Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Chiefs and colonial rule in Cameroon: inventing chieftaincy, French and British Style

  • Peter Geschiere

Résumé

Etant donné la crise actuelle du véritable pouvoir de l'Etat dans le Cameroun (comme ailleurs en Afrique), les chefs sont parfois envisagés comme une possible alternative d'exercice de l'autorité. Toutefois la chefferie est un phénomène très variable, dépendant du contexte, même si son origine remonte seulement à la période coloniale. L'article illustre ce point en examinant les fortunes diverses de l a fonction de Chef au sein de deux sociétés camerounaises, les Maka (qui furent sous administration française) et les Bakweri (qui furent sous administration britannique). Dans aucun des deux cas, (mais pour des raisons différentes), la chefferie n'apparaît comme étant l'instance alternative, de moyen pouvoir, dont l'on aurait besoin.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Alexandra, P. 1970a. ‘Chiefs, commandants and clerks’, in Crowder, M. and Ikime, O. (eds), West African Chiefs, pp. 214. New York: Africana.
Alexandra, P. 1970b. ‘The problems of chieftaincies in French-speaking Africa’, in Crowder, M. and Ikime, O. (eds), West African Chiefs, pp. 2479. New York: Africana.
van Allen, J. 1976. ‘Aba riots or Igbo women's war? Ideology, stratification and the invisibility of women’, in Hafkin, N. J. and Bay, E. G. (eds), Women in Africa, pp. 5987. Stanford, Cal.: Stanford University Press.
Ardener, E. 1956. Coastal Bantu of the Cameroons. London: International African Institute.
Ardener, E. 1962. Divorce and Fertility. London: Oxford University Press.
Ardener, E. 1970. ‘Witchcraft, economics and the continuity of belief’, in Douglas, M. (ed.), Witchcraft Confessions and Accusations, pp. 141–60. London: Tavistock.
Ardener, E., Ardener, S., and Warmington, W. A. 1960. Plantation and Village in the Cameroons. London: Oxford University Press.
Ardener, S. 1958. ‘Banana co-operatives in the southern Cameroons’, Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research: Conference Proceedings, Ibadan: NISER; reprinted Leiden: African Studies Centre, 1988.
Bayart, J.-F. 1989. L'Etat en Afrique: la politique du ventre. Paris: Fayard.
Bayart, J.-F. 1991. ‘La problématique de la démocratic en Afrique noir’, Politique africaine 43, 521.
van Binsbergen, W. M. J. 1987. ‘Chiefs and State in independent Zambia’, in Nieuwaal, E. A. B. van Rouveroy van (ed.), Chieftaincy and the State in Africa, Special issue of Journal of Legal Pluralism 25 (6), 139203.
Biya, P. 1986. Pour le libéralisme communautaire, Lausanne: Favre.
Brunschwig, H. 1983. Noirs et blancs dans l'Afrique noire française. Paris: Flammarion.
Cameron, D. 1934. The Principles of Native Administration. Lagos: Government Press.
M, Chapman. (ed.). 1989. Edwin Ardener: The Voice of Prophecy, and other essays, Oxford: Blackwell.
Chem-Langhëe, B. 1983. ‘The origin of the southern Cameroons House of Chiefs’, International Journal of African Historical Studies 16 (4), 653–73.
Chiabi, E. M. L. 1982. ‘Background to Nationalism in Anglophone Cameroon, 1916-54’, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Santa Barbara: University of California.
Chiabi, E. M. L. 1989. ‘Administration britannique et nationalisme dans le “Southern Cameroon”, 1914-54’, in Njeuma, M. (ed.), Histoire du Cameroun, XIXe siècle-début XXe siècle, pp. 244–85. Paris: Harmattan.
Chilver, S. 1963. ‘Native administration in west central Cameroons’, in Robinson, K. E. and Madden, F. (eds), Essays in Imperial Government presented to Margery Perham, pp. 89139. Oxford: Blackwell.
Courade, G. 1982. ‘Marginalite volontaire ou imposée? Le cas des Bakweri (Kpe) du mont Cameroun’, Cahiers ORSTOM, Sciences humaines, XIX (3), 357–89.
Crowder, M. 1964. ‘Indirect rule, French and British style’, Africa 34 (3), 197206.
Crowder, M. 1968. West Africa under Colonial Rule. London: Hutchinson.
Crowder, M. 1978. Colonial West Africa: selected essays. London: Cass.
Crowder, M., and Ikime, O. 1970. West African Chiefs. New York: Africana.
Deschamps, H. 1963. ‘Et maintenant, Lord Lugard?’, Africa 33 (4), 293306.
Dongmo, J.-L. 1981. Le Dynamisme bamiléké. Yaounde.
Dorward, D. C. 1974. ‘Ethnography and administration: a study of Anglo-Tiv “working misunderstanding”’, Journal of African History 15 (3), 457–77.
M, Douglas. (ed.). 1970. Witchcraft Confessions and Accusations. London: Tavistock.
Fisiy, C. F. 1992. ‘Power and Privilege in the Administration of Law: land reform and social differentiation in Cameroon’, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Leiden; research report, African Studies Centre, Leiden.
Gardinier, D. E. 1967. ‘The British in the Cameroons, 1919-37’, in Gifford, P. and Louis, R. (eds), Britain and Germany in Africa, pp. 513–55. New Haven, Conn., and London: Yale University Press.
Geary, C. 1976. We. Die Genese eines Haiiptlingstums im Grasland von Kamerun. Wiesbaden: Steiner.
Geschiere, P. 1982. Village Communities and the State: changing relations among the Maka of south-eastern Cameroon. London: Kegan Paul, and Leiden: African Studies Centre.
Geschiere, P., and Konings, P. (eds). In press. Les itinéraires d'accumulation au Cameroun. Paris: Karthala.
Gifford, P., and Louis, R. (eds). 1967. Britain and Germany in Africa. New Haven, Conn., and London: Yale University Press.
Goheen, M. 1984. ‘Ideology and Political Symbols in a West African Chiefdom: commoditization of land, labor and symbolic capital in Nso, Cameroon’, unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University.
Guyer, Jane I. 1978. ‘The food economy and French colonial rule in central Cameroon’, Journal of African History 19 (4), 577–97.
Guyer, Jane I. 1985. Family and Farm in Southern Cameroon. Boston, Mass.: African Studies Center, Boston University.
Hafkin, N. J., and Bay, E. G. (eds). 1976. Women in Africa. Stanford, Cal.: Stanford University Press.
Henige, D. 1974. The Chronology of Oral Tradition: quest for a chimera. Oxford: Clarendon.
Kale, Paul Monyongamo. 1939. A Brief History of the Bakweri. Lagos: Salvation Army School.
Lombard, J. 1967. Autorités traditionelles et pouvoirs eurapeens en Afrique noire: le déclin d'une aristocratic sous le régime colonial. Paris: Colin.
Matute, D. L. 1988. The Socio-cultural Legacies of the Bakweri of Cameroon. Buea: published by the author.
Mbake, S. N. 1975. ‘Traditional Authority among the Bakweri’, unpublished dissertation for the DES diploma in history, University of Yaoundé.
Miaffo, D., and Warmer, J.-P. In press. ‘Accumulation et ethos de la notabilité chez les Bamileke, in Geschiere, P. and Konings, P. (eds), State and Society in Cameroon. Paris: Karthala.
Molua, H. 1985. ‘The Bakweri Land Problem, 1884-1961’, unpublished M.A. thesis, University of Ibadan.
Nicolson, I. F. 1969. The Administration of Nigeria, 1900-60: men, methods and myths. Oxford: Clarendon.
Njeuma, M. Z. 1989. Histoire du Cameroun, XIXe siècle-début XXe siècle. Paris: Harmattan.
Nkwi, P. 1976. Traditional Government and Social Change: a study of the political institutions among the Kom of the Cameroon Grassfields. Fribourg: Fribourg University Press.
Ottenberg, S. 1967. ‘Local government and the law in southern Nigeria’, Journal of Asian and African Studies 2, 26–43.
Peel, J. D. Y. 1983. Ijeshas and Nigerians: the incorporation of a Yoruba kingdom, 1890s-1970s. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Robinson, K. E., and Madden, F. (eds). 1963. Essays in Imperial Government presented to Margery Perham. Oxford: Blackwell.
Rothchild, D., and Chazan, N. (eds). 1988. The Precarious Balance: state and society in Africa. Boulder, Colo.: Westview.
B, van Rouveroy van Nieuwaal E. A.. 1987. ‘Chiefs and African states’, in Nieuwaal, E. A. B. van Rouveroy van (ed.), Chieftaincy and the State in Africa. Special issue of Journal of Legal Pluralism 25 (6), 147.
B, van Rouveroy van Nieuwaal E. A.. (ed.). 1987. Chieftaincy and the State in Africa. Special issue of Journal of Legal Pluralism 25 (6).
Seyert, H. 1939. ‘Quelques apercus biographiques sur la race maka’ (unpublished). Yaoundé: Archives IRCAM/MESIRES.
Siret, M. 19461949. ‘Monographic de la région du Haut-Nyong’ (unpublished). Yaoundé: Archives IRCAM/MESIRES.
Spittler, G. 1980. ‘Abstraktes Wissen als Herrschaftsbasis. Zur Entstehungsgeschichte burokratischer Herrschaft in Bauernstaat Preussen’, Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 32, 574604.
Spittler, G. 1981. Verwaltung in einem afrikanischen Bauernstaat. Das koloniale Französisch-Westafrika 1919-39. Weisbaden: Steiner.
Warmer, J.-P. 1985. Echanges, développement et hiérarchies dans le Bamenda précolonial (Cameroun). Stuttgart: Steiner.

Chiefs and colonial rule in Cameroon: inventing chieftaincy, French and British Style

  • Peter Geschiere

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed