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Floodwater Farming, Discontinuous Ephemeral Streams, and Puebloan Abandonment in Southwestern Colorado

  • Gary A. Huckleberry (a1) and Brian R. Billman (a2)
  • Please note a correction has been issued for this article.
Abstract

Geoarchaeological study on the southern piedmont of Sleeping Ute Mountain in southwestern Colorado indicates the presence of discontinuous ephemeral streams that were the foci of episodic Puebloan occupation between A.D. 600s and 1280. Characterized by arroyos, discontinuous ephemeral streams contain alternating aggrading and degrading reaches and are well suited for ak chin floodwater agriculture. Episodic Puebloan abandonment of the southern piedmont correlates with periods of drought but does not appear to be linked to stream entrenchment. We question a priori assumptions of droughts correlated to stream entrenchment and urge caution in the use of drought-arroyo models for settlement shifts in alluvial flood plains without supporting stratigraphic or geomorphic evidence.

Résumé

Estudios geoarqueológicos en la bajada sur de Sleeping Ute Mountain, ubicada en el suroeste de Colorado indica la presencia de corrientes efímeras descontinuos que fueron los centros de asentamiento periódicos desde d.c. 600s hasta d.c. 1280. Estos arroyos efímeros condemn bancos y harrancos, y son ideales para la forma de agricultura que utiliza agua de inundaciones, llamada ak chin. El abandono periódico de los pueblos en la bajada sur se correlaciona temporalmente con épocas de aridez, pero no corresponde a la erosión de los canales. No creemos que todas las sequías se correlacionan con erosión en toda la vertiente, y recomendamos cautela en el uso del modelo de sequía-arroyo como indicación de cambios en los asentamientos de sistemas fluviales sin datos apoyados por estratigrafía or geomorfología.

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