Alt, James E., and King, Gary. 1994. “Transfers of Governmental Power: The Meaning of Time Dependence.” Comparative Political Studies 27:190–210.
Austen-Smith, David, and Banks, Jeffrey. 1988. “Elections, Coalitions, and Legislative Outcomes.” American Political Science Review 82:405–22.
Austen-Smith, David, and Banks, Jeffrey. 1990. “Stable Governments and the Allocation of Policy Portfolios.” American Political Science Review 84:891–906.
Axelrod, Robert. 1970. Conflict of Interest. Chicago: Markham.
Baron, David P. 1989. “A Non-cooperative Theory of Legislative Coalitions.” American Journal of Political Science 33:1048–84.
Baron, David P. 1991. “A Spatial Bargaining Theory of Government Formation in Parliamentary Systems.” American Political Science Review 85:137–64.
Bawn, Kathleen. 1993. “The Logic of Institutional Preferences: German Electoral Law as a Social Choice Outcome.” American Journal of Political Science 37:965–89.
Blondel, Jean. 1968. “Party Systems and Patterns of Government in Western Democracies.” Canadian Journal of Political Science 1:180–203.
Breton, Albert. 1991. “The Organization of Competition in Congressional and Parliamentary Governments.” In The Competitive State, ed. Breton, Albert et al. Dordrecht: Kluwer.
Browne, Eric C., Frendreis, John P., and Gleiber, Dennis W.. 1986. “The Process of Cabinet Dissolution: An Exponential Model of Duration and Stability in Western Democracies.” American Journal of Political Science 30:628–50.
Bryce, James. 1921. Modern Democracies. New York: Macmillan.
Cioffi-Revilla, Claudio. 1984. “The Political Reliability of Italian Governments.” American Political Science Review 78:318–37.
Diermeier, Daniel, and Stevenson, Randolph P.. 1994. “Competing Risk Analysis of Cabinet Duration.” Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago.
Dodd, Lawrence C. 1976. Coalitions in Parliamentary Government. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Downs, Anthony. 1957. An Economic Theory of Democracy. New York: Harper & Row.
Duverger, Maurice. 1954. Political Parties. London: Methuen.
Farrell, Brian, and Farrell, David M.. 1987. “The General Election of 1987.” In Ireland at the Polls, ed. Penniman, Howard R. and Farrell, Brian. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Girvin, Brian. 1987. “The Campaign.” In How Ireland Voted, ed. Laver, Michael, Mair, Peter, and Sinnott, Richard. Dublin: Poolbeg.
Grofman, Bernard. 1989. “The Comparative Analysis of Coalition Formation and Duration: Distinguishing Between-Country and Within-Country Effects.” British Journal of Political Science 19:291–302.
Grofman, Bernard, and Roozendaal, Peter van. 1994. “Toward a Theoretical Explanation of Premature Cabinet Termination: With Application to Post-war Cabinets in the Netherlands.” European Journal of Political Research 26:155–70.
Kaashoek, Remco. 1993. “The Process of Coalition Termination in European Democracies.” Presented at the Joint Sessions of Workshops of the European Consortium for Political Research, Leiden.
King, Gary, Alt, James E., Laver, Michael J., and Burns, Nancy E.. 1990. “A Unified Model of Cabinet Dissolution in Parliamentary Democracies.” American Journal of Political Science 34:846–71.
Laver, Michael J. 1992. “Coalition and Party Policy in Ireland.” In Party Policy and Government Coalitions, ed. Laver, Michael J. and Budge, Ian. New York: St. Martin's.
Laver, Michael J., and Schofield, Norman. 1990. Multiparty Government: The Politics of Coalition in Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Laver, Michael J., and Shepsle, Kenneth A.. 1990. “Coalitions and Cabinet Government.” American Political Science Review 84:873–90.
Laver, Michael J., and Shepsle, Kenneth A.. 1993. “Agenda Formation and Cabinet Government.” In Agenda Formation, ed. Riker, William H.. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Laver, Michael J., and Shepsle, Kenneth A., eds. 1994. Cabinet Ministers and Parliamentary Government. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Lijphart, Arend. 1984. Democracies: Patterns of Majoritarian and Consensus Government in Twenty-One Democracies. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Lowell, A. Lawrence. 1896. Governments and Parties in Continental Europe. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
McLean, Iain. 1987. Public Choice: An Introduction. Oxford: Blackwell.
Marsh, Michael, and Mitchell, Paul. 1992. “Office, Votes, and Then Policy: Hard Choices for Political Parties in the Republic of Ireland.” University of Dublin; Queens University, Belfast. Typescript.
Ordeshook, Peter. 1992. A Political Theory Primer. New York: Routledge.
Poguntke, Thomas. 1993. “The Winner Takes It All: The FDP in 1982–83—Maximizing Votes, Office, and Policy?” University of Mannheim. Typescript.
Powell, G. Bingham Jr., 1982. Contemporary Democracies. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Riker, William H. 1962. The Theory of Political Coalitions. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Schofield, Norman. 1992. “A Theory of Coalition Government in a Spatial Model of Voting.” Political Economy Working Paper 162, Washington University.
Søe, Christian. 1985. “The Free Democratic Party.” In West German Politics in the Mid-Eighties, ed. Peter Wallach, H.G. and Romoser, George K.. New York: Praeger.
Strøm, Kaare. 1985. “Party Goals and Government Performance in Parliamentary Democracies.” American Political Science Review 79:738–54.
Strøm, Kaare. 1990. “A Behavioral Theory of Competitive Political Parties.” American Journal of Political Science 34:565–98.
Strøm, Kaare, Browne, Eric C., Frendreis, John P., and Gleiber, Dennis W.. 1988. “Contending Models of Cabinet Stability: A Controversy.” American Political Science Review 82:923–41.
Strøm, Kaare, Budge, Ian, and Laver, Michael J.. 1994. “Constraints on Cabinet Formation in Parliamentary Democracies.” American Journal of Political Science 38:303–35.
Warwick, Paul V. 1979. “The Durability of Coalition Governments in Parliamentary Democracies.” Comparative Political Studies 11:465–98.
Warwick, Paul V. 1992a. “Economic Trends and Government Survival in West European Parliamentary Democracies.” American Political Science Review 86:875–87.
Warwick, Paul V. 1992b. “Rising Hazards: An Underlying Dynamic of Parliamentary Government.” American Journal of Political Science 36:857–76.
Warwick, Paul V., and Easton, Stephen. 1992. “The Cabinet Stability Controversy: New Perspectives on a Classic Problem.” American Journal of Political Science 36:122–46.