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Evidence for the Antiquity of Scalping from Central Illinois

  • Georg K. Neumann (a1)

Just before the archaeological party of the University of Chicago moved camp to the extreme southeastern part of Fulton County, Illinois, during the summer of 1933, the writer visited the aboriginal site (designated Fv896 by the archaeological survey) on the Norman Crable farm located on the high Illinois River bluff about two miles north of Bluff City. Here for several years Mr. Glenn McGirr, a local collector, had opened a large number of graves to secure artifacts, and on that afternoon had opened six of them. The burials were extended on the back with the arms to the sides and accompanied by typical Middle Mississippi pottery and other artifacts that were assigned to the Spoon River focus of the Monk's Mound aspect after excavations had been carried on by the field party.

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368 For descriptions of sites of this focus see Cole F.-C. and Deuel Thorne, Rediscovering Illinois, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1937 .

369 Friederici, Georg. Skalpieren und änhliche Kriegsgebräuche in Amerika. Inaugural-Dissertation zur Erlangung der Doktorwürde der Philosophischen Fakultät der Universitat Leipzig. Braunschweig: Friedrich Vieweg und Sohn, 1906, 172 pp.

370 Willoughby, C. C. The Turner Group of Earthworks, Hamilton County, Ohio. Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, vol. VIII, no. 3, 1922, p. 61.

371 Shetrone H. C. The Mound Builders. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1930, p. 103 .

372 In addition to the reference cited above see also: Skalpieren in Nordamerika. Globus, vol. 73, no. 13, April 2, 1898, pp. 201–207, and no. 14, April 9, 1898, pp. 222–228, Braunschweig; and Scalping in America. Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution for 1906, pp. 423–138. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1907.

373 Friederici, 1907, p. 428.

374 Ibid.

375 Friederici, 1898, p. 203.

376 Friederici, 1907, p. 429.

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American Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0002-7316
  • EISSN: 2325-5064
  • URL: /core/journals/american-antiquity
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