Abernethy, David B. 2000. The Dynamics of Global Dominance: European Overseas Empires, 1415–1980. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Acemoglu, Daron, Johnson, Simon, and Robinson, James A.. 2001. “The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation.” American Economic Review 91 (5): 1369–1401.
Acemoglu, Daron, Johnson, Simon, and Robinson, James A.. 2002. “Reversal of Fortune: Geography and Institutions in the Making of the Modern World Income Distribution.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 107 (4): 1231–94.
Acemoglu, Daron, Johnson, Simon, Robinson, James A., and Yared, Pierre. 2008. “Income and Democracy.” American Economic Review 98 (3): 808–42.
Alesina, Alberto, Devleeschauwer, Arnaud, Easterly, William, Kurlat, Sercio, and Wacziarg, Romain. 2003. “Fractionalization.” Journal of Economic Growth 8: 155–94.
Angrist, Joshua, and Pischke, Jörn-Steffen. 2009. “Mostly Harmless Econometrics.” Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Ashraf, Quamrul, and Michalopoulos, Stelios. 2010. “The Climatic Origins of the Neolithic Revolution: Theory and Evidence.” Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0751.
Bailyn, Bernard. 1967. The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Balter, Michael. 2007. “Seeking Agriculture's Ancient Roots.” Science 316 (5833): 1830–35.
Barro, Robert J., and Lee, Jong-Wha 2010. A New Data Set of Educational Attainment in the World, 1950-2010. NBER Working Paper 15902.
Bates, Robert H. 1983. Essays on the Political Economy of Rural Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bates, Robert H. 1991. “The Economics of Transitions to Democracy.” PS: Political Science and Politics, 24 (1): 24–27.
Bates, Robert H., and Lien, Donald 1985. “A Note on Taxation, Development and Representative Government.” Politics and Society 14: 53–70.
Bellin, Eva. 2004. “The Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Exceptionalism in Comparative Perspective.” Comparative Politics 36 (2): 139–57.
Berman, Bruce. 1984. “Structure and Process in the Bureaucratic States of Colonial Africa.” Development and Change 15: 161–202.
Bruce, Steve. 2006. “Did Protestantism Create Democracy?” Democratization 11 (4): 3–20.
Bunce, Valerie. 2000. “Comparative Democratization: Big and Bounded Generalizations.” Comparative Political Studies 33: 703–34.
Capoccia, Giovanni, and Ziblatt, Daniel 2010. “The Historical Turn in Democratization Studies: A New Research Agenda for Europe and Beyond.” Comparative Political Studies 43 (8/9): 931–68.
Centeno, Miguel A. 2002. Blood and Debt: War and the Nationstate in Latin America. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.
Chanda, Areendam, and Putterman, Louis 2005. “State Effectiveness, Economic Growth, and the Age of States”. In States and Development: Historical Antecedents of Stagnation and Advance, eds. M. Lange and D. Rueschemeyer. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 69–91.
Chanda, Areendam, and Putterman, Louis 2007. “Early Starts, Reversals, and Catch-up in the Process of Economic Development.” Scandinavian Journal of Economics 109 (2): 387–413.
Chebabi, Houchang E., and Linz, Juan J. 1998. Sultanistic Regimes. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Cheibub, Jose Antonio, Gandhi, Jennifer, and Vreeland, James Raymond 2009. “Democracy and Dictatorship Revisited.” Public Choice 143 (1/2): 67–101.
Crone, Patricia. 1986. “The Tribe and the State.” In States in History ed. Hall, John A.New York: Basil Blackwell, 48–77.
Diamond, Jared M. 1997. Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. New York: W.W. Norton.
Downing, Brian M. 1992. The Military Revolution and Political Change: Origins of Democracy and Autocracy in Early Modern Europe. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Engerman, Stanley, and Sokoloff, Kenneth 2002. “Factor Endowments, Inequality, and the Paths of Development among New World Economies.” Economica 3: 41–88.
Ertman, Thomas. 1997. Birth of the Leviathan: Building States and Regimes in Medieval and Early Modern Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Fearon, James D., and Laitin, David D. 2003. “Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War.” American Political Science Review 97 (1): 75–90.
Ferro, Marc. 1997. Colonization: A Global History. London: Routledge.
Finer, Samuel E. 1997. The History of Government from the Earliest Times. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gerring, John, Bond, Philip, Barndt, William T., and Moreno, Carola 2005. “Democracy ad Economic Growth. A Historical Perspective.” World Politics 57 (3): 323–64.
Gerring, John, Ziblatt, Daniel, Van Gorp, Johan, and Arevalo, Julian 2011. “An Institutional Theory of Direct and Indirect Rule.” World Politics 63 (3): 377–433.
Gilmore, Elisabeth, Gleditsch, Niels Petter, Lujala, Päivi, and Rod, Jan Ketil 2005. “Conflict Diamonds: A New Dataset.” Conflict Management and Peace Science 22: 257–72.
Greene, Jack P. 2007. “Traditions of Consensual Governance in the Construction of State Authority in the Early Modern Empires in America.” In Realities of Representation: State Building in Early Modern Europe and European America. ed. Jansson, M.. New York: Palgrave MacMillan: 171–86.
Hall, Robert E., and Jones, Charles I.. 1999. “Why Do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output per Worker than Others?” Quarterly Journal of Economics 114 (1): 83–116.
Hayes, Carlton J. H.  1961. “Bases of a New National Imperialism.” In The “New Imperialism ed. Wright, Harrison M.. Boston: D.C. Heath. 81–88.
Headrick, Daniel R. 2010. Power over Peoples: Technology, Environments, and Western Imperialism, 1400 to Present. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Herbst, Jeffrey. 2000. States and Power in Africa: Comparative Lessons in Authority and Control. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Hobson, J.A.  1961. “Imperialism. A Study.” In The “New Imperialism,” ed. Wright, Harrison M.. Boston: D.C. Heath. 33–36.
Hoffman, Philip T., and Rosenthal, Jean-Laurent. 2000. “Divided We Fall: The Political Economy of Warfare and Taxation.” California Institute of Technology. Mimeo.
Huntington, Samuel. 1968. Political Order in Changing Societies. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Huntington, Samuel. 1993. “The Clash of Civilizations?” Foreign Affairs 72 (3): 22–49.
Jansen, Marius B. 2000. The Making of Modern Japan. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Landes, David 1998. The Wealth and Poverty of Nations: Why Some Countries Are So Rich and Others So Poor. New York: W.W. Norton.
Lange, Matthew. 2004. “British Colonial Legacies and Political Development.” World Development 32 (6): 905–22.
Lange, Matthew. 2005. “British Colonial State Legacies and Development Trajectories: A Statistical Analysis of Direct and Indirect Rule.” In States and Development: Historical Antecedents of Stagnation and Advance. eds. M. Lange and D. Rueschemeyer. New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 117–39.
Levi, Margaret. 1989. Of Rule and Revenue. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Levine, Donald. 1965. “Ethiopia: Identity, Authority, and Realism”. In Political Culture and Political Development, eds. Pye, L. and Verba, S.Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 245–81.
Levitsky, Steven, and Way, Lucan. 2010. Competitive Authoritarianism: Hybrid Regimes after the Cold War. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Linz, Juan J. 2000. Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.
Linz, Juan J., and Stepan, Alfred. 1996. Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America, and Post-Communist Europe. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Lipset, Martin Seymour. 1959. “Some Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy.” American Political Science Review 53: 69–105.
Manos, James. 1990. “How and Why Libesal and Representative Politics Emerged in India.” Political Studies 38 (1): 20–38.
McMillan, Alistair. 2008. “Democratization in India.” Democratization (4): 733–49.
Metcalf, Alida C. 2005. Go-Betweens and the Colonization of Brazil: 1500–1600. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Nordhaus, William, Azam, Qazi, Corderi, David, Hood, Kyle, Victor, Nadejda M., Mohammed, Mukhtar, Miltner, Alexandra, and Weiss, Jyldyz 2010. The G-Econ Database on Gridded Output. http://gecon.yale.edu/ (accessed May 9, 2012).
North, Douglass C. 1990. Institutions, Institutional Change, and Economic Performance. New York: Cambridge University Press.
North, Douglass C., and Weingast, Barry R. 1989. “Constitutions and Commitment: The Evolution of Institutions Governing Public Choice in Seventeenth-century England.” Journal of Economic History 49 (4): 803–32.
Nunn, Nathan, and Puga, Diego. 2012. “Ruggedness: The Blessing of Bad Geography.” Review of Economics and Statistics 94 (1): 20–36.
Olsson, Ola. 2009. “On the Democratic Legacy of Colonialism.” Journal of Comparative Economics 37: 534–51.
Olsson, Ola, and Hibbs, Douglas A. Jr. 2005. “Biogeography and Long-run Economic Development.” European Economic Review 49: 909–38.
Petersen, Michael Bang, and Skaaning, Svend-Erik 2010. “Ultimate Causes of State Formation: The Significance of Biogeography, Diffusion, and Neolithic Revolution.” Historical Social Research 55 (3): 200–26.
Pierson, Paul. 2000. “Path Dependence, Increasing Returns, and the Study of Politics.” American Political Science Review 94 (2): 251–67.
Posner, Daniel N. (N.d.). “The Implications of Constructivism for Studying the Relationship between Ethnic Diversity and Economic Growth.” In Ethnicity, Politics, and Economics, ed. Chandra, Kanchan. Forthcoming.
Potholm, Christian. 1972. Swaziland: The Dynamics of Political Modernization. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Przeworski, Adam. 2009. “The Mechanics of Regime Instability in Latin America.” Journal of Politics in Latin America, 1 (1): 5–36.
Przeworski, Adam, 2010. Democracy and the Limits of Self-government. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Przeworski, Adam, Alvarez, Michael M., Cheibub, José Antonio, and Limongi, Fernando. 2000. Democracy and Development: Political Institutions and Well-being in the World, 1950–1990. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Putterman, Louis, and Weil, David N.. 2008. “Post-1500 Population Flows and the Long-run Determinants of Economic Growth and Inequality.” NBER Working Paper 14448.
Ram, K.V. 1979. “The Survival of Ehiopian Independence.” In Conquest and Resistance to Colonization in Africa, ed. Maddox, G.. New York: Garland Publishing, 51–61.
Robinson, Ronald E., and Gallagher, John 1961. Africa and the Victorians. London: MacMillan Press.
Rodrik, Dani, Subramanian, Arvind, and Trebbi, Francesco. 2004. “Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions over Geography and Integration in Economic Development.” Journal of Economic Growth 9: 131–65.
Scammell, Geoffrey V. 1989. The First Imperial Age: European Overseas Expansion c. 1400–1715. New York: Routledge.
Schumpeter, Joseph A.  1961. “Imperialism as a Social Atavism.” In The “New Imperialism”, ed. Wright, Harrison M.. Boston: D.C. Heath, 76–83.
Slater, Dan. 2003. “Iron Cage in an Iron Fist: Authoritarian Institutions and the Personalization of Power in Malaysia.” Comparative Politics 36 (1): 81–101.
Smith, Tony. 1998. “The International Origins of Democracy: The American Occupation of Japan and Germany”. In Democracy, Revolution, and History, ed. Skocpol, T.. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Spear, Percwal. 1965. A History of India, Vol. 2. New Delhi: Penguin.
Spruyt, Hendrik. 1994. The Sovereign State and Its Competetitors. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Stasavage, David. 2003. Public Debt and the Birth of the Modern Democratic State: France and Great Britain, 1688–1789. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Stasavage, David. 2010. “When Distance Mattered: Geographic Scale and Development of European Representative Assemblies.” American Political Science Review 104 (4): 625–43.
Storry, Richard. 1960. A History of Modern Japan. London: Penguin.
Thelen, Kathleen, and Steinmo, Sven. 1992. “Historical Institutionalism in Comparative Politics”. In Structuring Politics: Historical Institutionalism in Comparative Analysis, eds. Steinmo, S., Thelen, K., and Longstreth, F.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1–32.
Tilly, Charles. 1975. “Western-state Making and Theories of Political Transformation.” In The Formation of National States in Western Europe, ed. Tilly, C.. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 601–38.
Tilly, Charles. 1985. “War Making and State Making as Organized Crime”. In Bringing the State Back In, eds. Evans, P., Rueschemeyer, D., and Skocpol, T.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 169–92.
Wooldridge, Jeffrey M. 2002. Econometric Analysis of Cross Section and Panel Data. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.