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Beyond Keeping Peace: United Nations Effectiveness in the Midst of Fighting

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  17 October 2014

LISA HULTMAN
Affiliation:
Uppsala University
JACOB KATHMAN
Affiliation:
University at Buffalo, SUNY
MEGAN SHANNON
Affiliation:
University of Colorado, Boulder

Abstract

While United Nations peacekeeping missions were created to keep peace and perform post-conflict activities, since the end of the Cold War peacekeepers are more often deployed to active conflicts. Yet, we know little about their ability to manage ongoing violence. This article provides the first broad empirical examination of UN peacekeeping effectiveness in reducing battlefield violence in civil wars. We analyze how the number of UN peacekeeping personnel deployed influences the amount of battlefield deaths in all civil wars in Africa from 1992 to 2011. The analyses show that increasing numbers of armed military troops are associated with reduced battlefield deaths, while police and observers are not. Considering that the UN is often criticized for ineffectiveness, these results have important implications: if appropriately composed, UN peacekeeping missions reduce violent conflict.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © American Political Science Association 2014 

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Supplementary material: File

Hultman Supplementary Material

Tables S1-S5

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