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Excavations at Çatal Hüyük, 1962: Second Preliminary Report

Extract

The excavations at Çatal Hüyük, the neolithic city mound in the Konya Plain, which were begun in 1961 were continued during the summer of 1962. The second season of excavation began on 7th June and lasted until 14th August, sixty working days, with a labour force which never exceeded thirty-five men, mostly trained under our foreman, Veli Karaaslan, at Beycesultan and Hacılar. Once again our trusted ustas included Rifat Çelimli, Mustafa Duman and Bekir Kalayci. Survey equipment and transport for the expedition were generously provided by Turkse Shell, Ankara.

The 1962 season was financed by the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, New York, a bequest from the late Mr. Francis Neilson, the Australian Institute of Archaeology and its President, Mr. W. J. Beasley, The British Academy, the University of Edinburgh and the University of Canterbury, New Zealand. In addition the Director had a personal fellowship from the Bollingen Foundation, New York.

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1 See First Preliminary Report, in AS. XII, 1962, pp. 4165.

2 AS. XII, 1962, Pl. II (cf. Fig. 9; 4 inches), and Pl. VIIc.

3 AS. XI, 1961, p. 71; Fig. 28.

4 AS. XI, 1961, p. 47 ff.

5 AS. XII, 1962, p. 159.

6 Anatolia IV, 1959, Pls. I and XV.

7 AS. XII, 1962, p. 59; Pls. Xb and XIa–b.

8 Bandi H. G., Die Steinzeit (Kunst der Welt), Baden-Baden, 1960, ill. p. 79.

9 AS. XII, 1962, p. 64; Pls. XIVb–c and XVb–c.

10 AS. XII, 1962, p. 57.

11 As in the E.B.2 shrines at Beycesultan. Lloyd Seton and Mellaart James, Beycesultan Vol. I. London, 1962, p. 43.

12 In view of AS. XII, 1962, p. 46, where doorways are described, it can now be categorically stated that there were none at Çatal Hüyük. Accidental gaps in the walls due to later disturbance led to this erroneous view.

13 See note 12.

14 Not decoration as was suggested in AS. XII, 1962, p. 48 f.

15 AS. X, 1960, Fig. 4, or AS. XII, 1962, p. 30, Fig. 4 and Pl. Ia.

16 cf. plaster reliefs in shrine of Level VII (AS. XII, 1962, Pl. IIIb, Fig. 8, pp. 4951).

17 Like the one in E VI, 10, and cf. the white figures of women in shrine E IV, 1 (AS. XII, 1962, p. 60).

18 The name of “Bull mountains” would seem to be hardly a coincidence, but has not been much commented upon.

19 Not incorporated in the drawing which was made before it was found.

20 Found on the floor of the building, cf. position in E VI, 14 (Third Shrine).

21 There may be even more, but the head had to be preserved at a certain stage.

22 Which still contained the carbonized and shrunk remains of squared timber.

23 AS. XII, 1962, Pl. Vc.

24 ibid., Pl. VIIa.

25 AS. XI, 1959, pp. 171–3.

26 Picard Ch., Les Religions Préhelléniques, Paris, 1948, pp. 58 f., 102, 117 ff.

27 ibid., pp. 77, 85, 171, 198.

28 ibid., p. 116.

29 ibid., pp. 83, 116–7.

30 ibid., pp. 257, 269.

31 ibid., pp. 145, 214.

32 AS. X, 1960, Pl. XIVb (the hand is on the other side of the pot!).

33 AS. XII, 1962, p. 59; Pls. Xb, XI.

34 Concretions of “funny stones” are called bebek, i.e. baby, by the Turkish peasants in our area. One is reminded of the story of Cronos swallowing the stone instead of the infant Zeus. See Picard, op. cit., p. 118.

35 Graziosi P., Palaeolithic Art, London, 1960, p. 24.

36 Wace Helen, Ivories from Mycenae. The Ivory Trio, 1961. Picard, op. cit., p. iii.

37 Pocock R. I., in Journal of the Bombay Nat. Hist. Society, 1930, pp. 6582.

38 AS. IV, 1954, p. 184, No. 83.

39 PEQ. 1960, p. 5 and Pl. XII, A.

40 AS. XI, 1961, Figs. 15–17.

41 ibid., Figs. 22, 23, Pls. XII and XIIIb.

42 ibid., Pl. Xa; note the spots left by burnt peas or lentils.

43 AS. XII, 1962, Pl. IX.

44 ibid., Pl. VIIIb.

45 Houses oflevels I and O, VIII–X, have not yet been removed so that we have no evidence yet for burials in these layers.

46 Removed en bloc to the Ankara Museum.

47 Badawy A., A history of Egyptian Architecture, Figs. 16, 18, and a purification hut in Fig. 48. Perrot J., in Atiqot. III, 1961.

48 Illustrated London News, 14th January, 1956.

49 Bialor Perry A.. “The chipped stone industry of Çatal Hüyük,” AS. XII, 1962, pp. 67110.

50 See AS. XII, 1962, pp. 52–5 and Fig. 9.

51 Also in Hacılar IX and in the Early Chalcolithic of Çatal Hüyük West; see AS. XI, 1961, p. 183, Fig. 14, 1–3.

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Anatolian Studies
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  • EISSN: 2048-0849
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