Skip to main content
×
Home

Understanding the Role of the European Court of Justice in European Integration

  • CLIFFORD J. CARRUBA (a1), MATTHEW GABEL (a2) and CHARLES HANKLA (a3)
Abstract

In 2008 we published an article finding evidence for political constraints on European Court of Justice (ECJ) decision making. Stone Sweet and Brunell (this issue) argue that our theoretical foundations are fundamentally flawed and that our empirical evidence supports neofunctionalism over intergovernmentalism “in a landslide.” We respectfully disagree with Stone Sweet and Brunell regarding both their conclusions about our theoretical arguments and what the empirical evidence demonstrates. We use this response to clarify our argument and to draw a clearer contrast between our and their perspective on the role the ECJ plays in European integration. Finally, we reevaluate their neofunctionalist hypotheses. Ultimately, we do not find support in the data for Stone Sweet and Brunell's empirical claims.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Clifford J. Carruba is Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Emory University, 327 Tarbutton Hall, 1555 Pierce Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322 (ccarrub@emory.edu).
Matthew Gabel is Professor, Department of Political Science, Washington University in St. Louis, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130 (mgabel@artsci.wustl.edu).
Charles Hankla is Associate Professor, Department of Political Science, Georgia State University, P.O. Box 4069, Atlanta, GA 30302 (chankla@gsu.edu).
References
Hide All
Achen Christopher. 2006. “Evaluating Political Decision-making Models.” In The European Union Decides, eds. Thomson Robert, Stokman Franz, Achen Christopher, and Koenig Thomas. New York: Cambridge University Press, 264–99.
Aksoy Deniz. N.d. “Institutional Arrangements and Logrolling: Evidence from the European Union.” American Journal of Political Science. Forthcoming.
Bailey Michael, and Maltzman Forrest. 2011. The Constrained Court. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Bauer Michael, and Hartlapp Miriam. 2010. “Much Ado about Money and How to Spend It! Analysis of 40 Years of Annulment Cases against the European Union Commission.” European Journal of Political Research 49: 202–22.
Beach Derek. 2005. “Why Governments Comply: An Integrative Compliance Model that Bridges the Gap between Instrumental and Normative Models.” Journal of European Public Policy 12 (1): 113–42.
Brambor Thomas, Clark William, and Golder Matthew. 2006. “Understanding Interaction Models: Improving Empirical Analyses.” Political Analysis 14 (1): 6382.
Burley , Anne-Marie , and Walter Mattli . 1993. “Europe Before the Court.” International Organization 47 (1): 4176.
Carrubba Clifford. 2005. “Courts and Compliance in International Regulatory Regimes.” Journal of Politics 67 (3): 669–89.
Carrubba Clifford, Gabel Matthew, and Hankla Charles. 2008. “Judicial Behavior under Political Constraints.” American Political Science Review 102 (4): 435–52.
Carrubba Clifford, and Zorn Christopher. 2010. “Executive Discretion, Judicial Decision-making, and Separation of Powers in the United States.” Journal of Politics 72 (3): 812–24.
Cichowski Rachel. 2007. The European Court and Civil Society. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Conant Lisa. 2002. Justice Contained. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Ferejohn , John , and Weingast Barry. 1992. “A Positive Theory of Statutory Interpretation.” International Review of Law and Economics 12: 269–79.
Garrett Geoffrey. 1995. “The Politics of Legal Integration.” International Organization 49 (1): 171–81.
Garrett Geoffrey, Kelemen R. Daniel, and Schulz Heiner. 1998. “The European Court of Justice, National Governments, and Legal Integration in the European Union.” International Organization 52 (1): 149–76.
Garrett Geoffrey, and Weingast Barry R.. 1993. “Ideas, Interests, and Institutions: Constructing the EC's Internal Market.” In Ideas and Foreign Policy, eds. Goldstein Judith and Keohane Robert. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 173206.
Gelman Andrew and Hill Jennifer. 2007. Data Analysis Using Regression and Multilevel/Hierarchical Models. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hartley T. C. 2007. The Foundations of European Community Law. 6th ed.New York: Oxford University Press.
Harvey Anna, and Friedman Barry. 2011. “Pulling Punches: Congressional Constraints on the Supreme Court's Constitutional Rulings, 1987–2000.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 31 (4): 533–62.
Jestaedt Thomas, Derenne Jacques, and (co-ordinators) Tom Ottervanger. 2006. Study on the Enforcement of State Aid Law at National Level. DG Competition, European Commission. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities.
Kellstedt Paul, and Whitten Guy. 2009. The Fundamentals of Political Science Research. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Krislov Samuel, Ehlermann Claus-Dieter, and Weiler Joseph. 1986. “The Political Organs and the Decision-making Process in the United States and the European Community.” In Integration through Law, Vol. 1, eds. Cappelletti M., Seccombe M., and Weiler J.. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 3110.
Martinsen Dorte. 2005. “Towards an Internal Health Market with the European Court.” West European Politics 28 (5): 1035–56.
Nollkaemper Andre. 1997. “Habitat Protection in European Community Law: Evolving Conceptions of a Balance of Interests.” Journal of Environmental Law 9: 271–86.
Obermaier Andreas. 2009. The End of Territoriality? Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
Pollack Mark. 2003. The Engines of European Integration. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Segal Jeffrey, Westerland Chad A., and Lundquist Stephanie A.. 2010. “Congress, the Supreme Court and Judicial Review: Testing a Constitutional Separation of Powers Model.” American Journal of Political Science 55 (1): 89104.
Simmons Beth. 1998. “Compliance with International Agreements.” Annual Review of Political Science 1: 7593.
Staton Jeffrey. 2010. Judicial Power and Strategic Communication in Mexico. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Steiner Josephine. 1993. “From Direct Effect to Francovich.” European Law Review 18: 322.
Stone Sweet Alec, and Brunnell Thomas. 1998. “Constructing a Supranational Constitution: Dispute Resolution and Governance in the European Community.” American Political Science Review 92 (1): 6381.
Stone Sweet Alec, and Brunell Thomas. 2012. “The European Court of Justice, State Non-compliance, and the Politics of Override.” American Political Science Review 106 (1): 204–14.
Tsebelis George, and Garrett Geoffry. 1996. “An Institutional Critique of Intergovernmentalism.” International Organization 50: 269–99.
Vanberg Georg. 2005. The Politics of Constitutional Review in Germany. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Wasserfallen Fabio. 2010. “The Judiciary as Legislator? How the European Court of Justice Shapes Policy-making in the European Union.Journal of European Public Policy 17 (8): 1128–46.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

American Political Science Review
  • ISSN: 0003-0554
  • EISSN: 1537-5943
  • URL: /core/journals/american-political-science-review
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 19
Total number of PDF views: 248 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 661 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 19th November 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.