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War in the Southwest, War in the World

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Stephen H. Lekson*
Affiliation:
Department of Anthropology and Museum of Natural History, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0218
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Abstract

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The study of warfare in the ancient Pueblos of the U.S. Southwest has become politicized and contentious, and southwestern data are only rarely used to address larger anthropological theories of war. A cross-cultural model of violence proposed by Carol and Melvin Ember (1992) suggests that war in pre-state societies is predicted by resource unpredictability and socialization for fear. The Ember and Ember model is evaluated using syntheses of southwestern warfare by Steven LeBlanc (1999), environmental variability by Jeffrey Dean (1988, 1996), and political history by Stephen Lekson (1999). The fit between the southwestern data and the model is close, and supports the Ember and Ember model.

Résumé

Résumé

El estudio de la guerra entre los Pueblos antiguos del Suroeste de los Estados Unidos se ha vuelto politizado y contencioso, y los datos del Suroeste han sido usados raramente para tratar las teorías antropológicas mas extensas sobre la guerra. Un modelo transcultural de violencia propuesto por Carol y Melvin Ember (1992) sugiere que la guerra en sociedades pre-estatales es predecible por la incertidumbre de los recursos y la socialización por miedo. El modelo de Ember y Ember es evaluado usando la síntesis de la guerra en el Suroeste por Steven LeBlanc (1999), la variabilidad del medio ambiente por Jeffrey Dean (1988, 1996), y la historia política por Stephen Lekson (1999). La estrecha concordancia entre los datos del Suroeste y el modelo apoya la propuesta de Ember y Ember.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © The Society for American Archaeology 2002

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