Skip to main content Accessibility help

The influence of dietary protein intake and of hoof trimming on lameness in dairy cattle

  • F. J. Manson (a1) and J. D. Leaver (a1)


In an experiment during weeks 3 to 26 of lactation, two groups of 12 cows were offered a mixed concentrate/grass silage diet containing 161 g crude protein per kg dry matter, and two similar groups a diet containing 198 g crude protein per kg dry matter. The concentrate: forage ratios and the daily metabolizable energy intakes were the same for all four groups. The cows in one of the two groups at each crude protein level had their hooves trimmed prior to parturition, the other group remaining untrimmed. The high protein diet significantly increased locomotion score (higher scores indicate poorer locomotion), the number and duration of clinical cases of lameness and outer toe length. Trimming of hooves reduced locomotion scores and the number and duration of clinical cases. Hoof growth was significantly increased by trimming. Mid-sole hardness was negatively correlated with locomotion score. At the two extremes, the low protein trimmed group had five cows lame for an average of 1·0 weeks, whereas the high protein untrimmed group had nine cows lame for an average of 4-2 weeks. Condition score and live-weight change were negatively correlated with locomotion score. There were no significant differences between treatments in milk solids yield.



Hide All
Bazelfy, K. and Pinsfnt, P. J. N. 1984. Preliminary observations on a series of outbreaks of acute lamintis in dairy cattle. Veterinary Record 115: 619622.
Chew, K. H. 1972. Subacute/chronic laminitis and sole ulceration in a dairy herd. Canadian Veterinary Journal 13: 9093.
Hagmkister, H., Luppino, W. and Kaukmann, W. 1981. Microbial protein synthesis and digestion in the high-yielding dairy cow. In Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition — 1980 (ed. Haresign, W.), pp. 6784. Butterworths, London.
Hahn, M. V. 1979. Studies of genetic and environmental characteristics of hooves of dairy cows. Ph.D. Thesis, North Carolina State University.
Huntkr, E. A., Patterson, M. D. and Talbot, M. 1973. Edex Analysis of Experiments. ARC Unit of Statistics, University of Edinburgh.
Leaver, J. D. and Webster, D. M. 1982. Assessment of lameness in dairy cattle. West of Scotland Agricultural College. Crichton Royal Farm Report, pp. 3334.
Livesey, C. T. and Fleming, F. L. 1984. Nutritional influences on laminitis, sole ulcer and bruised sole in Friesian cows. Veterinary Record 114: 510512.
MacLean, C. W. 1966. Observations on laminitis in intensive beef units. Veterinary Record 78: 223231.
Manson, F. J. 1986. A study of lameness in dairy cows with reference to nutrition and hoof shape. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Glasgow.
Manson, F. J. and Leaver, J. D. 1988. The influence of concentrate amount on locomotion and clinical lameness in dairy cattle. Animal Production 47: 185190.
Morrow, D. A. 1966. Laminitis in cattle. Veterinary Medicine 61: 138146.
Mulvany, P. M. 1977. Dairy cow condition scoring. National Institute for Research in Dairying, Paper 4468.
Nilsson, S. A. 1963. Clinical, morphological and experimental studies of laminitis in cattle. Ada Veterinaria Scandinavica 4: 9304.
Nilsson, S. A. 1966. Recent opinions about cause of ulceration of the hoof in cattle. Nordisk Veterinarmedicin 18: 241252.
Pennsylvania State University. 1980. Minilab. 2nd ed. Prindle, Weber and Schmidt, Boston.
Peterse, D. J. 1987. Aetiology of claw disorders in dairy cattle. In Cattle Housing Systems, Lameness and Behaviour (ed. Wierenga, H. K. and Peterse, D. J.), pp. 37. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague.
Toussaint-Raven, E. 1973. Lameness in cattle and foot care. Netherlands Journal of Veterinary Science 5: 105111.
Toussaint-Raven, E. 1985. Cattle Footcare and Claw Trimming. Farming Press Limited, Ipswich.
Twigge, J. R. and Van gils, L. G. M. 1984. Practical aspects of feeding protein to dairy cows. In Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition — 1984 (ed. Haresign, W. and Cole, D. J. A.), pp. 201217. Butterworths, London.
Urmas, P. 1968. A new hypothesis about laminitis. Finsk Velerinaer Tidskrift 74: 1120.


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed