Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Witch-hunting and political legitimacy: continuity and change in Green Valley, Lebowa, 1930–91

  • Isak A. Niehaus

Résumé

Au sujet de l'histoire du village de Green Valley dans le Bantustan sud-africain de Lebowa à travers les six dernières décennies, cet article examine les relations complexes entre la chasse aux sorcieres et l'action politique. Je m'oppose aux notions, courantes en littérature anthropologique, que les acteurs politiques prennent part à la chasse aux sorcières dans un effort pour mystifier l'exploitation ou pour intimider leurs adversaires. De telles notions mettent trop l'accent sur les dimensions instrumen-tales du systeme complexe qu'est la sorcellerie et ne prête pas assez attention a sa dimension existentielle/intrinsique en tant qu'explication personnalisée de l'infor-tune. En prenant entiérement connaissance de cette derniere, la chasse aux sorcières peut être vue comme un effort créatif pur éliminer le mal et éviter l'occurrence du malheur dans le futur. II est débattu ici qu'au cours du temps, les chefs et Camarades ont trouvé qu'il était commode sur le plan politique d'identifier et de punir les sorcières dans leurs efforts pour atteindre la légitimité parmi les villageois.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Anderson, R. L. 1990. ‘Keeping the Myth Alive: justice, witches and the law in the 1986 Sekhukhune killings’. B. A. honours dissertation, Johannesburg: Department of History, University of the Witwatersrand.
Bundy, C. 1987. ‘Street sociology and pavement politics: aspects of youth and student resistance in Cape Town, 1985’, Journal of Southern African Studies 13 (3), 303–30.
Cohen, A. 1979. ‘Political symbolism’, Annual Review of Anthropology 8, 87114.
Comaroff, J. (1974) ‘Chiefship in a South African homeland’, Journal of Southern African Studies 1 (1), 3651.
Douglas, M. 1970. ‘Introduction: thirty years after Witchcraft, Oracles and Magic’, in Douglas, M. (ed.), Witchcraft Confessions and Accusations. London: Tavistock.
Foucault, M. 1986. Discipline and Punish: the birth of the prison. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
French, K. 1982. ‘Squatters in the forties’, Africa Perspective 21, 28.
Geertz, C. 1983. ‘Centres, kings and charisma’, in Local Knowledge. New York: Basic Books.
Geschiere, P. 1988. ‘Sorcery and the state: popular modes of action among the Maka of southeast Cameroon’, Critique of Anthropology 8 (1), 3563.
Hall, M. 1987. The Changing Past: farmers, kings and traders in southern Africa. Cape Town: David Philip.
Hammond-Tooke, W. D. 1981. Boundaries and Belief: the structure of a Sotho worldview. Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press.
Harries, P. 1989. ‘Exclusion, classification and internal colonialism: the emergence of ethnicity among the Tsonga-speakers of South Africa’, in Vail, L. (ed.), The Creation of Tribalism in Southern Africa. Berkeley, Cal.: University of California Press.
Harris, M. 1974. Cows, Pigs, Wars and Witches: the riddles of culture. New York: Random House.
Hausse, P. la 1988. Brewers, Beerhalls and Boycotts: a history of liquor in South Africa. Johannesburg: Ravan Press.
Heald, S. 1986. ‘Witches and thieves: deviant motivations in Gisu society’, Man 21 (1), 6578.
Kertzer, D. 1988. Ritual, Politics, and Power. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press.
Krige, E. and , J. 1943. The Realm of a Rain Queen. London: Oxford University Press, for the International African Institute.
Krige, J. 1947. ‘The social functions of witchcraft’, Theoria 1, 821.
Lan, D. 1985. Guns and Rain: guerrillas and spirit mediums in Zimbabwe. London: James Currey.
Marwick, M. 1950. ‘Another modern anti-witchcraft movement in east central Africa’, Africa 20 (1), 100–12.
Marwick, M. 1965. Sorcery in its Social Setting. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Marwick, M. 1970. ‘Witchcraft as a social strain-gauge’, in Marwick, M. (ed.), Witchcraft and Sorcery. Harmondsworth: Penguin.
Mitchell, J. C. 1956. The Yao Village. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Monnig, H. 1967. The Pedi. Pretoria: Van Schaik.
Peters, L. 1972. ‘Aspects of the control of moral ambiguities: a comparative analysis of two culturally disparate modes of social control’, in Gluckman, M. (ed.), The Allocation of Responsibility. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Richards, A. 1935. ‘A modern movement of witch-finders’, Africa 8 (4), 448–61.
Ritchken, E. 1987. ‘Comrades, Witches and the State: the case of the Brooklyn Youth Organization’. Unpublished paper, African Studies Institute, University of the Witwatersrand.
Rosaldo, R. 1980. Ilongot Headhunting, 1883-1974: a study in society and history. Stanford, Cal.: Stanford University Press.
Rowlands, M., and Warnier, J. 1988. ‘Sorcery, power and the modern state in Cameroon’, Man 23 (1), 118–32.
Sansom, B. 1972. ‘When witches are not named’, in Gluckman, M. (ed.), The Allocation of Responsibility. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Sansom, B. 1974a. ‘Traditional economic systems’, in Hammond-Tooke, W. D. (ed.), The Bantu-speaking Peoples of Southern Africa. London: Routledge.
Sansom, B. 1974b. ‘Traditional rulers and their realms’, in Hammond-Tooke, W. D. (ed.), The Bantu-speaking Peoples of Southern Africa. London: Routledge.
South African Institute of Race Relations, 1988. Survey of Race Relations in South Africa. Johannesburg: SAIRR.
Steadman, L. 1985. ‘The killing of witches’. Oceania 56 (2), 106–23.
Willis, R. 1968. ‘Kamcape: an anti-sorcery movement in south-west Tanzania’, Africa 38(1), 115.
Willis, R. 1970. ‘Instant millennium: the sociology of African witch-cleansing cults’, in Douglas, M. (ed.), Witchcraft Confessions and Accusations. London: Tavistock.
Ziervogel, D. 1954. The Eastern Sotho. Pretoria: Van Schaik.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Africa
  • ISSN: 0001-9720
  • EISSN: 1750-0184
  • URL: /core/journals/africa
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed