Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 59
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Boggatz, Thomas 2016. Quality of life in old age - a concept analysis. International Journal of Older People Nursing, Vol. 11, Issue. 1, p. 55.

    Liao, Jing and Brunner, Eric J. 2016. Structural and functional measures of social relationships and quality of life among older adults: does chronic disease status matter?. Quality of Life Research, Vol. 25, Issue. 1, p. 153.

    Mukherjee, Anita J. and Diwan, Sadhna 2016. Late Life Immigration and Quality of Life among Asian Indian Older Adults. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology,

    Ponomarenko, Valentina 2016. Cumulative disadvantages of non-employment and non-standard work for career patterns and subjective well-being in retirement. Advances in Life Course Research,

    Santacreu, Marta Bustillos, Antonio and Fernandez-Ballesteros, Rocio 2016. Multidimensional/Multisystems/Multinature Indicators of Quality of Life: Cross-Cultural Evidence from Mexico and Spain. Social Indicators Research, Vol. 126, Issue. 2, p. 467.

    Courtin, Emilie Knapp, Martin Grundy, Emily and Avendano-Pabon, Mauricio 2015. Are different measures of depressive symptoms in old age comparable? An analysis of the CES-D and Euro-D scales in 13 countries. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, Vol. 24, Issue. 4, p. 287.

    Hyde, M. Higgs, P. Wiggins, R.D. and Blane, D. 2015. A decade of research using the CASP scale: key findings and future directions. Aging & Mental Health, Vol. 19, Issue. 7, p. 571.

    Jenkins, Andrew and Wiggins, Richard D. 2015. Pathways from adult education to well-being: The Tuijnman model revisited. International Review of Education, Vol. 61, Issue. 1, p. 79.

    Kim, Jae-Hyun Yoo, Ki-Bong Park, Eun-Cheol Lee, Sang Gyu and Kim, Tae Hyun 2015. Combined effects of education level and perceived social class on self-rated health and life satisfaction: Results of Korean labor and income panel study wave 8-wave 15. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, Vol. 13, Issue. 1,

    Stolz, Erwin 2015. Cross-National Variation in Quality of Life of Care-Dependent Elders in Europe: A Two-Step Approach Combining Multilevel Regression and Fuzzy-Set QCA. International Journal of Sociology, Vol. 45, Issue. 4, p. 286.

    Tampubolon, Gindo 2015. Delineating the third age: joint models of older people's quality of life and attrition in Britain 2002–2010. Aging & Mental Health, Vol. 19, Issue. 7, p. 576.

    TAREQUE, MD. ISMAIL ISLAM, TOWFIQUA MAHFUZA KAWAHARA, KAZUO SUGAWA, MAKIKO and SAITO, YASUHIKO 2015. Healthy life expectancy and the correlates of self-rated health in an ageing population in Rajshahi district of Bangladesh. Ageing and Society, Vol. 35, Issue. 05, p. 1075.

    Top, Mehmet and Dikmetaş, Elif 2015. Quality of life and attitudes to ageing in Turkish older adults at old people's homes. Health Expectations, Vol. 18, Issue. 2, p. 288.

    Walker, Blake Byron and Schuurman, Nadine 2015. The Pen or the Sword: A Situated Spatial Analysis of Graffiti and Violent Injury in Vancouver, British Columbia. The Professional Geographer, Vol. 67, Issue. 4, p. 608.

    Bilgili, Naile and Arpacı, Fatma 2014. Quality of life of older adults in Turkey. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Vol. 59, Issue. 2, p. 415.

    Cheng, Helen Green, Andy Wolpert, Miranda Deighton, Jessica and Furnham, Adrian 2014. Factors influencing adult quality of life: Findings from a nationally representative sample in the UK. Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 68, p. 241.

    Jagger, Carol and Brittain, Katie 2014. Wellbeing.

    Jivraj, Stephen and Nazroo, James 2014. Determinants of socioeconomic inequalities in subjective well-being in later life: a cross-country comparison in England and the USA. Quality of Life Research, Vol. 23, Issue. 9, p. 2545.

    Jivraj, S. Nazroo, J. Vanhoutte, B. and Chandola, T. 2014. Aging and Subjective Well-Being in Later Life. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, Vol. 69, Issue. 6, p. 930.

    Kok, Jin Kuan and Yap, Yuet Ngor 2014. Aging gracefully: A comparative study of Japanese and Malaysian women aged 65–75. Journal of Aging Studies, Vol. 31, p. 54.


Quality of life in the third age: key predictors of the CASP-19 measure

  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 August 2004

This article aims to identify and analyse the lifecourse and contextual factors that influence the quality of life in early old age. We conceptualise quality of life as distinct from the factors which influence it, and employ a model of the quality of life that is derived from an explicit theory of human need. The operational measure (CASP-19) consists of 19 Likert-scaled items which cover four theoretical domains: control, autonomy, self-realisation and pleasure. A postal questionnaire was sent to 286 British people aged 65–75 years who were members of the sample for the 1930s Boyd-Orr study of health and diet and who had been followed up through retrospective interviews during the late 1990s. The 286 were broadly representative of their age group. The survey's response rate was 92 per cent. Respondents provided information on a number of contextual influences on their quality of life in early old age, notably social support and participation, the quality and quantity of social contact, feelings of trust and reciprocity about the local neighbourhood, health and financial security. In the analyses reported here, a series of conceptual and operational influences on quality of life in early old age is identified using block regression models. Finally, the relative impact of each predictor on CASP-19 is examined. The findings suggest that the legacy of the past tends to be best captured by people's feelings about the adequacy of their pensions and their status as owner-occupiers as well as a feeling that the area in which they live is deprived. The quality of the social contact people describe and how close they feel to those around them will ameliorate the negative impacts of the past and the immediate environment. In addition, we must recognise that people remain vulnerable to the impact of loss: recent bereavement, and major illnesses can impact on a person's quality of life.

Corresponding author
Richard Wiggins, Department of Sociology, City University, London EC1V OHB. e-mail:
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Ageing & Society
  • ISSN: 0144-686X
  • EISSN: 1469-1779
  • URL: /core/journals/ageing-and-society
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *