Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 88
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Alms, Jill Moechnig, Michael Vos, David and Clay, Sharon A. 2016. Yield Loss and Management of Volunteer Corn in Soybean. Weed Technology, Vol. 30, Issue. 1, p. 254.


    Blubaugh, Carmen K. and Kaplan, Ian 2016. Invertebrate Seed Predators Reduce Weed Emergence Following Seed Rain. Weed Science, Vol. 64, Issue. 1, p. 80.


    Blubaugh, Carmen K. Hagler, James R. Machtley, Scott A. and Kaplan, Ian 2016. Cover crops increase foraging activity of omnivorous predators in seed patches and facilitate weed biological control. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 231, p. 264.


    Cutler, G. Christopher Astatkie, Tess and Chahil, Gurminder S. 2016. Weed seed granivory by carabid beetles and crickets for biological control of weeds in commercial lowbush blueberry fields. Agricultural and Forest Entomology,


    Evans, Theodore A. Gleeson, Patrick V. and Clough, Yann 2016. Direct measurement of ant predation of weed seeds in wheat cropping. Journal of Applied Ecology, Vol. 53, Issue. 4, p. 1177.


    Blubaugh, Carmen K. and Kaplan, Ian 2015. Tillage compromises weed seed predator activity across developmental stages. Biological Control, Vol. 81, p. 76.


    Kulkarni, Sharavari S. Dosdall, Lloyd M. Spence, John R. and Willenborg, Christian J. 2015. Depth of Seed Burial and Gender Influence Weed Seed Predation by Three Species of Ground Beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Weed Science, Vol. 63, Issue. 4, p. 910.


    Kulkarni, Sharavari S. Dosdall, Lloyd M. and Willenborg, Christian J. 2015. The Role of Ground Beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in Weed Seed Consumption: A Review. Weed Science, Vol. 63, Issue. 2, p. 335.


    Nichols, Virginia Verhulst, Nele Cox, Rachael and Govaerts, Bram 2015. Weed dynamics and conservation agriculture principles: A review. Field Crops Research, Vol. 183, p. 56.


    Ramesh, Kulasekaran 2015.


    Schmid, Ryan B. Lehman, R. Michael Brözel, Volker S. and Lundgren, Jonathan G. 2015. Gut Bacterial Symbiont Diversity Within Beneficial Insects Linked to Reductions in Local Biodiversity. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, Vol. 108, Issue. 6, p. 993.


    van der Laat, Rocio Owen, Micheal D. K. Liebman, Matt and Leon, Ramon G. 2015. Postdispersal Weed Seed Predation and Invertebrate Activity Density in Three Tillage Regimes. Weed Science, Vol. 63, Issue. 4, p. 828.


    Birthisel, Sonja K. Gallandt, Eric R. and Jabbour, Randa 2014. Habitat effects on second-order predation of the seed predator Harpalus rufipes and implications for weed seedbank management. Biological Control, Vol. 70, p. 65.


    Saska, P. Koprdová, S. Martinková, Z. and Honěk, A. 2014. Comparing methods of weed seed exposure to predators. Annals of Applied Biology, Vol. 164, Issue. 2, p. 301.


    2014. Seeds.


    Bagavathiannan, Muthukumar V. and Norsworthy, Jason K. 2013. Postdispersal Loss of Important Arable Weed Seeds in the Midsouthern United States. Weed Science, Vol. 61, Issue. 4, p. 570.


    Brainard, Daniel C. Peachey, R. Edward Haramoto, Erin R. Luna, John M. and Rangarajan, Anusuya 2013. Weed Ecology and Nonchemical Management under Strip-Tillage: Implications for Northern U.S. Vegetable Cropping Systems. Weed Technology, Vol. 27, Issue. 1, p. 218.


    Dai, Xiaoqin Li, Yunsheng Ouyang, Zhu Wang, Huimin and Wilson, G.V. 2013. Organic manure as an alternative to crop residues for no-tillage wheat–maize systems in North China Plain. Field Crops Research, Vol. 149, p. 141.


    Fox, Aaron F. Reberg-Horton, S. Chris Orr, David B. Moorman, Christopher E. and Frank, Steven D. 2013. Crop and field border effects on weed seed predation in the southeastern U.S. coastal plain. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 177, p. 58.


    Kumar, Virender Singh, Samar Chhokar, Rajender S. Malik, Ram K. Brainard, Daniel C. and Ladha, Jagdish K. 2013. Weed Management Strategies to Reduce Herbicide Use in Zero-Till Rice–Wheat Cropping Systems of the Indo-Gangetic Plains. Weed Technology, Vol. 27, Issue. 1, p. 241.


    ×
  • Currently known as: Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems Title history
    American Journal of Alternative Agriculture, Volume 3, Issue 1
  • January 1988, pp. 19-25

Weed seed destruction by arthropods and rodents in low-input soybean agroecosystems

  • Gerald E. Brust (a1) and Garfield J. House (a2)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0889189300002083
  • Published online: 30 October 2009
Abstract
Abstract

Weed seed consumption experiments involving comparison of rates of seed loss by seed feeders were conducted over a five-week period in low-input (no insecticide, low herbicide usage) conventional- and no-tillage soybean agroecosystems. Seeds of four broadleaf weed species (ragweed [Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.], pigweed [Amaranthus retroflexus L.], sicklepod [Cassia obtusifolia L.], and jimsonweed [Datura stramonium L.]) and one grain crop species (wheat [Triticum aestivum L.]) were provided in a free choice design at densities of 10, 25, and 50 seeds/24 cm3. Approximately 2.3 times more seeds overall, and 1.4 times more large seeds as a group were consumed in notillage systems than in conventional-tillage systems. In our experimental low-input, notillage treatments, large ground beetles (Carabidae: Coleoptera) (15–25 mm) and mice preferentially fed on the larger seed species, while small carabids (< 15 mm), ants and crickets, fed almost exclusively on the smaller seed species. Carabid beetles were responsible for more than half of all seeds consumed. Laboratory and field studies indicated that ground beetles selectively consumed specific seed species. In conventional-tillage, ants were one of the dominant consumers of seeds, suggesting different patterns of resource partitioning in each tillage system. We suggest that selective feeding by arthropod seed feeders, in combination with their high number, could affect the species composition and possibly the abundance of weeds in low-input, no-tillage agroecosystems.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Weed seed destruction by arthropods and rodents in low-input soybean agroecosystems
      Your Kindle email address
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Weed seed destruction by arthropods and rodents in low-input soybean agroecosystems
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Weed seed destruction by arthropods and rodents in low-input soybean agroecosystems
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

1.Z. Abramsky 1983. Experiments on seed predation by rodents and ants in the Israeli desert. Oecologia (Berl) 57:328332.

3.A. Y. Blumburg , and D. A. Crossley Jr., 1983. Comparison of soil surface arthropod populations in conventional-tillage, no-tillage and old-field systems. Agro-Ecosystems 8:247253.

4.J. H. Brown , J. J. Brower , D. W. Davidson , and G. A. Lidserman . 1975. A preliminary study of seed predation in desert and montane habitats. Ecology 56:987992.

5.G. E. Brust , B. R. Stinner , and D. A. McCartney . 1986. Predator activity and predation in corn agroecosystems. Environ. Entomol. 15:10171021.

7.C. R. Carroll , and J. J. Risch . 1984. The dynamics of seed harvesting in early successional communities by a tropical ant, Solanopsis germinata. Oecologia (Berl) 61:388392.

8.D. W. Davidson 1977. Foraging ecology and community organization in desert seed-eating ants. Ecology 58:725737.

11.S. J. Holbrook 1975. Habitat relationship and coexistence of four sympatric species of Peromyscus in northwestern New Mexico. J. Mammalogy 59:1826.

12.C. C. Horvitz and A. J. Beattie , 1980. Ant dispersal of Calathea (Marantaceae) seeds by carnivorous ponerines (Formicidae) in a tropical rain forest. Am. J. Bot. 67:321326.

13.G. J. House , and J. N. All . 1981. Carabid beetles in soybean agroecosystems. Environ. Entomol. 10:194196.

14.G. J. House , and R. W. Parmelee . 1985. Comparison of soil arthropods and earthworms from conventional and no-tillage agroecosystems. Soil Till. Res. 5:351360.

15.G. J. House , B. R. Stinner , D. A. Crossley Jr, and E. P. Odum . 1984. Nitrogen cycling in conventional and no-tillage agroecosystems: analysis of pathways and processes. J. Appl. Ecol. 21:826848.

16.D. J. Janzen 1971. Seed predation by animals. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 2:465492.

17.D. W. Kaufman , and E. D. Fleharty . 1974. Habitat selection by nine species of rodents in north-central Kansas. Southwest Nat. 18:443452.

18.V. M. Kirk 1972. Seed-caching by larvae of two ground beetles, Harpalus pensylvanicus and H. erraticus. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 65:14261428.

21.P. Mehlhop , and N. J. Scott , Jr. 1983. Temporal patterns of seed use and availability in a guild of desert ants. Ecol. Entomol. 8:6985.

22.G. G. Mittelbach , and K. L. Gross . 1984. Experimental studies of seed predation in oldfields. Oecologia (Beri) 65:713.

23.W. J. Platt 1976. The natural history of a fugitive prairie plant (Marabilis hirsuta (Rush)MacM). Oecologia (Berl) 22:399409.

24.M. V. Price 1978. The role of microhabitat in structuring desert rodent communities. Ecology 59:910921.

25.M. V. Price , and N. M. Waser . 1984. On the relative abundance of species: post-fire changes in a coastal sage scrub rodent community. Ecology 65:11611169.

26.O. J. Reichman 1979. Desert granivore foraging and its impact on seed densities and distribution. Ecology 60:10851092.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

American Journal of Alternative Agriculture
  • ISSN: 0889-1893
  • EISSN: 1478-5498
  • URL: /core/journals/american-journal-of-alternative-agriculture
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords: