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The concept of staging in bipolar disorder: the role of BDNF and TNF-alpha as biomarkers

  • Flávio Kapczinski (a1) (a2) (a3), Brisa Simões Fernandes (a1) (a2) (a3), Márcia Kauer-Sant’Anna (a1) (a2) (a3), Clarissa Severino Gama (a1) (a2) (a3), Lakshmi N. Yatham (a4) and Michael Berk (a5) (a6) (a7)...
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References

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1.Berk, M, Conus, P, Lucas, Net al. Setting the stage: from prodrome to treatment resistance in bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disord 2007;9:671678.
2.Altshuler, LL, Gitlin, MJ, Mintz, J, Leight, KL, Frye, MA.Subsyndromal depression is associated with functional impairment in patients with bipolar disorder. J Clin Psychiatry 2002;63:807811.
3.Berk, M, Hallam, KT, McGorry, PD.The potential utility of a staging model as a course specifier: a bipolar disorder perspective. J Affect Disord 2007;100:279281.
4.Vieta, E, Gasto, C, Martinez de Osaba, MJet al. Prediction of depressive relapse in remitted bipolar patients using corticotrophin-releasing hormone challenge test. Acta Psychiatr Scand 1997;95:205211.
5.Kapczinski, F, Vieta, E, Andreazza, ACet al. Allostatic load in bipolar disorder: implications for pathophysiology and treatment. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2008;32:675692.
6.Kapczinski, F, Frey, BN, Kauer-Sant’Anna, M, Grassi-Oliveira, R, Berk, M.Brain-derived neurotrophic factor and neuroplasticity in bipolar disorder. Expert Rev Neurother 2008;8:11011113.
7.Kauer-Sant’anna, M, Kapczinski, F, Andreazza, ACet al. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor and inflammatory markers in patients with early- vs. late-stage bipolar disorder. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 2008;4:112.
8.Yatham, LN, Kapczinski, F, Andreazza, AC, Trevor Young, L, Lam, RW, Kauer-Sant’anna, M.Accelerated age-related decrease in brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels in bipolar disorder. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol 2008;10:13.

The concept of staging in bipolar disorder: the role of BDNF and TNF-alpha as biomarkers

  • Flávio Kapczinski (a1) (a2) (a3), Brisa Simões Fernandes (a1) (a2) (a3), Márcia Kauer-Sant’Anna (a1) (a2) (a3), Clarissa Severino Gama (a1) (a2) (a3), Lakshmi N. Yatham (a4) and Michael Berk (a5) (a6) (a7)...

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