Adorno, Theodor W. 1967. Prisms, trans. Samuel, and Weber, Shierry. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Agawu, K. 1989. ‘Schenkerian notation in concept and practice’, Music Analysis 8 (3), 275–301.
Agawu, K. 1990. ‘Variation procedures in northern Ewe song’, Ethnomusicology 34 (2), 221–43.
Arom, Simha. 1991. African Polyphony and Polyrhythm: musical structure and methodology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Baily, John. 1990. ‘John Blacking and his place in ethnomusicology’, Yearbook for Traditional Music 22, xii–xxi.
Blacking, John. 1973. How Musical is Man? Seattle and London: University of Washington Press.
Blacking, John. 1985. ‘The problem of “ethnic” perceptions in the semiotics of music’, in Steiner, Wendy (ed.), The Sign in Music and Literature, pp. 184–94. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Dahlhaus, Carl. 1983. Foundations of Music History, trans. Robinson, J. B.. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Ekwueme, Lazarus. 1975–76. ‘Structural levels of rhythm and form in African music with particular reference to the west coast’, African Music 5 (4), 27–35.
Ekwueme, Lazarus. 1980. ‘Analysis and analytic techniques in African music: a theory of melodic scales’, African Music 6 (1), 89–106.
Feld, Steven. 1984. ‘Sound structure as social structure’, Ethnomusicology 28 (3), 383–409.
Hornbostel, E. M. von. 1928. ‘African negro music’, Africa 1 (1), 30–62.
Jones, A. M. 1959. Studies in African Music (2 vols.). London: Oxford University Press.
Keller, Hans. 1957. ‘Functional analysis: its pure application’, Music Review 18, 202–15.
Kyagambiddwa, Joseph. 1955. African Music from the Source of the Nile. New York: Praeger.
Latham, Edward, n.d. ‘Structure in Selected Folk Melodies of Africa: a Schenkerian perspective’. Unpublished seminar paper, New Haven, Conn.: Yale University.
Leppert, Richard and McClary, S. (eds.). 1987. Music and Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Merriam, A. P. 1964. The Anthropology of Music. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press.
Nketia, J. H. Kwabena. 1963. Folk Songs of Ghana. Legon: University of Ghana.
Nketia, J. H. Kwabena. 1981. ‘The juncture of the social and the musical: die methodology of cultural analysis’, The World of Music 23 (1), 22–35.
Stock, Jonathan. 1993. ‘The application of Schenkerian analysis to ethnomusicology: problems and possibilities’, Music Analysis 12 (2), 215–40.
Wachsmann, Klaus P. (ed.). 1971. Music and History in Africa. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press.