Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Foreign live-in domestic workers as caretakers of older Kuwaiti men and women: socio-demographic and health correlates

  • NASRA SHAH (a1), HANAN BADR (a1) and MAKHDOOM SHAH (a2)
Abstract
ABSTRACT

Ageing of the population is posing new challenges for caretakers. This paper aims to examine: (a) age and gender differences in care provided by a domestic worker versus a family member in the performance of activities of daily living (ADL); (b) socio-demographic correlates of care during illness; and (c) self-reported physical, functional, and psychological health status in relation to care-giver. A cross-sectional household survey was conducted among 2,487 Kuwaiti nationals aged 50 years or older. This paper focuses on persons aged 70 or more. We found that domestic workers provided care to 28 per cent of men and 58 per cent of women who needed assistance with ADL; and to 14 per cent men and 51 per cent women during illness. These respondents ranked poorer on several health indicators and reported higher depressive symptoms score than those looked after by a family member. Logistic regression indicated that care by a domestic worker was approximately seven times more likely for women than men, about 10.8 times more likely for those without co-resident children compared with those who had three or more co-resident children, and 44 per cent less likely for the poorest compared with the richest persons. It appears that reliance on domestic workers is increasing and such reliance will remain necessary in the absence of culturally acceptable alternative institutional arrangements.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Address for correspondence: Nasra Shah, Department of Community Medicine and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 24923, Safat, 3110Kuwait. E-mail: nasra@hsc.edu.kw
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

L. Ayalon 2009 a. Fears come true: the experiences of older care recipients and their family members of live-in foreign home care workers. International Psychogeriatrics, 21, 779–86.

L. Ayalon 2009 b. Evaluating the working conditions and exposure to abuse of Filipino home care workers in Israel: characteristics and clinical correlates. International Psychogeriatrics, 21, 40–9.

L. Ayalon 2009 c. Family and family-like interactions in households with round-the-clock paid foreign carers in Israel. Ageing & Society, 29, 671–86.

L. Ayalon , M. Kaniel and L. Rosenberg 2008. Social worker's perspectives on care arrangements between vulnerable elders and foreign home-care workers: lessons from Israeli/Filipino caregiving arrangements. Home Health Care Services Quarterly, 27, 121–42.

B. L. Brush and R. Vasupuram 2006. Nurses, nannies and caring work: importation, visibility and marketability. Nursing Inquiry, 13, 181–5.

J. K. Djernes 2006. Prevalence and predictors of depression of elderly: a review. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavia, 113, 372–87.

A. A. Fleming 1998. Family caregiving of older people with dementing illness in nursing homes: a lifeline of special care. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 17, 140–4.

R. Jureidini and N. Moukarbel 2004. Female Sri Lankan domestic workers in Lebanon: a case of ‘contract slavery’? Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 30, 581607.

A. Loveband 2004. Positioning the product: Indonesian migrant women workers in Taiwan. Journal of Contemporary Asia, 34, 336–48.

N. Shah , H. E. Badr , K. Yount and M. Shah 2011. Decline in co-residence with children among older Kuwaiti men and women: what is driving the change? Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology. Published online 26 January 2011. doi:10.1007/s10823-011-9138-x.

N. Shah , J. Behbehani and M. Shah 2010. Prevalence and correlates of major chronic illnesses among older Kuwaiti nationals in two governorates. Medical Principles and Practice, 19, 105–12.

N. M. Shah , K. M. Yount , M. A. Shah and I. Menon 2002. Living arrangements of older women and men in Kuwait. Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology, 17, 337–55.

M. Sinunu , K. M. Yount and N. A. El Afify 2009. Informal and formal long-term care for frail older adults in Cairo, Egypt: family caregiving decisions in a context of social change. Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology, 24, 6376.

B. S. A. Yeoh , S. Huang and J. Gonzalez 1999. Migrant female domestic workers: debating the economic, social and political impacts in Singapore. International Migration Review, 33, 114–36.

K. M. Yount and Z. Khadr 2008. Gender, social change and living arrangements among older Egyptians during 1990s. Population Research Policy Review, 27, 201–25.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Ageing & Society
  • ISSN: 0144-686X
  • EISSN: 1469-1779
  • URL: /core/journals/ageing-and-society
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 5
Total number of PDF views: 25 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 161 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 25th May 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.