Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Effect of dietary fermentable fibre from pressed sugar-beet pulp silage on ammonia emission from slurry of growing-finishing pigs

  • T. T. Canh (a1) (a2) (a3), J. W. Schrama (a2), A. J. A. Aarnink (a1), M. W. A. Verstegen (a2), C. E. van't Klooster (a1) and M. J. W. Heetkamp (a2)...
Abstract

An experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary fermentable fibre on the pH and ammonia emission from slurry of growing-finishing pigs. Commercial crossbred barrows with initial body weight of 45 kg were used. Pigs were housed in two climate chambers. Twelve groups of 14 barrows were assigned to one of four diets. The diets differed in the content of fermentable fibre by adjusting the amount of sugar-beet pulp silage (SBPS). The control diet contained no SBPS. In the other three diets tapioca was replaced with three levels (50, 100 and 150 g/kg dry matter (DM)) of SBPS. After a 13-day adaptation period, the slurry was collected in a slurry channel for 7 days. A sample of this slurry was placed in a laboratory system to measure the pH and ammonia emission for a period of 7 days.

The total volatile fatty acid (VTA) and DM concentration of the slurry increased as tapioca was replaced by SBPS. The ammonium concentration was not influenced by SBPS. For each 50 g/kg increase of SBPS, the pH of the slurry decreased by 0·45 units and ammonia emission decreased approximately by 0·15.

It is concluded that increasing the level of fermentable fibre in the diet of growing-finishing pigs increases slurry VFA concentration. This consequently decreases the pH and ammonia emission from the slurry.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Agricultural Research Council. 1981. The nutrient requirements of pigs. Commonwealth Agriculture Bureaux, Slough, UK.
Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 1990. Official methods of analysis, 15th edition. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA.
Canh, T. T., Aarnink, A. J. A., Bakker, G. C. M. and Verstegen, M. W. A. 1996. Effect of dietary fermentable carbohydrates on the pH of and the ammonia emission from slurry of growing-finishing pigs. Journal of Animal Science 74: 191 (abstr.).
Canh, T. T., Verstegen, M. W. A., Aarnink, A. J. A. and Schrama, J. W. 1997. Influence of dietary factors on nitrogen partitioning and compositions of urine and feces of fattening pigs. Journal of Animal Science. 75: 700706.
Centraal Veevoederbureau. 1994. [Data about chemical composition, digestibility, and feeding value of feedstuffs] Veevoedertabel, Centraal Veevoederbureau, Lelystad, The Netherlands.
Chabeauti, E., Noblet, J. and Carre, B. 1991. Digestion of plant cell walls from four different sources in growing pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology 32: 207213.
Derikx, P. J. L. and Aarnink, A. J. A. 1993. Reduction of ammonia emission from slurry by application of liquid top layers. In Nitrogen flow in pig production and environmental consequences (ed. Verstegen, M. W. A., Hartog, L. A. den, Kempen, G. J. M. and Metz, J. H. M.), European Association for Animal Production publication no. 69, pp. 344349. Pudoc, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Derikx, P. J. L., Willers, H. C. and Ten Have, P. J. W. 1994. Effect of pH on behavior of volatile compounds in organic manure during dry-matter determination. Bioresource Technology. 49: 4145.
Dierick, N., Vervaeke, I., Decuypere, J. and Hendrickx, H. K. 1983. Influence de la nature et du niveau des fibres brutes sur la digestibilite ileale et fecale apparente de la matiere seche, des proteines et des acides amines et sur la retention azotee chez les pores. Revue de VAgriculture. 36: 16911712.
Farnworth, E. R., Modler, H. W. and Mackie, D. A. 1995. Adding Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) to weaning pig diets and the effect on manure composition and characteristics. Animal Feed Science and Technology 55: 153160.
Freney, J. R., Simson, J. R. and Denmead, O. T. 1983. Volatilisation of ammonia. Developments in Plant and Soil Sciences. 9: 131.
Gatel, F. and Grosjean, F. 1992. Effect of protein content of the diet on nitrogen excretion by pigs. Livestock Production Science. 31: 109120.
Genstat 5 Committee. 1993. Genstat 5 release 3 reference manual. Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK.
Kirchgessner, M., Kreuzer, M., Machmiiller, A. and Roth-Maier, D. A. 1994. Evidence for a high efficiency of bacteria protein synthesis in the digestive tract of adult sows fed supplements of fibrous feedstuffs. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 46: 293306.
Longland, A. C. and Low, A. G. 1988. Digestion of diets containing molassed or plain sugar-beet pulp by growing pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 23: 6778.
Low, A. G. 1985. Role of dietary fibre in pig diets. In Recent advances in animal nutrition (ed. Haresign, W. and Cole, D. J. A.), pp. 87112. Butteworths, London.
Morgan, C. A. and Whittemore, C. T. 1988. Dietary fibre and nitrogen excretion and retention by pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology. 19: 185189.
Muck, R. E. and Steenhuis, T. H. 1981. Nitrogen losses in free stall dairy barns. In Livestock waste: a renewable resource Proceedings of the fourth international symposium on livestock wastes, pp. 406409. ASAE, St Joseph, MI.
Nederlands Normalisatie Instituut. 1983. Determination of ammonia in Dutch system. Nederlandse Normen [Dutch standard] NEN 3235, Nederlands Normalisatie Instituut, Delft, The Netherlands.
Paul, J. W. and Beauchamp, E. G. 1989. Relationship between volatile fatty acids, total ammonia, and pH in manure slurries. Biological Wastes. 29: 313318.
Salvado, V., Cherbut, C., Barry, J., Bertrand, D., Bonnet, C. and Delort-Laval, J. 1993. Sugar composition of dietary fibre and short chain fatty acid production during in vitro fermentation by human bacteria. British Journal of Nutrition. 70: 189197.
Schulze, H., Verstegen, M. W. A. and Tamminga, S. 1993. Effect of increased NDF content in the diet on urinary and fecal nitrogen excretion in young growing pigs. In Nitrogen flow in pig production and environmental consequences (ed. Verstegen, M. W. A., Hartog, L. A. den, Kempen, G. J. M. van, and Metz, J. H. M.), European Association for Animal Production publication no. 69, pp. 264267. Pudoc, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Sommer, S. G. and Husted, S. 1995. The chemical buffer system in raw and digested animal slurry. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge. 124: 4553.
Spoelstra, S. F. 1979. Volatile fatty acids in anaerobically stored piggery wastes. Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science. 27: 6066.
Stevens, R. J., Laughlin, R. J. and Frost, J. P. 1989. Effect of acidification with sulphuric acid on the volatilization of ammonia from cow and pig slurry. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge. 113: 389395.
Verstegen, M. W. A., Hel, W. van der, Bransma, H. A., Henken, A. M. and Bransen, A. M. 1987. The Wageningen respiration unit for animal production research: a description of the equipment and its possibility. In Energy metabolism in farm animals: effects of housing, stress and disease (ed. Verstegen, M. W. A. and Henken, A. M.), p. 21. Martinus Nijhoff Publisher, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Animal Science
  • ISSN: 1357-7298
  • EISSN: 1748-748X
  • URL: /core/journals/animal-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed