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Cooperation and Co-Existence Between Farmers and Herders in the Midst of Violent Farmer-Herder Conflicts in Ghana

  • Kaderi Noagah Bukari, Papa Sow and Jürgen Scheffran
Abstract:

Despite periodic violent conflict between farmers and Fulani herders in many parts of Ghana, cooperative relations between them remain strong. They are “cultural neighbors” who cooperate both in times of violent conflict and during periods of no conflict. Cooperation between them is expressed through everyday interactions, cattle entrustment, resource sharing, trade, friendship, intermarriages, visitations, exchanges, communal labor, and social solidarity. Borrowing from theorizations of cultural neighborhood and everyday peace, this paper uses specific case studies from Northern and Southern Ghana to illustrate the enactment of cooperation between herders and farmers in areas of violent farmer-herder conflict.

Malgré des conflits violents périodiques entre les agriculteurs et les éleveurs Fulani dans de nombreuses régions du Ghana, les relations de coopération entre eux restent fortes. Ce sont des « voisins culturels » qui coopèrent à la fois en période de conflit violent et en périodes de paix. La coopération entre eux s’exprime à travers les interactions quotidiennes, l’élevage de bétail, le partage des ressources, le commerce, l’amitié, les mariages mixtes, les visites, les échanges, le travail communautaire et la solidarité sociale. Empruntant aux théorisations du voisinage culturel et de la paix quotidienne, cet article utilise des études de cas spécifiques du nord et du sud du Ghana pour illustrer la promulgation de la coopération entre les éleveurs et les fermiers dans les zones de conflit violent fermier-éleveur.

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African Studies Review
  • ISSN: 0002-0206
  • EISSN: 1555-2462
  • URL: /core/journals/african-studies-review
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