Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

An Archaic Cemetery at Port Au Choix, Newfoundland

  • James A. Tuck (a1)

Abstract

An Archaic Indian cemetery at Port au Choix, Newfoundland, dating from about 2000-1700 yrs B.C. is described. For the first time, excellent bone preservation allows a relatively complete reconstruction of the culture of the Archaic inhabitants of Newfoundland. Comparing the assemblage from Port au Choix with other Archaic assemblages from Maine, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia, especially the Moorehead or Maine Cemetery complex sites leads to the description of a "new" whole cultural tradition, the Maritime Archaic tradition, which existed throughout the Atlantic provinces and northern New England during the second millennium B.C. This tradition was based upon the distinctive resources found in that area- caribou, sea mammals, sea birds, and fish-and is very different from the Laurentian and Shield Archaic traditions as regards adaptation to a coastal environment and all the cultural variations concomitant with such an ecological adjustment.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Bennett, Wendell C. 1948 The Peruvian co-tradition. In A reappraisal of Peruvian archaeology. Society for American Archaeology, Memoir 4.
Byers, Douglas S. 1959 The eastern Archaic: Some problems and hypotheses. American Antiquity 24:233256.
Byers, Douglas S. 1962 New England and the Arctic. In Prehistoric cultural relations between the Arctic and temperate zones of North America. Arctic Institute of North America, Technical Paper 11:143153.
Crignan, A. T. 1956 Some aspects of the biology of caribou and a study of the woodland caribou range of the Slate Islands, Lake Superior, Ontario. Unpublished M.A. thesis, Department of Zoology, University of Toronto.
Goggin, John 1949 Cultural traditions in Florida prehistory. In The Florida Indian and his neighbors, edited by John W. Griffin, pp. 1344. Rollins College, Winter Park, Florida.
Harp, Elmer Jr. 1963 Evidence of Boreal Archaic culture in southern Labrador and Newfoundland. National Museum of Canada, Bulletin 193, Pt. I:184261.
Harp, Elmer Jr. 1964 The cultural affinities of the Newfoundland Dorset Eskimo, National Museum of Canada, Bulletin 200.
Harp, Elmer Jr., and Hughes, David 1968 Five prehistoric burials from Port au Choix, Newfoundland. Polar Notes 8.
Haury, Emil W., and others 1956 An archaeological approach to the study of cultural stability. In Seminars in archaeology: 1955, edited by Robert Wauchope, pp. 3157. Society for American Archaeology, Memoir 11.
Kendeigh, Charles S. 1961 Animal ecology. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.
Kennedy, Clyde 1966 Preliminary report on the Morrison’s Island site. National Museum of Canada, Bulletin 206:100124.
Mansfield, Arthur W. 1963 Seals of arctic and eastern Canada. Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Bulletin 137.
Phillips, Philip, and Willey, Gordon 1953 Method and theory in American archaeology. An operational basis for culture-historical integration. American Anthropologist 55:615633.
Piers, Harry 1889 Aboriginal remains of Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia Institute of Natural Sciences, Transactions 7:276299.
Piers, Harry 1896 Relics of the stone age in Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia Institute of Natural Sciences, Transactions, 9:2658.
Rasmussen, Knud 1931 The Netsilik Eskimos. Report of the Fifth Thule Expedition 1921–24, Vol. 8. Copenhagen.
Ritchie, William A. 1940 Two prehistoric village sites at Brewerton, New York. Research Records of the Rochester Museum of Arts and Sciences 5.
Ritchie, William A. 1945 An early site in Cayuga County, New York. New York State Archaeological Association, Researches and Transactions 10.
Ritchie, William A. 1965 The archaeology of New York State. Natural History Press. Garden City, New York.
Ritchie, William A. 1968 The KI site, the Vergennes phase and the Laurentian tradition. New York State Archaeological Association, Bulletin 42:15.
Robbins, Maurice 1968 An Archaic ceremonial complex at Assawompsett. Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Attleboro.
Scheffer, Victor B. 1958 Seals, sea lions, and walruses: A review of the Pinnipedia. Stanford University Press, Stanford.
Smith, Benjamin L. 1948 An analysis of the Maine cemetery complex. Massachusetts Archaeological Society, Bulletin 9:1772.
Willey, Gordon 1945 Horizon styles and pottery traditions in Peruvian archaeology. American Antiquity 11:4956.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

American Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0002-7316
  • EISSN: 2325-5064
  • URL: /core/journals/american-antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed