Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 7
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Temudo, Marina and Abrantes, Manuel 2015. The Pen and the Plough: Balanta Young Men in Guinea-Bissau. Development and Change, Vol. 46, Issue. 3, p. 464.

    ABRANCHES, MARIA 2014. Remitting wealth, reciprocating health? The “travel” of the land from Guinea-Bissau to Portugal. American Ethnologist, Vol. 41, Issue. 2, p. 261.

    Temudo, Marina Padrão and Abrantes, Manuel Bivar 2013. Changing Policies, Shifting Livelihoods: The Fate of Agriculture in Guinea-Bissau. Journal of Agrarian Change, Vol. 13, Issue. 4, p. 571.

    Kohl, Christoph 2012. Diverse unity: creole contributions to interethnic integration in Guinea-Bissau. Nations and Nationalism, Vol. 18, Issue. 4, p. 643.

    Lundy, Brandon D. 2012. Ethnic Encounters and Everyday Economics in Kassumba, Guinea-Bissau. Ethnopolitics, Vol. 11, Issue. 3, p. 235.

    Temudo, Marina Padrão 2011. Planting Knowledge, Harvesting Agro-Biodiversity: A Case Study of Southern Guinea-Bissau Rice Farming. Human Ecology, Vol. 39, Issue. 3, p. 309.

    Gable, Eric 2009. Conclusion: Guinea-Bissau Yesterday… and Tomorrow. African Studies Review, Vol. 52, Issue. 02, p. 165.


From ‘People's Struggle’ to ‘This War of Today’: Entanglements of Peace and Conflict in Guinea-Bissau


This article aims at contributing to our understanding of violence and warfare in contemporary West Africa by adopting a bi-focal analysis that looks both at power struggles within the urban elite and at the grassroots multi-ethnic setting in southern Guinea-Bissau. I pay close attention to the social dynamics of rural peoples' perspectives, coping strategies and inter-ethnic conflicts. Local conflicts are elucidated as an ongoing process that traverses times of war and peace. Although they are subject to manipulation by urban actors, local conflicts are also a matter of continuous negotiation and partial consensus at the grassroots. In stark contrast to this, the struggles in the ruling group are characterized by an escalating spiral of factionalism, diminishing compromises and elimination of rivals. By analysing the relationship between urban and rural actors and the role of cosmology, the article also aims to shed new light on the multiple shapes patron–client relations can assume in Africa.

Cet article cherche à nous aider à mieux comprendre la violence et les conflits en Afrique de l'Ouest contemporaine en adoptant une analyse bifocale portant à la fois sur les luttes de pouvoir au sein de l'élite urbaine et sur le cadre populaire multiethnique dans le Sud de la Guinée-Bissau. Il s'intéresse de près à la dynamique sociale des perspectives, des stratégies de défense et des conflits interethniques des populations rurales. Il décrit les conflits locaux comme un processus continu qui traverse les périodes de guerre et de paix. Bien qu'ils fassent l'objet de manipulation par les acteurs urbains, les conflits locaux sont aussi une affaire de négociation continue et de consensus partial au niveau local. En revanche, les conflits observés au sein de la classe dirigeante se caractérisent par une spirale croissante de factions, de compromis moins nombreux et d'élimination des rivaux. En analysant la relation entre les acteurs urbains et ruraux et le rôle de la cosmologie, l'article cherche également à apporter un éclairage nouveau sur les formes multiples que peuvent prendre les relations patron-client en Afrique.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

B. Berman (1998) ‘Ethnicity, patronage and the African state: the politics of uncivil nationalism’, African Affairs (97): 305–41.

P. Collier and A. Hoeffler (1998) ‘On economic causes of civil war’, Oxford University Papers 50 (4): 563–73.

E. Gable (2003) ‘Manjaco rulers after a revolution’, Africa 73 (1): 88112.

R. Horton (1975) ‘On the rationality of conversion: Part I’, Africa 45 (3): 219–35.

M. P. Temudo and U. Schiefer (2003) ‘Disintegration and resilience of agrarian societies in Africa— the importance of social and genetic resources: a case study on the reception of urban war refugees in the south of Guinea-Bissau’, Current Sociology 51 (3–4): 395418.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

  • ISSN: 0001-9720
  • EISSN: 1750-0184
  • URL: /core/journals/africa
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *