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Calidad, Genealogy, and Disputed Free-colored Tributary Status in New Spain

  • Norah Andrews (a1)
Abstract

In 1787, a group of Indians from the town of Almoloya, part of Apan in the Intendancy of Mexico, aired their grievances against several prominent local leaders. The petitioners claimed that their predominantly Indian community was plagued by a group of free-colored people who were masquerading as Indian nobles, or caciques, and enjoying privileges to which only those with noble lineage were entitled. One of these was exemption from the economically onerous and socially stigmatized royal tribute that had symbolized the relationship between the Spanish monarch and free-colored subjects since the sixteenth century.

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Peter B. Villella , “‘Pure and Noble Indians, Untainted by Inferior Idolatrous Races’: Native Elites and the Discourse of Blood Purity in Late Colonial Mexico,” Hispanic American Historical Review [hereafter HAHR] 91:4 (November 2011), p. 642

David Nirenberg , “Mass Conversion and Genealogical Mentalities: Jews and Christians in Fifteenth-Century Spain,” Past & Present 174:1 (February 2002), pp. 341

Cynthia Milton and Ben Vinson III, “Counting Heads: Race and Non-Native Tribute Policy in Colonial Spanish America,” Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History 3:3 (Winter 2002), p. 2

Leon G. Campbell , “Black Power in Colonial Peru: The 1779 Tax Rebellion of Lambayeque,” Phylon 33:2 (2nd Quarter, 1972), pp. 140152

Robert C. Schwaller , “‘Mulata, Hija de Negro y India’: Afro-Indigenous Mulatos in Early Colonial Mexico,” Journal of Social History 44:3 (Summer 2011), p. 889

Robert C. Schwaller , “‘For Honor and Defence’: Race and the Right to Bear Arms in Early Colonial Mexico,” Colonial Latin American Review 21:2 (August 2012), p. 247

Paul Lokken , “Useful Enemies: Seventeenth-Century Piracy and the Rise of Pardo Militias in Spanish Central America,” Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History 5:2 (Fall 2004)

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The Americas
  • ISSN: 0003-1615
  • EISSN: 1533-6247
  • URL: /core/journals/americas
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