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Prehistoric Wells in Eastern New Mexico

  • Glen L. Evans (a1)
Extract

Prehistoric shaft-like excavations which may have been aboriginal water wells were discovered in the fall of 1949 and the summer of 1950 at the well-known early man site 12 miles southwest of Clovis and 7 miles north of Portales, New Mexico. Work at this site is part of an extended program of geologic studies of Quaternary deposits on the High Plains of western Texas and eastern New Mexico being carried on by the Texas Memorial Museum. A report dealing with the geology and ancient archaeological horizons at the Clovis site will be ready for publication in the near future, but a separate description of the shafts or wells seems desirable at this time.

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References
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Antevs, Ernst 1935. The Occurrence of Flints and Extinct Animals in Pluvial Deposits near Clovis, New Mexico, Part II, Age of Clovis Lake Beds. Proceedings, Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences, Vol. 87, pp. 304–11. Philadelphia.
Antevs, Ernst 1949. Geology of the Clovis Sites. In Ancient Man in North America, by Wormington, H. S., pp. 185–90, Denver Museum of Natural History.
Bryan, Frank 1938. A Review of the Geology of the Clovis Finds Reported by Howard and Cotter. American Antiquity, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 112–30. Menasha.
Clark, William T. Jr., 1938. The Occurrence of Flints and Extinct Animals in Pluvial Deposits near Clovis, New Mexico, Part VII, Pleistocene Mollusks from the Clovis Gravel Pit and Vicinity. Proceedings, Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences, Vol. 90, pp. 119–21. Philadelphia.
Cotter, John L. 1937. The Occurrence of Flints and Extinct Animals in Pluvial Deposits near Clovis, New Mexico, Part IV, Report on the Excavations at the Gravel Pit in 1936. Proceedings, Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences, Vol. 89, pp. 2–16. Philadelphia.
Cotter, John L. 1938. The Occurrence of Flints and Extinct Animals in Pluvial Deposits near Clovis, New Mexico, Part VI, Report on Field Season of 1937. Proceedings, Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences, Vol. 90, pp. 113–7. Philadelphia.
Evans, Glen L, and Meade, Grayson E. 1945. Quaternary of the Texas High Plains. University of Texas Publication 4401, pp. 485–507. Austin.
Howard, Edoar B. 1935. Evidence of Early Man in North America. The Museum Journal, University of Pennsylvania Museum, Vol. 24, Nos. 2-3. Philadelphia.
Howard, Edoar B. 1939. The Clovis Finds Are Not Two Million Years Old. American Antiquity, Vol. 5, No. 1-1, pp. 43–51. Menasha.
Patrick, Ruth 1938. The Occurrence of Flints and Extinct Animals in Pluvial Deposits near Clovis, New Mexico, Part V, Diatom Evidence from the Mammoth Pit. Proceedings, Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences, Vol. 90, pp. 15–24. Philadelphia.
Price, W. Armstrong 1944. The Clovis Site: Regional Physiography and Geology. American Antiquity, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 401–7. Menasha.
Sellards, E. H. 1940. Early Man in America: Index to Localities and Selected Bibliography. Bulletin, Geological Society of America, Vol. 51, No. 3, pp. 373–432. New York.
Stock, Chester, and Bode, Francis D. 1937. The Occurrence of Flints and Extinct Animals in Pluvial Deposits near Clovis, New Mexico, Part HI, Geology and Vertebrate Paleontology of the Late Quaternary. Proceedings, Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences, Vol. 88, pp. 219–41. Philadelphia.
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American Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0002-7316
  • EISSN: 2325-5064
  • URL: /core/journals/american-antiquity
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