Skip to main content
The Two Koreas and the Great Powers
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 16
  • Cited by
    This book has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Dalton, Bronwen Jung, Kyungja Willis, Jacqueline and Bell, Markus 2016. Framing and dominant metaphors in the coverage of North Korea in the Australian media. The Pacific Review, Vol. 29, Issue. 4, p. 523.

    Kim, Dong Jin 2016. Aid to the enemy: linking development and peacebuilding on the Korean peninsula. The Pacific Review, Vol. 29, Issue. 4, p. 473.

    Lee, Seung Hyok 2016. North Korea in South Korea–Japan relations as a source of mutual security anxiety among democratic societies. International Relations of the Asia-Pacific, Vol. 16, Issue. 2, p. 273.

    Lee, Jung Woo 2015. Do the scale and scope of the event matter? The Asian Games and the relations between North and South Korea. Sport in Society, p. 1.

    Bowers, Ian 2014. The Republic of Korea and Its Navy: Perceptions of Security and the Utility of Seapower. Journal of Strategic Studies, Vol. 37, Issue. 3, p. 442.

    Yoon, Seung-Hyun and Lee, Seung-Ook 2013. From old comrades to new partnerships: dynamic development of economic relations between China and North Korea. The Geographical Journal, Vol. 179, Issue. 1, p. 19.

    Cho, Il Hyun 2012. Democratic Instability: Democratic Consolidation, National Identity, and Security Dynamics in East Asia1. Foreign Policy Analysis, Vol. 8, Issue. 2, p. 191.

    Easley, Leif-Eric 2012. Middle Power National Identity? South Korea and Vietnam in US-China Geopolitics. Pacific Focus, Vol. 27, Issue. 3, p. 421.

    Jung, Jai Kwan and Rector, Chad 2012. South Korea's Reunification Dilemmas. Asian Politics & Policy, Vol. 4, Issue. 4, p. 487.

    Blank, Stephen and Kim, Younkyoo 2011. Why Is Russian Energy Policy Failing in Asia?*. Pacific Focus, Vol. 26, Issue. 3, p. 405.

    Rozman, Gilbert 2011. Strategic Thinking about the Korean Nuclear Crisis.

    Rozman, Gilbert 2008. South Korean Strategic Thought toward Asia.

    Rozman, Gilbert 2008. South Korean Strategic Thought toward Asia.

    Sutter, Robert 2008. China and the United States.

    Rozman, Gilbert 2007. South Korea and Sino-Japanese rivalry: a middle power's options within the East Asian core triangle. The Pacific Review, Vol. 20, Issue. 2, p. 197.

    Rozman, Gilbert 2007. Strategic Thinking about the Korean Nuclear Crisis.

  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    The Two Koreas and the Great Powers
    • Online ISBN: 9780511510496
    • Book DOI:
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to? *
  • Buy the print book

Book description

This book explores Korea's place in terms of multiple levels and domains of interaction pertaining to foreign-policy behaviors and relations with the four regional/global powers (China, Russia, Japan, and the United States). The synergy of global transformations has now brought to an end Korea's proverbial identity and role as the helpless shrimp among whales, and both North Korea and South Korea have taken on new roles in the process of redefining and projecting their national identities. Synthetic national identity theory offers a useful perspective on change and continuity in Korea's turbulent relationships with the great powers over the years. Following a review of Korean diplomatic history and competing theoretical approaches, along with a synthetic national-identity theory as an alternative approach, one chapter each is devoted to how Korea relates to the four powers in turn, and the book concludes with a consideration of inter-Korean relations and potential reunification.


    • Aa
    • Aa
Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send:

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Amitav Acharya (2003/04) “Will Asia's Past Be Its Future?International Security, 28(3), 149–64

Gabriel A. Almond and Stephen J. Genco (1977) “Clouds, Clocks, and the Study of Politics,” World Politics, 29(4), 489–522.

Michael F. Altfeld (1984) “The Decision to Ally: A Theory and Test,” Western Political Quarterly, 37(4), 523–44

Ivan Arreguin-Toft (2001) “How the Weak Win Wars: A Theory of Asymmetric Conflict,” International Security, 26(1), 93–128.

David A. Baldwin (1979) “Power Analysis and World Politics: New Trends Versus Old Tendencies,” World Politics, 31, 161–94

Evgeny Bazhanov and Natalya Bazhanov (1994) “The Evolution of Russian-Korean Relations,” Asian Survey, 34(9), 789–98

Robert E. Bedeski (1995) “Sino-Korean Relations: Triangle of Tension, or Balancing a Divided Peninsula?International Journal, 50, 516–38

Thomas U Berger . (1993) “From Sword to Chrysanthemum: Japan's Culture of Anti-Militarism,” International Security, 17(4), 119–50

Thomas U. Berger (2000) “Set for Stability? Prospects for Conflict and Cooperation in East Asia,” Review of International Studies, 26(3), 405–28

Richard K. Betts (1993/94) “Wealth, Power, and Instability: East Asia and the United States After the Cold War,” International Security, 18(3), 34–77.

William Bloom (1990) Personal Identity, National Identity and International Relations, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Stephen G. Brooks and William C. Wohlforth (2000/01) “Power, Globalization, and the End of the Cold War: Reevaluating a Landmark Case for Ideas,” International Security, 25(3), 5–53.

Hedley Bull (1977) The Anarchical Society: A Study of Order in World Politics, New York: Columbia University Press.

Barry Buzan and Gerald Segal (1994) “Rethinking East Asian Security,” Survival, 36(2), 3–21.

Victor D. Cha (1999b) “Engaging China: Seoul-Beijing Détente and Korean Security,” Survival, 41, 73–98.

Victor D. Cha (2000a) “Japan's Grand Strategy on the Korean Peninsula: Optimistic Realism,” Japanese Journal of Political Science, 1(2), 249–74

James Chace (2002) “Imperial America and the Common Interest,” World Policy Journal, Spring, 1–9.

Qimao Chen (1993b) “New Approaches in China's Foreign Policy: The Post-Cold War Era,” Asian Survey, 33(3), 237–51

Thomas J. Christensen (1992) “Threats, Assurances, and the Last Chance for Peace: The Lessons of Mao's Korean War Telegrams,” International Security, 17(1), 122–54

Thomas J. Christensen (2001) “Posing Problems Without Catching Up: China's Rise and Challenges for U.S. Security Policy,” International Security, 25(4), 5–40.

Jae Ho Chung (2001) “South Korea Between Eagle and Dragon: Perceptual Ambivalence and Strategic Dilemma,” Asian Survey, 41(5), 777–96

Walker Connor (1978) “A Nation Is a Nation, Is a State, Is an Ethnic Group, Is a …,” Ethnic and Racial Studies, 1(4), 377–400.

Consuelo Cruz (2000) “Identity and Persuasion: How Nations Remember Their Pasts and Make Their Futures,” World Politics, 52(3), 275–312.

Michael C. Desch (1998) “Culture Clash: Assessing the Importance of Ideas in Security Studies,” International Security, 23(1), 141–70

Daniel Deudney and G. John Ikenberry (1991) “Soviet Reform and the End of the Cold War: Explaining Large-Scale Historical Change,” Review of International Studies 17, 225–50

Nicholas Eberstadt (1994c) “Demographic Shocks After Communism: Eastern Germany, 1989–93,” Populations and Development Review, 20, 137–52

Nicholas Eberstadt (1996) “How Much Money Goes from Japan to North Korea?Asian Survey, 36, 523–42

Nicholas Eberstadt (1997) “Hastening Korean Unification,” Foreign Affairs, 76(2), 77–92.

Richard J. Ellings and Aaron L. Friedberg , eds. (2002) Strategic Asia 2002–03: Asian Aftershocks, Seattle: National Bureau of Asian Research.

Miriam Fendius Elman (1995) “The Foreign Policies of Small States: Challenging Neorealism in Its Own Backyard,” British Journal of Political Science, 25, 171–217.

Erik H. Erikson (1956) “The Problem of Ego Identity,” Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association 4, 56–121.

John K. Fairbank , ed. (1968) The Chinese World Order: Traditional China's Foreign Relations, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Aaron L. Friedberg (1993/94) “Ripe for Rivalry: Prospects for Peace in a Multipolar Asia,” International Security, 18(3), 5–33.

Aaron L. Friedberg (2000) “Will Europe's Past Be Asia's Future?Survival, 42(3), 147–59

Yoichi Funabashi (1991/92) “Japan and the New World Order,” Foreign Affairs, 70(5), 58–74.

John Lewis Gaddis (1992/93) “International Relations Theory and the End of the Cold War,” International Security, 17(3), 5–58.

Banning Garrett and Bonnie Glaser (1995) “Looking Across the Yalu: Chinese Assessments of North Korea,” Asian Survey, 35(6), 528–45

Robert Gilpin (1981) War and Change in World Politics, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Michael Green (1997) “North Korean Regime Crisis: U.S. Perspectives and Responses,” Korean Journal of Defense Analysis, 9, 7–25.

Michael Green (2001) Japan's Reluctant Realism: Foreign Policy Challenges in an Era of Uncertain Power, New York: Palgrave.

Melvin Gurtov (2002) “Common Security in North Korea: Quest for a New Paradigm in Inter-Korean Relations,” Asian Survey, 42(3), 397–418.

Ernst Haas (1986) “What Is Nationalism and Why Should We Study It?International Organization, 40, 707–44

Stephan Haggard , David Kang , and Chung-in Moon (1997) “Japanese Colonialism and Korean Development: A Critique,” World Development, 25(6), 867–81

Selig Harrison (2005a) “Did North Korea Cheat?Foreign Affairs, 84(1), 99–110.

Selig Harrison (2005b) “Harrison Replies,” Foreign Affairs 84(2), 146–48

Peter Hayes (1988) “American Nuclear Hegemony in Korea,” Journal of Peace Research, 25(4), 351–64

Peter Hayes (1994c) “Should the United States Supply Light-Water Reactors to Pyongyang?The Korean Journal of Defense Analysis, 6, 179–221.

Eric Heginbotham and Richard Samuels (1998) “Mercantile Realism and Japanese Foreign Policy,” International Security, 22(4), 171–203.

K. J. Holsti (1996) The State, War, and the State of War, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Ted Hopf (1998) “The Promise of Constructivism in International Relations Theory,” International Security, 23(1), 171–200.

Christopher W. Hughes (1999) Japan's Economic Power and Security: Japan and North Korea, New York: Routledge.

Samuel Huntington (1999) “The Lonely Superpower,” Foreign Affairs, 78(2), 35–49.

G. John Ikenberry (2004) “Illusions of Empire: Defining the New American Order,” Foreign Affairs, 83(2), 144–54

Robert Jervis (1980) “The Impact of the Korean War on the Cold War,” Journal of Conflict Resolution, 24, 563–92

Robert Jervis (1991/92) “The Future of World Politics: Will It Resemble the Past?International Security, 16(3), 39–73.

Robert Jervis (2002) “Theories of War in an Era of Leading-Power Peace,” American Political Science Review, 96(1), 1–14.

You Ji (2001a) “China and North Korea: A Fragile Relationship of Strategic Convenience,” Journal of Contemporary China, 10(28), 387–98

Alastair Iain Johnston (1998) “China's Militarized Interstate Dispute Behaviour 1949–1992: A First Cut at the Data,” China Quarterly, 153, 1–30.

Seung-ho Joo (2001) “The New Friendship Treaty Between Moscow and Pyongyang,” Comparative Strategy, 20(5), 467–82

David C. Kang (2005b) “Japan: U.S. Partner or Focused on Abductees?The Washington Quarterly, 28(4), 107–17

Ethan B. Kapstein (1995) “Is Realism Dead? The Domestic Sources of International Politics,” International Organization, 49(4), 751–74

Peter J. Katzenstein and Nobuo Okawara (2001/02) “Japan, Asia-Pacific Security, and the Case of Analytical Eclecticism,” International Security, 26(3), 153–85

Charles W. Kegley Jr. (1994) “How Did the Cold War Die? Principles for an Autopsy,” Mershon International Studies Review, 38, 11–41.

Samuel S. Kim (1980/81) “United States Korean Policy and World Order,” Alternatives: A Journal of World Policy, 6, 419–52

Samuel S. Kim (1995) “North Korea in 1994: Brinkmanship, Breakdown and Breakthrough,” Asian Survey, 35(1), 13–27.

Samuel S. Kim (2004a) “Introduction: Managing the Korean Conflict,” in Samuel S. Kim , ed., Inter-Korean Relations: Problems and Prospects, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 1–20

Samuel S. Kim (2004d) “Regionalization and Regionalism in East Asia,” Journal of East Asian Studies, 4(1), 39–67.

Atul Kohli (1994) “Where Do High Growth Political Economies Come From? The Japanese Lineage of Korea's ‘Developmental State,’World Development, 22(9), 1269–93

Paul A. Kowert (1999) “National Identity: Inside and Out,” Security Studies, 8, 1–34.

Friedrich Kratochwil (1993) “The Embarrassment of Changes: Neo-Realism as the Science of Realpolitik Without Politics,” Review of International Studies, 19, 63–80.

Jill Krause and Neil Renwick , eds. (1996) Identities in International Relations, New York: St. Martin's Press.

Paul H. Kreisberg (1996) “Threat Environment for a United Korea: 2010,” Korean Journal of Defense Analysis, 8, 84–85.

Andrei Lankov (2004b) “North Korean Refugees in Northeast China,” Asian Survey, 44(6), 856–73

Richard Ned Lebow (1994) “The Long Peace, the End of the Cold War, and the Failure of Realism,” International Organization, 48, 249–78

Shin-wha Lee (1999a) “Responses to North Korean Food Refugees,” Security Dialogue 30, 122–24

Norman D. Levin (1997) “What if North Korea Survives?Survival, 39, 156–74

Robert Litwak (2003) “Non-Proliferation and the Dilemmas of Regime Change,” Survival, 45(4), 7–32.

Andrew Mack (1975) “Why Big Nations Lose Small Wars: The Politics of Asymmetric Conflict,” World Politics, 27(2), 175–200.

Andrew Mack (1993) “The Nuclear Crisis on the Korean Peninsula,” Asian Survey, 33, 339–59

Sebastian Mallaby (2002) “The Reluctant Imperialist: Terrorism, Failed States and the Case for American Empire,” Foreign Affairs, 81(2), 2–7.

Alexandre Y. Mansourov (1995) “The Origins, Evolution, and Current Politics of the North Korean Nuclear Program,” Nonproliferation Review, 2(3), 25–38.

Rajan Menon (2003) “The End of Alliances,” World Policy Journal, 20(2), 1–20.

Derek Mitchell (2002/03) “A Blueprint for U.S. Policy Toward a Unified Korea,” Washington Quarterly, 26(1), 23–137.

Barrington Moore Jr. (1978) Injustice: The Social Bases of Obedience and Revolt, White Plains, NY: M. E. Sharpe.

Larry A. Niksch (1994b) “Opportunities and Challenges in Clinton's Confidence-Building Strategy Towards North Korea,” The Korean Journal of Defense Analysis, 6, 145–56

Emerson Niou and Peter Ordeshook (1994) “Less Filling, Tastes Great: The Realist-Neoliberal Debate,” World Politics, 46, 209–34

Marcus Noland (1997) “Why North Korea Will Muddle Through,” Foreign Affairs, 76(4), 105–18

Marcus Noland , Sherman Robinson , and Li Gang Liu (1998) “The Costs and Benefits of Korean Unification,” Asian Survey, 38, 801–14

Joseph S. Nye Jr. (1974) “Transnational Relations and Interstate Conflicts: An Empirical Analysis,” International Organization, 28, 961–96

Joseph S. Nye Jr. (1988) “Neorealism and Neoliberalism,” World Politics, 40, 235–51

Joseph S. Nye Jr. (1995) “East Asian Security: The Case for Deep Engagement,” Foreign Affairs, 74(4), 90–102.

Kongdan Oh and Ralph Hassig (1999) “North Korea Between Collapse and Reform,” Asian Survey, 39(2), 287–309.

Kenneth A. Oye (1985) “Explaining Cooperation Under Anarchy: Hypotheses and Strategies,” World Politics, 38, 1–24.

T. V. Paul (1994) Asymmetric Conflicts: War Initiation by Weaker Powers, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Robert Powell (1991) “Absolute and Relative Gains in International Relations,” American Political Science Review, 85(4), 1303–20

Robert Powell (1994) “The Neorealist-Neoliberal Debate,” International Organization, 48(2), 313–44

Ilya Prizel (1998) National Identity and Foreign Policy: Nationalism and Leadership in Poland, Russia and Ukraine, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Robert Putnam (1988) “Diplomacy and Domestic Politics: The Logic of Two-Level Games,” International Organization, 42, 427–60

John Ravenhill (2002) “A Three Bloc World? The New East Asian Regionalism,” International Relations of the Asia-Pacific, 2(2), 167–95

Mitchell B. Reiss and Robert L. Gallucci (2005) “Responses: Red-Handed: The Truth About North Korea's Weapons Program,” Foreign Affairs, 84(2), 142–45

Condoleeza Rice (2000) “Promoting the National Interest,” Foreign Affairs, 79(1), 45–62.

Thomas Risse-Kappen (1994) “Ideas Do Not Float Freely: Transnational Coalitions, Domestic Structures, and the End of the Cold War,” International Organization, 48(2), 185–214.

Gideon Rose (1998) “Neoclassical Realism and Theories of Foreign Policy,” World Politics, 51, 144–72

Dennis Roy (1998) “North Korea as an Alienated State,” Survival, 38(4), 22–36.

Gilbert Rozman (2002a) “Japan's Quest for Great Power Identity,” Orbis, 46(1), 73–91.

Gilbert Rozman (2002b) “Japan and South Korea: Should the U.S. Be Worried About Their New Spat in 2001?Pacific Review, 15(1), 1–28.

Gilbert Rozman (2003) “Japan's North Korean Initiative and U.S.-Japanese Relations,” Orbis, 47(3), 527–39

Gilbert Rozman (2004) Northeast Asia's Stunted Regionalism: Bilateral Distrust in the Shadow of Globalization, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

David Shambaugh (2003) “China and the Korean Peninsula: Playing for the Long Term,” The Washington Quarterly, 26(2), 43–56.

David Shambaugh (2004/05) “China Engages Asia: Reshaping the Regional Order,” International Security, 29(3), 64–99.

Tim Shorrock (1986) “The Struggle for Democracy in South Korea in the 1980s and the Rise of Anti-Americanism,” Third World Quarterly, 8(4), 1195–1218.

Jack Snyder (1984/85) “Richness, Rigor, and Relevance in the Study of Soviet Foreign Policy,” International Security, 9(3), 89–108.

Scott Snyder (2000) “Pyongyang's Pressure,” Washington Quarterly, 23, 163–70

Scott Snyder (2000/01) “North Korea's Challenge of Regime Survival: Internal Problems and Implications for the Future,” Pacific Affairs, 73(4), 517–33

Ronald Grigor Suny (1999/2000) “Provisional Stabilities: The Politics of Identities in Post-Soviet Eurasia,” International Security, 24(3), 139–78

Richard Tait (2003) “Playing by the Rules in Korea: Lessons Learned in the North-South Economic Engagement,” Asia Survey, 43(2), 305–28

Vera Tolz (1998) “Conflicting ‘Homeland Myths’ and Nation-State Building in Postcommunist Russia,” Slavic Review 57 (2), 267–94

Peter Wallensteen and Karin Axell (1993) “Armed Conflict at the End of the Cold War, 1989–92,” Journal of Peace Research, 30, 331–46

Peter Wallensteen and M. Sollenberg (2001) “Armed Conflict, 1989–2001,” Journal of Peace Research, 38(5), 629–44

Stephen M. Walt (1997) “Why Alliances Endure or Collapse,” Survival, 39(1), 156–79

Kenneth N. Waltz (1997) “Evaluating Theories,” American Political Science Review, 91(4), 913–17

Fei-Ling Wang (1999) “Joining the Major Powers for the Status Quo: China's Views and Policy on Korean Reunification,” Pacific Affairs, 72, 167–85

Andrew Weigert , J. Smith Teitge , and Dennis W. Teitge (1986) Society and Identity: Toward a Sociological Psychology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Alexander Wendt (1992) “Anarchy Is What States Make of It: The Social Construction of Power Politics,” International Organization, 46, 391–425.

Alexander Wendt (1994) “Collective Identity Formation and the International State,” American Political Science Review, 88, 384–96

Alexander Wendt (1995) “Constructing International Politics,” International Security, 20(1), 71–81.

Alexander Wendt (1999) Social Theory of International Politics, New York: Cambridge University Press.

William C. Wohlforth (1994/95) “Realism and the End of the Cold War,” International Security, 19(2), 91–129.

William C. Wohlforth (1999) “The Stability of a Unipolar World,” International Security, 24(1), 5–41.

Seung Ham Yang , Woosang Kim , and Yongho Kim (2004) “Russo-North Korean Relations in the 2000s: Moscow's Continuing Search for Regional Influence,” Asian Survey, 44(6), 794–814.

Xiaoxiong Yi (1995) “China's Korea Policy: From ‘One Korea’ to ‘Two Koreas,’Asian Affairs, 22(2), 119–39

Hao Yufan and Zhai Zhihai (1990) “China's Decision to Enter the Korean War: History Revisited,” The China Quarterly, 121, 94–115.


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 156 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 54 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 28th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.