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Perceived quality of life and living arrangements among older rural South Africans: do all households fare the same?

  • Margaret Ralston (a1), Enid Schatz (a2) (a3), Sangeetha Madhavan (a3) (a4), F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé (a3) and Mark A. Collinson (a3) (a5) (a6)...
  • Please note a correction has been issued for this article.


This study explores how living arrangements influence perceived quality of life in an elderly population in rural South Africa. We use data from the longitudinal World Health Organization Study of Global Ageing and Adult Health Survey (WHO-SAGE) and from the Agincourt Health and Socio-Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS). On average, older men and women who reside in single-generation and complex-linked multigenerational households report worse quality of life than those in two-generation and linear-linked multigenerational households. However, after controlling for prior wellbeing status, we find living arrangements to have a significant impact on women's perceived quality of life only, and that it is moderated by age. We conclude that not all multigenerational arrangements are protective of older adults’ wellbeing and highlight the gendered impact of living arrangements on quality of life. These results suggest the necessity to understand how living arrangements influence the social roles of older adults and change with age.


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Perceived quality of life and living arrangements among older rural South Africans: do all households fare the same?

  • Margaret Ralston (a1), Enid Schatz (a2) (a3), Sangeetha Madhavan (a3) (a4), F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé (a3) and Mark A. Collinson (a3) (a5) (a6)...
  • Please note a correction has been issued for this article.


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