Allison, P. 2009. Fixed Effects Regression Models. Sage, London.
Anderson, S. 2008. Later Life Learning: A Review of the Literature. Association for Education and Ageing, Leicester, UK.
Betts Adams, K., Leibbrandt, S. and Moon, H. 2011. A critical review of the literature on social and leisure activity and wellbeing in later life. Ageing & Society, 31, 4, 683–712.
Dench, S. and Regan, J. 2000. Learning in Later Life: Motivation and Impact. Department for Education and Employment, London.
European Commission 2001. Making a European Area of Lifelong Learning a Reality. COM(2001) 678, Publications Office, Luxembourg.
European Commission 2006. Adult Learning: It is Never Too Late to Learn. COM (2006) 614, Publications Office, Luxembourg.
European Commission 2010. Europe 2020 – A Strategy or Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive Growth. COM (2010) 2020, Publications Office, Luxembourg.
Feinstein, L. and Hammond, C. 2004. The contribution of adult learning to health and social capital. Centre for Research on the Wider Benefits of Learning Research Report 8, Institute of Education, London.
Field, J. 2009. Good for your soul? Adult learning and mental wellbeing. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 28, 2, 175–91.
Field, J. 2011. Researching the benefits of learning: the persuasive power of longitudinal studies. London Review of Education, 9, 3, 283–92.
Jamieson, A. 2007. Education and the quality of life in later years. Quality in Ageing, 8, 3, 15–23.
Jamieson, A. 2012. Learning in later adulthood: transitions and engagement in formal study. Educational Gerontology, 38, 3, 201–11.
Laslett, P. 1996. A Fresh Map of Life. Second edition, Macmillan, London.
McMunn, A., Nazroo, J., Wahrendorf, M., Breeze, E. and Zanninotto, P. 2009. Participation in socially-productive activities, reciprocity and wellbeing in later life: baseline results in England. Ageing & Society, 29, 5, 765–82.
Moody, H. R. 2004. Structure and agency in late-life learning. In Tulle, E. (ed.), Old Age and Agency. Nova Science Publishers, New York, 29–44.
Narushima, M. 2008. More than nickels and dimes: the health benefits of a community-based lifelong learning program for older adults. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 27, 6, 673–92.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 2006. Live Longer, Work Longer. OECD, Paris.
Phillipson, C. 2013. Ageing. Polity, Cambridge.
Russell, H. 2008. Later life: a time to learn. Educational Gerontology, 34, 3, 206–24.
Scherger, S., Nazroo, J. and Higgs, P. 2011. Leisure activities and retirement: do structures of inequality change in old age? Ageing & Society, 31, 1, 146–72.
Schuller, T. and Watson, D. 2009. Learning Through Life: Inquiry into the Future for Lifelong Learning. NIACE, Leicester, UK.
Swindell, R. and Thompson, J. 1995. International perspectives on the University of the Third Age. Educational Gerontology, 21, 5, 429–47.
Wiggins, R. D., Netuveli, G., Hyde, M., Higgs, P. and Blane, D. 2008. The evaluation of a self-enumerated scale of quality of life (CASP-19) in the context of research on ageing: a combination of exploratory and confirmatory approaches. Social Indicators Research, 89, 1, 61–77.
Withnall, A. 2010. Improving Learning in Later Life. Routledge, London.
World Health Organisation (WHO) 2001. Active Ageing. WHO, Geneva.
World Health Organisation (WHO) 2002. Active Ageing: A Policy Framework. WHO, Geneva.