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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Pugh, Timothy W. Rice, Prudence M. Nieto, Evelyn Chan and Rice, Don S. 2016. A Chak'an Itza Center at Nixtun-Ch'ich’, Petén, Guatemala. Journal of Field Archaeology, Vol. 41, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Aimers, James J. 2007. What Maya Collapse? Terminal Classic Variation in the Maya Lowlands. Journal of Archaeological Research, Vol. 15, Issue. 4, p. 329.

    Graña-Behrens, Daniel 2006. EMBLEM GLYPHS AND POLITICAL ORGANIZATION IN NORTHWESTERN YUCATAN IN THE CLASSIC PERIOD (A.D. 300–1000). Ancient Mesoamerica, Vol. 17, Issue. 01, p. 105.

    Ringle, William M. 2004. ON THE POLITICAL ORGANIZATION OF CHICHEN ITZA. Ancient Mesoamerica, Vol. 15, Issue. 02, p. 167.

    Jones, Lindsay 1997. Conquests of the Imagination: Maya-Mexican Polarity and the Story of Chichen Itza. American Anthropologist, Vol. 99, Issue. 2, p. 275.


Who Was Who in Ninth-Century Chichen Itza

  • William M. Ringle (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 10 October 2008

Hieroglyphic inscriptions from Chichen Itza are examined for possible light they might shed on its ethnic and political makeup during the Terminal Classic period (a.d. 800–1000). It is suggested that many of the name glyphs include patronyms known to be important at contact. This continuity of elite occupation is reinforced by decipherment of a title common to many of them ás holpop, a title also known from early colonial Spanish and Maya documents. Finally, a reading of the event of the lintel as yul is suggested. The implications of these readings suggest the genesis of at least some Late Postclassic organizational features in the Terminal Classic. Also arguing against a severe rupture of elite life at the end of the Terminal Classic is the persistence of patronyms in northern Yucatan. Colonial sources make frequent mention of migrations and invasions as the source of the distinctive art and architecture, yet if the arguments herein are correct, there was instead a remarkable stability of ruling families in northern Yucatan. Finally, the dedication of several monuments by different individuals, each having different patronyms and marked by epithets such as “holy,” suggests considerable autonomy of these lesser officials consistent with a segmentary state form of organization.

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Michael D. Coe 1965 A Model of Ancient Maya Community Structure in the Maya Lowlands. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology, 21:87119.

Munro S. Edmonson 1982 The Ancient Future of the Itza: The Book of Chilam Balam of Tizimin. University of Texas Press, Austin.

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Ancient Mesoamerica
  • ISSN: 0956-5361
  • EISSN: 1469-1787
  • URL: /core/journals/ancient-mesoamerica
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