Ba, I. and Bhopal, R.S. 2016. Physical, mental and social consequences in civilians who have experienced war-related sexual violence: a systematic review (1981–2014). Public Health,
Beber, Bernd Gilligan, Michael J. Guardado, Jenny and Karim, Sabrina 2016. Peacekeeping, Compliance with International Norms, and Transactional Sex in Monrovia, Liberia. International Organization, p. 1.
Clayton, G. Kathman, J. Beardsley, K. Gizelis, T.-I Olsson, L. Bove, V. Ruggeri, A. Zwetsloot, R. van der Lijn, J. Smit, T. Hultman, L. Dorussen, H. Ruggeri, A. Diehl, P.F. Bosco, L. and Goodness, C. 2016. The known knowns and known unknowns of peacekeeping data. International Peacekeeping, p. 1.
Gottlieb, Jessica Grossman, Guy and Robinson, Amanda Lea 2016. Do Men and Women Have Different Policy Preferences in Africa? Determinants and Implications of Gender Gaps in Policy Prioritization. British Journal of Political Science, p. 1.
Hamber, Brandon 2016. There Is a Crack in Everything: Problematising Masculinities, Peacebuilding and Transitional Justice. Human Rights Review, Vol. 17, Issue. 1, p. 9.
Hoover Green, Amelia 2016. Sabine Hirschauer.The Securitization of Rape: Women, War and Sexual Violence. International Feminist Journal of Politics, Vol. 18, Issue. 2, p. 317.
Houge, Anette Bringedal 2016. Re-presentations of Defendant Perpetrators in Sexual War Violence Cases Before International and Military Criminal Courts: Table 1. British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 56, Issue. 3, p. 419.
Kreft, Anne-Kathrin 2016. The gender mainstreaming gap: Security Council resolution 1325 and UN peacekeeping mandates. International Peacekeeping, p. 1.
Meger, Sara 2016. The Fetishization of Sexual Violence in International Security. International Studies Quarterly, p. sqw003.
Prokop, Pavol and Pekárik, Ladislav 2016. Men’s Perception of Raped Women: Test of the Sexually Transmitted Disease Hypothesis and the Cuckoldry Hypothesis. European Journal of Ecology,
Rustad, Siri Aas Østby, Gudrun and Nordås, Ragnhild 2016. Artisanal mining, conflict, and sexual violence in Eastern DRC. The Extractive Industries and Society, Vol. 3, Issue. 2, p. 475.
Schon, Justin 2016. The centrality of checkpoints for civilians during conflict. Civil Wars, Vol. 18, Issue. 3, p. 281.
2016. DDR and the Internal Organization of Non-State Armed Groups. Stability: International Journal of Security & Development, Vol. 5, Issue. 1,
Baines, Erin K. 2015. “Today, I Want to Speak Out the Truth”: Victim Agency, Responsibility, and Transitional Justice. International Political Sociology, Vol. 9, Issue. 4, p. 316.
Davies, Sara E. and True, Jacqui 2015. Rape Justice.
Denov, M. 2015. Children born of wartime rape: The intergenerational realities of sexual violence and abuse. Ethics, Medicine and Public Health, Vol. 1, Issue. 1, p. 61.
Houge, Anette Bringedal 2015. Sexualized war violence. Knowledge construction and knowledge gaps. Aggression and Violent Behavior, Vol. 25, p. 79.
Houge, Anette Bringedal Lohne, Kjersti and Skilbrei, May-Len 2015. Gender and crime revisited: criminological gender research on international and transnational crime and crime control. Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, Vol. 16, Issue. 2, p. 160.
Kaiser, Joshua and Hagan, John 2015. Gendered Genocide: The Socially Destructive Process of Genocidal Rape, Killing, and Displacement in Darfur. Law & Society Review, Vol. 49, Issue. 1, p. 69.
Littman, Rebecca and Paluck, Elizabeth Levy 2015. The Cycle of Violence: Understanding Individual Participation in Collective Violence. Political Psychology, Vol. 36, p. 79.
Why do some armed groups commit massive wartime rape, whereas others never do? Using an original dataset, I describe the substantial variation in rape by armed actors during recent civil wars and test a series of competing causal explanations. I find evidence that the recruitment mechanism is associated with the occurrence of wartime rape. Specifically, the findings support an argument about wartime rape as a method of socialization, in which armed groups that recruit by force—through abduction or pressganging—use rape to create unit cohesion. State weakness and insurgent contraband funding are also associated with increased wartime rape by rebel groups. I examine observable implications of the argument in a brief case study of the Sierra Leone civil war. The results challenge common explanations for wartime rape, with important implications for scholars and policy makers.
This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.