2006/576/EC 2006. Commission recommendation of 17 August 2006 on the presence of deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, ochratoxin A, T-2 and HT-2 and fumonisins in products intended for animal feeding. Official Journal of the European Union 229, 7–9.
Aeschbacher, K, Messikommer, R, Meile, L, Wenk, C
2005. Bt176 corn in poultry nutrition: physiological characteristics and fate of recombinant plant DNA in chickens. Poultry Science
Aumaitre, A, Aulrich, K, Chesson, A, Flachowsky, G, Piva, G
2002. New feeds from genetically modified plants: substantial equivalence, nutritional equivalence, digestibility, and safety for animals and the food chain. Livestock Production Science
Baum, N, Dichoso, CC, Carlton, CE
1975. Blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine: physiology and interpretations. Urology
Bollen, PJA, Hansen, AK, Rasmussen, HJ
2000. The laboratory swine. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA.
Boone, L, Meyer, D, Cusick, P, Ennulat, D, Bolliger, AP, Everds, N, Meador, V, Elliott, G, Honor, D, Bounous, D, Jordan, H
2005. Selection and interpretation of clinical pathology indicators of hepatic injury in preclinical studies. Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Brake, J, Faust, MA, Stein, J
2003. Evaluation of transgenic event Bt11 hybrid corn in broiler chickens. Poultry Science
Casteel, SW, Turk, JR, Cowart, RP, Rottinghaus, GE
1993. Chronic toxicity of fumonisin in weanling pigs. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Chowdhury, EH, Kuribara, H, Hino, A, Sultana, P, Mikami, O, Shimada, N, Guruge, KS, Saito, M, Nakajima, Y
2003. Detection of corn intrinsic and recombinant DNA fragments and Cry1Ab protein in the gastrointestinal contents of pigs fed genetically modified corn Bt11. Journal of Animal Science
Custodio, MG, Powers, WJ, Huff-Lonergan, E, Faust, MA, Stein, J
2006. Growth, pork quality, and excretion characteristics of pigs fed Bt corn or non-transgenic corn. Canadian Journal of Animal Science
Dona, A, Arvanitoyannis, IS
2009. Health risks of genetically modified foods. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
2008. Safety and nutritional assessment of GM plants and derived food and feed: the role of animal feeding trials. Food and Chemical Toxicology
46 (Supp 1), S2–S70.
EU/165/2010/ 2010. Commission Regulation (EU) No. 165/2010 of 26 February 2010 amending Regulation (EC) No. 1881/2006 setting maximum levels for certain contaminants in foodstuffs as regards aflatoxins. In Official Journal of the European Union 50, 8–12.
Fares, NH, El-Sayed, AK
1998. Fine structural changes in the ileum of mice fed on delta endotoxin-treated potatoes and transgenic potatoes. Natural Toxins
Finamore, A, Roselli, M, Britti, S, Monastra, G, Ambra, R, Turrini, A, Mengheri, E
2008. Intestinal and peripheral immune response to MON810 maize ingestion in weaning and old mice. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Flachowsky, G, Aulrich, K, Böhme, H, Halle, I
2007. Studies on feeds from genetically modified plants (GMP) – contributions to nutritional and safety assessment. Animal Feed Science and Technology
Hammond, BG, Dudek, R, Lemen, JK, Nemeth, MA
2006. Results of a 90-day safety assurance study with rats fed grain from corn borer-protected corn. Food and Chemical Toxicology
Hyun, Y, Bressner, GE, Fischer, RL, Miller, PS, Ellis, M, Peterson, BA, Stanisiewski, EP, Hartnell, GF
2005. Performance of growing–finishing pigs fed diets containing YieldGard Rootworm corn (MON863), a nontransgenic genetically similar corn, or conventional corn hybrids. Journal of Animal Science
2007. Best practices for the conduct of animal feed studies to evaluate genetically modified crops. Washington, DC, USA.
2010. Global status of commercialized biotech/GM crops: 2010. ISAAA Brief No. 42, Ithaca, NY.
1980. Clinical biochemistry of domestic animals, 3rd edition. Academic Press, New York, NY, USA.
Kilic, A, Akay, MT
2008. A three generation study with genetically modified Bt corn in rats: biochemical and histopathological investigation. Food and Chemical Toxicology
Lawlor, PG, Lynch, PB, Caffrey, PJ, O'Doherty, JV
2003. The effect of choice feeding complete diets on the performance of weaned pigs. Animal Science
Lewis, AJ, Southern, LL
2001. Swine nutrition, 2nd edition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA.
2003. Human health concerns with GM crops. Mutation Research/Reviews in Mutation Research 544, 217–221.
Martinez-Poveda, A, Molla-Bauza, MB, del Campo Gomis, FJ, Martinez, LM-C
2009. Consumer-perceived risk model for the introduction of genetically modified food in Spain. Food Policy
Mosenthin, R, Sauer, WC, de Lange, CF
1992a. Tracer studies of urea kinetics in growing pigs: I. The effect of intravenous infusion of urea on urea recycling and the site of urea secretion into the gastrointestinal tract. Journal of Animal Science
Mosenthin, R, Sauer, WC, Henkel, H, Ahrens, F, de Lange, CF
1992b. Tracer studies of urea kinetics in growing pigs: II. The effect of starch infusion at the distal ileum on urea recycling and bacterial nitrogen excretion. Journal of Animal Science
Moughan, PJ, Birtles, MJ, Cranwell, PD, Smith, WC, Pedraza, M
1992. The piglet as a model animal for studying aspects of digestion and absorption in milk-fed human infants. World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
1998. Nutrient requirements of swine, 10th edition. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC, USA.
Piva, G, Morlacchini, M, Pietri, A, Piva, A, Casadei, G
2001. Performance of weaned piglets fed insect protected (MON810) or near isogenic corn. Journal of Animal Science 79 (suppl. 1)/Journal of Dairy Science 84 (suppl. 1)/Poultry Science 80 (suppl. 1)/54th Annual Reciprocal Meat Conference, vol. II, p. 106.
Radostits, OM, Gay, CC, Hinchcliff, KW, Constable, PD
2007. Veterinary medicine: a textbook of the diseases of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats and horses, 10th edition. Elsevier Publishing, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
Reuter, T, Aulrich, K, Berk, A
2002. Investigations on genetically modified maize (Bt maize) in pig nutrition: fattening performance and slaughtering results. Archives of Animal Nutrition
Ryan, WF, Lynch, PB, O'Doherty, JV
2011. Effect of dietary phosphorus on the development of bone mineral density of pigs assessed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Livestock Science
Sanden, M, Berntssen, MHG, Krogdahl, Å, Hemre, G, Bakke-Mckellep, AM
2005. An examination of the intestinal tract of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., parr fed different varieties of soy and maize. Journal of Fish Diseases
Schnepf, E, Crickmore, N, Van Rie, J, Lereclus, D, Baum, J, Feitelson, J, Zeigler, DR, Dean, DH
Bacillus thuringiensis and its pesticidal crystal proteins. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews
Schrøder, M, Poulsen, M, Wilcks, A, Kroghsbo, S, Miller, A, Frenzel, T, Danier, J, Rychlik, M, Emami, K, Gatehouse, A, Shu, Q, Engel, K-H, Altosaar, I, Knudsen, I
2007. A 90-day safety study of genetically modified rice expressing Cry1Ab protein (Bacillus thuringiensis toxin) in Wistar rats. Food and Chemical Toxicology
Shimada, N, Murata, H, Mikami, O, Yoshioka, M, Guruge, KS, Yamanaka, N, Nakajima, Y, Miyazaki, S
2006. Effects of feeding calves genetically modified corn Bt11: a clinico-biochemical study. The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
1990. Assessment of renal function and damage in animal species. A review of the current approach of the academic, governmental and industrial institutions represented by the animal clinical chemistry association. Journal of Applied Toxicology
2007. Swine in the laboratory: surgery, anaesthesia, imaging and experimental techniques in swine, 2nd edition. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA.
Trabalza-Marinucci, M, Brandi, G, Rondini, C, Avellini, L, Giammarini, C, Costarelli, S, Acuti, G, Orlandi, C, Filippini, G, Chiaradia, E, Malatesta, M, Crotti, S, Antonini, C, Amagliani, G, Manuali, E, Mastrogiacomo, AR, Moscati, L, Naceur Haouet, M, Gaiti, A, Magnani, M
2008. A three-year longitudinal study on the effects of a diet containing genetically modified Bt176 maize on the health status and performance of sheep. Livestock Science
van der Meulen, J, Bakker, GC, Bakker, JG, de Visser, H, Jongbloed, AW, Everts, H
1997. Effect of resistant starch on net portal-drained viscera flux of glucose, volatile fatty acids, urea, and ammonia in growing pigs. Journal of Animal Science
Wal, JM, Hepburn, PA, Lea, LJ, Crevel, RWR
2003. Post-market surveillance of GM foods: applicability and limitations of schemes used with pharmaceuticals and some non-GM novel foods. Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology
Walsh, MC, Buzoianu, SG, Gardiner, GE, Cassidy, JP, Rea, MC, Ross, RP, Lawlor, PG
2011. Effects of short-term feeding of Bt MON810 maize on growth performance, organ morphology and function in pigs. In British Journal of Nutrition 107, 364–371.
Willis, HJ, Eldridge, AL, Beiseigel, J, Thomas, W, Slavin, JL
2009. Greater satiety response with resistant starch and corn bran in human subjects. Nutrition Research
Younes, H, Demigné, C, Behr, S, Rémésy, C
1995a. Resistant starch exerts a lowering effect on plasma urea by enhancing urea N transfer into the large intestine. Nutrition Research
Younes, H, Garleb, K, Behr, S, Rémésy, C, Demigné, C
1995b. Fermentable fibers or oligosaccharides reduce urinary nitrogen excretion by increasing urea disposal in the rat cecum. The Journal of Nutrition