. von Mises, Ludwig and Spiethoff, Arthur. Schriften Des Vereins Für Sozialpolitik 183 (1): 275295.
Mises, Ludwig von. 1932. “Review of ‘Die Letzten Jahrzehnte Einer Groβmacht’ by Rudolph Sieghart.” Economica 38: 477–78.
Mises, Ludwig von. 1942/1978. Ludwig Von Mises, Notes and Recollections. South Holland: Libertarian Press.
Mises, Ludwig von. 1949/2007. Human Action: A Treatise on Economics. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund.
Mises, Ludwig von. 1944. Omnipotent Government: The Rise of the Total State and Total War. Yale: Yale University Press.
Mises, Ludwig von. 2002. Selected Writings of Ludwig von Mises: Between Two World Wars. Ed. Ebeling, Richard M. Indianapolis: Liberty Fund.
Morgenstern, Oskar. 1928. Wirtschaftsprognose: Eine Untersuchung Ihrer Voraussetzungen Und Möglichkeiten. Wien: Julius Fischer Verlag.
Mulder, Henk L. 1968. “Wissenschaftliche Weltauffassung - Der Wiener Kreis.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 6 (4): 386390.
Müller, Karl H. 1998. “The Ideal Worlds of the Austrian Political Economists.” In Vertreibung Der Vernunft: The Cultural Exodus from Austria, ed. Stadler, Friedrich and Weibel, Peter, 146159. Wien: Springer.
Musil, Robert. 1930. Der Mann Ohne Eigenschaften. Berlin: Rowohlt.
Neider, Heinrich. 1973. “Memories of Otto Neurath.” In Empiricism and Sociology, ed. Neurath, Marie and Cohen, Robert S., 4549. Dordrecht: D. Reidel Publishing Company.
Nelson, Julie A. 2006. Economics for Humans. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Neurath, Otto. 1916/2004. “Economics in Kind, Calculation in Kind and Their Relation to War Economics.” In Economic Writings: Selections 1904–1945, ed. Uebel, Thomas E. and Cohen, Robert S., 299311. Dordrecht: Springer.
Neurath, Otto. 1917/2004. “The Economic Order of the Future and the Economic Sciences.” In Economic Writings: Selections 1904–1945, ed. Uebel, Thomas E. and Cohen, Robert S., 241261. Dordrecht: Springer.
Neurath, Otto. 1919/2004. “War Economy.” In Economic Writings: Selections 1904–1945, ed. Uebel, Thomas E. and Cohen, Robert S., 153199. Dordrecht: Springer.
Nietzsche, Friedrich. 1887/2006. On the Genealogy of Morality. Ed. Ansell-Pearson, Keith. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Novick, Peter. 1988. That Noble Dream: The “Objectivity Question” and the American Historical Profession. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Nozick, Robert. 1974. Anarchy, State and Utopia. New York: Basic Books.
O’Hear, A. (2009). Popperian Individualism Today. In Rethinking Popper eds. Parusnikova, Z. and Cohen, Robert S., 205214. Dordrecht: Springer.
Oakeshott, Michael. 1962. Rationalism in Politics and Other Essays. London: Methuen.
Ostrom, Elinor. 1990. Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Plehwe, Dieter. 2009. “Introduction.” In The Road from Mont-Pèlerin: The Making of the Neoliberal Thought Collective, 142. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Plener, Ernst von. 1911. Erinnerungen - Bd. 1. Jugend, Paris und London bis 1873. Stuttgart: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt.
Pocock, J. G. A. 2009. Political Thought and History: Essays on Theory and Method. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Polanyi, Karl. 1945. Origins of Our Time: The Great Transformation. Ed. Gollancz, Victor. London.
Polanyi, Michael. 1940. The Contempt of Freedom: The Russian Experiment and After. London: Watts & Co.
Polanyi, Michael. 1958. Personal Knowledge: Towards a Post-Critical Philosophy. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Popper, Karl R. 1945. The Open Society and Its Enemies, Volume 1: The Spell of Plato. London: Routledge.
Popper, Karl R. 1950/2003. “Preface to the Second Edition.” In The Open Society and Its Enemies. Volume One: The Spell of Plato, xixiii. London: Routledge.
Popper, Karl R. (1950/2008). The Open Society after Five Years: Prefaces to the American Edition. In After the Open Society: Selected Social and Political Writings, eds. Shearmur, J. & Turner, P. Norris, 169181. London: Routledge.
Popper, Karl R. 1963/2008. The Open Society and the Democratic State. In After the Open Society: Selected Social and Political Writings, eds. Shearmur, J. & Turner, P. Norris, 231248. London: Routledge.
Popper, Karl R. 1976. Unended Quest: An Intellectual Autobiography. Glasgow: William Collins Sons & Co.
Popper, Karl R. 1994. The Myth of the Framework: In Defence of Science and Rationality. London: Routledge.
Porter, Theodore M. 2012. “Positioning the Social Sciences in Cold War America.” In Cold War Social Science: Knowledge Production, Liberal Democracy, and Human Nature, ed. Solovey, Mark and Cravens, Hamilton, xxvi. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
Rawls, John. 1971. A Theory of Justice. Cambridge: Belknap Press.
Rawls, John. 1996. Political Liberalism. New York: Columbia University Press.
Reisch, George A. 2005. How the Cold War Transformed Philosophy of Science: To the Icy Slopes of Logic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Robbins, Lionel R. 1932. An Essay on the Nature and Significance of Economic Science. Macmillan and Co.
Roll, Eric. 1973. A History of Economic Thought. London: Faber.
Rorty, Richard. 1979. Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Roth, Alvin E. 2002. “The Economist as Engineer: Game Theory, Experimentation, and Computation as Tools for Design Economics.” Econometrica 70 (4): 13411378.
Roth, Joseph. 1996. The Radetzky March. New York: Everyman’s Library.
Sandel, Michael J. 2012. What Money Can’t Buy: The Moral Limits of Markets. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
Schäffle, Albert Eberhard Friedrich. 1861. Die Nationalökonomie oder allgemeine Wirtschaftslehre. Leipzig: Verlag von Otto Spamer.
Schlant, Ernestine. 1971. “Hermann Broch Als Politischer Utopist Zwischen’Geschichtsgesetz Und Willensfreiheit.” Literatur Und Kritik 6: 207213.
Schorske, Carl E. 1980. Fin-de-siècle Vienna: Politics and Culture. New York: Alfred Knopf.
Schorske, Carl E. 1997. “The New Rigorism in the Human Sciences, 1940–1960.” Daedalus 126 (1): 289309.
Schulak, Eugen M. and Unterköfler, Herbert. 2011. Austrian School of Economics: A History of Its Ideas, Ambassadors, and Institutions. Auburn: Ludwig von Mises Institute.
Schumpeter, Joseph A. 1912. Theorie Der Wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot.
Schumpeter, Joseph A. 1919/1950. “The Crisis of the Tax-State.” In International Economic Papers: Translations Prepared for the International Economic Association. Vol. 6. London: Macmillan.
Schumpeter, Joseph A. 1919/1951. Imperialism and Social Classes. Ed. Sweezy, Paul M. Oxford: Blackwell.
Schumpeter, Joseph A. 1943/1976. Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy. London: George Allen & Unwin.
Schumpeter, Joseph A. 1946/1976. “Preface to the Second Edition” In Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, 411414. London: George Allen & Unwin.
Schumpeter, Joseph A. 1949. “Science and Ideology.” The American Economic Review 39 (2): 346359.
Schumpeter, Joseph A. 1954. History of Economic Analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sedlacek, Tomas. 2011. Economics of Good and Evil: The Quest for Economic Meaning from Gilgamesh to Wall Street. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Shearmur, Jeremy. 1996. Hayek and After: Hayekian Liberalism as a Research Programme. London: Routledge.
Sieghart, Rudolf. 1932. Die Letzten Jahrzehnte Einer Grossmacht: Menschen, Völker, Probleme Des Habsburger-Reichs. Berlin: Ullstein.
Small, Albion W. 1924. “Some Contributions to the History of Sociology. Section XVII. The Attempt (1860–80) to Reconstruct Economic Theory on a Sociological Basis.” American Journal of Sociology 30 (1): 4986.
Smith, Adam. 1975. The Wealth of Nations: The Prosperity Classic. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Smith, Barry. 1990. “On the Austrianness of Austrian Economics.” Critical Review 4 (1–2): 212238.
Smithies, Arthur. 1951. “Memorial: Joseph Alois Schumpeter, 1883–1950.” In Schumpeter, Social Scientist, ed. Harris, Seymour E, 1123. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Sombart, Werner. 1908. Sozialismus Und Soziale Bewegung. Jena: Gustav Fischer Verlag.
Spiegel, Henry W. 1983. The Growth of Economic Thought. Revised and Expanded Edition. Durham: Duke University Press.
Spiel, Hilde. 1987. Vienna’s Golden Autumn. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
Stadler, Friedrich. 1994. “Heinrich Gomperz Und Karl Popper im Kontext des Logischen Empirismus.” In Heinrich Gomperz, Karl Popper und die Österreichische Philosophie. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
Stadler, Friedrich. 2003. “What Is the Vienna Circle?: Some Methodological and Historiographical Answers.” In The Vienna Circle and Logical Empiricism: Re-evaluation and Future Perspectives, XIXXIII. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.
Starr, Paul. 1976. “The Politics of Therapeutic Nihilism.” The Hastings Center Report 6 (5): 2430.
Steiner, George. 1967. Language and Silence: Essays 1958–1966. London: Faber and Faber.
Sternhell, Zeev, and Talmon, Jacob L.. 1996. The Intellectual Revolt Against Liberal Democracy, 1870–1945: International Conference in Memory of Jacob L. Talmon. Jerusalem: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities.
Storr, Virgil. 2013. Understanding the Culture of Markets. Abingdon: Routledge.
Streissler, Erich and Streissler, Monika. 1994. Carl Menger’s Lecture to Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
Strigl, Richard. 1932/2005. “Rückkehr zu gesunder Währungspolitik!”. In Wirtschaftspublizistische Beiträge in kritischer Zeit (1931–1934), ed. Klausinger, H., 100112. Marburg: Metropolis Verlag.
Szeps, Berta. 1938. My Life and History. London: Cassell.
Thomas, Richard F. 2004. Virgil and the Augustan Reception. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Timms, Edward. 1986. Karl Kraus, Apocalyptic Satirist: Culture and Catastrophe in Habsburg Vienna. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Timms, Edward. 1993. “Die Wiener Kreise: Schöpferische Interaktionen in Der Wiener Moderne.” In Die Wiener Jahrhundertwende: Einflüsse, Umwelt, Wirkungen, ed. Nautz, Jürgen and Vahrenkamp, Richard, 128143. Wien: Böhlau Verlag.
Timms, Edward. 2009. “Cultural Parameters Between the Wars: A Reassessment of the Vienna Circles.” In Vienna, Interwar, ed. Deborah Holmes and Lisa Silverman, 2130. Rochester: Camden House.
Uchitelle, Louis. 1999. “A Challenge to Scientific Economics: An Older School Looks at a Broad, More Intuitive Picture While Modernists See Just the Numbers and Facts.” The New York Times.
Vaughn, Karen I. 1994. Austrian Economics in America. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wasserman, Janek. 2014. Black Vienna: The Radical Right in the Red City, 1918–1938. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Watkins, John. 1997. “Karl Popper: A Memoir.” The American Scholar 66(2): 205–19.
Weber, Alfred. 1998. “Civilization and Culture - A Synthesis.” In Classical Readings in Culture and Civilization. London: Routledge.
Weigand, Hermann J. 1947. “Broch’s Death of Vergil: Program Notes.” PMLA 62 (2): 525554.
Weintraub, Roy E. 2002. How Economics Became a Mathematical Science. Durham: Duke University Press.
White, Leslie A. 1949. The Science of Culture: A Study of Man and Civilization. New York: Farrar, Straus and Company.
Wiesemann, C. 1991. Josef Dietl Und Der Therapeutische Nihilismus. Zum Historischen Und Politischen Hintergrund Einer Medizinischen These. Frankfurt am Mainz: Peter Lang.
Wieser, Friedrich von. 1907a. “Unsere Gesellschaftliche und Politische Entwicklung Seit 1848, Teil I.” Neue Freie Presse, 8th of February.
Wieser, Friedrich von. 1907b. “Unsere Gesellschaftliche und Politische Entwicklung Seit 1848, Teil II.” Neue Freie Presse, 9th of February.
Wieser, Friedrich von. 1907c. “Unsere Gesellschaftliche und Politische Entwicklung Seit 1848, Teil III.” Neue Freie Presse, 12th of February.
Wieser, Friedrich von. 1910. Recht und Macht: Sechs Vorträge. Leipzig: Verlag von Duncker & Humblot.
Wistrich, Robert S. 1996. “Intellectuals and Mass Politics in Fin-de-siècle Vienna.” In The Intellectual Revolt Against Liberal Democracy 1870–1945, eds. Sternhell, Zeev and Talmon, Jacob L., 7086. Jerusalem: The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities.
Wouters, Cas. 1986. “Formalization and Informalization: Changing Tension Balances in Civilizing Processes.” Theory Culture Society 3 (2): 118.
Yagi, Kiichiro. 1991. “Max Menger’s Liberal Position.” The Kyoto University Economic Review 61(1–14): 114.
Zuidhof, P.W. 2011. Imagining Markets: The Discursive Politics of Neoliberalism. University of Amsterdam, unpublished dissertation.
Zweig, Stefan. 1943. The World of Yesterday. New York: The Viking Press.


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 3
Total number of PDF views: 740 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 1071 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd May 2018. This data will be updated every 24 hours.