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INTERNATIONAL APPROACHES TO CLIMATE CHANGE AND CULTURAL HERITAGE

  • George Hambrecht (a1) and Marcy Rockman (a2)
Abstract

Anthropogenic climate change is increasingly threatening cultural heritage; cultural resource managers, communities, and archaeologists are confronting this reality. Yet the phenomenon is happening over such a wide range of physical and sociocultural contexts that it is a problem too big for any one organization or discipline to tackle. Therefore, the sharing of best practices and examples between the communities dealing with this problem is essential. This article presents examples from communities, cultural resource managers, and archaeologists who are engaging with climate change–based threats to cultural heritage. Our presentation of these international activities follows the US National Park Service (NPS) four-pillar approach to climate-change threats to cultural heritage: science, mitigation, adaptation, and communication. We discuss this approach and then present a number of cases in which communities or institutions are attempting to manage cultural heritage threatened by climate change through these four pillars. This article restricts itself to examples that are taking place outside of the USA and concludes with some general recommendations for both archaeologists and funding entities.

El cambio climático antropogénico amenaza cada vez más el patrimonio cultural; los gerentes de recursos culturales, las comunidades y los arqueólogos se enfrentan a esta realidad. Sin embargo, dada la ocurrencia de este fenómeno en tan amplia gama de contextos físicos y socioculturales, es un problema demasiado grande para una sola organización o disciplina. Por eso, es esencial compartir mejores prácticas y ejemplos entre las comunidades que hacen frente a este problema. Este artículo presenta ejemplos tomados de comunidades, gerentes de recursos culturales y arqueólogos quienes están respondiendo a amenazas al patrimonio cultural relacionadas con el cambio climático. Nuestra presentación de estas actividades internacionales sigue el enfoque del National Park Service de los Estados Unidos hacia la amenaza del cambio climático al patrimonio cultural, que identifica cuatro pilares: ciencia, mitigación, adaptación y comunicación. Discutimos este enfoque y luego presentamos varios casos en los que comunidades o instituciones están tratando de administrar el patrimonio cultural amenazado por el cambio climático usando estos cuatro pilares. Este artículo se limita a ejemplos que están teniendo lugar fuera de los Estados Unidos y concluye con recomendaciones tanto para los arqueólogos como para las entidades financiadoras.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
(ghambrec@umd.edu, corresponding author)
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