Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-59b7f5684b-qn7h5 Total loading time: 0.561 Render date: 2022-09-29T09:13:25.740Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "useRatesEcommerce": false, "displayNetworkTab": true, "displayNetworkMapGraph": false, "useSa": true } hasContentIssue true

Environment-friendly swine feed formulation to reduce nitrogen and phosphorus excretion

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  30 October 2009

Mark S. Honeyman
Affiliation:
Assistant Professor of Agricultural Education and Studies and Animal Science, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011.
Get access

Abstract

The nutrient composition of swine excreta can be altered by manipulating the composition of the pig's diet Several approaches are reviewed: feeding according to the pig's growth phase, formulation according to the feed's digestible amino acids, use of crystalline amino acids, the ideal protein approach, formulation according to available phosphorus, and the addition ofphytase enzymes. Each has the potential to lower nitrogen or phosphorus excretion levels. Together they can dramatically reduce the nitrogen and phosphorus concentration of swine manure, which could be a major advantage in regions with a high density of swine or for swine operations with limited access to arable land. However, the value of the swine manure would be much less as a fertilizer because these two elements are important plant nutrients.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1993

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

1.Agricultural Research Council. 1981. The nutrient requirements of pigs. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Slough, Great Britain.Google Scholar
2.American Society of Agricultural Engineers Standards. 1990. Manure production and characteristics. D-384. Amer. Soc. Agric. Engineers, St. Joseph, Michigan, pp. 463465.Google Scholar
3.Chung, T.K., and Baker, D.H.. 1991. A chemically defined diet for maximal growth in pigs. J. Nutrition 121:979984.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
4.Chung, T.K., and Baker, D.H.. 1992. An improved ideal protein for 10 kg pigs. J. Animal Sci. Midwest Section 1992:71 (Abstract).Google Scholar
5.Cromwell, G.L. 1979. Availability of phosphorus in feedstuffs for swine. In Proc. Distillers Feed Research Conf., Des Moines, Iowa.Google Scholar
6.Cromwell, G.L. 1989. Requirements and biological availability of phosphorus for swine. In Proc. Pitman Moore Nutrition Conf, Des Moines, Iowa.Google Scholar
7.Cromwell, G.L. 1990. Application of phosphorus availability data to practical diet formulation. In Proc. Carolina Swine Nutrition Conf, Raleigh, North Carolina, Nov. 7–8. pp. 5575.Google Scholar
8.Cromwell, G.L. 1991. Phytase appears to reduce phosphorus in feed, manure. Feedstuffs 63(41):1416.Google Scholar
9.Ewan, R.C. 1986. Analysis of feeds and feed ingredients—1985. In ISU Swine Research Report 1986. AS-580. Iowa State Univ., Ames. pp. 5759.Google Scholar
10.Franz, P., Dreyer, D., Romberg, F.J., and Salewski, A.. 1989. Adapted crude protein and amino acid supply decreases N-excretion in fattening pigs—a contribution to environmentfriendly animal production. Schweinezucht und Schweinemast 37:400402.Google Scholar
11.Fuller, M.F. 1989. Ideal protein: The concept and its application in swine diets. In Proc. Western Nutrition Conf., Winnipeg, Canada, Sept. 13–14.Google Scholar
12.Fuller, M.F. 1990. Optimum dietary amino acid pattern for maintenance and gain of growing swine. In Proc. Carolina Swine Nutrition Conf., Raleigh, North Carolina, Nov. 7–8.Google Scholar
13.Fuller, M.F., and Wang, T.C.. 1990. Digestible ideal protein—a measure of dietary protein value. Pig News and Information 11(3):353359.Google Scholar
14.Fuller, M.F., Me William, R., Wang, T.C., and Giles, L.R.. 1989. The optimum dietary amino acid pattern for growing pigs. 2. Requirements for maintenance and for tissue protein accretion. British J. Nutrition 62:255267.Google ScholarPubMed
15.Jongbloed, A.W. 1987. Phosphorus in the feeding of pigs. Institute voor Veevoeding Sonderzoek, Lelystad, Netherlands.Google Scholar
16.Jongbloed, A.W., Mroz, Z., and Kemme, P.A.. 1992. The affect of supplementary Aspergillus niger phytase in diets for pigs on concentration and apparent digestibility of dry matter, total phosphorus, and phytic acid in different sections of the alimentary tract. J. Animal Sci. 70:11591168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
17.Knabe, D.A. 1991. Bioavailability of amino acids in feedstuffs for swine. In Miller, E.R., Ullrey, D.E., and Lewis, A.J. (eds). Swine Nutrition. Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston, Massachusetts, pp. 327340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
18.Koch, F. 1990. Amino acid formulation to improve carcass quality and limit nitrogen load in waste. In Proc. Carolina Swine Nutrition Conf., Raleigh, North Carolina, Nov. 7–8. pp. 7695.Google Scholar
19.Lenis, N.P. 1989. Lower nitrogen excretion in pig husbandry by feeding: Current and future possibilities. Netherlands J. Agric. Sci. 37:6170.Google Scholar
20.National Research Council. 1988. Nutrient Requirements of Swine (9th rev. ed.). National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
21.Nelson, T.S., Ferrarra, L.W., and Storer, N.L.. 1968. Phytate phosphorus content of feed ingredients derived from plants. Poultry Sci. 47:13721374.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
22.Pearce, G.R. 1979. Quality aspects of livestock wastes in relation to their utilization. Agric. Wastes 1:223226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
23.Peeler, H.T. 1972. Biological availability of nutrients in feeds: Availability of major mineral ions. J. Animal Sci. 35:696712.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
24.Sauer, W., and Ozimek, L.. 1986. Digestibility of amino acids in swine: Results and their practical applications. A review. Livestock Production Sci. 15:367388.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
25.Smith, L.W. 1973. Recycling animal wastes as protein sources. In Alternative Sources of Protein for Animal Production. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. pp. 146173.Google Scholar
26.Stevermer, E.J. 1992. ISU Swine Enterprise Records Program. In 1992 Swine Research Report. ASL-R970. Iowa State Univ., Ames. pp. 99104Google Scholar
27.Wang, T.C., and Fuller, M.F.. 1989. The optimum dietary amino acid pattern for growing pigs. 1. Experiments by amino acid deletion. British J. Nutrition 62:7789.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
28.Welch, J.G., Cordts, R.H., and VanderNoot, G.H.. 1966. Effect of lysine, methionine and tryptophan supplementation upon nitrogen retention of barrows. J. Animal Sci. 25:806808.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
11
Cited by

Save article to Kindle

To save this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about saving to your Kindle.

Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Environment-friendly swine feed formulation to reduce nitrogen and phosphorus excretion
Available formats
×

Save article to Dropbox

To save this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about saving content to Dropbox.

Environment-friendly swine feed formulation to reduce nitrogen and phosphorus excretion
Available formats
×

Save article to Google Drive

To save this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you used this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about saving content to Google Drive.

Environment-friendly swine feed formulation to reduce nitrogen and phosphorus excretion
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response

Please enter your response.

Your details

Please enter a valid email address.

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *