Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

Hafting and Retooling: Effects on the Archaeological Record

  • Lawrence H. Keeley (a1)
Abstract

Hafting has long been recognized by archaeologists as a process affecting stone tools. However, the effects of this process on the archaeological record have been virtually ignored. Hafting affects the final typological form of tools because hafted tools are usually more extensively and intensively worked than their unhafted counterparts. Ethnoarchaeological and some recent archaeological evidence indicates that functionally equivalent but typologically diverse hafted and unhafted tools may be in use at the same site. Because hafted tools are disposed of as a consequence of the “retooling” of hafts, the context of their disposal may not be equivalent to the context of their use. But, unhafted tools appear to be disposed of more often at or near the focus of use. Indifference to the hafted/unhafted distinction then may seriously distort inferences based upon intrasite spatial analysis. It is also argued that hafting is a strategy that will be differentially employed by any social group at different sites according to circumstances, thereby contributing to interassemblage variability. Finally, some methods of analysis are suggested that will allow the typological and distributional effects of hafting and retooling to be taken into account by lithic analysts.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

D. Cahen , and L. Keeley 1980 Not less than two, not more than three. World Archaeology 12:166180.

D. Cahen , L. Keeley , and F. Van Noten 1979 Stone tools, toolkits and human behavior in prehistory. Current Anthropology 20:661683.

M. Collins 1981 The use of petroleum by Late Archaic and Early Woodland peoples in Jefferson County, Kentucky. Journal of Field Archaeology 8:5564.

H. E. Driver , and W. C. Massey 1957 Comparative studies of North American Indians. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 47:165456.

R. Gould 1978 The anthropology of human residues. American Anthropologist 80:815835.

Richard M. Gramly 1980 Raw material source areas and ‘curated’ tool assemblages. American Antiquity 45:828833.

George Odell 1980 Toward a more behavioral approach to archaeological lithic concentrations. American Antiquity 45: 404431.

G. Odell , and F. Odell-Vereecken 1980 Verifying the reliability of lithic use-wear assessments by blind tests: the low-power approach. Journal of Field Archaeology 7:87120.

M. Schiffer 1972 Archaeological context and systemic context. American Antiquity 37:156165.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

American Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0002-7316
  • EISSN: 2325-5064
  • URL: /core/journals/american-antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 72 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 22nd September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.