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BVD control in Europe: current status and perspectives

  • Volker Moennig (a1), Hans Houe (a2) and Ann Lindberg (a3)
Abstract
Abstract

For several decades after the first description of bovine viral diarrhea and its causative agent (BVDV) the economic impact of the infection was underestimated and in addition there were no suitable diagnostics and procedures for a systematic control at hand. Today, there are several estimates on the real economic impact of the infection and during the last 15 years the serological and virological laboratory diagnosis of BVDV infections has improved. Also, successful procedures aimed at eradicating BVDV infections by using a strict test and removal policy for animals persistently infected (PI) with BVDV accompanied by movement restrictions for infected herds have been implemented in the Scandinavian countries. The success of these efforts has encouraged other European countries to follow the same procedures. However, the Scandinavian control strategy might—for a number of reasons—not be acceptable for all European countries. In such cases, the test and removal strategy, with its fundamental elements of biosecurity, removal of PI animals and monitoring of herd status, in combination with systematic vaccination, might be an acceptable compromise. The impact of the BVDV-free status of regions and nations on international trade is not yet clear. In any case, biosecurity measures will be of utmost importance for individual control programs as well as multiple control programs to co-exist in Europe.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

G Gunn and H Saatkamp (2005). Assessing economic and social pressure for the control of bovine viral diarrhoea virus Preventive Veterinary Medicine submitted for publication.

A Lindberg and H Houe (2005). Characteristics in the epidemiology of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) of relevance to control Preventive Veterinary Medicine: submitted for publication.

W Rossmanith , R Janacek and E Wilhelm (2005). Control of BVDV—infection on common grassland—The key for successful BVDV-eradication. Preventive Veterinary Medicine: submitted for publication.

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Animal Health Research Reviews
  • ISSN: 1466-2523
  • EISSN: 1475-2654
  • URL: /core/journals/animal-health-research-reviews
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