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Double burden for women in mid- and later life: evidence from time-use profiles in Cebu, the Philippines

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  10 July 2017

FEINIAN CHEN*
Affiliation:
Department of Sociology, Maryland Population Research Center, University of Maryland, USA. School of Social Development and Public Policy, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.
LUOMAN BAO
Affiliation:
Department of Sociology, California State University, Los Angeles, USA.
ZHIYONG LIN
Affiliation:
Department of Sociology, Maryland Population Research Center, University of Maryland, USA.
ZACHARY ZIMMER
Affiliation:
Social and Behavioral Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, USA. Family Studies and Gerontology, Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, Canada.
SOCORRO GULTIANO
Affiliation:
USC-Office of Population Studies Foundation, Inc., USA. Department of Economics and Department of Socio-Anthropology, University of San Carlos, Cebu City, Philippines.
JUDITH B. BORJA
Affiliation:
Department of Economics and Department of Socio-Anthropology, University of San Carlos, Cebu City, Philippines. Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, University of San Carlos, Cebu City, Philippines.
*
Address for correspondence: Feinian Chen, Department of Sociology, Maryland Population Research Center, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA E-mail: fchen1@umd.edu

Abstract

Using data from the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (1994, 1998, 2002, 2005, 2007, 2012), we utilise latent class analysis to develop time-use class membership to characterise the degree to which women in Cebu are subject to the double burden of work and family responsibilities in mid- and later life. Results suggest that close to a third of the sample are engaged in high-intensity work for pay (either outside or home-based), while combining it with a substantial amount of household chores and with a low level of personal time in a span of 18 years. Our latent transition analysis also shows that, with the addition of grandchildren into the household, some women experience a shift in time-use class membership by becoming high-intensity care-givers or by completely transitioning out of the work arena, while others remain double-burdened with active involvement in both work and family responsibilities.

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Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2017 

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