Skip to main content Accessibility help

The Southern Sudan: A Reassessment

  • Sam C. Sarkesian (a1)


In light of the bitterness engendered over the past 150 years between the North and South Sudan—especially during the past two decades—the Addis Ababa Agreement signed in February 1972 is indeed a singular event. (For a text of the agreement, see “Agreement Issue” 1972, pp. 18 and 22; full text on pp. 17-26.) Not only did this mark the end of the seventeen-year-old insurgency in the South, but it may well mark the beginning of a new phase in the relationships between the two regions. This is particularly important when it is noted that apparently neither side achieved their declared objectives. There is a need for caution, however. The basis for future relationships, as well as the effectiveness of the post-insurgency reconstruction, rest on the outcome of the eighteen-month interim arrangement, which is a basic part of the Addis Ababa Agreement.

The interim arrangement (February 1972-June 1973) privides interalia for an Interim High Executive Council, whose President and members are appointed by the President of the Democratic Republic of the Sudan. In effect, the Council is the “Executive and Cabinet” for the Southern Sudan during this interim period. Additionally, a number of other provisions provide for the establishment of institutions and initiate steps for integrating them into a wider national system. Implicitly, the arrangement assumes an effective relationship between the North and South from which a permanent settlement can evolve.



Hide All
Africa, No. 11 (July 1972).
Africa Independent: A Study of Political Developments. Keesing's Research Report. New York: Scribner's Sons, 1972.
Agreement Issue.” Grass Curtain, Vol. II, No. 3 (May 1972).
Al-Rahim, Muddathir 'Abd. “Arabism, Africanism and Self Identification in the Sudan.” Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. VIII, No. 2.
Beshir, Mohamed Omer. The Southern Sudan: Background to Conflict. New York: Praeger, 1968.
Collin, Robert O. The Southern Sudan, 1885-1898. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1962.
Collin, Robert O. Land Beyond the Rivers: The Southern Sudan, 1898-1918. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1971.
Duncan, J. S. R. The Sudan's Path to Independence. London: Blackwood, 1957.
Enahora, Peter. “Africa's Forgotten Wars.” Africa, No. 7 (March 1972).
Grass Curtain. Press Release No. 3 (August 1970).
Hason, Yusef Fadl. “The Sudanese Revolution of October, 1964.” Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. V, No. 4 (December 1967).
Henderson, K. D. D. Sudan Republic. London: Ernest Benn, 1965.
Hill, Richard. Egypt in the Sudan. London: Oxford University Press, 1959.
Kershaw, R.Sudan on the Boil.” New Statesman, Vol. LXIX (February 19, 1965).
Kilner, Peter. “Military Government in the Sudan: The Past Three Years.” The World Today, Vol. XVIII, No. 6 (June 1962).
Oduho, Joseph and Deng, William. The Problem of the Southern Sudan. London: Oxford University Press, 1963.
Reed, Allan. “The Anya-Nya: Ten Months' Travel with Its Forces Inside the Southern Sudan.” Munger Africana Library Notes, No. 11 (February 1972).
Report of the Commission of Inquiry into the Disturbances in the Southern Sudan During August, 1955. Sudan: McCorquedale, 1956.
The Return of Mimeri-Implications and South-Sudan Reactions.” Official Statement issued by the Editor of the Grass Curtain on behalf of the Southern Sudan Liberation Movement (SSIM), Official Statement No. 1 (August 4, 1971).
Said, Beshir Mohammed. The Sudan: Crossroads of Africa. London: Dufours, 1965.
South Sudan Resistance Movement (SSRM). The Anya-Nya Struggle, Background and Objectives. Pamphlet.

The Southern Sudan: A Reassessment

  • Sam C. Sarkesian (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.