Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 39
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Auliya, Mark Altherr, Sandra Ariano-Sanchez, Daniel Baard, Ernst H. Brown, Carl Brown, Rafe M. Cantu, Juan-Carlos Gentile, Gabriele Gildenhuys, Paul Henningheim, Evert Hintzmann, Jürgen Kanari, Kahoru Krvavac, Milivoje Lettink, Marieke Lippert, Jörg Luiselli, Luca Nilson, Göran Nguyen, Truong Quang Nijman, Vincent Parham, James F. Pasachnik, Stesha A. Pedrono, Miguel Rauhaus, Anna Córdova, Danny Rueda Sanchez, Maria-Elena Schepp, Ulrich van Schingen, Mona Schneeweiss, Norbert Segniagbeto, Gabriel H. Somaweera, Ruchira Sy, Emerson Y. Türkozan, Oguz Vinke, Sabine Vinke, Thomas Vyas, Raju Williamson, Stuart and Ziegler, Thomas 2016. Trade in live reptiles, its impact on wild populations, and the role of the European market. Biological Conservation,

    Dong, Caroline M. Engstrom, Tag N. and Thomson, Robert C. 2016. Origins of softshell turtles in Hawaii with implications for conservation. Conservation Genetics, Vol. 17, Issue. 1, p. 207.

    Ernst, Carl H. Laemmerzahl, Arndt F. and Lovich, Jeffrey E. 2016. A morphological review of subspecies of the Asian box turtle,Cuora amboinensis(Testudines, Geomydidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, Vol. 129, Issue. 1, p. 144.

    Zhao, Jian Zhang, Xincheng Li, Wei Zhang, Dandan and Zhu, Xinping 2016. The complete mitochondrial genome of the endangered Chinese black-necked pond turtle,Mauremys nigricans. Mitochondrial DNA Part B, Vol. 1, Issue. 1, p. 64.

    Angielczyk, Kenneth D. Burroughs, Robert W. and Feldman, Chris. R. 2015. Do turtles follow the rules? Latitudinal gradients in species richness, body size, and geographic range area of the world's turtles. Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B: Molecular and Developmental Evolution, Vol. 324, Issue. 3, p. 270.

    Suzuki, Dai Fuse, Kengo Aizu, Mitsuhiro Yoshizawa, Satoshi Tanaka, Wataru Araya, Kunio and Praxaysombath, Bounthob 2015. Reptile Diversity in Food Markets in Laos. Current Herpetology, Vol. 34, Issue. 2, p. 112.

    Fujii, Ryo Ota, Hidetoshi and Toda, Mamoru 2014. Genetic and Morphological Assessments of Hybridization Between Two Non-Native Geoemydid Turtles,Mauremys reevesiiandMauremys mutica,in Northcentral Japan. Chelonian Conservation and Biology, Vol. 13, Issue. 2, p. 191.

    2014. Herpetology.

    Ly, Tri Hoang, Huy Duc and Stuart, Bryan L. 2013. Occurrence of the Endangered Keeled Box Turtle,Cuora mouhotii, in Southern Vietnam. Chelonian Conservation and Biology, Vol. 12, Issue. 1, p. 184.

    Parham, James F. Papenfuss, Theodore J. Dijk, Peter Paul van Wilson, Byron S. Marte, Cristian Schettino, Lourdes Rodriguez and Brian Simison, W. 2013. Genetic introgression and hybridization in Antillean freshwater turtles (Trachemys) revealed by coalescent analyses of mitochondrial and cloned nuclear markers. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Vol. 67, Issue. 1, p. 176.

    Welton, Luke J. Siler, Cameron D. Linkem, Charles W. Diesmos, Arvin C. Diesmos, Mae L. Sy, Emerson and Brown, Rafe M. 2013. Dragons in our midst: Phyloforensics of illegally traded Southeast Asian monitor lizards. Biological Conservation, Vol. 159, p. 7.

    LeClere, Jeffrey B. Hoaglund, Erica P. Scharosch, Jim Smith, Christopher E. and Gamble, Tony 2012. Two Naturally Occurring Intergeneric Hybrid Snakes (Pituophis catenifer sayi×Pantherophis vulpinus;Lampropeltini, Squamata) from the Midwestern United States. Journal of Herpetology, Vol. 46, Issue. 2, p. 257.

    Nishikawa, Kanto Matsui, Masafumi and Jiang, Jian-Ping 2012. A New Species ofPachytritonfrom China (Amphibia: Urodela: Salamandridae). Current Herpetology, Vol. 31, Issue. 1, p. 21.

    Rougerie, R. Haxaire, Jean Kitching, Ian J. and Hebert, Paul D. N. 2012. DNA barcodes and morphology reveal a hybrid hawkmoth in Tahiti (Lepidoptera : Sphingidae). Invertebrate Systematics, Vol. 26, Issue. 6, p. 445.

    Spinks, Phillip Q. Thomson, Robert C. Zhang, YaPing Che, Jing Wu, Yonghua and Bradley Shaffer, H. 2012. Species boundaries and phylogenetic relationships in the critically endangered Asian box turtle genus Cuora. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, Vol. 63, Issue. 3, p. 656.

    SPINKS, PHILLIP Q. THOMSON, ROBERT C. HUGHES, BILL MOXLEY, BRAD BROWN, RAFE DIESMOS, ARVIN and SHAFFER, H. BRADLEY 2012. Cryptic variation and the tragedy of unrecognized taxa: the case of international trade in the spiny turtle Heosemys spinosa (Testudines: Geoemydidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, Vol. 164, Issue. 4, p. 811.

    Cureton, James C. Buchman, Anna B. Deaton, Raelynn and Lutterschmidt, William I. 2011. Molecular Analysis of Hybridization between the Box Turtles Terrapene carolina and T. ornata. Copeia, Vol. 2011, Issue. 2, p. 270.

    Gibbs, H. Lisle Murphy, Michael and Chiucchi, James E. 2011. Genetic identity of endangered massasauga rattlesnakes (Sistrurus sp.) in Missouri. Conservation Genetics, Vol. 12, Issue. 2, p. 433.

    Ly, Tri Hoang, Huy Duc and Stuart, Bryan L. 2011. Market turtle mystery solved in Vietnam. Biological Conservation, Vol. 144, Issue. 5, p. 1767.

    REID, B. N. LE, M. McCORD, W. P. IVERSON, J. B. GEORGES, A. BERGMANN, T. AMATO, G. DESALLE, R. and NARO-MACIEL, E. 2011. Comparing and combining distance-based and character-based approaches for barcoding turtles. Molecular Ecology Resources, Vol. 11, Issue. 6, p. 956.


New Chinese turtles: endangered or invalid? A reassessment of two species using mitochondrial DNA, allozyme electrophoresis and known-locality specimens

  • James Ford Parham (a1) (a2), W. Brian Simison (a2), Kenneth H. Kozak (a3), Chris R. Feldman (a4) (a5) and Haitao Shi (a6)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 26 November 2001

Over the past 16 years, 13 new species of geoemydid turtles have been described from China. Ten of these new species are based on specimens purchased through the Hong Kong animal trade. Unfortunately, attempts by scientists to discover wild populations of some these newly described species have failed, raising questions about the legitimacy of the type localities and concerns over the validity of the species. Here the phylogenetic and taxonomic validity of two of these species is tested. Mitochondrial DNA haplotypes and allozyme genotypes of specimens matching the descriptions of Mauremys iversoni and Cuora serrata are compared to specimens of established species collected from known localities. The available evidence is consistent with the hypothesis that the specimens represent polyphyletic, intergeneric hybrids. The systematic status of all the new forms of turtles described from pet trade specimens are critical data for conservation efforts, particularly captive breeding.

Corresponding author
All correspondence to: James Parham. Tel: 510-643-2109; Fax: 642-1822; E-mail:
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Animal Conservation forum
  • ISSN: 1367-9430
  • EISSN: 1469-1795
  • URL: /core/journals/animal-conservation-forum
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *