Abbink J. (1994) ‘“Tribal” violence, peace-making and ethnography: a comment on Prof. I. Strecker's paper “War and Peace in South Omo”’ in Bahru Z. (ed.), Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference of Ethiopian Studies, Addis Ababa, April 1–6 1991. Addis Ababa: Institute of Ethiopian Studies, Addis Ababa University.
Abbink J. (2009) ‘The fate of the Suri: conflict and group tension on the south-west Ethiopian frontier’ in Schlee G. and Watson E. E. (eds), Changing Identifications and Alliances in North-East Africa. Vol. 1: Ethiopia and Kenya. New York NY: Berghahn.
Admasu L. (2014) ‘The complex inter-ethnic interactions along the Ilemi Triangle: the case of Nyàngatom, Toposa and Turkána’. MA thesis, Addis Ababa University.
Almagor U. (1979) ‘Institutionalizing a fringe periphery: Dassanetch–Amhara relations’ in Donham D. L. and James W. (eds), The Southern Marches of Imperial Ethiopia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Alvarsson J. A. (1989) Starvation and Peace or Food and War? Aspects of armed conflict in the Lower Omo Valley, Ethiopia. Uppsala: Uppsala University.
Appadurai A. (2000) Globalization and Area Studies: the future of a false opposition. Amsterdam: Centre for Asian Studies Amsterdam.
Berouk Mesfin (2011) ‘The Horn of Africa security complex’ in Sharamo R. and Mesfin Berouk (eds), Regional Security in the Post-Cold War Horn of Africa. Pretoria: Institute for Security Studies.
Booth K. (2007) Theory of World Security. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Börzel T. A. (2011) ‘When Europeanization hits limited statehood: the Western Balkans as a test case for the transformative power of Europe’. KFG Working Paper 30. Berlin: Freie Universität Berlin.
Buzan B. (1991) People, State and Fear: an agenda for international security studies in the post-Cold War era. Colchester: ECPR Press.
Buzan B. and Wæver O. (2003) Regions and Powers: the structure of international security. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Buzan B., Wæver O. and de Wilde J. (1998) Security: a new framework for analysis. Boulder CO: Lynne Rienner.
Carr J. C. (1977) ‘Pastoralism in crisis: the Dassanech and their Ethiopian lands’. Research Paper 180. Chicago IL: Department of Geography, University of Chicago.
Cormack Z. (2016) ‘Borders are galaxies: interpreting contestations over local administrative boundaries in South Sudan’, Africa
86 (3): 504–27.
de Waal A. (1991) Evil Days: thirty years of war and famine in Ethiopia. New York NY, Washington DC and London: Human Rights Watch.
Dyson-Hudson R. and Dyson-Hudson N. (1980) ‘Nomadic pastoralism’, Annual Review of Anthropology
Eaton D. (2008) ‘The business of peace: raiding and peace work along the Kenya–Uganda border (Part 1)’, African Affairs
107 (426): 89–110.
Eulenberger I. (2013) ‘Pastoralists, conflicts and politics: aspects of South Sudan's Kenyan frontier’ in Vaughan C., Schomerus M. and de Vries L. (eds), The Borderlands of South Sudan: authority and identity in contemporary and historical perspectives. New York NY: Palgrave Macmillan.
Eulenberger I. (2014) ‘Gifts, guns and govvermen: South Sudan and its southeast’ in Calkins S., Ille E. and Rottenburg R. (eds), Emerging Orders in the Sudans. Bamenda: Langaa RPCIG.
Eulenberger I. (2015) ‘A brief history of the Ilemi region’. Unpublished manuscript.
Gebre Yntiso (2014) ‘The Nyàngatom circle of trust criteria for ethnic inclusion and exclusion’ in Epple S. (ed.), Creating and Crossing Boundaries in Ethiopia: dynamics of social categorization and differentiation. Zurich: LIT Verlag.
Ginifer J. and Turner M. (2005) ‘SALW and development programmes: issues and priorities’. Background paper prepared for the Project ‘European Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons and Explosive Remnants of War’. Geneva: United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR).
Girke F. (2008) ‘The Kara–Nyàngatom war of 2006–2007: dynamics of escalating violence in the tribal zone’ in Bruchhaus E. M. and Sommer M. M. (eds), Hot Spot Horn of Africa Revisited: approaches to make sense of conflict. Berlin: LIT Verlag.
Glowacki L. and Wrangham R. W. (2013) ‘The role of rewards in motivating participation in simple warfare’, Human Nature
24 (4): 444–60.
Gray S., Sundal M., Wiebusch B., Little M. A., Leslie P. W. and Pike I. L. (2003) ‘Cattle raiding, cultural survival, and adaptability of East African pastoralists’, Current Anthropology
44 (S5): S3–S30.
Greiner C. (2013) ‘Guns, land, and votes: cattle rustling and the politics of boundary (re)making in Northern Kenya’, African Affairs
112 (447): 216–37.
Gulliver P. H. (1951) A Preliminary Survey of the Turkána: a report compiled for the government of Kenya. Cape Town: University of Cape Town.
Gulliver P. H. (1952) ‘Bell-oxen and ox names among the Jie’, Uganda Journal
Hettne B. and Söderbaum F. (2000) ‘Theorising the rise of regionness’, New Political Economy
5 (3): 457–72.
Knighton B. (2003) ‘The state as raider among the Karamojong: “Where there are no guns, they use the threat of guns”’, Africa
73 (3): 427–55.
Knighton B. (2005) The Vitality of Karamojong Religion: dying tradition or living faith?
Lamphear J. (1992) Scattering Time: Turkána responses to colonial rule. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Leff J. (2009) ‘Pastoralists at war: violence and security in the Kenya–Sudan–Uganda border region’, International Journal of Conflict and Violence
3 (2): 188–203.
Markakis J. (2011) Ethiopia: the last two frontiers. Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer.
Mburu N. (2003) ‘Delimitation of the elastic Ilemi Triangle: pastoral conflicts and official indifference in the Horn of Africa’, African Studies Quarterly
7 (1): 15–37.
Mirzeler M. and Young C. (2000) ‘Pastoral politics in the northeast periphery in Uganda: AK-47 as change agent’, Journal of Modern African Studies
38 (3): 407–29.
Raudzens G. (1990) ‘War-winning weapons: the measurement of technological determinism in military history’, Journal of Military History
54 (4): 403–34.
Sagawa T. (2010) ‘Automatic rifles and social order amongst the Dassanetch of conflict-ridden East Africa’, Nomadic Peoples
14 (1): 87–109.
Schlee G. (2009) ‘Changing alliances among the Boran, Garre and Gabra in Northern Kenya and Southern Ethiopia’ in Schlee G. and Watson E. E. (eds), Changing Identifications and Alliances in North-East Africa. Vol. 1: Ethiopia and Kenya. New York NY: Berghahn.
Söderbaum F. (2015) ‘Early, old, new and comparative regionalism: the scholarly development of the field’. KFG Working Paper 64. Berlin: Freie Universität Berlin.
Tornay S. (1979) ‘Armed conflicts in the Lower Omo Valley, 1970–1976: an analysis from within Nyàngatom society in warfare among East African herders’, Senri Ethnological Studies Osaka
Tornay S. (1981) ‘The Nyàngatom: an outline of their ecology and social organization’ in Bender M. L. (ed.), Peoples and Cultures of the Ethio-Sudan Borderlands. East Lansing MI: Michigan State University Press.
Tornay S. (1993) ‘More chances on the fringe of state: the growing power of the Nyàngatom’ in Tvedt T. (ed.) Conflicts in the Horn of Africa. Uppsala: Uppsala University.
Tornay S. (2001) Les Fusils jaunes: générations et politique en pays Nyàngatom (Éthiopie). Nanterre: Société d'Ethnologie.
Tornay S. (2009) ‘Modernization in the Lower Omo Valley and adjacent marches of Eastern Equatoria, Sudan: 1991–2000’ in Schlee G. and Watson E. E. (eds), Changing Identifications and Alliances in North-East Africa. Vol. 1: Ethiopia and Kenya. New York NY: Berghahn.
Turton D. (1991) ‘Warfare, vulnerability and survival: a case from south-western Ethiopia’, Disasters
15 (3): 254–64.
Wendt A. (1999) Social Theory of International Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wepundi M., Nthiga E., Kabuu E., Murray R. and Alvazzi del Frate A. (2012) Availability of Small Arms and Perceptions of Security in Kenya: an assessment. Geneva: Small Arms Survey.
Williams P. (ed.) (2008) Security Studies: an introduction. New York NY: Routledge.