Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Diversity training for psychiatrists

  • Nisha Dogra and Khalid Karim
Abstract

There is great concern about the access of ethnic minority clients to appropriate healthcare and the treatment they experience once they gain access to services. There have been recent calls for training in cultural diversity to be prioritised for mental healthcare professionals, including psychiatrists. In this article we discuss the term ‘cultural diversity’ and consider its relevance to psychiatrists. We then briefly review some of the training currently available, discussing related issues and problems, including the lack of evaluation. We suggest how psychiatrists may need to change their approach to this subject.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Diversity training for psychiatrists
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Diversity training for psychiatrists
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Diversity training for psychiatrists
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
References
Hide All
Anderson, L. M., Scrimshaw, S. C., Fullilove, M. T. et al (2003) Culturally competent healthcare systems: a systematic review. American Journal of Preventative Medicine, 24 (suppl. to issue 3), 6879.
Bhui, K. (2004) Cultural consultation in psychiatric practice: Author's reply. British Journal of Psychiatry, 185, 7677.
Bhui, K. & Bhugra, D. (2004) Communication with patients from other cultures: the place of explanatory models. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 10, 474478.
Bhui, K. & Sashidharan, S. P. (2003) Should there be separate psychiatric services for ethnic minority groups? British Journal of Psychiatry, 182, 1012.
Bradby, H. (2003) Describing ethnicity in health research. Ethnicity and Health, 8, 513.
Copeman, R. C. (1989) Medical students, Aborigines and migrants: evaluation of a teaching programme. Medical Journal of Australia, 150, 8487.
Cross, T., Bazron, B., Dennis, K. W. et al (1989) Towards a Culturally Competent System of Care. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Child Development Center.
Culhane-Pera, K. A., Reif, C., Egli, E. et al (1997) A curriculum for multicultural education in family medicine. Family Medicine, 29, 719723.
Deloney, L. A., Graham, C. J. & Erwin, D. O. (2000) Presenting cultural diversity and spirituality to first-year medical students. Academic Medicine, 75, 513514.
Department of Health (1999) Addressing Black and Minority Ethnic Health in London – A Review and Recommendation. London: Department of Health.
Department of Health (2003) Delivering Race Equality: A Framework for Action. London: Department of Health.
DiversityRx (2001a) Essentials. http://www.diversityrx.org/HTML/ESWEL.htm.
DiversityRx (2001b) Why Language and Culture are Important. http://www.diversityrx.org/HTML/ESLANG.htm.
Dogra, N. (2001) The development and evaluation of a programme to teach cultural diversity to medical undergraduate students. Medical Education, 35, 232241.
Dogra, N. (2004a) Cultural competence or cultural sensibility? A comparison of two ideal type models to teach cultural diversity to medical students. International Journal of Medicine, 5, 4: 223–231.
Dogra, N. (2004b) The Learning and Teaching of Cultural Diversity in Undergraduate Medical Education in the UK. PhD thesis. Leicester: University of Leicester.
Dogra, N. & Karnik, N. (2004) A comparison between UK and US medical student attitudes towards cultural diversity. Medical Teacher, 26, 703708.
Dogra, N., Conning, S., Gill, P. S. et al (2005) Teaching of cultural diversity in medical schools in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland: cross sectional questionnaire survey. BMJ, 330, 403404.
Dyson, S. & Smaje, C. (2001) The health status of minority ethnic groups. In Ethnicity and Nursing Practice (eds Culley, L. & Dyson, S.) pp. 2966. London: Palgrave.
Frosh, S. (1999) Identity. In The New Fontana Dictionary of Modern Thought (3rd edn) (eds Bullock, A. & Trombley, S.) London: Harper Collins.
Gallant 2000 Ltd (2003) Social Inclusion 2000. Diversity Strategy. http://pages.123-reg.co.uk/gallant-52694/socialinclusion2000/id1.html.
Henry, J. Kaiser Family Foundation (2003) Compendium of Cultural Competence Initiatives in Health Care. Menlo Park, CA: Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation.
Hope, R. (2004) The Ten Essential Shared Capabilities: A Framework for the Whole of the Mental Health Workforce. London: Department of Health.
Kelly, B. D. (2003) Globalisation and psychiatry. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 9, 464470.
Levinson, W., Roter, D. L., Mullooly, J. P. et al (1997) Physician–patient communication. The relationship with malpractice claims among primary care physicians and surgeons. JAMA, 277, 553559.
Loudon, R., Ross, N., Gill, P. et al (2001) Making Medical Education Responsive to Community Diversity . Report Prepared by the Department of Primary Care and General Practice and Medical Education Unit. Birminghahm: University of Birmingham.
Majumdar, B., Keystone, J. S. & Cuttress, A. (1999) Cultural sensitivity training among foreign medical graduates. Medical Education, 33, 177184.
Mao, C., Bullock, C. S., Harway, E. C. et al (1988) A workshop on ethnic and cultural awareness for second year medical students. Academic Medicine, 63, 624628.
Moodley, P. (2002) Building a culturally capable workforce – an educational approach to delivering equitable mental health services. Psychiatric Bulletin, 26, 6365.
National Institute for Mental Health in England (2003) Inside Outside: Improving Mental Health Services for Black and Minority Ethnic Groups in England. London: Department of Health.
Robertson, D., Sathyamoorthy, G. & Ford, R. (2000) Asking the right questions. Community Care, 15 May, 2425.
Royal College of Psychiatrists (2001) Curriculum for Basic Specialist Training and the MRCPsych Examination (Council Report CR95). London: Royal College of Psychiatrists. http://www.rcpsych.ac.uk/publications/cr/council/cr95.pdf.
Rubenstein, H. L., Bonnie, J. D., O'Connor, B. et al (1992) Introducing students to the role of folk and popular health belief systems in patient care. Academic Medicine, 67, 566568.
Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health (2002) Breaking the Circles of Fear: A Review of the Relationship between Mental Health Services and African and Caribbean Communities. London: Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health.
Secker, J. & Harding, C. (2002) African and African Caribbean users' perceptions of inpatient services. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 9, 161167.
Sifri, R. R., Glaser, K. & Witt, D. K. (2001) Addressing prejudice in medicine during a third-year family medicine clerkship. Academic Medicine, 76, 508.
Task Force on Spirituality, Cultural Issues, and End of Life Care (1999) Task Force report: spirituality, cultural issues and end of life care. In Report III Contemporary Issues in Medicine. Communication in Medicine (eds Association of American Medical Colleges), pp. 2631. Washington, DC: Association of American Medical Colleges.
Thompson, D. (ed.) (1995) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Current English. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Toynbee, P. (2002) Between aspiration and reality. BMJ, 325, 716.
Webb, E. & Sergison, M. (2003) Evaluation of cultural competence and antiracism training in health services. Archives of Diseases in Childhood, 88, 291294.
Whitley, R., Kirmayer, L. J. & Jarvis, G. E. (2004) Cultural consultation in psychiatric practice (letter). British Journal of Psychiatry, 185, 7677.
Williams, C. (1997) Personal reflections on permanency planning and cultural competency. Journal of Multicultural Social Work, 5, 918.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

BJPsych Advances
  • ISSN: 1355-5146
  • EISSN: 1472-1481
  • URL: /core/journals/bjpsych-advances
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed

Diversity training for psychiatrists

  • Nisha Dogra and Khalid Karim
Submit a response

eLetters

No eLetters have been published for this article.

×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *