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What is Positivism Today?

  • Mónica García-Salmones Rovira (a1)
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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

References

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1 For this argument, see Mónica García-Salmones Rovira, Faith, Ritual and Rebellion in 21st Century (Positivist) International Law, 26 EJIL 537 (2015); see also Mónica García-Salmones Rovira,The Project of Positivism in International Law (2015).

2 Karl-Heinz Ladeur, Was bedeutet die “Normativität” des Rechts in der postmodern Gesellschaft?.

3 Matthias Goldmann, Relative Normativity, in Concepts for International Law 740 (Jean d'Aspremont & Sahib Singh eds., 2019).

4 Those who drank out of the horn of a unicorn were immune to poison and diseases such as epilepsy, as told by Cstias, the ancient Persian historian. See Odell Shepard,The Lore of the Unicorn 26 (1930).

5 David Roth-Isigkeit,The Plurality Trilemma: A Geometry of Legal Thought 223 (2018).

6 Lassa Oppenheim, The Science of International Law: Its Task and Method, 2 AJIL 313 (1908).

7 Prosper Weil, Towards Relative Normativity in International Law?, 77 AJIL 413, 420 (1983).

8 Hans Kelsen, Pure Theory of Law (1967).

9 Prosper Weil, Questions Conclusives, in Problems of International Administrative Law: On the Occasion of the Twentieth Anniversary of the World Bank Administrative Tribunal 193 (Nassib G. Ziadé ed., 2008).

10 Weil, supra note 7, at 421.

11 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, G.A. Res. 217, UN GAOR, 3d Sess., UN Doc. A/810 (1948); General Act of the Conference of Berlin, Feb. 26, 1885, C 4361 1885 (General Act), in Edward Hertslet, The Map of Africa by Treaty, vol. 2, No. 128, at 468 (3d ed. 1909).

12 See James Gathii & Sergio Puig, Introduction to the Symposium on Investor Responsibility: The Next Frontier in International Investment Law, 113 AJIL Unbound 1 (2019); see also José Amado et al.,Arbitrating the Conduct of International Investors (2018).

13 For an example from the discipline of international relations, see Steve Smith et al.,International Theory: Positivism and Beyond (1996).

14 David Kennedy, Losing Faith in the Secular: Law, Religion, and the Culture of International Governance, in Religion and International Law (Mark W. Janis & Carolyn Evans eds., 1999).

15 Weil, supra note 7, at 442; see also Hans Kelsen,Das Problem der Souveränität und die Theorie des Völkerrechts (1920).

16 Weil, supra note 7, at 422.

17 Id.

18 Thomas Aquinas,The Summa Theologica (1947), Q. 91, Art. 2, First Part of the Second part.

19 This argument is made in Mónica García-Salmones Rovira, The Impasse of Human Rights: A Note on Human Rights, Natural Rights and Continuities in International Law, 21 J. Hist. Int'l L. 518 (2019).

20 Hans Kelsen, Will the Judgment in the Nuremberg Trial Constitute a Precedent in International Law?, Int'l L. Quarterly 165 (1947).

21 H.L.A. Hart, The Concept of Law (1961); W. L. Waluchow,Inclusive Legal Positivism (1994); Kenneth Einar Himma, Inclusive Legal Positivism, in The Oxford Handbook of Jurisprudence and Philosophy of Law (Jules L. Coleman et al. eds., 2004).

22 Dennis Patterson, Theoretical Disagreement, Legal Positivism, and Interpretation, 31 Ratio Juris 260 (2018).

23 On the dignified and efficient parts of a constitution in Walter Bagehot's work, see Walter Bagehot,The English Constitution 44 (2d ed. 1873); Kevin Theakston, Walter Bagehot: The English Constitution, in Volumes of Influence (Kevin Theakston ed., 2011).

24 Jutta Brunnée & Stephen J. Toope, International Law and the Practice of Legality, 49 Victoria U. Wellington L. Rev. 429 (2018).

What is Positivism Today?

  • Mónica García-Salmones Rovira (a1)

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