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History of the Press in Equatorial Guinea in the 20th Century: Periodicals Published in Equatorial Guinea 1901–2000

Abstract

No one today doubts that the press is an essential tool to know and understand recent history of countries and nations. And not just from the standpoint of politics and economics but also of everyday life, reflected in these types of publications, sometimes undervalued by historians and others. The evolution of the press in developed countries has been the subject of several studies. A parallel action is needed for the still recently established African states, paying special attention to the post-independence period. For this research an inventory of the titles of those publications is essential, as well as bibliographic data that can be documented.

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Email: iciar.gonzalez@csic.es
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CARLOS GONZÁLEZ ECHEGARAY was honorary president of the Spanish Association of Africanists, and the co-founder and director of the National Hemeroteque, a national institution with collections of all periodicals (journals, magazines and others) published in Spain. He also studied Guinean languages and the history and culture of the Basque country. He died on 1 December 2013 aged 92. This article, his last work, has been translated from Spanish by his daughter Itziar González. Its publication is a tribute. The editors also fully acknowledge the contribution of Inés Plasencia, a doctoral student of the Autonomous University of Madrid researching the history of photography in EG during the colonial period, who has provided invaluable assistance in editing and advising on the English translation and providing further editorial apparatus included as footnotes.

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1 González EchegarayCarlos (2001) ‘Publicaciones periódicas en Guinea Ecuatorial a partir de la Independencia’, Cuadernos (CIDAF), vol. XV (2).

2 González Echegaray, Carlos (2001) ‘Publicaciones periódicas en Guinea Ecuatorial durante la colonia', en Mélanges euro-africains offerts au Prof. Max Liniger-Goumaz Vol I. Alcobendas (Madrid): Editorial Claves para el futuro, pp. 265–72.

3 Illustrations of this and other publications discussed in this article are available within the SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIALS file, being the original Spanish language version of this paper.

4 Obiang's coup d’état is referred to in different forms in English, and as ‘golpe de libertad’, in Spanish. In this article, we opted for ‘coup for freedom’ following Max Liniger-Goumaz's Historical Dictionary of Equatorial Guinea (2000, first edition 1992).

5 Pujadas, Tomás L. (1968), La Iglesia en la Guinea Ecuatorial. I. Fernando Poo. Madrid: Iris de Paz, pp. 346–47.

6 Fernández, Cristóbal, (1962). Misiones y misioneros en la Guinea Española. Historia documentada de sus primeros azarosos días (1883–1912). Madrid: COCULSA, pp. 636–40.

7 [No author] ‘Directores de La Guinea Española’ (1953) La Guinea Española (no. 1391, August 10th), pp. 288–92.

8 García Domínguez, Ramón (1977) Guinea. Macías, la ley del silencio. Barcelona: Plaza & Janés.

9 Fernandino does not have an English translation.

10 Unzueta y Yuste, Abelardo de (1947) Geografía histórica de la isla de Fernando Póo. Madrid: Instituto de Estudios Africanos, pp. 246–47.

11 ‘Noticiario colonial’ (1949), La Guinea Española (no. 1284, January 10th) p. 16.

12 ‘Juntas de Ofensiva Nacional-Sindicalista’ (Board of the National-Syndicalist Offensive).

13 A very important institution in the colony. Alternatively translated as ‘Patronage of Natives’ or ‘Native Trusteeship’.

14 Ndongo Bidyogo, Donato (1977) Historia y tragedia de Guinea Ecuatorial. Madrid: Cambio 16, p. 278.

15 Liniger-Goumaz, Max (1993) ‘Who's Who de la dictature de Guinée Equatoriale. Les Nguemistes 1979–1993’. Geneva: Les Éditions du Temps, pp. 109, 143–5.

16 Liniger-Goumaz, Max (1998) Guinea Ecuatorial. Bibliografía general, vol. X. Geneva: Les Éditions du Temps, p. 276.

17 Liniger-Goumaz, Max (1996) Guinea Ecuatorial. Bibliografia general, vol. IX. Geneva: Les Éditions du Temps, p. 10.

18 Liniger-Goumaz, Max (1994) África y las democracias desencadenadas. La Chaux: Les Éditions du Temps, p. 100.

19 Liniger-Goumaz, Max, 1994, África y las democracias desencadenadas. La Chaux: Les Editions du Temps, p. 98.

20 ‘Noticiario colonial’ (1949), La Guinea Española (no. 1305, November, 25th), pp. 559–60.

21 Quilis, Antonio (1995) La lengua española en Guinea Ecuatorial. Madrid: Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia.

22 Nvo MbombioFermín (2000) ‘Evolución de la prensa escrita en Guinea Ecuatorial’, La Gaceta de Guinea Ecuatorial, January-February issue, pp. 5152 .

CARLOS GONZÁLEZ ECHEGARAY was honorary president of the Spanish Association of Africanists, and the co-founder and director of the National Hemeroteque, a national institution with collections of all periodicals (journals, magazines and others) published in Spain. He also studied Guinean languages and the history and culture of the Basque country. He died on 1 December 2013 aged 92. This article, his last work, has been translated from Spanish by his daughter Itziar González. Its publication is a tribute. The editors also fully acknowledge the contribution of Inés Plasencia, a doctoral student of the Autonomous University of Madrid researching the history of photography in EG during the colonial period, who has provided invaluable assistance in editing and advising on the English translation and providing further editorial apparatus included as footnotes.

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Africa Bibliography
  • ISSN: 0266-6731
  • EISSN: 1757-1642
  • URL: /core/journals/africa-bibliography
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